Chapter 19

 

 

GODS / HEROES / WARRIORS

 

 

R - Ruis (Elder) - Tree Alphabet / (─┼┼┼┼┼─) Line Ogham

 

 

 

 

NAME         Ragallach

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Connacht

CENTERS      Raith Cruachain (Rathcroghan)

AGE          Ui Néill

DATES        AD 7th c / AD 645

RELATIVES    Cathal (son)

REMARKS      Ragallach was the head chieftain of Connacht.

  When his wife bore a child, the druid prophesied that she

  would be the cause of Ragallach's death.  Ragallach ordered

  the swineherd to destroy the child but instead he gave her

  to a woman who fostered her.

       Ragallach's daughter grew into such a beautiful maiden

  that he took her for his concubine and she eventually bore

  him a son.  When the child grew older he killed Ragallach.

  Cathal, who was Ragallach's older son, avenged his father

  by killing the boy.

 

 

NAME         Reafloir

ALTERNATIVE  Refloir

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         chariot warrior / head chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Russia / Ukraine

TERRITORY    Scythia

LANDMARKS    Caucasus / Caspian Sea / Volga / Black Sea /

             Crimean Peninsula

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th c

RELATIVES    Noemius (father); Seang (daughter); Gomer,

             Rifath Scot, Feinius Farsaid and Nenual

             (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Golamh

SEE ALSO     Feinius Farsaid / Golamh / Gomer / Rifath Scot /

             Seang

REMARKS      Reafloir was the son of Noemius and descendant

  of Rifath Scot.  Reafloir was the head cheftain of the

  Goidels of Scythia (a territory north of the Caucasus

  streaching east around the Caspian Sea to the Volga river

  and west around the Black Sea to the Crimean Peninsula).

       He had a problem with a Goidel chieftain, Golamh son

  of Bile, who wanted the position of head chieftain of the

  Goidels.  Reafloir tried to placate Golamh by offering him

  his daughter Seang in marriage.

       In time, Seang gave birth to two males which only

  added to the strength of Golamh's claim on the position of

  head chieftain.  When his daughter Seang suddenly died,

  Reafloir accused Golamh of poisoning her and challenged him

  to combat.  Reafloir was mortally wounded in the thigh

  before his warriors drove out Golamh and his followers.

       Reafloir and his people are mistakenly called

  Scythians.  Their territory was the same territory later

  occupied by the Scythians.

 

 

NAME         Red Riders

EPITHET      The Three Reds

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Festival of the Dead)

CATEGORY     deities / warriors

TYPE         supernatural / living dead / champions of the

             sidhe

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Dublin

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh Liffey

SITES        Da Derga's Hostel

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Ath Cliath

ACCESSORIES  Donn Tetscorach's steeds

SEE ALSO     Conaire / Le Fer Flaith

REMARKS      The 3 Red Riders were of the Danann and were

  being punished for perpetrating falsehoods.  They had to be

  destroyed 3 times by different high chieftains of Ireland,

  and Conaire was to be the last.  The Three Reds or Red

  Riders all had red hair, skin and teeth.  They wore red

  shirts, mantles and frocks.  They carried red spears, small

  red shields and rode red steeds.

       The Red Riders were ahead of Conaire when he was

  travelling to the red hostel of Da Derga.  Conaire bade his

  son Le Fer Flaith to ride ahead and ask if he and his party

  might pass because following the Red Riders was against one

  of the high chieftain's gessa.

       The Red Riders refused to let him pass, and would only

  give predictions of great loss of life to come.  They then

  continued on to Da Derga's Hostel, remaining at exactly the

  same distance ahead of Conaire and his entourage all the

  way like a vanguard of death.  At the hostel, they settled

  in for the night to await the great destruction in which

  they killed no one and although they were themselves killed

  by the high chieftain of Ireland, they rode away from the

  battle and were not among the dead.

 

 

NAME         Redg

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     filidh

TYPE         chief jester and lampoonist to Sovereign

             (Medbh)

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Connacht

LANDMARKS    Uman-sruth (Copperstream)

SITES        Ath Solom Shet (Ford of the Ready Treasure)

CENTERS      Raith Cruachain (Rathcroghan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid (died)

ENEMIES      Cu Chulainn

SEE ALSO     Cu Chulainn / Medbh

REMARKS      The Host of Connacht thought that Cu Chulainn

  would not be quite as dangerous if it were not for his

  little copper javelin.  Medbh sent Redg, her jester and

  lampoonist, to ask Cu Chulainn to give it to him as a

  present.  Redg, told Cu Chulainn that he would speak ill of

  him if he was not given the little javelin as a present.

