Chapter 21

 

 

GODS / HEROES / WARRIORS

 

 

T - Tinne (Holly) - Tree Alphabet / (─┴┴┴─) Line Ogham

 

 

 

 

NAME         Tadg mac Cein

ALTERNATIVE  Tadhg

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel - Eoganachata

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Munster / Ulster / Cianachta

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 2nd-3rd c

BATTLES      Crinna

RELATIVES    Cian (father); Ailill Olomn (grandfather);

             Cormac Cas (uncle)

ENEMIES      Ulster

SEE ALSO     Ailill Olomn / Cian / Cormac Cas / Cormac mac

             Airt

REMARKS      Tadg was asked by Cormac mac Airt, the high

  chieftain of Ireland, to help him in his battle with

  Ulster.  Cormac said that he would give him as much land on

  the plain of Magh mBreg as he could ride around in his

  chariot in one day once the battle was won.

       It took 7 battles before Tadg and his warriors finally

  defeated Ulster and he could claim his land.  Tadg's

  intentions were to circle Tara, which would give him the

  position as the high chieftain of Ireland, but his wounds

  were severe and he passed out.  He found that he had only

  encircled a strip of land from the Liffey river to

  Droniskin in Louth.  Tadg named his territory Cianachta

  after his father.  Cormac had bribed Tadg's charioteer to

  exclude Tara from his circumnavigation and when Tadg found

  out what had happened, he thought it was only just to kill

  his charioteer.

 

 

NAME         Tadhg mac Nuadat

ALTERNATIVE  Tadg

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     druid

TYPE         artificer / blacksmith

CULTURE      Goidel - Eoganachta

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 2nd-3rd c

RELATIVES    Eoghan Mor (father); Beara (mother); Murna and

             Tuireann (daughters); Crimmal (son); Fionn

             (grandson); Tuireann (granddaughter); Conaire

             Coem and Ailill Olomn (brothers)

ENEMIES      Fionn

SEE ALSO     Ailill Olomn / Beara / Conaire Coem / Conn

             Cetcathach / Crimhthan / Crimmal / Cumhal /

             Eoghan Mor / Fionn mac Cumhaill / Goll mac Morna

             / Murna / Tuireann

REMARKS      Tadhg was the smith who made the swords for the

  Clanna Morna.  He refused to let his daughters marry

  because of a prophecy that he would die at the hands of his

  grandson.

       When the high chieftain of Ireland, Conn Cetcathach,

  appointed Crimhthan to the position of head chieftain of

  Leinster, the Fianna became involved in a civil war between

  the clans.  Tadhg hired Goll to make sure that Cumhal died

  in the battle so Goll would be the head chieftain of the

  Fianna.  After Cumhal was killed in battle, a new prophecy

  said that Cumhal's death would be avenged by a son.  Every

  male child that was born within the next 9 months was put

  to the sword.

       Unknown to Tadhg, his daughter had been impregnated by

  Cumhal just before he died in combat.  When his daughter

  delivered twins, Tadhg had the male thrown into a loch. The

  child later took his revenge.

 

 

NAME         Tailtiu

ALTERNATIVE  Taillne / Tailltine / Tailltiu / Talann / Telta

GENDER       F

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires) / Lughnasadh

             (Lugh's Wedding) / Tailteann Games

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         earth goddess

CULTURE      Firbolg

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Mayo / Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh Mor (Great Plain) / Magh mBreg / Plain of

             Towers (Magh Tuireadh) / Coill Cuain

SITES        Tailltinn (Teltown) (buried)

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

BATTLES      1st battle of Magh Tuireadh (south Moytura)

RELATIVES    Eochaid (husband); Eochu Garb (2nd husband);

             Lugh (foster-son)

ENEMIES      Danann

SEE ALSO     Eochaid mac Eirc / Lugh

REMARKS      Tailtiu, the earth goddess, was daughter of the

  chieftain of Magh Mor (Great Plain).  She married Eochaid

  mac Eirc, the first head chieftain of Ireland to sit at

  Tara.  Tailtiu's husband was killed during the war between

  the Firbolg and the invading Danann.

       After the defeat of her people, she married Eochu

  Garb, son of Dui Temen of the Danann.   Eochu Garb saw to

  the clearing of the forest of Coill Cuain.  It was done

  with an axe and then planted in clover by the end of 1

  year.   He also supplied the builders Nas, Ronc and Alestar

  who build The Fortress of the Hostages at Tara.

       Tailtiu and Eochu became the foster-parents to Lugh.

  When she died, Lugh buried her between Navan and Kells in

  the county of Meath and the site was called Tailltinn

  (Teltown).  Eochu Garb was also buried with her after his

  death.  Lugh held a festival (Tailteann Games) in her honor

  at her grave site for 15 days before Lughnasadh and 15 days

  after.

       It is said that as long as her festival is observed,

  there will be milk and grain in every household and good

  weather can be expected for the feast.

 

 

NAME         Taliesin

EPITHET      Radiant Brow / Luminous Brow

ALTERNATIVE  Taliesin {Tal-yess-in} (Fine Value)

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Festival of the Dead)

CATEGORY     hero / druid

TYPE         astronomer / poet / seer

CULTURE      Cymry (tribes that fight side by side)

COUNTRY      Wales

REGION       Gwynedd {Gwin-eth} / Clwyd {clud}

TERRITORY    The Otherworld - Lake Tegid (Llyntegid) /

             Morgannwg / Gwynedd

SITES        Cauldron's Pool

AGE          Ui Néill

DATES        AD 6th c

RELATIVES    Cerridwen (mother); Morfran (half-brother);

             Creirwy (half-sister); Elffin (foster-father)

ENEMIES      Maelgwn / Rhun

SEE ALSO     Cerridwen / Elffin / Maelgwn / Morfran / Rhun

REMARKS      When Taliesin was born, his mother sacrificed

  him to the sea and he floated about on the water for 40

  years before he was caught in the fishing weir of Gwyddno

  Garanhir on a Samhain eve.  Luckily for him, he was found

  there by Elffin son of Gwyddno, who took him home.  Elffin

  and his wife were childless and both fell in love with

  their find whom they named Taliesin, meaning "radiant brow"

  and "fine value".

       Taliesin was happy with his foster-parents and became

  a powerful figure of wisdom, enchantment and prophecy.  He

  foretold the loss of the eastern lowlands to foreign

  invaders and the survival of the language in Wales.  He was

  also accredited with the invention of the ogham alphabet in

  ancient times before the flood.  He once said: "I am

  ancient, I am young, I have been dead, I have been alive."

       While he was still a young man, Taliesin's step-father

  had incurred the wrath of Maelgwn, the head chieftain of

  Gwynedd, and was locked into the dungeon.  Maelgwn then

  sent his charismatic son Rhun to seduce Elffin's wife.

