Chapter 20

 

 

GODS / HEROES / WARRIORS

 

 

S - Saille (Willow) - Tree Alphabet / (─┬┬┬┬─) Line Ogham

 

 

 

 

NAME         Sabinus

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         revolutionary

CULTURE      Gallic - Lingones tribe

COUNTRY      France

TERRITORY    Gaul

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 1st c / AD 68

RELATIVES    Eponina (wife)

ENEMIES      Rome

SEE ALSO     Civilis / Classicus / Tutor

REMARKS      When Nero died in AD 68, chaos swept throughout

  the Roman Empire.  The surviving druids of Gaul called for

  their people to rise up in a holy war.  Civilis, Classicus,

  Sabinus and Tutor were Gauls who held positions as officers

  in the Roman occupational army.  Sabinus declared that he

  was a descendant of Caesar's and wanted to head an

  independent Gaul.

       Leaders of the Remi called together an assembly of the

  tribes of Gaul to vote on whether they should form their

  own independent Gaul or remain submissive to Rome.  The

  Remi leaders convinced the others to stay submissive.

  Sabinus and his wife Eponina took refuge in an underground

  hiding place but were eventually found and executed.

       This was the end of Celtic Gaul; the new leaders

  adopted the dress, language, religion and way of life of

  the Roman colonists.  The Celtic gods, heroes and warriors

  were dead and were replaced with an inferior breed who were

  happy to enjoy the luxuries offered in exchange for wearing

  the collar of Rome.

 

 

NAME         Sabrina

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         river goddess

CULTURE      Battle Axe - Ordovices tribe

COUNTRY      Wales

REGION       Powys

LANDMARKS    Cambrian mountains

SITES        headwaters of the Severn river

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 2000

REMARKS      Sabrina was the eponymous goddess of the river

  Severn (Sabrina).  The headwaters were in the territory of

  the Ordovices, an ancient people that settled the area as

  early as BC 2000.

 

 

NAME         Sadb

ALTERNATIVE  Sadb {shahv} / Sava / Saar

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

TYPE         daughter of the Ard Righ Eirinn

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd c

RELATIVES    Conn (father); Conaire Coem (husband); Connla

             and Art (brothers); Eremon and Tea (ancestors)

SEE ALSO     Art Aenfer / Conn Cetcathach / Eber / Eremon /

             Tea

REMARKS      Sadb was a daughter of Conn Cetcathach and a

  descendant of Eremon and Tea of the Milesian (Goidel)

  invaders.  She married Conaire Coem of the bloodline of

  Eber Finn of the Milesian (Goidel).

 

 

NAME         Sadb

EPITHET      Little Fawn (Fia Og)

ALTERNATIVE  Sadb {shahv} / Sava / Saar

GENDER       F

SYMBOL       deer

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         nature goddess

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Tipperary

TERRITORY    Munster / Leinster

CENTERS      Sidhe ar Femuin / Raith Almu (Fort of Almain)

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd c

RELATIVES    Fionn (husband); Oisin (son); Daireann (sister);

             Bodb Dearg (ancestor)

SEE ALSO     Bodb Dearg / Daireann / Fer Doirich / Fionn mac

             Cumhaill / Oisin

REMARKS      Sadb was of the Danann and descendant of Bodb

  Dearg.  She was changed into a fawn by the filidh Fer

  Doirich because she would not marry him.  Sadb found out

  that if she could reach the protection of Raith Almu, the

  spell would dissipate and she would regain her human form

  again.

       Sadb allowed herself to be captured by Fionn and his

  dogs and as they entered the raith she changed back into a

  human again.  Sadb and Fionn married and for months they

  were happy and he never left her for hunting or fighting.

       Then Fionn had to go away on business of the high

  chieftain of Ireland and the sorcerer Fer Doirich took on

  the shape of Fionn.  When Sadb saw Fionn coming home safe

  from battle she rushed out of the fort and was hit with a

  hazel wand and changed back into a deer.

       Sadb was kept prisoner in a lush valley and there she

  gave birth to a human boy which she raised for 7 years

  until Fer Doirich led her away.

 

 

NAME         Sainreth mac Imbaith

EPITHET      Nature of the Sea

ALTERNATIVE  Sainraith / Sainnth

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         sea god

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    son of Imbaith; Macha (daughter)

SEE ALSO     Macha

REMARKS      Sainreth, son of Imbaith, was a god of the sea.

 

 

NAME         Samaliliath

EPITHET      The Grey

ALTERNATIVE  Samaile / Samailiath

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     hero / druid

TYPE         master brewer / science (chemistry)

CULTURE      Partholean tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Munster

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 19th c

BATTLES      Magh Ibha

ACCESSORIES  ale house / brewery

ENEMIES      Fomorii

SEE ALSO     Partholon

REMARKS      When Partholon and his followers landed in

  Munster, Samaliliath built the first coirmthech (drinking

  house) and introduced the brewing of ale into Ireland.

 

 

NAME         Samhain

ALTERNATIVE  Sawan

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

RELATIVES    Esaire (mother); Diancecht, Creidhne, Luchtine

             and Goibhniu (half-brothers); Cian (nephew); Net

             (grandfather); Magog and Iarbonel (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Fomorii

SEE ALSO     Balor / Cian / Creidhne / Diancecht / Esaire /

             Goibhniu / Iarbonel / Luchtine / Magog / Net

REMARKS      One day, Samhain was looking after Cian's

  supernatural cow (Glas Gaibhnenn) while Cian went inside

  the smithy of Goibhniu.  Along came a young red-haired lad

  and told him that he had heard that Cian and Goibhniu were

  planning to use the best metal for Cian's sword and leave

  the more impure bronze for Samhain's.

       Samhain gave the cow to the boy to hold and ran to the

  smithy, only to find out that the young lad was Balor in

  disguise and that he had been tricked into giving up sacred

  Cian's cow.

 

 

NAME         Samhair

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         battle-line

CULTURE      Danann / Goidel / Pictish / Fomorii / Fianna

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Limerick

TERRITORY    Munster

SITES        Dun Tri Liag (Duntryleague)

CENTERS      Raith Cashel (Caisel)

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd c

RELATIVES    Fionn (father); Cormac Cas (husband); Cebha

             (half-sister); Aedh, Ailbhinn, Cairell, Daire,

             Fergus, Oisin and Raighne (half-brothers)

SEE ALSO     Ailbhinn / Cairell / Cebha / Cormac Cas / Daire

             / Fergus Finnbheoil / Fionn mac Cumhaill / Oisin

             / Samhair

REMARKS      When Samhair married Cormac, they had a new home

  built for themselves.  One outstanding feature was a bed on

  three pillar stones (dolmen).  Their new raith became known

  as the Fort of the Three Pillar Stones (Dun Tri Liag), now

  called Duntryleague in county Limerick.

 

 

NAME         Scandal

EPITHET      Insult

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Gailioin

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Connacht

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid

RELATIVES    Magach (mother); Doiche (father); Anluan,

             Bascell, Cet, Doche, En, and MacCorb (brothers);

             Maga (sister); Ailill (nephew)

ENEMIES      Cualnge / Pictland / Ulster

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Anluan / Bascell / Cet mac

             Magach / Doche macMagach / En / MacCorb / Maga

             Muresc / Magach of Connacht / Medbh

REMARKS      Scandal raised an army of battle-line warriors

  to fight for Medbh and Ailill during their raid for the Dun

  Bull of Cualnge.