       Cu Chulainn said he would give him treasures instead

  but Redg refused.  Cu Chulainn became angry and gave Redg a

  wound for refusing his gifts.  The jester again asked for

  the little javelin and this time Cu Chulainn threw it to

  him and hit Redg in the neck.

       Redg then went back to the camp of Connacht and

  managed to say that the precious gift was theirs, then fell

  over dead.  The site was named Ath Solom Shet (Ford of the

  Ready Treasure).  The copper head of the javelin was thrown

  into the river which has since been known as Uman-sruth

  (Copperstream).

 

 

NAME         Redg Rotbel

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 15th c

ENEMIES      Goidel

SEE ALSO     Brea / Gulban / Grici / Tindell

REMARKS      After the defeat of the Danann, the Goidels

  divided Ireland into 5 provinces.  The Danann left 5

  warriors in each of the five provinces to cause as much

  trouble for the Goidel as possible.  In the province of

  Ulster they left Brea, Redg, Grici, Gulban and Tindell.

 

 

NAME         Regan

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rhian (noble woman)

TYPE         daughter of the Rix of Britain

CULTURE      Goidel - Coritani tribe

COUNTRY      England

TERRITORY    Lloegr

CENTERS      Caer Troia (Town of Troy) present-day Ilford

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 8th c

RELATIVES    Leir (father); Henwinus (husband); Cunedagius

             (son); Goneril and Cordelia (sisters); Marganus

             (nephew)

ENEMIES      Cordelia / Goneril

SEE ALSO     Cordelia / Cunedagius / Goneril / Leir /

             Marganus

REMARKS      Regan was the second daughter of Leir and won a

  third of his territory by flattering the ancient man and

  telling him how much she loved him.  She then married

  Henwinus, a chieftain of Cornwall, and together they seized

  another portion of the territory from her father.

       When Leir came to live with Regan and her husband, she

  reduced his retinue of 30 warriors to 5.  This was such an

  insult to the ancient chieftain that he returned to live

  with his oldest daughter Goneril.

 

 

NAME         Rhetogenes

ALTERNATIVE  Rectugenos

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

CULTURE      Celtiberian - Arevaci tribe

COUNTRY      Spain

REGION       Soria

LANDMARKS    Duero river

SITES        Numantia

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd c / BC 133 (Roman Invasion)

BATTLES      Siege of Numantia

ENEMIES      Rome

SEE ALSO     Avaros

REMARKS      During the siege of Numantia, the head chieftain

  Avaros sent Rhetogenes over the walls of their fortress and

  through the Roman lines to get help from the neighboring

  tribes.  Rhetogenes first sought help from the Arevaci

  tribe but they refused.  He then went to the Lutia tribe

  and they agreed to help.

       The Roman commander Scipio received news of the

  situation and surrounded the village of the Lutia with his

  soldiers.  Scipio then ordered the young warriors of the

  tribe to come forward, and when they were under guard he

  proceeded to cut off 400 right hands.

 

 

NAME         Rhiannon

ALTERNATIVE  Rhian (woman of high place) / Rhiannon

             {ree'-an-un, ree-ah-non, ree'-an-non}

GENDER       F

SYMBOL       white mare / 3 birds

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         fertility goddess / mare goddess / Sovereign

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Isle of Man / Wales

REGION       Dyfed

TERRITORY    The Otherworld - The Underworld (Annwn) / Dyfed

LANDMARKS    Mynydd Preseli (Preseli Hills)

CENTERS      Gorsedd Arberth (mound of Arberth), Narberth

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Ath Cliath

ACCESSORIES  pale white horse / bag of plenty / 3 birds /

             vessels

RELATIVES    Heveydd (father); Pwyll (1st husband); Arawn

             (consort) Pryderi (son); Manawyddan (2nd

             husband)

ENEMIES      Gwawl / Llwyd

SEE ALSO     Arawn / Bran ap Llyr / Cassubellaunos / Gwawl

             fab Clud / Heveydd / Llwyd fab Cil Coed /

             Manawyddan mab Llyr / Pryderi / Pwyll / Teyrnon

REMARKS      Rhiannon, the daughter of Heveydd Hen (Heveydd

  The Ancient), was being forced to marry someone she did not

  like.  She had heard of the deeds of Pwyll of Dyfed and

  decided that she should get his attention.  Wearing her

  golden cape and sitting upon her white mare, Rhiannon rode

  past the mound of Arberth where Pwyll and his nobles were

  lounging.  It took 3 rides by before Pwyll himself

  approached her, and when she told him of her love for him

  and that she was being forced to marry someone else he fell

  madly in love with her.  Rhiannon then invited Pwyll to a

  festival in 1 year's time.