  Taliesin tricked Rhun into believing the scully-maid was

  his step-mother by dressing her in his step-mother's

  clothing and wearing Elffin's ring on her finger.  Rhun

  tried to seduce the scully-maid, and when this failed he

  drugged her, chopped off her ring-finger and took it to his

  father Maelgwn.

       The head chieftain had Elffin brought into his court

  and confronted him with Rhun's proof of his wife's

  infidelity.  Because of Taliesin's ingenuity, Elffin was

  able to prove Maelgwn's story false.

       Taliesin was then ordered to appear before the high

  chieftain to defend himself to the court druids.  Taliesin

  recited 3 poems called The Interrogation of the Bards, The

  Rebuke of the Bards and The Satire on the Bards.  When he

  finished the satire, the court druids were struck

  temporarily dumb.  He then used his sorcery to open the 13

  locks on the silver chain that held Elffin.

       Having proved the fidelity of his step-mother and the

  stupidity of the court bards, Taliesin now persuaded Elffin

  to challenge the head chieftain to a horse race.  Maelgwn

  brought his 24 best race-horses to the racetrack.  Taliesin

  arrived at the racetrack with 24 burnt yew sticks for

  Elffin's rider to carry.  He instructed the rider to allow

  the head chieftain's horses to get ahead, then catch up to

  the last horse, whack it on the rump, then throw the stick

  to the ground and ride on to the next until all 24 horses

  were marked in this way.  Elffin's rider was then to mark

  the finishing spot by throwing a cloak to the ground.

       The race was carried out as planned and after Elffin's

  rider had won, Taliesin took them to the spot where the

  cloak lay and had Elffin's servants dig a hole.  There they

  found a huge cauldron of gold which was Elffin's reward for

  saving and adopting Taliesin.  The site was forever called

  Cauldron's Pool.

 

 

NAME         Tamon

EPITHET      The Stump

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     filidh

TYPE         court fool of Connacht

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Roscommon

TERRITORY    Connacht

SITES        Ath Tamuin (Ford of a Stump)

CENTERS      Raith Cruachain (Rathcroghan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid (died)

ENEMIES      Cu Chulainn

SEE ALSO     Ailill / Cu Chulainn

REMARKS      Tamon was persuaded by the warriors of Connacht

  to disguise himself as Ailill by putting on his diadem and

  golden cape.  They sent him to the ford where Cu Chulainn

  mistook him for Ailill and, using his staff-sling, split

  Tamon's head open with a stone.  The ford was named Ath

  Tamuin (Ford of a Stump).

 

 

NAME         Taranis

EPITHET      He Who Thunders

ALTERNATIVE  Daran / Tannus / Taran / Taranis (Thunder) /

             Tima / Torann

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       wheel / spiral / lightning bolt / oak club

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         sky god of storms, thunder and lightning

CULTURE      Gallic / Belgae - Catuvellauni, Remi and

             Suessiones tribes

COUNTRY      France / Scotland

REGION       Haute-Marne / Outer Hebrides

TERRITORY    Gaul / Belgica

SITES        Chatelet / Isle of Taransay

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 6th c

ACCESSORIES  oak club / dogs of Taranis

SEE ALSO     Esus / Teutates / Zeus

REMARKS      Taranis was a Gaulish god of thunder, often

  represented with the wheel of life and carrying lightning

  bolts.  Sacrifices to him were placed in wooden cages and

  burned alive.  Taranis was considered to be one of a triad

  and should be thought of in relationship with Esus and

  Teutates, each associated with a different sacrificial

  rite.  The triple death of stabbing, burning and drowning

  (or strangulation) held considerable significance,

  involving 3 of the 4 elements.

       A sculpture from Chatelet in the Haute-Marne region of

  France depicts Taranis holding a 6-spoked wheel in one hand

  and a spiral stick in the other.  From BC 6th century the

  site area was shared by the Catuvellauni, Remi and

  Suessiones of the Belgae culture who may have spread the

  name into Britain.

       The Isle of Taransay off Harris in the Outer Hebrides

  was named after the god Taranis, which may suggest that he

  was an older god of the Pictish or Unetice cultures.  When

  the conquering Celts of Gaul defeated the Etruscans they

  adopted Taranis, calling him Tima.  Taranis was referred to

  as Taran in Britain and Torann in Ireland.  Taranis, Esus

  and Teutates may be associated with the older Celtic god

  Zeus.

 

 

NAME         Tasciovanos

ALTERNATIVE  Tasciovanus

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Rix

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Belgae - Catuvellauni tribe

COUNTRY      England

REGION       Greater London / Bedfordshire / Buckinghamshire

             / Oxfordshire / Gloucestershire / Hertfordshire

             / Suffolk / Essex / Kent / Surrey

TERRITORY    Lloegr

CENTERS      Wheathampstead

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 1st-AD 1st c / BC 20-AD 10 (Rix)

RELATIVES    Lludd (father); Cunobel (son); Togodumnos,

             Caratacos and Adminius (grandsons); Epaticcos

             (brother); Cassubellaunos, Nynniaw and Llevelys

             (uncles)

SEE ALSO     Adminius / Caratacus / Cassubellaunos / Cunobel

             / Epaticcos / Llevelys / Lludd / Nynniaw /

             Togodumnos

REMARKS      Tasciovanos became the high chieftain of a

  consortium of tribes when his uncle Cassubellaunos left for

  Gaul to fight Caesar.  Tasciovanos became a powerful ruler

  and enlarged the tribal holdings by conquering territories

  within the present-day regions of Surrey and Kent as well

  as recapturing the Trinovantes territory of Essex and

  Suffolk.  When Tasciovanos died around AD 10, his son

  Cunobel was appointed to the position of head chieftain.

 

 

NAME         Tasha

EPITHET      Of the White Arms

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     Rigbean (noble woman)

TYPE         daughter of a chieftain

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Offaly / Laois

TERRITORY    The Otherworld / Leinster

LANDMARKS    Allen Hill

CENTERS      Raith Almu (Fort of Almain)

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd c

RELATIVES    Abarta (father); Fionn (husband)

SEE ALSO     Abarta / Conan Maol / Fionn mac Cumhaill

REMARKS      Tasha met Fionn mac Cumhaill when he and his

  warriors were tricked by her father into coming to their

  territory in The Otherworld to help win a battle against an

  enemy.

       When Fionn and his warriors were about to leave, Fionn

  was about to accept the debt as paid, but Conan intervened.

  He was angry because he had been tricked into coming and he

  had to hold the tail of the horse from one world to the

  next.  He insisted that Abarta reward the Fianna by sending

  with them 13 of the most beautiful women of his territory

  on the back of the gray horse, with his daughter Tasha

  holding the horse's tail.  Abarta agreed, and they were

  then transmitted to the Raith Almu where Fionn and Tasha

  were married.