 

 

NAME         Scannlach

EPITHET      The Wanton

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

TYPE         leader of the maidens of Emain Macha

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh

TERRITORY    Ulster

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Mughain (foster-mother); Conchobar (foster-

             father)

SEE ALSO     Mughain / Niam / Conchobar mac Nessa

REMARKS      Scannlach was a foster-daughter to Mughain and

  Conchobar and was the leader of the maidens of Emain Macha.

  The 8 goddesses were Deigtini Finnchas, Feidlim, Fidniam,

  Finngheal, Niam, Sgamalus, Sgannlach and Sgiathan.

       When Cu Chulainn returned home in a warrior's heat

  from his first combats, it was Scannlach who led 3x50 naked

  maidens outside of the raith in order to calm him down.

  Being surrounded by 150 beautiful and naked women led to

  some confusion on the part of the 7-year-old boy.  He was

  then grabbed by warriors who plunged him into a cauldron of

  cold water to cool him down.

 

 

NAME         Scathach

EPITHET      Shadowy Victory (Scathach Buanand) / Goddess of

             Darkness (Scathach nUanaind) / The Modest / The

             Warrior Priestess

ALTERNATIVE  Scathlach {scaw-ha, skah-thakh} / Skatha

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / filidh

TYPE         chariot warrior / champion / combat instructor /

             sorcerer

CULTURE      Pictish

COUNTRY      Scotland

REGION       Isle of Skye

TERRITORY    The Otherworld - Land of Shadows (Tir na Scath)

             / Albainn

LANDMARKS    Loch Eishort

CENTERS      Dun Scathach (fortress of Scathach)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

ACCESSORIES  Gae Bolga / 30 warrior feats

RELATIVES    Airdgeme (father); Uathach (daughter); Aife

             (sister)

ENEMIES      Aife

SEE ALSO     Aife / Airdgeme / Cu Chulainn / Ferdiad /

             Uathach

REMARKS      Scathach was a filidh whose fortress, Dun

  Scathach (Dunsgiath castle), was near present-day

  Tarskavaig on the southern end of the Isle of Skye

  (Scythia).  Her fortress was said to have been situated so

  that a person trying to enter it had to cross a gorge on a

  thin tight rope over water that boiled and roared with

  phantoms and monsters.  Cu Chulainn was her only pupil who

  figured out how to cross the gorge on his own.

       As well as being a powerful sorcerer, Scathach was a

  champion combat instructor.  Some of the techniques she

  taught were given such names as the Apple Feat, the Body

  Feat, the Wheel Turn, the Cat Leap, the Javelin and Rope

  Feat, the Heroic Salmon Feat, the Sloped Shield, the Feat

  of the Sword Edge and more, to a total of 30 feats.  The

  Heroic Salmon Feat was executed by running and then hurling

  oneself into the air as a salmon does when scaling a falls.

  The Above Breaths Feat was used to fight above the breaths

  of other warriors.

       One feat she taught to no other person except Cu

  Chulainn was the feat of the Gae Bolga (belly spear).  The

  Gae Bolga was a small lance thrown from underwater by use

  of the toes.  What made this instrument so feared was its

  technical ability to open up after entering the body,

  causing multiple wounds (possibly a multiple-barbed dart).

       Scathach taught many of Ireland's champions; the two

  most famous were Cu Chulainn and Ferdiad.  The Isle of Skye

  was named after her.

 

 

NAME         Scena

ALTERNATIVE  Scena {skena} / Scéne Dullsaine

GENDER       F

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

CULTURE      Goidel (Milesian) - Artabri tribe

COUNTRY      Spain / Ireland

REGION       Galacia / Kerry

TERRITORY    West Munster

LANDMARKS    Shannon Estuary

SITES        Inberscena (burial site)

CENTERS      Brigantia (A Corunna)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 15th c

RELATIVES    Amhairghin (husband)

ENEMIES      Danann

SEE ALSO     Amhairghin

REMARKS      Scena, the wife of Amhairghin, died before the

  Goidel warriors landed in Ireland.  She was buried on the

  bank of the Shannon Estuary (Inber Scena) which was named

  after her.

 

 

NAME         Scenmed

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Fomorii

COUNTRY      Ireland

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Forgall (brother); Emer (niece)

ENEMIES      Cu Chulainn

SEE ALSO     Cu Chulainn / Forgall Manach

REMARKS      On the death of her brother Forgall, Scenmed led

  warriors after Cu Chulainn to extract vengeance but was

  killed by him in combat.

 

 

NAME         Scoriath

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Brenin

TYPE         chariot warrior / head chieftain

CULTURE      Armorican / Pictish - Fir Morc tribe (of the

             Boar)

COUNTRY      France

TERRITORY    Gaul / Armorica

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 6th c

RELATIVES    Moriath (daughter); Labraid (son-in-law)

SEE ALSO     Craiphtine / Labraid Loingsech / Moriath

REMARKS      Scoriath had a beautiful daughter who fell in

  love with Labraid when he came to stay.  Scoriath and his

  wife guarded her very carefully but one night their

  daughter Moriath convinced the harpist Craiphtine to play

  enchanting music that would put her parents to sleep.

       When Scoraith's wife finally awoke she exclaimed that

  her daughter had the breath of a woman.  Scoriath asked who

  had done it and when no one confessed he said he would cut

  off the heads of the poets and druids.

       Labraid indicated that Craiphtine should tell the

  story and when he finished, Scoriath and his wife thought

  Labraid would be the best man for her.  Scoriath agreed to

  help Labraid regain his territory and supplied an army and

  ships.

 

 

NAME         Scota

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman) / warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior ?

CULTURE      Egyptian

COUNTRY      Egypt / Spain / Ireland

REGION       Galicia / Kerry

TERRITORY    West Munster

LANDMARKS    Corco Duibne / Slieve Mish

SITES        Teltown (Tailltenn) / Drumleene / Scota's Glen

             (burial site)

CENTERS      Brigantia (A Corunna)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

BATTLES      Sliabh Mish (died)

RELATIVES    Golamh (husband); Eber, Amhairghin, Ir, Colptha

             and Arannan (sons); Eremon (son/husband);

             Airioch Feabhruadh and Donn (step-sons); Bile

             (father-in-law)

ENEMIES      Danann

SEE ALSO     Amhairghin / Arannan / Bile / Colptha / Donn /

             Eber / Eremon / Golamh / Ir / Ith

REMARKS      Scota, the daughter of an Egyptain pharaoh,

  married Golamh, the head chieftain of the Goidel

  mercenaries who had been hired by her father.

       Eventually Scota and Golamh sailed to A Corunna in

  Galicia, Spain which had been conquered by the Goidel.

  Scota bore Golamh 6 sons before he died of plague.  She

  then married her son Eremon.  This was a political marriage

  to protect the bloodline and keep out interlopers.

       Scota was a part of the Goidel invasion force that

  landed in Ireland to take revenge for the death of Ith.

  Scota died in combat at Sliabh Mish, a battle that raged on

  for 3 nights and days.

       Scota, mother of the Gaels of Ireland, was buried just

  south of Tralee in county Kerry.  A pillar stone with her

  name inscribed in ogham was raised in the Slieve Mish

  (Sliabh Mish) at a place now called Scota's Glen - Glen

  Scuhene (Glanaskagheen) to commemorate the noble warrior

  who was born in Egypt and died in Ireland.