       When Pwyll arrived for the festival, he was seated

  between Rhiannon and her father in the position of the

  suitor.  While they were enjoying themselves and in a

  festive mood, a young red-haired warrior appeared.  The

  handsome youth said that he had come to ask a favor of

  Pwyll, who unwittingly replied that he would grant him

  anything in his power.  Rhiannon, angry at his stupid

  remark, informed Pwyll him that he had just granted a wish

  to Gwawl, the suitor from the north that she did not want

  to marry.  Gwawl said that he would like to have the bride

  Rhiannon and the feast for himself.  Rhiannon, being quick

  of thought, told Gwawl that this was not the bridal feast

  and he would have to come back in 1 year's time.

       When the time for the next festival arrived, Rhiannon

  was prepared.  Gwawl was sitting in the seat of the suitor

  when a beggar carrying a small bag entered the feasting

  room.  Gwawl told him to fill his bag and leave, but the

  bag never seemed to fill and Gwawl, becoming impatient,

  told the beggar to finish filling the bag.  The beggar

  informed him that the bag would never fill unless it was

  stomped down by a champion.  Gwawl, being the champion of

  the day, stepped into the bag only to have it pulled over

  his head by Pwyll, who was the one dressed in the disguise

  of the beggar.

       Pwyll then hung the bag on a hook by the door of the

  banquet hall and called for his warriors to enter.  As they

  went by the bag, each warrior would ask what was inside

  that was making such a fuss.  Pwyll would yell that it was

  a badger and the warriors would give it a whack with the

  flat of their swords.  Gwawl finally promised to leave and

  demand no retribution for his loss or for the trick played

  on him.

       Rhiannon and Pwyll were then married and returned to

  Dyfed where they lived at the caer of Gorsedd Arberth.

  After 3 years when Rhiannon still was not pregnant, the

  people of Dyfed became anxious because the prosperity of

  the tribe was directly linked to the successful uniting of

  the head chieftain and sovereignty.

       Finally after a succeful year Rhiannon gave birth to a

  boy but he disappeared that night while she slept.  The 6

  matrons guarding the boy feared for their lives because

  they had fallen asleep and when they awoke the boy was

  gone.  The matrons killed a chicken and smeared the blood

  over Rhiannon who was then accused of killing and eating

  the boy.

       As punishment, she spent 7 years wearing the collar of

  a horse and ferrying guests between the gate of the caer to

  the hall and then back again, telling the story of how she

  had killed her son.  Then one day Teyrnon, the chieftain of

  Gwent ys Coed, arrived with a boy whom he believed was the

  son of Rhiannon and Pwyll.  The council all agreed the boy

  was the missing child and he was named Pryderi for the

  trouble and anxiety his disappearance had caused his

  parents.

       During the invasion of Ireland against Matholwch,

  Pwyll remained in Dyfed as one of the 7 Horseman (Seith

  Marchawg) to guard Wales.  He was killed in a battle when

  Dyfed was attacked by the Belgae chieftain Cassubellaunos.

       Rhiannon had 3 brightly-colored birds that were fed on

  apples of The Otherworld and sang so sweetly they would

  soothe the sick to sleep and wake the dead.  The 7 warriors

  and Bran's head who escaped the destruction at Ath Cliath

  in Ireland spent 7 years with her and her enchanting birds

  at Harlech, feasting.  The warriors were Manawyddan,

  Glinyeu, Talyessin, Ynawag, Gruddyeu, Heilyn and her own

  son Pryderi.

       After Bran died and his head was taken to Kaerlud to

  be buried, Rhiannon married Manawyddan and they were given

  Dyfed to rule.  Her son also married and one day the four

  nobles were sitting on Gorsedd Arberth when everything

  disappeared from sight except their caer (fortress).

       For a while they lived on their supplies but soon

  these were gone and they had to survive by hunting and

  fishing.  Soon the four tired of this primitive existence

  and went to England looking for work as artisans and having

  many adventures until they grew weary and went back to

  their caer in Dyfed.