 

 

NAME         Tath

EPITHET      Consolidation

ALTERNATIVE  Eolas / Eolus

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     druid

TYPE         scientist

CULTURE      Partholean tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Munster

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 19th c

BATTLES      Magh Ibha

ENEMIES      Fomorii

SEE ALSO     Fis / Fochmare / Partholon

REMARKS      Tath, Fochmare and Fis were three druids who

  came to Ireland with Partholon and used their talents in

  the battle of Magh Ibha against the Fomorians.

 

 

NAME         Tea

GENDER       F

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires) / Imbolic - Festival

             of Tara (Feis Tara)

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         fertility goddess / wife of Ard Righ Eirinn

CULTURE      Goidel (Milesian) - Artabri tribe

COUNTRY      Spain / Ireland

REGION       Galacia / Meath

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

SITES        Tea-mhair {Tavvir} Brega (buried)

CENTERS      Brigantia (A Corunna) / Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 15th c

RELATIVES    Lugaid mac Itha (father); Fail (mother); Eremon

             (husband); Eidenn, Alan, Aine, Caithiar, Caicher

             Cernda, Palap and Iriel Faid (sons); Daire

             Doimthech (brother); Ith (grandfather); Golamh

             (father-in-law); Rifath Scot (ancestor)

SEE ALSO     Bile / Bregon / Eremon / Golamh / Iriel Faid /

             Ith / Rifath Scot

REMARKS      Tea, daughter of Lugaid, son of Ith, son of

  Bregon, son of Brath was the 3rd wife of the high chieftain

  Eremon and a fertility goddess of the Goidel.

       As a bride price she was allowed to choose her burial

  site.  When Tea died, she was buried in the tumulus Druim

  Chain and the site was called Tea-mhair (Wall of Tea).  It

  became known as Tara and was used as the seat of the high

  chieftain of Ireland.  Tea became the patroness of the

  annual festival held there on Imbolic.

       Tea's bloodline ruled Ireland much of the time during

  the next 1000 years.  Mael-Sechlainn mac Domnaill, the last

  high chieftain (Ard Righ Eirinn), was a descendant of hers.

 

 

NAME         Tegid Voel

ALTERNATIVE  Tegid Foel

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     deity / warrior

TYPE         horse warrior

CULTURE      Silures tribe

COUNTRY      Wales

REGION       South Glamorgan / Penllyn

TERRITORY    The Otherworld - Lake Tegid (Llyntegid) /

             Morgannwg

AGE          Post-Roman

DATES        AD 6th c

RELATIVES    Cerridwen (wife); Creiewy and Morfran (children)

SEE ALSO     Cerridwen / Morfran

REMARKS      Tegid and his family lived in The Otherworld, a

  place of many supernatural objects.  Llyntegid was

  considered to be a gateway to their territory.

 

 

NAME         Teithi Hen

EPITHET      The Ancient

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         horse warrior

CULTURE      Cymry (tribes that fight side by side)

COUNTRY      Wales / England

AGE          Post-Roman

DATES        AD 6th c

RELATIVES    Gwynnan (father)

SEE ALSO     Arthur

REMARKS      When Teithi Hen's territory sank beneath the

  sea, he escaped and sought protection from Arthur. However,

  the handle of his knife would not stay fixed and he died

  from starvation.

       Among other things, the knife was used to eat, to

  sustain life.  Teithi Hen was the chieftain of his tribe

  and had mated with the fertility goddess (sovereignty) of

  the land.  When his land sank below the sea, his goddess

  died with the land and so did he.

 

 

NAME         Telo

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         goddess of health

CULTURE      Gallic - Petrocorii tribe

COUNTRY      France

REGION       Dordogne

TERRITORY    Gaul

LANDMARKS    Isle river

SITES        curative spring at Perigueux

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 6th c / BC 52

REMARKS      Telo was associated with the curative spring at

  Perigueux which was in the territory of the Petrocorii. The

  Petrocorii settled the area in BC 6th century and were

  still there in BC 52 when they fought the invading Romans.

  Telo was sometimes associated with another goddess named

  Stanna.

 

 

NAME         Terentios Varro

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     vate

TYPE         satirist

CULTURE      Gallic - Sequani tribe

COUNTRY      France

TERRITORY    Gaul

LANDMARKS    Doubs / Rhône

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 1st c / BC 82 (born)

ENEMIES      Caesar

REMARKS      Terentios was a bard of the Sequani tribe and

  wrote satire, elegies and an epic based on a campaign of

  Caesar's which had destroyed his tribe.

 

 

NAME         Tethra

EPITHET      Lord of the Joyous Otherworld

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     deity / hero / warrior / chieftain / mariner

TYPE         sea god

CULTURE      Fomorii

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Sligo

TERRITORY    Connacht

LANDMARKS    Plain of Towers (Magh Tuireadh)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

BATTLES      second battle of Magh Tuireadh (north Moytura)

ACCESSORIES  supernatural sword (Orna)

ENEMIES      Oghma

SEE ALSO     Bress / Oghma

REMARKS      While Bress was the head chieftain of the Danann

  Tethra, Indech and Balor forced the Danann of Ireland to

  pay a tribute.

       Tethra had a famous sword named Orna and its magical

  ability was that it could relate its own deeds (ogham).

  During the second battle of Magh Tuireadh, Tethra was

  killed by Oghma who then acquired the sword for himself.

 

 

NAME         Teutates

EPITHET      God by whom my tribe swears (Tongo do Dia

             Toinges mo Thuath) / Lord of All (Albiorix)

ALTERNATIVE  Teutates (valiant/warlike) / Totates / Touta /

             Toutori (God of the Tribe) / Tud / Tutates

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       holly

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         tribal god (arts/trading/travelling/goodfortune)

CULTURE      Gallic - Bituriges tribe

COUNTRY      France / England / Wales / Ireland / Austria

REGION       Styria

TERRITORY    Gaul / Pannonia / Lloegr

SITES        Seckau

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 12th c / BC 4th c

SEE ALSO     Esus / Taranis / Zeus

REMARKS      As the god of the tribe "Tongu Do Dia Toinges mo

  Thuath", Teutates was associated with fertility, law and

  justice.  Teutates was accredited with the invention of all

  arts, success in trading and protection of his people when

  they travelled.  He was also expected to protect the tribe

  from invasion, plagues and blights.

       Teutates, Esus and Taranis formed a triad of gods and

  each one was associated with a different sacrificial rite.

  Sacrifices to Teutates were plunged head first into a vat

  of water and drowned, or were suffocated by strangulation.

  The triple death of stabbing, burning and drowning (or

  strangulation) held great significance, involving 3 of the

  4 elements.

       The term Teuta, Touta or Tuath (people or tribe) may

  be a generic term for the god of the tribe because the

  actual name was kept secret and only referred to in public

  as "the god by whom my tribe swears".

       In Ireland the deity was referred to as Touta, and in

  Wales his name was Tud.  The conquering Celts of BC 4th

  century who followed Segovesus were most likely responsible

  for disseminating the veneration of Teutates to Seckau,

  Austria during their expedition to Pannonia.  The Bituriges

  tribe were of the ancient Goidel culture who settled the

  area in BC 12th century.  Teutates, Esus and Taranis may be

  related to the older Celtic god Zeus.