 

 

NAME         Seang

ALTERNATIVE  Seng

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Russia / Ukraine

TERRITORY    Scythia

LANDMARKS    Caucasus / Caspian Sea / Volga / Black Sea /

             Crimean Peninsula

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th c

RELATIVES    Reafloir (father); Golamh (husband); Airioch

             Feabhruadh and Donn (sons); Rifath Scot

             (ancestor)

SEE ALSO     Donn / Golamh / Reafloir / Rifath Scot

REMARKS      Seang was the daughter of Reafloir, the head

  chieftain of the Goidel of Scythia (an area north of the

  Caucasus streaching east around the Caspian Sea to the

  Volga river and west around the Black Sea to the Crimean

  Peninsula).  She was married to a chieftain named Golamh

  and gave birth to two sons before she died.

 

 

NAME         Searbhan

EPITHET      The Surly

ALTERNATIVE  Sharvan

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       one eye

CATEGORY     warrior / giant

TYPE         guardian of a sacred tree

CULTURE      Fomorii

COUNTRY      Ireland / Scotland

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd c

ACCESSORIES  magical rowan tree

ENEMIES      Diarmaid / Grainne

SEE ALSO     Diarmaid ua Duibhne / Grainne

REMARKS      Searbhan was a giant warrior who had the honour

  of guarding a magical rowan tree.  He used to sleep in the

  tree during the night and stay by its base during the day.

  He had only one eye but was so fierce that even the Fianna

  avoided him.

       Searbhan made the mistake of sheltering Diarmuid and

  Grainne from the Fianna and was killed by Diarmaid when he

  refused to let Grainne eat the magical berries from the

  tree.

 

 

NAME         Sedlang

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     charioteer

TYPE         driver for Loeghaire

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster

LANDMARKS    Dun Rudrige

SITES        Tech Midchuarta

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Riangabar (father); Id, Ibar and Laeg (brothers)

SEE ALSO     Conall Cernacht / Cu Chulainn / Ibar / Id / Laeg

             / Loeghaire Buadhach / Medbh / Sencha macAilella

REMARKS      At Bricriu's feast, Sedlang told the servers to

  bring the hero's portion over to his master Loeghaire.  Id

  and Laeg did the same for their masters and the fight

  between masters started.

       Because Loeghaire and Conall sided against Cu

  Chulainn, Sencha was the only person there with the power

  to part them.  The champion's portion was to be divided

  among everyone and the dispute was to be settled by Medbh.

 

 

NAME         Sedulios

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         freedom fighter

CULTURE      Gallic - Lemovices tribe

COUNTRY      France

TERRITORY    Gual

SITES        Alesia (Alise Ste Reine) (died)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 1st c / BC 52

BATTLES      Alesia

ENEMIES      Rome

SEE ALSO     Vercingetorix

REMARKS      Sedulios was killed during the battle of Alesia

  when he led his warriors against the rear of Caesar's army

  in an attempt to free Vercingetorix.

 

 

NAME         Segomo

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         war god / god of victory

CULTURE      Ligurian - Segobrigii tribe / Goidel -

             Eoganachta tribe

COUNTRY      France / Ireland

REGION       Alpes-Maritimes / Côte d'Or

TERRITORY    Gaul / Munster

SITES        Nice / Dijon / Waterford

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 7th c / AD 200

SEE ALSO     Eoghan Mor

REMARKS      Segomo was revered by the Segobrigii, a Ligurian

  tribe of France.  The Hallstatt Celts invaded the area

  around BC 7th century and his popularity spread from Nice

  in the southern Ligurian territory to Dijon in the Côte

  d'Or where the Seine has its headwaters.

       The veneration of Segomo was spread to Munster,

  Ireland when the chieftain Eoghan Mor brought his wife back

  from Spain in AD 200.

 

 

NAME         Segovesus

EPITHET      He Who Can Conquer

ALTERNATIVE  Sigovesus

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Gallic - Bituriges tribe

COUNTRY      France / Germany / Austria / Yugoslavia /

             Hungary

TERRITORY    Gaul / Noricum / Pannonia

LANDMARKS    Hercynian Forest / Pannonian Plain

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 4th c / BC 391

RELATIVES    Ambicatus (uncle); Bellovesus (brother)

SEE ALSO     Ambicatus / Bellovesus / Elitovius

REMARKS      In BC 391 Ambicatus, high chieftain of the

  Bituriges confederation, sent his sister's sons Segovesus

  and Bellovesus with the best male and female warriors from

  the confederation to conquer new lands and relieve the

  stress that overpopulation was causing on Gaul.

       The filidh of the tribe divined that Segovesus should

  take his people in a direction that led them into the

  Hercynian forest of Germany.  They settled in Austria

  (Noricum) and on the Pannonian plain of Hungary and former

  Yugoslavia.

 

 

NAME         Semeon

EPITHET      Father of the Firbolg

ALTERNATIVE  Semon

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / chieftain

CULTURE      Nemedian tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Donegal / Cork

TERRITORY    Ulster

LANDMARKS    Uisneach / Tory Island (island of towers) /

             Boyne / Belach

             Conglais

SITES        Tuir Chonaind (Conann's Tower)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 19th-18th c

BATTLES      Magh Ceitne

RELATIVES    Starn (father); Macha (mother); Fortech (son);

             Beoan (brother); Nemhedh (grandfather); Magog

             (ancestor)

SEE ALSO     Beoan / Conann mac Faeboir / Macha / Magog /

             Morc mac Deiled / Nemhedh / Starn

REMARKS      Semeon son of Starn, son of Nemhedh was a

  survivor of the attack against Tuir Chonaind (Conann's

  Tower) on Tor Innis (Tory Island) and the devastating

  battle against the force of Morc mac Deiled.

       When the surviving Nemedian returned to Ireland,

  Fergus divided the island into 3 provinces.  Semeon was

  appointed chieftain of the territory defined by Uisneach at

  the hub of the island and the mouth of the Boyne and Belach

  Conglais (Pass of The Greyhound), a pass in the vicinity of

  Cork on the rim of the island.

       After the Nemedians became weary from the constant

  battling with the Fomorii, Semeon led his people from

  Ireland to Thrace.  Here they flourished to the point where

  the locals became afraid of them and forced them into

  slavery, making them carry bags of topsoil for enriching

  barren areas.  They used their bags as the skins for boats

  and escaped.  The descendants of Semeon became known as the

  Firbolg and returned to Ireland.

 

 

NAME         Semul

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         champion

CULTURE      Nemedian tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Donegal

LANDMARKS    Tory Island (island of towers)

SITES        Tuir Chonaind (Conann's Tower)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 19th-18th c

BATTLES      Magh Ceitne (died)

RELATIVES    Iarbonel (father); Meda (mother); Beothach

             (brother); Nemhedh (grandfather); Magog

             (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Fomorii

SEE ALSO     Beothach / Conann mac Faeboir / Iarbonel / Magog

             / Morc mac Deiled / Nemhedh

REMARKS      Semul son of Iarbonel, son of Nemhedh was a

  champion warrior and one of the chieftains under Fergus

  Lethderg when they attacked Tuir Chonaind (Conann's Tower)

  on Tor Innis (Tory Island).

       After they captured Tory Island Morc mac Deiled

  arrived with 3x20 shiploads of warriors.  Semul was not one

  of the 30 warriors to survive the devastating battle that

  followed.