       One day Manawyddan came home after hunting and told

  Rhiannon that he and Pryderi had watched as their dogs

  chased a white boar into a strange white fortress.  Against

  Manawyddan's advice, Pryderi had decided to enter the fort

  but he never returned nor did the dogs nor was there a

  sound from either.

       Rhiannon scolded Manawyddan for letting his best

  friend enter alone and she herself went into the fort after

  her son.  Inside she saw an empty courtyard with a white

  fountain and marble base around it.  Coming out of the sky

  were four chains suspending a golden cauldron above the

  marble base.  Her son was standing on the base holding the

  cauldron but no sound would come from his mouth.  As

  Rhiannon steped onto the marble base to help Pryderi, her

  feet also stuck to the base.

       Rhiannon and her son realized that they had been taken

  prisoners by a wizard named Llwyd who was extracting

  revenge for his friend Gwawl who had been the loser in the

  courting of Rhiannon.  While Rhiannon was in servitude she

  had to wear the collar of an ass.  She and her son were

  lucky that Manawyddan was able to trick the wizard into

  returning them, their people and their possessions to

  Dyfed.

 

 

NAME         Rhitta Gawr

ALTERNATIVE  Retho

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         giant

COUNTRY      Wales

SITES        Mount Arvaius

AGE          Post-Roman

DATES        AD 6th c

ACCESSORIES  supernatural cloak

ENEMIES      Arthur

SEE ALSO     Arthur

REMARKS      Rhitta Gawr was a fierce giant chieftain who

  lived on Mount Arvaius.  He captured chieftains whom he

  considered to be wrongdoers and reduced them to vassals

  when he ripped off their beards.  He then wove these beards

  into a cloth which he used to make a cloak.

       Rhitta Gawr sent a message to Arthur and told him that

  because he was such a distinguished chieftain he could rip

  off his own beard and send it to him and he would sew it to

  the higher part of his cloak.  Failing this he challenged

  Arthur to a duel, with his beard and cloak as prize if

  Arthur should win.  After a mighty battle, Arthur was

  victorious.

 

 

NAME         Rhuddlwm Gawr

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     druid

TYPE         science

CULTURE      Pictish / Briton

COUNTRY      France / England

REGION       Brittany / Cornwall

TERRITORY    Gaul / Llydaw / Lloegr

LANDMARKS    Loire

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 6th c / BC 550 ca.

SEE ALSO     Coll

REMARKS      Rhuddlwm Gawr was a druid who left his home on

  the Loire river and became a part of the Pictish migration

  from Llydaw (Brittany) to Lloegr (England) where they

  landed at Cornwall.  He learned his skills from Eiddic, Gor

  and Coll-Frewi father of Coll.  Rhuddlwm became one of the

  3 masters of science on the island of Britain.

 

 

NAME         Rhun

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         son of the Maelgwn (Brenin)

COUNTRY      Wales

REGION       Gwynedd {Gwin-eth} / Clwyd {clud}

TERRITORY    Gwynedd

AGE          Post-Roman

DATES        AD 6th c

RELATIVES    Maelgwn (father); Bridei (brother); Elffin

             (cousin); Ceredig and Cunedda (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Elffin / Taliesin

SEE ALSO     Ceredig / Cunedda / Elffin / Maelgwn / Taliesin

REMARKS      Rhun was a charismatic and crafty character whom

  the ladies had a hard time resisting.  His father used him

  to seduce the wife of Elffin, and when this failed, he

  chopped her finger off and brought it to his father's raith

  as proof that he had an affair with Elffin's wife.  He was

  proved to have been a liar and a fool.

 

 

NAME         Rifath Scot

EPITHET      Father of the Scotic (Gaelic) language

ALTERNATIVE  Ibath / Rifaith

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Iraq

LANDMARKS    Euphrates

SITES        Tower of Babel (Gates of God)

CENTERS      Babylon

AGE          early-Bronze

DATES        BC 21st-20th c

RELATIVES    Gomer (father); Dohe and Baath (sons); Iafeth

             (grandfather); Feinius Farsaid (great-grandson)

SEE ALSO     Feinius Farsaid / Gomer / Iafeth

REMARKS      Rifath Scot was one of the 8 chieftains who

  helped build the Tower of Babel (Gates of God) around BC

  2000.  Rifath Scot is considered to be the father of the

  Scotic (Gaelic) language.