 

 

NAME         Teutobodunus

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

CULTURE      Germano-Celtic - Teutonii tribe

COUNTRY      Germany

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 1st c

SEE ALSO     Claodicos

REMARKS      Teutobodunus, a chieftain of the Teutonii tribe,

  joined forces with a Cimbri chieftain named Claodicos. They

  created havoc in Gaul while their warriors on a campaign

  looking for new lands to settle.

       Although the Teutoni tribe were of the Germani

  culture, Teutobodunus is a Celtic name and the Germani

  language by this time had already adopted many Celtic loan

  words.

 

 

NAME         Teutomatos

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Brenin

TYPE         horse warrior / head chieftain

CULTURE      Gallic - Nitiobriges

COUNTRY      France

TERRITORY    Gaul

LANDMARKS    Dordogne / Lot

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 1st c / BC 52

RELATIVES    Ollovico (father)

ENEMIES      Rome

SEE ALSO     Vercingetorix

REMARKS      Teutomatos helped Vercingetorix in his campaign

  to rid Gaul of the invading Romans by supplying horse

  warriors from his tribe and Aquitanian mercenaries.

       Teutomatos suffered a close call when the Romans

  penetrated his lines during a suprise attack.  He just

  managed to escape on a wounded horse.

 

 

NAME         Teyrnon

EPITHET      Lord of the Raging Sea (Teyrnon Twryf Liant) /

             Great Leader (Tigernonos) / The Best Man in the

             World (Teirnon Twyrvliant)

ALTERNATIVE  Teirnon {teer'-nun} / Teirnon Twyrvliant

             {Tair-non Turv-lee-ant} / Teyrnon {tayr'-nun}

             (Sovereign)

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         horse warrior

CULTURE      Silures tribe

COUNTRY      Wales

REGION       Gwent

TERRITORY    Gwent Ys Coed (Gwent Below the Woods)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

ACCESSORIES  supernatural sword

RELATIVES    Gwri Golden Hair (foster-son)

SEE ALSO     Rhiannon / Pwyll / Pryderi

REMARKS      Teyrnon was the chieftain of Gwent Ys Coed

  {Gwent uss Coit} and was considered to be The Best Man in

  the World.  He was of the Silures tribe, a very ancient

  people in Wales, and his head chieftain was Pwyll.

       Teyrnon had a magnificent mare which foaled every year

  on the eve of Beltainn.  Teyron had a problem in that every

  time the mare gave birth, the foal would always

  mysteriously disappear.  One Beltainn eve, Teyrnon decided

  to hide in the stable and guard the mare.  Just as the mare

  delivered her foal, Teyrnon heard a horrendously loud noise

  and a great claw came through the window to seize the

  newborn colt.  Teyrnon grabbed his sword and chopped off

  the arm.

       When Teyrnon turned back to his mare there was a human

  baby boy laying beside the foal.  Teyrnon and his wife had

  no children of their own, so they were exceptionally happy

  to adopt this beautiful little boy with golden blond hair.

       They decided to name the boy Gwri Golden Hair and he

  grew so rapidly that by the time he was 2 years old he

  looked six.  When Gwri was 3 years old, his foster-mother

  gave him a present of the colt which had been born at the

  same time as him and then trained.

       Not long after, Teyrnon heard of the plight of

  Rhiannon, sovereign of his people.  He and his wife looked

  carefully at Gwri and they realized that the boy had the

  features of Rhiannon and Pwyll.

       Teyrnon, two of his warriors and Gwri rode to the

  fortress of Pwyll where they were met by Rhiannon who was

  suffering the indignity of carrying visitors from the

  hitching post to the meeting hall.  The four nobles refused

  to let her carry them to the court of Pwyll, and when

  Teyrnon presented Gwri and told the story of his

  appearance, the nobles and druids agreed that this was

  indeed Pryderi, the son of Rhiannon and Pwyll.

       Pwyll offered Teyrnon jewels, horses and dogs as a

  reward but Teyrnon, the best man in the world, refused all

  gifts, happy just to have been the foster-father of Pwyll's

  only son.

 

 

NAME         Tibatto

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         freedom fighter

CULTURE      Gallic / Aremorican

COUNTRY      France

REGION       Brittany

TERRITORY    Gaul / Aremorica

AGE          Iron (late)

DATES        AD 5th c / AD 437 (died)

ENEMIES      Rome

REMARKS      Tibatto was a freedom fighter who tried to keep

  Armorica free of the Roman scourge.  He was captured in AD

  437 and killed.  Brittany did however manage to stay

  Celtic, free of Romans, Franks and Norse.

 

 

NAME         Tigernach Tetbannach

ALTERNATIVE  Tetbandach

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         chariot warrior / head chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel - Clanna Erainn

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Munster

CENTERS      Temair Luachra (Tara of the Rushes)

AGE          iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Daire (father); Sin (brother); Dedad (nephew);

             Eremon and Tea (ancestors)

SEE ALSO     Conaire Mor / Dedad / Eochaidh Airemh / Eremon /

             Eterscel / Tea

REMARKS      Tigernach, son of Daire, was a descendant of

  Eremon and Tea of the Milesian (Goidel).  He was the head

  chieftain of the Clanna Erainn and ruled over East Munster

  at the time Eochaidh Airemh came to power as the high

  chieftain of Ireland.  He continued his rule through the

  reign of Eterscel Mor and was still occupying the seat when

  Conaire Mor became high chieftain of Ireland.

 

 

NAME         Tigernmas

EPITHET      Lord of Death

ALTERNATIVE  Tigernmas {teern'-mas} / Tighearnmhas

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Moyslaught (Magh Slecht) / Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 15th-14th c / BC 1442-1365 (Ard Righ - Kings

             List)

RELATIVES    Follach (father); Enboth (son); Eremon and Tea

             (ancestors)

SEE ALSO     Cromm Dubh / Conmael / Eber / Eremon / Golamh /

             Tea

REMARKS      Tigernmas, son of Follach, descendant of Eremon

  and Tea, became the 5th Goidel high chieftain of Ireland

  when he killed Conmael in revenge for the death of his

  father and grandfather.  In 3x9 battles he destroyed many

  of the progeny of Eber, son of Golamh.

       Tigernmas was responsible for the development of

  smithing in gold and silver and opened the first gold mine

  in Ireland.  Iuchadan was Tigernmas's wright who smelted

  the gold.  Tigernmas had the first horns, silver vessels,

  pins, fringes and brooches made.  He also introduced the

  colors purple, blue and green and started using color

  coding on clothing to indicate a person's rank.  He

  introduced the use of checkered patterns and colored

  stripes for clothing.

        Tigernmas was known as the Lord of Death because he

  introduced the veneration of Crom Cruaich (Cromm Dubh) on

  the Plain of Adoration (Moyslaught) into Ireland.  One

  Samhain eve during a festival, the participants worked

  themselves into such a frenzy that he and three quarters of

  the worshippers died.