 

 

NAME         Senboth

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         advisor

CULTURE      Partholean tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Munster

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 19th c

BATTLES      Magh Ibha

RELATIVES    Partholon (father); Dealgnaid (mother); Brea

             (son); Laighlinne, Slainge, Rudraidhe, Eber, Er,

             Orba, Ferann and Fergna (brothers); Aidne, Aife,

             Aine, Fochain, Muchos, Melepard, Glas, Grennach,

             Ablach and Gribendach (sisters); Magog

             (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Fomorii

SEE ALSO     Eber / Brea / Dealgnaid / Laighlinne / Magog /

             Partholon / Rudraidhe / Slainge

REMARKS      Senboth was Partholon's son as well as his most

  senior and experienced chieftain and also his most valued

  advisor during the battle of Magh Ibha.

 

 

NAME         Sencha macAilella

EPITHET      The Wise Counsellor / The Learned / Ollamh

             (Master Bard)

ALTERNATIVE  Senchae Mar (Pacifier) / Senchad / Senchan

             (harmony)

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       bronze staff / peacemaking branch

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Festival of the Dead)

CATEGORY     warrior / filidh / ollamh

TYPE         champion / judge / counsellor / arbitrator /

             wiseman / peacemaker / personal advisor to the

             Ri Ruirech

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal nAraide

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster

LANDMARKS    Carnmag Ulad (Stony Plain of Ulster) / Magh

             Liffey

SITES        Emain Macha / Temair Luachra

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Temuir Luachra / Da Derga's Hostel / Cualnge

             Cattle Raid / Gairech & Irgairech

ACCESSORIES  shield (Sciatharglan)

RELATIVES    Ailell (father); Rudraige (grandfather);

             Maelchod (grandmother); Sech and Cain (sons); Cu

             Chulainn (foster-son)

ENEMIES      Connacht

SEE ALSO     Ailell macMailchlo / Bricriu / Cain / Conall

             Cernacht / Conchobar / Cromm Deroil / Da Derga /

             Dubthach Doel / Maelchod / Rudraige

REMARKS      Sencha, the wise consellor of Ulster, made his

  home at Carnmag Ulad.  Sencha was considered the most

  eloquent man in Ulster and was the personal advisor to

  Conchobar.  He used his enchanting tongue to stop the

  Ulster warriors from fighting amongst themselves and he was

  the only person who could keep Bricriu in line.

       Sencha advised Conchobar that Cu Chulainn should be

  taught to speak eloquently.  He described himself as a wise

  ollamh with a grand memory, noble, strong, skilful in

  combat and the best of the arbitrators and judges of

  Ulster.  He was then given the right to be one of the four

  males of Ulster to foster Cu Chulainn.

       During a Samhain at the court of Emain Macha, Sencha

  settled the argument as to where the Samhain festival would

  continue.  The first half was to be at the raith of Fintan

  and the second at the raith of Cu Chulainn.  Sencha was

  with Cu Chulainn and the warriors when they became lost and

  ended up at Temair Luachra.

       Cromm Deroil described him as an ancient, sleek,

  white-haired man wearing a white tunic covered by a bright

  cloak with a silver fringe.  He carried a white sword and a

  bronze branch the height of his shoulder.  He spoke with a

  slow, loud voice that was as sweet as music and he could

  make peace with just 3 words.

       During the destruction at the hostel of Da Derga,

  Sencha was described as a champion warrior and he, Conall

  Cernacht and Dubthach Doel refused to leave the side of

  Conaire, the high chieftain of Ireland.

       Before the battle of Gairech & Irgairech, MacRoth

  described him as a wild and wilful man with handsome fair

  features, a broad head, dark blue eyes, a forked curly

  beard and brown curly hair worn in tresses.  He wore a

  white hooded shirt which was girded and reached to his

  knees.  Over this he wore a fringed dark-gray cloak held

  together with a leaf-shaped brooch.  He carried a bright

  shield with the forms of beasts raised on it and carried a

  battle scabbard sheathing a silver-hilted sword.  The

  morning of the battle, Sencha fired up the warriors of

  Ulster with a rousing speech.

 

 

NAME         Sengann

EPITHET      Of The Spears

ALTERNATIVE  Sengand

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Bron Tro Gain (Lughnasadh)

CATEGORY     warrior / 5th Ri Ruirech

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Firbolg

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Cork

TERRITORY    West Munster

LANDMARKS    Black Rock / Passage / Belach Conglais /

             Limerick (Luimneach)

SITE         Inber Dubglaisi

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 17th c  BC 18th c / BC 1723-1718 (Kings List)

RELATIVES    Dela (father); Anust (wife); Fodbgen and Sreng

             (sons); Gann, Genann, Rudraige and Slainge

             (brothers); Loth (grandfather); Magog and Semeon

             (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Fomorii

SEE ALSO     Dela / Fiacha Cendfindan / Fodbgen / Gann /

             Genann / Magog / Rudraige / Semeon / Slainge /

             Sreng

REMARKS      Sengann, son of Dela, son of Loth, was one of

  the 5 Firbolg chieftains who took Ireland.  The warriors

  divided into 3 groups with Segann and Gann landing their

  2000 warriors at Inber Dubglaisi, the mouth of the Douglas

  river which lies between Black Rock and Passage, Co. Cork.

  They landed three days after Slainge's army of warriors.

       When the Firbolg divided Ireland into 5 provinces they

  used Uisneach as the hub of the island.  Sengann's

  territory was marked on the rim of the island by Belach

  Conglais (Pass of The Greyhound), a pass in the vicinity of

  Cork and the area of Luimneach (Limerick) situated by the

  mouth of the Shannon river.  Sengann's 1/5 of Ireland

  became known as the province of West Muma (West Munster).

       Sengann was the 5th head chieftain of the Firbolg and

  he ruled for 5 years.  He was the last Firbolg ruler who

  was a son of Dela.  He was killed by Fiacha Cendfindan, the

  grandson of his brother Rudraige.

 

 

NAME         Senlaech Arad

ALTERNATIVE  Senlaech of the Araid

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Connacht

SITES        Hostel (Bruidhean)

CENTERS      Conalad Luachra

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Mac Da Tho's

RELATIVES    Cruachniu (brother)

ENEMIES      Ulster

SEE ALSO     Conchobar mac Nessa / Cruachniu mac Ruadluim /

             Mac Da Tho

REMARKS      Senlaech was the first to throw a taunt to the

  warriors of Ulster by mentioning that Ulster had left a few

  dead warriors behind while raiding for cattle.  Conchobar

  rebutted by saying that Connacht warriors had left behind

  his brother Cruachniu mac Ruadluim on a raid into Ulster.

 

 

NAME         Sequanna

ALTERNATIVE  Sequana / Souconna

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         healer goddess

CULTURE      Gallic - Sequani tribe / Mandubii tribe

COUNTRY      France

TERRITORY    Gaul

LANDMARKS    Seine (Sequana) / Plateau Châtillon

SITES        curative spring of Fontes Sequanae (springs of

             Sequanna)

AGE          Bronze / Iron

DATES        BC 12th c / BC 6th c

REMARKS      Sequanna was venerated at the curative spring of

  Fontes Sequanae which was in an oak-shaded sanctuary in the

  Seine river valley on the Plateau Châtillon northwest of

  Dijon.

       The site was in the territory of the Sequani from BC

  12th century, but in BC 6th century they were pushed

  eastward by incoming La Tène tribes and the Mandubii

  settled there.  The Seine and the Saône were major routes

  for overland trade in tin and also provided a connector to

  the Danube.

       The site of Fontes Sequanae was a place of healing,

  and people sacrificed wooden and stone images of legs,

  internal organs and eyes.  Respiratory and eye problems

  seemed to have been the major complaints.