       The tower was built at Birs Nimrud at Borsippa, old

  Babylon, on the Euphrates after severe flooding (Noah's

  Flood).  The temple was dedicated to the god Bel {Baal} the

  deity of the city.  The tower's Sumerian design was that of

  a ziggurat and represented the 7 divisions of heaven and

  earth.  The name Babel (Babili) means "Gates of God" in the

  native Assyrian language but has been misinterpreted as the

  Hebrew word "babal" which means "to confuse".  Sometimes

  the tower is referred to as the Tower of Nimrod because

  Nimrod was one of the 8 chieftains of the Tower.

 

 

NAME         Rigonemetis

EPITHET      Lord of the Sacred Grove

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         fertility god of the sacred grove

CULTURE      Pictish - Cornovii tribe

COUNTRY      England

TERRITORY    Lloegr / Linconshire

SITES        Nettleham

AGE          Bronze / Iron

DATES        BC 11th c / AD 47

REMARKS      Rigonemetis was a fertility god of the sacred

  grove at Nettleham in Linconshire.  This was in the center

  of the Cornovii tribe who were Pictish immigrants from

  around BC 11th century and were still there in AD 47 when

  the tribe fought against the Romans.

 

 

NAME         Rinnal

ALTERNATIVE  Rindail

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / 7th Ri Ruirech

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Firbolg

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Connacht

LANDMARKS    Ben Bulben

SITE         Eba Choirpre (died)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 17th c / BC 18th c / BC 1713-1707 (Kings List)

BATTLES      Craeb

RELATIVES    Genann (father); Cnucha (mother); Erc (brother);

             Dela (grandfather); Magog and Semeon (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Fiacha / Fodbgen

SEE ALSO     Dela / Erc / Fiacha Cendfindan / Fodbgen /

             Genann / Magog / Semeon

REMARKS      Rinnal, son of Genann, son of Dela, became the

  7th head chieftain of the Firbolg when he killed his cousin

  Fiacha.

       During his time the Firbolg began to exchange their

  heavy blunt-tipped bronze slashing swords for the pointed

  thrusting swords (rapiers).  They also began to use bronze

  heads on their throwing sticks (rith-chrann).  The word

  "rinn" means "point".

       Rinnal ruled the Firbolg for 6 years until he was

  killed by his cousin Fodbgen.  During the Battle of Craeb

  they fought a combat at Eba Choirpre, a plain north of Ben

  Bulben.

 

 

NAME         Ritona

ALTERNATIVE  Pritona

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         river goddess

CULTURE      Belgae - Treveri tribe

COUNTRY      Germany

REGION       Rhineland

TERRITORY    Gaul / Belgae

LANDMARKS    Moselle

SITES        river ford at Trier

AGE          Bronze / Iron

DATES        BC 9th c / BC 1st c

REMARKS      Ritona was a river goddess who was venerated at

  a ford on the Moselle river leading into Trier.  Trier was

  the center of the Treveri tribe who were settled in the

  area by BC 9th century and were still there when the Romans

  invaded in BC 1st century.

 

 

NAME         Rivallo

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Rix

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain of Britain

CULTURE      Goidel - Coritani tribe

COUNTRY      England / Wales / Scotland

TERRITORY    Lloegr / Cambria / Albainn

CENTERS      Caer Troia (Town of Troy) present-day Ilford

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 8th c / BC 776 - (Rix)

RELATIVES    Cunedagius (father); Gurgustius (son); Regan

             (grandmother); Leir (great-grandfather)

SEE ALSO     Cunedagius / Leir / Regan

REMARKS      When Rivallo became the high chieftain of

  Britain, it rained blood for 3 days, then the island was

  infested with flies followed by a plague.  Otherwise his

  rule was prosperous and peaceful.  He was followed by his

  son Gurgustius.

 

 

NAME         Roc

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     servant

TYPE         steward

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Leinster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

SITES        Sidhe Brugh na Boyna

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

RELATIVES    Ethne (daughter)

SEE ALSO     Ethne / Manannan

REMARKS      Roc's daughter Ethne was born at the same time

  as a daughter of Manannan.  When Manannan's daughter came

  to Sidhe Brugh na Boyna as a foster, Ethne was made her

  handmaiden.

 

 

NAME         Rochad mac Faithemain

EPITHET      The Red Chieftain (Rigderg)

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior / Red Branch champion

CULTURE      Pictish ?