        The high chieftain after Tigernmas was Eochu

  Edgathach, son of Daire Doimthech, son of Lugaid, son of

  Ith.

 

 

NAME         Tincommius

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Brenin

TYPE         chariot warrior / head chieftain

CULTURE      Belgae - Atrebates tribe

COUNTRY      England

REGION       Hampshire / West Sussex

TERRITORY    Lloegr

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 1st-AD 1st c / AD 7 (died)

RELATIVES    Comm (father); Eppillos and Verica (brothers)

ENEMIES      Eppillos

SEE ALSO     Comm / Eppillos / Verica

REMARKS      Tincommius succeeded his father Comm as the head

  chieftain of the tribe but because of his pro-Roman stance

  he was killed at the age of 27 by his brother Eppillos.

  Eppillos then became the tribe's head chieftain.

 

 

NAME         Tindell

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster

SITES        Slieve Edlicon (Edlicon Mountain)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 15th c

RELATIVES    son of Boclachtnae

ENEMIES      Goidel

SEE ALSO     Brea / Grici / Gulban Glass / Redg

REMARKS      When the Goidel and the Danann divided Ireland,

  the Danann left 5 warriors in each of the five provinces to

  cause as much trouble as possible for the conquering

  Goidel.

       In the province of Ulster they left Tindell, Brea,

  Redg, Grici and Gulban.  Tindell was stationed in the area

  of Slieve Edlicon.

 

 

NAME         Tlachtga

GENDER       F

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Festival of the Dead)

CATEGORY     deity / druid

TYPE         goddess of knowledge / scholar

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    West Munster / Mide

SITES        Mound of Tlachtga (Hill of Ward)

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 1st c

RELATIVES    Mug Ruith (father)

ENEMIES      sons of Simon Magus

REMARKS      Tlachtga was travelling the world in search of

  knowledge with her father, the druid Mug Ruith of West

  Munster when she was raped by the three sons of Simon Magus

  while she was in Palestine.  Upon her return to Ireland,

  she bore triplets, then died on a hill where she was

  buried.  The site became known as the Mound of Tlachtga,

  now called the Hill of Ward, near Athboy in county Meath.

 

 

NAME         Togodumnos

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

CULTURE      Belgae - Catuvellauni tribe

COUNTRY      England

REGION       Hertfordshire / Buckinghamshire / Surrey / Kent

TERRITORY    Lloegr

SITES        North Downs

CENTERS      Wheathamstead / Verulamium (St Albans)

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 1st c / AD 43 (died)

BATTLES      Lea Marshes

RELATIVES    Tasciovanos (grandfather); Cunobel (father);

             Adminius and Caratacus (brothers); Epaticcos

             (great-uncle)

ENEMIES      Adminius / Rome

SEE ALSO     Adminius / Caratacus / Cunobel / Epaticcos /

             Tasciovanos / Verica

REMARKS      Cunobel had made his holdings a leader in trade

  and when he died, his sons Togodumnos and Caratacus and his

  uncle Epaticcos expanded the Catuvellauni territory.

       Togodumnos was the chieftain of the Catuvellauni

  heartland while his brother was the head chieftain of all

  the tribes and dependents.  The Roman Claudius, who was in

  Gaul at the time, used a complaint from Verica of the

  Atrebates as an excuse to invade Britain which was showing

  itself to be a wealthy land.

       In the spring of AD 43, Claudius sent Aulus Plautius

  with 50,000 soldiers.  Togodumnos and Caratacus tried to

  hold the Romans off in the North Downs but were pushed back

  to Lea Marshes, where Togodumnos was killed in the

  subsequent battle.  Caratacus then pulled his warriors into

  Wales where he sought help from the local tribes.

 

 

NAME         Torna Eices

EPITHET      Torna the Learned

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     filidh

TYPE         poet / prophet

CULTURE      Goidel - Clanna Erainn

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Munster / Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd-4th c

BATTLES      Dubchommar {Dubh-Cumair}

RELATIVES    Niall Noighiallach (foster-son)

ENEMIES      Fianna

SEE ALSO     Cairbre of the Liffey / Colla / Eochu Muigmedon

             / Fiacha Sreabhtuinne / Mongfhinn / Niall

             Noighiallach

REMARKS      Torna, a poet of Munster, was resident poet to

  Fiacha Sreabhtuinne when Fiacha was the high chieftain of

  Ireland.  Torna prophesied that Fiacha would be killed in

  battle (Dubchommar) by the three Collas but Cairbre's

  descendants would rule Ireland forever.

       When Torna was an ancient man he found Niall, the son

  of the current high chieftain Eochu Muigmedon, on the hill

  of Tara where he had been abandoned to die by his step-

  mother Mongfhinn.  Torna became the boy's foster-father.

 

 

NAME         Traigtren

EPITHET      Strongfoot

ALTERNATIVE  Traighthren

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     messenger

TYPE         runner / Red Branch champion

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh

TERRITORY    Ulster exile / cause of Connacht

SITES        Ath Grenca / Cronech at Forchard

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan) / Raith Cruachan

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid

RELATIVES    Traiglethan (father)

ENEMIES      Cualnge / Pictland / Ulster

SEE ALSO     Cu Chulainn / Laeg / Medbh

REMARKS      Medbh sent Traigtren (Strongfoot) son of

  Traiglethan (Broadfoot) to summon Cu Chulainn to a parley

  at Ath Grenca and request that he should come unarmed as

  she would be.

       Laeg was suspicious that Medbh's intentions were

  dishonorable and convinced Cu Chulainn to carry his sword.

  He argued that a warrior was not allowed his honor-price if

  he was taken without arms and he would then be answerable

  to the coward's law.

       Cu Chulainn was lucky to have such a far-seeing

  charioteer because on the way to the parley he was attacked

  by 14 of Medbh's lackeys, who he killed.  The place was

  named Cronech at Forchard (Good the Feat of Arms at

  Cronech).

 

 

NAME         Trebuat

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Festival of the Dead)

CATEGORY     warrior

CULTURE      Pictish

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Dublinn

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh Liffey

SITES        Da Derga's Hostel

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Ath Cliath

RELATIVES    Hua Lonsec (father); Dublonges (son)

ENEMIES      Ingcel / sons of Donn Desa

SEE ALSO     Conaire Mor / Curnach / Da Derga / Donn Desa /

             Dublonges / Ingcel

REMARKS      Trebuat, Dublonges and Curnach were 3 exiles

  from Pictland who served Conaire.  The three warriors were

  large men with brown skin and hair of even length.  They

  wore black hooded cowls that reached to their elbows.  All

  three men carried huge black swords, black shields and dark

  green javelins with thick shafts.  Each was wounded in the

  battle but lived to boast of killing a raider chieftain.