 

 

NAME         Sertorius

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         war leader

CULTURE      Celtiberian - Arevaci tribe

COUNTRY      Spain

REGION       Castilla-y-Leon

LANDMARKS    Duero

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 1st c / BC 81-73

ENEMIES      Rome

REMARKS      Sertorius of the Arevaci rallied the

  Celtiberians around him to fight against the Romans.

 

 

NAME         Setna Airt

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 12th c / BC 1189-1184 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

RELATIVES    Art (father); Fiachu Finnscothach (son); Fodhla

             (grandson); Ir (great-grandfather)

ENEMIES      Rothechtaid / Fiachu / Muinemon

SEE ALSO     Fodhla / Golamh / Ir / Muinemon / Scota

REMARKS      Setna Airt, son of Art, was a descendant of Ir

  of the Milesian (Goidel).  Setna killed Rothechtaid in

  combat at Raith Cruachan in Connacht to protect his son

  Fiachu.  He ruled as high chieftain of Ireland for 5 years

  before he was killed by his son Fiachu and Muinemon, son of

  Cas Clothach.

       Fiachu Finnscothach ruled as high chieftain of Ireland

  for 20 years.  He introduced the making of flower wine in

  glass vats.  He was eventually killed by Muinemon.

 

 

NAME         Setna Innarraid

ALTERNATIVE  Setna Art Innarriad

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 9th c / BC 845-825 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

RELATIVES    Bres Ri (father); Dui Finn (son); Eber

             (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Find Formail / Siomon Brecc

SEE ALSO     Eber

REMARKS      Setna Innarraid, son of Bres Ri, was a

  descendant of Eber Finn of the Milesian (Goidel).  He

  became the 34th high chieftain of Ireland when he killed

  Find Formail of the bloodline of Ir.

       Setna is remembered for initiating the idea of paying

  wages (Innarraid) to the hirelings.  He ruled Ireland for

  20 years until he was slain by Siomon Brecc who ruled 6

  years until he was killed by Dui Finn.

 

 

NAME         Sgeimh Solais

EPITHET      The Light of Beauty

ALTERNATIVE  Sgbimh Solais {skayv sulish}

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

TYPE         daughter of the Ard Righ Eirinn

CULTURE      Danann / Goidel / Pictish

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd c / AD 268 (she was to be married)

RELATIVES    Cairbre (father); Cormac macAirt (grandfather);

             Art, Eochu Domplen and Fiacha (brothers)

ENEMIES      Fianna

SEE ALSO     Cairbre Lifechair / Cormac macAirt / Fiacha

             Sreabhtuinne

REMARKS      Sgeimh was the daughter of Cairbre, the high

  chieftain of Ireland.  She was used by her father to begin

  a war against the Fianna.  He offered her in marriage to a

  member of the vassal Desi tribe before he offered her in

  marriage to the Fianna.  Then he refused to pay the Fianna

  their traditional weight in gold.  This marriage led to the

  battle of Gabhra (Gowra) in which her father was killed and

  the Fianna was destroyed.

 

 

NAME         Sheila na Gig

EPITHET      The Idle Hole (Chilo Na Gi) / Sheila of the Paps

             (Sighle na Gcioch) / Mother Goddess (Sith Lach

             Na Gog)

ALTERNATIVE  Shee na Gui / Sheela ni Ghig / Sheela Ny Gigg /

             Sheela-na-gig / Sheila na Gig (She ) / Shila na

             Gigh / Sile na gCioch / Sile ni Ghig

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         goddess of fertility and regeneration / temple

             priestess / holy drummer

COUNTRY      Ireland / Scotland / Wales / England / Spain /

             Portugal / France / USA

REGION       Dyfed / Clare / Fermanagh / Herefordshire /

             Oklahoma

TERRITORY    Dyfed / Lloegr

SITES        Nevern / Killinaboy / White Island / Kilpeck /

             Anubis Caves

AGE          Iron (late)

DATES        BC 6th mill / BC 4000 / BC 1st mill / AD 3rd c

REMARKS      The goddess Sheila was mostly represented as a

  squatting female using her hands, sometimes behind her

  legs, to expose her vagina.  The image could also be

  interpreted as a birthing position, the hand placed to

  receive the offspring.  The Sheila has been depicted at

  different ages from young girls to old hags (holy/sacred)

  mostly in stone, in the round or relief.  No two images of

  a Sheila are the same.

       Many of the images on churches are over the doorways.

  The doors may represent the openings of the sacred caves

  used by the ancients.  The vulva was the entrance of the

  most sacred cave of the fertility goddess.  Others protect

  holy wells, another symbol of female fertility.

       Some scholars believe that the position suggests an

  invitation to participate in a sexual act and enforces the

  idea that they were temple priestesses.  This could explain

  why they were associated with the churches of the

  conquering Roman relgion.

       Another explanation is that the sculptures represented

  shamankas who belonged to a special group of female

  drummers who used their vaginas as resonating chambers for

  drumming.

       During AD 18th century, many of the Sheilas na Gig

  were destroyed in Britain by overzealous Protestants.  In

  Ireland and Britain, around 100 Sheilas na Gig still remain

  and Jack Roberts has published an illustrated booklet with

  maps.

       The habit of building early churches from the cut

  stones of ancient temples was presumeably as common in

  Britain and Ireland as it was in Spain and Portugal.  Most

  of the carving of the Sheilas na Gig could therefore easily

  predate that of the churches.

       Only 4 Sheilas na Gig have managed to survive the

  fanatics in Scotland.  The Sheila na Gig at Kirkwall

  cathedral in Orkney sits in the usual squatting position

  and has one hand holding her vagina open while the other

  hand covers her left eye.

       One survivor in Wales is in the Nevern churchyard in

  Dyfed.  This is in the territory of the Demetae and the

  Desi, who came from Ireland in AD 3rd century.  In England

  there is the famous Sheila at the church at Kilpeck,

  Herefordshire in the region once occupied by the Dobunni

  tribe.

       Ireland has the most survivors and there is a Sheila

  na Gig carved on a standing stone at the most ancient site

  of Tara.  An old water mill south of Slane has a Sheila

  carved in the wall and nearly hidden by numerous coats of

  plaster.  In Shanrahan there is an unusual relief carving

  in red sandstone with quartz for her eyes.  It was placed

  over the main entrance in the west wall of the old church

  tower.  Examples can also be found above the doorway to the

  round tower of a medieval church in the village of

  Killinaboy in county Clare, and on the wall of an abbey on

  White Island, Lower Lough Erne in county Fermanagh,

  Northern Ireland.

       There is a Sheila na Gig sculpture in the museum at

  Coimbra, Portugal.  Among the many drawings in the Anubis

  Caves in Oklahoma, USA is a drawing of a Sheila na Gig.

  Similar figures from the Phoenician area of the

  Mediterranean date from BC 1st millenium.  Other related

  images in Europe date as far back as BC 4000.  One

  sculpture from Lepenski Vir in old Yugoslavia dates from BC

  6th millenium and shows an idol with large nipples using

  her hands to hold her vagina open.  The sculpture is oddly

  referred to as the "fish-man idol".

       All carving of the Sheila na Gig since Neolithic times

  until the present have been of simple form, easy for the

  amateur to carve.

 

 

NAME         Sinainn

ALTERNATIVE  Sionan / Sinend

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         river goddess

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Cavan

TERRITORY    Ulster

LANDMARKS    Shannon river

SITES        The Shannonpot (Well of Knowledge)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

RELATIVES    Lodan (father); Lir (grandfather)

SEE ALSO     Lir

REMARKS      Sinainn became the goddess of the Shannon river

  when she caused the sacred spring (Well of Knowledge) at

  The Shannonpot to overflow and chase her across Ireland,

  forming the Shannon river.  Sinainn was drowned in the

  river and it was named after her.

 

 

NAME         Sirna Soegalach

ALTERNATIVE  Sirgalach / Saegalach

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 10th c / BC 985-964 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

BATTLES      Aircheltra / Sliabh Airbrig / Cend Duin / Moin

             Foichnig

RELATIVES    Dian (father); Ailill Olchain (son); Eremon and

             Tea (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Ailill

SEE ALSO     Eremon / Fiachu Labrainne / Ir / Righairled /

             Slanoll / Tea

REMARKS      Sirna Soegalach, son of Dian, descendant of

  Eremon and Tea, was the 25th ruler of Ireland after he

  killed Ailill son of Slanoll.  After 7 high chieftains of

  the bloodline of Ir, the rule again shifted to the that of

  Eremon.

       During 21 years as the high chieftain, Sirna initiated

  hosting in Ireland and avenged the death of his great-

  grandfather Rothechtaid who was killed by Setna Airt. Sirna

  instigated a 100-year war against Ulster and defeated them

  during the battle of Aircheltra.  He won the battle of

  Sliabh Airbrig, Cend Duin and Moin Foichnig against the

  Mairtine and the Erna.  During a major battle at Moin

  Trogaide against the Fomorii who were led by Lugair, son of

  Lugidoth, and Ciasrall, son of Dorcha, a plague broke out

  killing both leaders and many warriors on both sides.

       The next high chieftain was Righairled son of Roan.

  Another legend says that Sirna Soegalach died by his sword

  in Alainn and not by plague.  Nevertheless, with the death

  of Sirna Soegalach, the domination for the position of high

  chieftains by the descendants of Golamh was ended in

  Ireland.

 

 

NAME         Sirona

ALTERNATIVE  Dirona / Sirona (Star) / Sarana / Tsirona

GENDER       F

SYMBOL       snake

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         water goddess / healer goddess of fertility

CULTURE      Belgae - Treveri tribe / Gallic - Lingones tribe

COUNTRY      Belgium / Luxemburg / Germany / France / Hungary

REGION       Brittany

TERRITORY    Gaul / Belgica

LANDMARKS    Ardennes / Vosges

SITES        thermal springs at Luxeuil, Corseul, Hochscheid,

             Bitburg, Neidaltdorf, Sainte-Fontaine,

             Wiesbaden, Brigeto

AGE          Bronze / Iron

DATES        BC 9th c / BC 7th c / BC 4th c

ACCESSORIES  snakes / 3 eggs / lap-dog

RELATIVES    Grannus (consort)

SEE ALSO     Grannus

REMARKS      Sirona was a water goddess associated with

  thermal springs at Hochscheid and Bitburg in the territory

  of the Treveri who were Urnfield-Hallstatt settlers

  arriving in BC 9th century.  She was also venerated at the

  thermal springs at Luxeuil in the territory of the early

  Hallstatt Lingones tribe who settled the area around BC 7th

  century.

       In BC 4th century, the Bituriges confederation sent a

  large swarm of young warriors through Germany to the

  Pannonian plain of Austria, Yugoslavia and Hungary taking

  the veneration of Sirona to Brigeto.

       Sirona was also venerated for her fertility aspects

  and sometimes she had Grannus as a consort.  Votive

  offerings included snakes, eggs and lapdogs.

 

 

NAME         Sithchenn

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     druid

TYPE         artificer / blacksmith / seer

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

AGE          Iron (late)

DATES        AD 4th c

SEE ALSO     Eochu Muigmedon / Niall Noighiallach

REMARKS      Sithchenn the smith was known as a great seer

  who could divine the futures.  Eochu Muigmedon sent his

  five sons to him and while they were in his blacksmith

  shop, he set it afire.  The oldest boys rescued hammers,

  beer, bellows, and shafts but Niall, the youngest, saved

  the anvil which was the most important object in the shop.

  Sithchenn divined that Niall would be the greatest high

  chieftain of Ireland.

 

 

NAME         Slainge

ALTERNATIVE  Slaine / Slainge (Health) / Slanga

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / chieftain / druid

TYPE         physician

CULTURE      Partholean tribe

COUNTRY      Turkey / Ireland

REGION       Carlow

TERRITORY    Leinster

LANDMARKS    Barrow river

SITES        Burgage Motte or Duma Slani (Slainge's grave)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 19th c

BATTLES      Magh Ibha

RELATIVES    Partholon (father); Dealgnaid (mother); Ciocba

             (wife); Senboth, Laighlinne, Rudraidhe, Eber,

             Er, Orba, Ferann and Fergna (brothers); Aidne,

             Aife, Aine, Fochain, Muchos, Melepard, Glas,

             Grennach, Ablach and Gribendach (sisters); Magog

             and Semeon (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Fomorii

SEE ALSO     Ciocba / Dealgnaid / Eber / Laighlinne / Magog /

             Partholon / Rudraidhe / Semeon / Senboth /

             Slainge / Tuan mac Starn

REMARKS      Slainge, son of Partholon, was one of the four

  chieftains who helped get their people from Turkey to

  Ireland.  In the 10th year of their arrival he led his

  warriors against the Fomorians during the battle of Magh

  Ibha.

      Slainge was the first physician of Ireland.  When he

  died in the 13th year of the taking of Ireland he was

  buried near the Barrow river.  His gravemound, Duma Slani

  (Slainge's grave), became the seat of government for

  Leinster and was later named Dinn Rig.  The earthwork is

  now called Burgage Motte and is just south of Leighlin

  Bridge.

 

 

NAME         Slainge

EPITHET      Health

ALTERNATIVE  Slaine / Slainge / Slanga

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Bron Tro Gain (Lughnasadh)

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / 1st Ri Ruirech

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Firbolg

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Leinster

LANDMARKS    Uisneach / Boyne Estuary (Inber Colptha) / Comar

             Tri nUisce (Suir/Nore/Barrow) / Barrow /

             Leighlin Bridge

SITE         Slaney Estuary (Inber Slaine) / Burgage Motte

             or Duma Slani (Slainge's grave)

CENTERS      Dinn Rig

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 17th c / BC 18th c / BC 1730-1729 (Kings List)

RELATIVES    Dela (father); Faud (wife); Gann, Genann,

             Rudraige and Sengann (brothers); Loth

             (grandfather); Magog (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Fomorii

SEE ALSO     Dela / Gann / Genann / Rudraige / Sengann /

             Slainge / Magog / Partholon

REMARKS      Slainge, son of Dela, son of Loth, was one of

  the 5 Firbolg chieftains who took Ireland.  The invaders

  divided into 3 groups and Slainge and his 1000 followers

  landed at Inber Slaine (Slaney Estuary) at the time of the

  festival of Bron Tro Gain.

       After the Firbolg had secured Ireland for themselves,

  they divided it into 5 provinces (coiceda) with Uisneach as

  the hub of the island.  Slainge's 1/5 was marked on the rim

  of the island by Inber Colptha (Boyne Estuary) and the

  confluence of the Suir, Nore and Barrow rivers (Comar Tri

  nUisce).  Slainge's province became known as Laigen

  (Leinster).