 

 

NAME         Trendorm

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     servant

TYPE         spy

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh

TERRITORY    Ulster

SITES        Red Branch hostel

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

ENEMIES      Naoise

SEE ALSO     Conchobar / Deirdre / Naoise

REMARKS      Conchobar asked his servant Trendorm to go to

  the Red Branch hostel where Naoise and Deirdre were staying

  and ascertain whether Deirdre was still beautiful.  When

  Trendorm looked through the window, Naoise saw him and

  threw a gaming piece at him, striking out on of his eyes.

  He told Conchobar her beauty was such that he would gladly

  lose the other eye for another look.

 

 

NAME         Trenfer

EPITHET      Strongman (Tren-fher) / The battle soldier

             (Cath-miled)

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Festival of the Dead)

CATEGORY     warrior / guard

TYPE         one of the 12 guards of Tara

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath / Dublin

TERRITORY    Cuilenn / Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg / Magh Liffey

SITES        Da Derga's Hostel

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Ath Cliath

ENEMIES      Ingcel / sons of Donn Desa

SEE ALSO     Art / Buder / Conaire / Da Derga / Donn Desa /

             Ingcel / Lond

REMARKS      There were 12 guardsmen of Tara whose duty was

  to protect the high chieftain of Ireland.  They were

  described in threes as the 3 Londs, the 3 Arts, the 3

  Buders, and the 3 Trenfers of Cuilenn.  They all had blond

  hair and wore blue kilts.  They were described as handsome,

  hardy and well-built.

       The 12 guardsmen wore ivory-hilted swords and carried

  horse-rods in their right hands.  They were the champions

  of the high chieftain of Ireland and fought on his behalf.

 

 

NAME         Triath

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Longford

TERRITORY    Ulster

SITES        Sidhe Bri Leith

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

RELATIVES    Febal (father); Midhir (foster-father)

SEE ALSO     Anghus / Midhir

REMARKS      Triath was a foster-son to Midhir at his sidhe

  at Bri Leith in county Longford.  Triath and Anghus Og were

  always competing for the leadership among the boys, and as

  an insult Triath reminded Anghus that he did not know who

  his parents were.

 

 

NAME         Tricephalus

ALTERNATIVE  Tricephalus (Three Heads)

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         tutelary god of the tribe

CULTURE      Belgae - Remi tribe

COUNTRY      Belgium / France

TERRITORY    Gaul / Belgica

SITES        La Malmaison

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 6th c

REMARKS      Tricephalus was a popular deity and so far 32

  effigies of him have been found in the northeast of France.

  At La Malmaison near Reims, a center of the Remi tribe,

  there is a standing stone referring to Tricephalus and the

  Roman deities Rosmerta and Mercury.

       This was the territory of the Remi tribe who claimed

  to have been the first of the La Tène A group to settle in

  Belgica.

 

 

NAME         Triscatail Trenfer

ALTERNATIVE  Triscoth

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       club

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Festival of the Dead)

CATEGORY     servant

TYPE         court strongman to Conchobar (Ri Ruirech)

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh

TERRITORY    Ulster

SITES        Temair Luachra / Mound of Slane in Mide

CENTERS      Emain macha

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Temuir Luachra / Cualnge Cattle Raid / Gairech &

             Irgairech

ACCESSORIES  great boulder / iron club

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht

SEE ALSO     Conchobar / Cromm Deroil / MacRoth

REMARKS      Triscatail Trenfer accompanied Conchobar on the

  drunken ride that led to Temair Luachra where the warriors

  of Ulster became involved in a brawl with warriors of

  Munster and Connacht.

       Cromm Deroil described Triscatail as brawny, stout,

  black-browed with white teeth and wearing nothing except a

  leather apron that went up to his armpits.  He carried no

  weapons except his massive arms, each of which were the

  size of an ordinary man.  He lifted a standing stone and

  performed the Apple Feat with it.  He could slay 3x9

  warriors with just a look.  When the warriors of Ulster

  were imprisoned in the iron house, Triscatail tried in vain

  to break down the door.

       When Triscatail arrived at the mound of Slane in Mide

  before the Battle of Gairech and Irgairech, MacRoth

  described him as a terrible man who carried a boulder in

  his hand that he tossed into the air and caught again as if

  it were a small stone.  He also carried an iron club in the

  belt at his waist.

 

 

NAME         Tristan

ALTERNATIVE  Drustan / Trantris / Trystan {Tris'-tun} /

             Tristram {Tris'-trum}

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / bard

TYPE         horse warrior / minstrel

CULTURE      Cymry (tribes that fight side by side)

COUNTRY      England / Ireland / France

REGION       Cornwall

LANDMARKS    Forest of Kelyddon (Castle Dore)

AGE          Post-Roman

DATES        AD 6th c

ACCESSORIES  standing stone (Tristan son of Cynfawr)

RELATIVES    Cynddilig (father); Blanchefleur (mother);

             Eseult (consort); Isolt (wife); March (uncle)

ENEMIES      March / Morold

SEE ALSO     Arthur / Cynddilig Cyfarwydd / Eseult /

             Gwalchmai mab Gwyar / March / Morold

REMARKS      Tristan was born posthumously to a mother who

  died in childbirth and he grew up at the court of her

  brother March who was the head chieftain of Cornwall.

  Tristan became a great warrior and champion to his uncle.

       Tristan was chosen to fight Morold, the champion and

  tax collector to the high chieftain of Ireland, when March

  refused to give up any more young warriors for service in

  Ireland.  Tristan beat Morold but was dying from a

  poisonous wound from Morold's sword.

       In order to find a cure, Tristan was disguised as a

  minstrel named Tantris and sent to the druid physician, a

  daughter of the high chieftain of Ireland.  While being

  cured he fell madly in love with the beautiful and

  intelligent maiden and came back to Cornwall raving of her

  virtues.  March, who was without a wife, thought he would

  marry her and charged Tristan to go to Ireland to woo her

  for him.

       When Tristan arrived in Ireland, he found that a

  dragon was ravishing the countryside and the high chieftain

  had offered his daughter's hand in marriage to anyone who

  could kill him.  Tristan immediately challenged the dragon

  to battle and killed him, but was poisoned in the process

  and lost his memory.  A steward who was there saw this as a

  golden opportunity and claimed the kill for himself.  While

  Tristan was being cured by the druid, his memory returned

  and he talked of his combat with the dragon.  The truth was

  then extracted from the steward and Tristan was credited as

  the true dragon-slayer.

       Tristan claimed Iseult in marriage for his uncle, the

  head chieftain of Cornwall, and began the return trip to

  Cornwall with his uncle's prize.  However, on the way home

  Tristan and Iseult mistakenly drank a love potion prepared

  by her mother and immediately fell in love.  When they

  arrived in Cornwall, March and Iseult were married, thus

  tying together Ireland and Cornwall.