       Because Slainge was the oldest son of Dela, he was

  chosen as the first high chieftain of Ireland.  Slainge was

  head chieftain for only a year and when he died he was

  buried at Duma Slani (Dinn Rig), the seat of power in the

  province of Leinster.  The earthwork is now called Burgage

  Motte and overlooks the Barrow river just south of Leighlin

  Bridge.  The site is also the burial place for Slainge, son

  of Partholon.

 

 

NAME         Slanoll

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 11th c / BC 1089-1059 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

RELATIVES    Fodhla (father); Ailill (son); Finnachta, Geide

             Ollgothach and Cairbre (brothers); Fiachu

             Findoilches (grandson); Ir (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Fiachu Findoilches

SEE ALSO     Fiachu Findoilches / Fodhla / Ir

REMARKS      Slanoll, son of Fodhla, was a descendant of Ir

  of the Milesian (Goidel).  He became the high chieftain of

  Ireland on the death of his brother Finnachta.

       Finnachta had reigned for 20 years before Fodhla and

  during his time there was a "snow of wine".  Finnachta died

  on Magh nInis in Ulster of the plague.

       During Slanoll's 30-year rule as high chieftain,

  Ireland was free of disease.  He died at Tech Miodhchuarta

  (mead-circling house).  When his body was found, it had not

  decayed nor had it lost its color.  His son Ailill exhumed

  his body a year (40 years) later and it still had not

  changed.

       Slanoll's brother Geide Ollgothach took the position

  of high chieftain next, and it is said that the voices of

  the people were as sweet as the strings of a zither.  Geide

  Ollgothach ruled Ireland for 8 years before he was slain by

  his grandson Fiachu Findoilches, son of Finnachta.

 

 

NAME         Smertios

EPITHET      The Provider

ALTERNATIVE  Smertros / Smertrios / Smertrius

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       club

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         god of plenty

CULTURE      Gallic - Parisii / Treveri

COUNTRY      France / Germany

TERRITORY    Gaul / Belgica

LANDMARKS    Seine / Moselle

SITES        Paris / Mohn

AGE          Bronze / Iron

DATES        BC 13th c / BC 9th c / AD 1st c

RELATIVES    Ancamna (consort)

SEE ALSO     Ancamna / Taranis

REMARKS      Smertios was venerated in the area of present-

  Day Paris by the Parisii fishermen and sea traders.  The

  Parisii tribe settled in the area around BC 13th century.

  Smertios was also venerated at Mohn near Trier in the

  territory of the Treveri tribe who settled in the area by

  BC 9th century.

       A monument from the Roman time of AD 1st century

  depicts Smertios as a muscular bearded man holding a club

  or a torch and facing a snake.  A duty performed by

  Smertios was to keep away the dogs of Taranis who tried to

  steal his sacrifices.

 

 

NAME         Smirgat

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     filidh

TYPE         seer

CULTURE      Fianna - Clanna Ui Tarsigh

COUNTRY      Ireland

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd c

RELATIVES    Fionn mac Cumhaill (husband)

SEE ALSO     Fionn mac Cumhaill

REMARKS      Smirgat was a seer and she told her husband

  Fionn never to drink from a horn because it would mean his

  death was near.

 

 

NAME         Souconna

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         river goddess

CULTURE      Gallic - Lingones / Raurici

COUNTRY      France

REGION       Haute-Saône

TERRITORY    Gual

LANDMARKS    Vosges

SITES        headwaters of the river Saône

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 6th c / BC 3rd c

REMARKS      Souconna was the eponymous river goddess of the

  Saône and was venerated at its headwaters.  From BC 6th

  century to BC 3rd century the territory was controlled by

  the Lingones tribe until they were pushed out by the

  Raurici tribe in BC 3rd century.

 

 

NAME         Spartacos

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / chieftain / herder

CULTURE      Thracian

COUNTRY      Italy

TERRITORY    Naples

SITES        Mount Vesuvius crater

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 1st c / BC 71 (died)

ENEMIES      Rome

REMARKS      Spartacos was a Thracian herder who was captured

  by the Romans and forced to train as a gladiator.  He

  escaped with 70 other slaves to the crater of Mount

  Vesuvius where he organized a force of 100,000 escaped

  slaves.  Many of these were warriors of the Teutoni and

  Cimbri who had been taken prisoner and forced to fight as

  gladiators for the enjoyment of the Roman public.

       Spartacos had two chieftains: Ceomaros and Crixos, a

  Cimbrian.  The 3 leaders wreaked havoc throughout Italy for

  three years until Crixo was killed in BC 72 and Spartacus

  in BC 71.

 

 

NAME         Sreng

ALTERNATIVE  Sreng mac Sengainn / Sregg mac Sengaidn

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     summer solstice

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / filidh

TYPE         ambassador

CULTURE      Firbolg

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Mayo

TERRITORY    Connacht

LANDMARKS    Plain of Towers (Magh Tuireadh)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 17th c

BATTLES      first battle of Magh Tuireadh (south Moytura)

RELATIVES    Sengann (father); Anust (mother); Fodbgen

             (brother); Dela (grandfather); Magog and Semeon

             (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Danann / Bress / Nuadha

SEE ALSO     Bres / Dela / Fodbgen / Nuadha / Semeon /

             Sengann

REMARKS      Sreng was the ambassador for the Firbolg during

  the negotiations with the Danann who invaded Ireland.  The

  Firbolg rejected the idea put forth by Bres, the negotiator

  of the Danann, to split the island between the two people.

       Bres was killed during negotiations and this led to

  the first battle of Moytura which was fought on summer

  solstice near Cong in Connacht, county Mayo.  The swords of

  the Danann were light and sharp-pointed while those of the

  Firbolg were mostly heavy and blunt-tipped.  Sreng fought

  Nuada in single combat and used his heavy slashing sword to

  cut through Nuadha's shield and lop off his hand.

 

 

NAME         Sru

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Egypt

TERRITORY    Scythia

LANDMARKS    Red Sea / Mediterranean / Taprobane / Rhipaean

             Mountains / Black Sea

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 19th c

RELATIVES    Esru (father); Eber Scott (son); Gaedhal Glas

             (grandfather); Rifath Scot (ancestor)

SEE ALSO     Eber Scott / Gaedhal Glas / Rifath Scot

REMARKS      Sru, son of Esru, son of Gaedhal Glas, was a

  descendant of Rifath Scot.  Sru and his son Eber Scott led

  their Goidel warriors out of Egypt in BC 19th century.

       The small convoy consisted of 4 boats with 24 couples

  and 3 servants in each.  The Goidels left their home on the

  Red Sea and travelled through the early canal system to the

  Mediterranean.  They then travelled to the island of

  Taprobane of the harbours and from there they voyaged

  around the Rhipaean Mountains and northward into the Black

  sea.

       When the small convoy reached the Goidel territory of

  Feinius Farsaid, Sru died.  His son Eber Scot became the

  next chieftain.

 

 

NAME         Starn

EPITHET      Father of the Firbolg

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

CULTURE      Nemedian tribe

COUNTRY      Turkey / Ireland

REGION       Asia Minor / Cork / Antrim

TERRITORY    Phrygia / Munster / Connacht / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Black Sea / Cork Harbour / Whitepark Bay

SITES        Great Island

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 19th-18th c

BATTLES      Ros Fraechain / Murbolg (died)

RELATIVES    Nemhedh (father); Macha (wife); Semeon and Beoan

             (sons); Erglan (grandson); Iarbonel, Anind and

             Fergus (brothers); Magog (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Fomorii / Conann

SEE ALSO     Anind / Beoan / Conann mac Faeboir / Erglan /

             Fergus Lethderg / Iarbonel / Macha / Magog /

             Nemhedh / Semeon

REMARKS      Starn was one of the 5 Nemedian chieftains who

  led their followers from the Goidel territory of Phrygia in

  modern-day Turkey to Cork Harbour in Munster, Ireland.

       Starn led his warriors succesfully in the battle of

  Ros Fraechain in Connacht but died at the hands of Conann

  during the battle of Murbolg in Ulster.

 

 

NAME         Sualtaim macRoig

EPITHET      Of the Fairy Mound (Sualtaim Sidech)

ALTERNATIVE  Suldam {sool-dam} / Sualdaim / Sualtach /

             Sualtam {soo'-al-tam} / Sultim

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     filidh

TYPE         prophet

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal nAraide / Danann / Pictish

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Louth

TERRITORY    Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh Muirthemni

SITES        Ard Cuillenn / Emain Macha

CENTERS      Dairgthech (Oak House)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid

RELATIVES    Ross (father); Maga (mother); Dechtire

             (wife/half-sister); Cu Chulainn (nephew/step-

             son); Ferghus (brother); Fachtna, Bacc, Genonn

             and Imrinn (half-brothers); Elbha and Findchaem

             (half-sisters); Fiacha, Illann, Buinne, Naoise,

             Ainle, Ardan and Conall Cernacht (nephews);

             Rudraige (grandfather); Ir and Anghus

             (ancestors)

SEE ALSO     Anghus mac Og / Buinne / Conall Cernacht /

             Conchobar / Cu Chulainn / Dechtire / Elbha /

             Fachtna Fathach / Ferghus mac Roig / Fiacha /

             Findchaem / Genonn Gruadsolus / Illann

             Ilarchless / Imrinn / Maga / Ross the Red /

             Rudraige

REMARKS      Sualtaim was the son of Becfoltach (Of Little

  Possessions) son of Morfoltach (Of Great Possessions) son

  of Red Neil macRudhraidi.  Sualtaim accepted Cu Chulainn as

  his own son when he married Dechtire.  They lived at

  Dairgthech (Oak House) on Magh Muirthemni where Cu Chulainn

  was raised until he went to Emain Macha to be fostered by

  his natural father Conchobar.

       Sualtaim was with Cu Chulainn at the pillar-stone on

  Ard Cuillenn when they received word that the Host of

  Connacht was on the way.  Cu Chulainn suggested that

  Sualtaim should take Liath, the Gray of Macha, and warn the

  warriors of Ulster.

       When Sualtaim reached Emain Macha, he was moving so

  fast and yelling to warn the warriors of Ulster, that when

  the horse turned quickly, his shield cut off his own head.

  Conchobar had Sualtaim's head put on a pillar where it

  continued to shout its warning until the warriors of Ulster

  forced aside the curse of Macha and began to prepare for

  battle.

 

 

NAME         Suantrade

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     bard

TYPE         harper

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

ACCESSORIES  harp

RELATIVES    Boann (mother); Uaithne (father); Goltrade

             and Gentrade (brothers); Anghus (half-brother);

             Magog, Iarbonel, Ordan and Net (ancestors)

SEE ALSO     Anghus mac Og / Boann / Iarbonel / Magog / Net /

             Ordan / Uaithne

REMARKS      Boann bore Uaithne 3 sons who all became

  harpers.  Goltrade was the first-born and could play the

  harp so sadly that warriors were said to die weeping.

  Gentrade, who was born second, could play such joyful music

  that he could revive the sick.  Suantrade, last to be born,

  learned to play the harp in such a way that the listeners

  became so restful that they would fall into a relaxing

  sleep.

       Their 3 harps were of gold, silver and white gold with

  gold and silver inlays of the healing symbols of dogs,

  snakes and birds.  The 3 boys wrapped the strings in linen

  with snow-white kidskins around the harps and carried them

  in otterskin bags.

 

 

NAME         Sucellos

EPITHET      The Good Striker (Succellos) / That Which Beats

             Strongly (Sucelos)

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         triple god (fertility/nurture/protection) /

             hammer god / war god / Patron of Brewers

CULTURE      Belgae - Mediomatrici tribe

COUNTRY      France / Luxembourg / Germany / England

REGION       Moselle / Nottinghamshire / Gloucestershire /

             Surrey

TERRITORY    Gaul / Belgica / Lloegr

LANDMARKS    Moselle

SITES        Mithraeum near Metz / Thorpe (Newark) /

             Chedworth / Farley Health Temple

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 9th c / BC 1st c

ACCESSORIES  long-handled mallet or barrel on a pole /

             cauldron / dogs

RELATIVES    Nantosvelta and Aericura (consorts)

SEE ALSO     Aericura / Nantosvelta

REMARKS      Sucellos was the patron of brewers and was

  venerated at Mithraeum near Metz in the territory of the

  Mediomatrices tribe.  The Mediomatrices were a tribe of the

  Early Hallstatt culture who settled the area around BC 9th

  century and were still there in BC 1st century when the

  Romans invaded.

       Sucellos was depicted as a bearded mature male dressed

  in a short tunic with a mallet or barrel on the end of a

  long pole and a cauldron.  Sometimes dogs were sacrificed

  to him, and he was often associated with the goddesses

  Aericura and Nantosvelta.

       Sucellos was also venerated in England at Thorpe in

  Nottinghamshire (Newark), Chedworth in Gloucestershire and

  at Farley Health Temple in Surrey.  His veneration may have

  come to England with the incoming Belgae tribes or with the

  Romans.

 

 

NAME         Suibhne

ALTERNATIVE  Shuibhne Geilt

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         horse warrior

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal Riada tribe / Scotti

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Kerry

TERRITORY    Munster

LANDMARKS    Magh Rath (Plain of Forts)

SITES        Moira / Gleann na nGealt (Glen of the Lunatics)

             / Tobergalt (Lunatics' Well)

CENTERS      Dun na nGedh

AGE          Ui Néill

DATES        AD 7th c / AD 637

BATTLES      Moyraith (Cath Maige Rath)

SEE ALSO     Domhnall Breac / Domnall mac Aedh

REMARKS      During the Battle of Moyraith, when Domhnall

  Breac attacked Domnall mac Aedh at his fortress Dun na

  nGedh, Suibhne received so many injuries that he lost his

  senses and fled the battlefield.  Luckily he found his way

  to Gleann na nGealt (Glen of the Lunatics) in present-day

  county Kerry.

       While he was in the glen he drank from the healing

  spring of Tobergalt (Lunatics' Well) and ate the sacred

  cresses which grew around the spring.  It was not long

  before his sanity returned.

 

 

NAME         Sul

EPITHET      The Burning / The Shining

ALTERNATIVE  Sulis

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         fire goddess / healer goddess / patron to the

             arts of healing, crafts and war

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      England

REGION       Avon

TERRITORY    Lloegr

LANDMARKS    Avon river

SITES        thermal springs at Bath (Aquae Sulis)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 9th c

ACCESSORIES  perpetual coal fire burned at her sanctuary

SEE ALSO     Bladud

REMARKS      Sul was the healing goddess of the thermal

  springs at Bath.  Her perpetual fire that burned was a coal

  fire and as the flames abated, the fire turned into shining

  globes, each one looking like a little sun.  The springs

  were dedicated to Sul in BC 9th century by Bladud, a

  descendant of the Trojans.