       Tristan and Iseult kept meeting each other secretly

  until eventually they were caught by the court dwarf who

  told March.  Tristan and Iseult had to flee for their lives

  and lived throughout the Forest of Kelyddon in Cornwall for

  some time until Gwalchmai, a negotiator from Arthur,

  intervened and it was decided that Tristan would leave for

  Brittany and Iseult would return to her husband.

       Tristan sailed for Brittany where he eventually

  married another maiden named Isolt of the White Hand. Later

  he was wounded in battle and Iseult the druid was sent for

  in Cornwall.  Isolt the wife of Tristan was very jealous of

  Iseult becaude she knew that Tristan still loved her.  The

  captain of the ship bringing Iseult from Cornwall was told

  to fly a white flag if the druid was on board and to fly a

  black flag if she was not.  When the ship was first seen

  from land, a runner brought the message to the wife of

  Tristan and she told her husband that the flag was black.

       On receiving the news, Tristan lost heart and died.

  When the ship arrived it was flying a white flag and Iseult

  the druid rushed to the side of her loved one only to find

  that he was dead.  The thought of going back to live with

  the ancient head chieftain when Tristan was dead was too

  much for her, so she mixed some poison and drank it.  A

  vine grew from Tristan's grave which intertwined with the

  rosebush that grew from the grave of Iseult.

 

 

NAME         Trogus Pompeius

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     vate

TYPE         historic poet

CULTURE      Gallic - Vocontii tribe

COUNTRY      Italy

TERRITORY    Cisalpine Gaul

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 1st c

REMARKS      Trogus Pompeius was a Celtic historian who

  described the migration of the Gauls into northern Italy in

  BC 396.

 

 

NAME         Tuachall macNechta

EPITHET      The Cunning

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Boyne / Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Dun Necht (fortress of Necht)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Necht Scene (mother); Fer Ulli (father); Fandall

             and Foill (brothers)

ENEMIES      Cu Chulainn / Ulster

SEE ALSO     Conchobar / Cu Chulainn / Fandall macNechta /

             Fer Ulli / Foill macNechta / Ibar mac Riangabair

             Necht Scene

REMARKS      Tuachall had a special talent that he had to be

  killed on the first blow or he could not be slain at all.

  Because his father had been killed by warriors of Ulster,

  Tuachall and his brother took revenge on Ulster and killed

  more warriors than they left alive.

       One day Tuachall was on the green of Dunn Necht when

  Cu Chulainn came by with Ibar, the charioteer of Conchobar.

  Tuachall was challenged to combat by Cu Chulainn.  Cu

  Chulainn used Conchobar's lance Craisech Neme (Venomous

  lance) and drove it through Tuachall's shield, into his

  heart and out through the ribs of his back.  Then he cut

  off the head and added it to his prize.

 

 

NAME         Tuag

EPITHET      The Wave of Tuag (Tonn Tuag)

ALTERNATIVE  Tuaithe

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       triskele

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         sea god

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Derry

TERRITORY    Ulster

SITES        mouth of the Bann river

SEE ALSO     Cliodna / Rudraidhe

REMARKS      Tonn Tuag was one of the 3 great waves of

  Ireland along with Tonn Cliodhna and Tonn Rudraige.  The

  wave of Tuag was in Ulster at the mouth of the Bann river

  in present-day county Derry.

 

 

NAME         Tuan mac Cairill

ALTERNATIVE  Tuan mac Carell {Toon mac Car-il} / Cairell /

             Cairill

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     filidh

TYPE         shape changer

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Donegal

TERRITORY    Ulster

SITES        near Finnen's Monastery at Moville

AGE          Ui Néill

DATES        AD 6th c (AD 507 ca)

RELATIVES    Cairell (father); Muiredach Muinderg

             (grandfather)

SEE ALSO     Cairell / Cessair / Fintan mac Bochra

REMARKS      Tuan mac Cairill was born with the memory of all

  his previous lives since the time he was Fintan mac Bochra,

  a follower of Cessair who arrived in Ireland before the

  Irish Deluge.  All of Tuan's reincarnations took place in

  Ulster and he passed on the history of Ireland from the

  time of Cessair to the invasion of the Milesian (Goidel) to

  a druid who lived near Tuan's home in present-day county

  Donegal.

 

 

NAME         Tuan mac Starn

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       stag / boar / eagle / salmon

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     filidh

TYPE         shape changer

CULTURE      Partholean tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 19th c

RELATIVES    Starn (father); Partholon (great-granduncle);

             Magog (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Fomorii

SEE ALSO     Cessair / Ebliu / Fintan mac Bochra / Magog /

             Partholon

REMARKS      Tuan son of Starn, son of Sera, son of Becsomus,

  was the reincarnation of Fintan mac Bochra, a follower of

  Cessair.  He was the only Partholean to survive the plague

  with his memory intact.  He lived so long by himself he was

  afraid to approach the Nemedian when they arrived in

  Ireland.

       When Tuan finally died, he was reborn as a stag for

  300 years, then as a boar for 100, an eagle for 300, and

  last a salmon for 100 years.  He was again born as a one-

  eyed human and married Ebliu of the Danann.

 

 

NAME         Tuathal Teachtmhair

EPITHET      The Legitimate / The Possessor / The Acceptable

ALTERNATIVE  Techt Tar-muir (Coming over-sea) / Techthmhaire

             / Tuathal {Toole} Techtmar

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel / Danann / Pictish

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

SITES        Hill of Cennguba (died)

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 1st-2nd c / AD 75-105 (Ard Righ - King List)

BATTLES      Aicill

ACCESSORIES  Boramha Tribute (cattle counting)

RELATIVES    Eithne Imgel (mother); Fiachu (father); Bane

             (wife); Fithir and Dairine (daughters);

             Fedilimid (son); Eremon and Tea (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Elim / Eochaidh

SEE ALSO     Eithne Imgel / Eochaidh mac Echach Doimlein /

             Eremon / Fedilimid Rechtmar / Fiachu Finnoilches

             / Mal / Tea

REMARKS      Tuathal Teachtmhair, son of Fiachu Finnoilches,

  descendant of Eremon and Tea, was guided by his mother

  Eithne Imgel.  He became the high chieftain of Ireland when

  he killed Elim of the Fir Bolg in the battle of Aicill.  He

  fought 123 battles against his enemies, then reinstated the

  province of Mide by taking the sacred site of Uisneach from

  Connacht, the mound of Tailtiu from Ulster, the mound of

  Tlachtga from Munster and Tara from Leinster.

       Tuathal then called the Assembly of Temair.  At the

  time, Conrach mac Derg was the head chieftain of Connacht;

  Fergus, Febal and Eochu mac Conrach were ruling Ulster

  jointly; Eochu mac Dairi was the head chieftain of West

  Munster and Eogan mac Ailella Erann was over East Munster;

  and Eochaidh mac Echach Doimlein of the Fir Domnann was the

  head chieftain of Leinster.  The assembly agreed that the

  provinces would have equal power and that Tuathal's

  descendants would have the right to the high chieftain over

  anyone else.

       Eochaidh, the head chieftain of Leinster, asked for

  one of Tuathal's daughters in marriage.  Tuathal consented

  to this and Fithir was married to Eochaidh, but the people

  of Leinster said the other daughter was more beautiful.

  Therefore Eochaidh again went to the high chieftain and

  told him that his daughter Fithir had died but he would

  marry Dairine.  Tuathal agreed to this as well, but when

  the second daughter arrived at the raith in Leinster she

  found her sister Fithir was still very much alive.  They

  were both so distraught over the injustice that they

  committed suicide.

       When Tuathal found out about Eochaidh's treachery he

  raised an army of 12,000 warriors from Ulster and Connacht.

  The head chieftain from Ulster was killed along with many

  of his warriors, but Eochaidh could not beat the combined

  force and he was killed.

       Tuathal then imposed a yearly tax on the people of

  Leinster.  This obligation took the form of cattle counting

  and was known as the Boramha Tribute.  The tax included

  15,000 cows, 15,000 swine, 15,000 wethers, 15,000 mantles,

  silver chains and copper cauldrons.  It also included one

  huge cauldron that could hold 12 boars and 12 kine for the

  raith at Tara, plus 30 red-eared cows with calves of the

  same color, halters, tethers of bronze and bosses of gold.

       Tuatha married Bane, daughter of Scal, and when she

  died she was buried at Cnoc Bane in Airgialla.  Tuatha

  ruled Ireland as the high chieftain for 30 years until he

  fell by treachery to Mal on the hill of Cennguba in Dal

  Araide.

 

 

NAME         Tuidle of Ulster

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Festival of the Dead)

CATEGORY     servant

TYPE         court steward to Conaire (Ard Righ Eirinn)

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath / Dublin

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg / Magh Liffey

SITES        Da Derga's Hostel

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Ath Cliath

ENEMIES      Ingcel / sons of Donn Desa

SEE ALSO     Conaire / Da Derga / Donn Desa / Ingcel

REMARKS      Tuidle, the steward to Conaire the high

  chieftain of Ireland, decided where guests sat, what they

  ate and where they slept.

       Tuidle wore a fleecy mantle and was described as

  having his hair in so many spikes that if an apple fell off

  a tree onto his head it would be pierced by his hair.   He

  died during the destruction at Da Derga's Hostel, but he

  took 3 raiders with him while trying to protect his high

  chieftain.

 

 

NAME         Tuireann

ALTERNATIVE  Tuireann {Teer-enn}

GENDER       F

SYMBOL       hound

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

CULTURE      Danann / Goidel - Eoganachta / Pictish / Fomorii

             / Fianna - Clanna Ui Tarsigh

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Laois / Offaly

TERRITORY    Leinster

CENTERS      Raith Almu (Fort of Almain)

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd c

RELATIVES    Murna (mother); Cumhal (father); Fionn

             (brother); Ullan (1st husband); Donn (2nd

             husband); Diarmaid ua Duibhne (son); Roc

             (consort)

SEE ALSO     Anghus mac Og / Cumhal / Diarmaid ua Duibhne /

             Donn / Fionn mac Cumhaill / Murna / Roc / Ullan

REMARKS      While Tuireann was pregnant, her husband Ullan

  was having an affair with a female druid.  The druid became

  jealous of Tuireann and turned her into a hound.  While in

  the form of a hound, her two sons were born as pups.  Her

  brother Fionn raised the pups and they became his famous

  hunting hounds Bran and Sceolan.  When Ullan promised to

  leave Tuireann, the druid turned her back into a human.

       Tuireann then married Donn and became the mother of

  Diarmaid Ua Duibhne.  She also gave birth to a child whose

  god-father was Roc, the steward of Anghus mac Og.  The

  child was killed by Donn, her husband, but was changed into

  a wild boar with no tail or ears and sent to live on Ben

  Bulben and given the same life span as Diarmaid.  Diarmaid

  was given a geis that he could not hunt wild boar.

 

 

NAME         Tulchinne

ALTERNATIVE  Tualchinne

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Festival of the Dead)

CATEGORY     warrior / filidh

TYPE         chief juggler and conjurer to Conaire (Ard Righ

             Eirinn)

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath / Dublin

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg / Magh Liffey

SITES        Da Derga's Hostel

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Ath Cliath

ACCESSORIES  9 swords / 9 silver shields / 9 golden apples

ENEMIES      Ingcel / sons of Donn Desa

SEE ALSO     Conaire Mor / Da Derga / Donn Desa / Fer Caille

             / Ingcel

REMARKS      Tulchinne was chief juggler and conjurer to

  Conaire, the high chieftain of Ireland.  He was described

  as having a partly-shaved head with white hair.  He wore a

  speckled colored mantle and rings of gold around his ears.

       During the night that Conaire and his party arrived at

  the hostel of Da Derga, Tulchinne was juggling his 9

  swords, 9 shields and 9 apples when they cried out and fell

  to the ground.  Tulchinne felt the eye of Ingcel on him. He

  started to juggle again and they once more cried out and

  fell to the ground.  Tulchinne then warned everyone of an

  evil presence and suggested that Fer Caille slaughter his

  boar and divine who was outside.

 

 

NAME         Tutor

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         revolutionary

CULTURE      Belgae - Treviri tribe

COUNTRY      France

TERRITORY    Gaul

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 1st c / AD 68

ENEMIES      Rome

SEE ALSO     Civilis / Classicus / Sabinus

REMARKS      When Nero died in AD 68, chaos reigned

  throughout the Roman Empire.  The surviving druids of Gaul

  called on their people to fight a holy war against Rome.

  Tutor, Civilis, Classicus and Sabinus were Gauls who held

  positions as officers in the Roman occupational army. Tutor

  supported the separation from Rome but when the Remi tribe

  called together an assembly of the tribes of Gaul and

  convinced them to stay submissive, Tutor disappeared.

       This was the end of ancient Gaul, as the new Celtic

  leaders adopted the dress, language, religion and way of

  life of the Roman colonialists.  The Celtic gods, heroes

  and warriors disappeared and were replaced with an inferior

  breed who were happy to enjoy the luxuries offered in

  exchange for wearing the collar of Rome.

 

 

NAME         Tydain

EPITHET      Father of Inspiration or Genius (Tad Awen)

ALTERNATIVE  Titain / Titan

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     ovate

TYPE         poet / sage

CULTURE      Pictish / Briton

COUNTRY      France / England

REGION       Brittany / Cornwall

TERRITORY    Gaul / Llydaw / Lloegr

LANDMARKS    Loire

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 6th c / BC 550 ca.

SEE ALSO     Prydain

REMARKS      Tydain was a Pictish ovate who left his home on

  the Loire river in Llydaw (Brittany) and followed Prydain

  to Lloegr (England) where they landed at Cornwall.  He

  introduced order and method into poetry, and order and

  privileges for the poets.