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster / Rigdonn

SITES        Finnabair Slebe (Finnabair of the Mount)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid / Gairech & Irgairech

ACCESSORIES  150 warriors

RELATIVES    Fatheman (father); Finnabair (wife)

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Cu Chulainn / Ferghus mac Roig

             / Finnabair / Maga / Magach of Connacht / Mane /

             Medbh

REMARKS      Rochad was a young chieftain from Rigdonn in the

  north of Ulster.  He was described as a tall handsome youth

  with close-chopped red-gold hair.  His head was broad above

  and slender below with deep blue-gray eyes and white teeth.

  He was described as a handsome man with broad shoulders,

  narrow hips and very white skin.  He wore a red hooded

  tunic ornamented with a hem of red gold and a purple cloak

  held with a gold fibula.  He carried a curved bright-

  colored shield with images of animals in gold and silver.

  On his left side, hung from a shoulder strap, was a gold-

  hilted sword with inlays.  He also carried a long gray-

  edged spear and a javelin with throwing thongs.

       Rochad approached the camp of the Host of Connacht

  with 150 loyal warriors to enable Cu Chulainn to have a

  much-deserved rest.  He was approached by a troop of

  warriors who informed him that a tryst with Finnabair,

  daughter of Ailill and Medbh, was set up.  He went with

  them and spent the night with her.  They then married and

  he paid no bride-price, brought no marriage gifts, and

  Ailill and Medbh supplied no dowry.

       While he and Finnabair were together, the Host of

  Connacht drove off his warriors.  A chief from Munster

  heard that Finnabair had married and ordered his troops to

  prepare to leave because she had been promised to him for

  coming on the raid.  Other chieftains of Munster, hearing

  this, said they had also been promised her hand in marriage

  for coming.  The Munster chieftains attacked Mane son of

  Ailill and Medbh, who was guarding the rear of the Host of

  Connacht.  Ailill and Medbh heard this and mustered their

  troops along with those of the sons of Maga.  Ferghus

  intervened but before he could settle the matter, 800

  warriors were dead.

       Finnabair returned to the camp of the Host of Connacht

  and Rochad reunited with his warriors, returned to their

  hold and waited for the great battle at Gairech &

  Irgairech.

 

 

NAME         Romit Rigoinmit

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     filidh

TYPE         chief jester and fool to Conchobar (Ri Ruirech)

CULTURE      Ethiopian

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh

TERRITORY    Ulster

SITES        Temair Luachra

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Temuir Luachra

ACCESSORIES  bronze crook / horsewhip / bell

SEE ALSO     Conchobar / Cromm Deroil / CuRoi macDaire

REMARKS      Romit was with Conchobar when the warriors of

  Ulster went on a drunken ride one Samhain eve that landed

  them at Temair Luachra in Munster.

       Cromm Deroil described Romit as a short black-haired

  balding man with a blue Ethiopian face and bulging eyes,

  one of which was bright.  He wore a dappled cloak fastened

  with a bronze pin.  Romit carried a bronze crook in one

  hand and a horsewhip in the other which he applied to the

  warriors of Ulster for the merriment of the others.  He

  also had in his possession a bell that produced sweet

  notes.

       CuRoi identified him as the funniest jester at Emain

  Macha and no want or sorrow existed which would not depart

  in his presence.

 

 

NAME         Ron Cerr

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / spy

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Leinster / Imale

AGE          Ui Néill

DATES        AD 6th-7th c

BATTLES      Dun Bolg

RELATIVES    son of Dubanach

ENEMIES      Aedh

SEE ALSO     Aedh mac Ainmireach / Brandubh / Dubhdun

REMARKS      When Brandubh, head chieftain of Leinster,

  decided that he had had enough of the Boramha Tribute, Ron

  Cerr, son of the chieftain of Imale, volunteered to serve

  as a spy.

       He rubbed calf's blood and rye dough on his body to

  create the effect of rotting skin, then put a large cowl

  over his head and had a wooden leg attached to his knee. He

  then went to Aedh, high chieftain of Ireland, and informed

  him that the wagons of tribute from Leinster were on their

  way.

       The high chieftain told his warriors to prepare for

  some sort of trick.  When the wagons arrived with the

  hidden warriors of Leinster, Ron Cerr threw off his leper

  disguise and attacked those protecting the high chieftain.

  In the process he killed Dubhdun, chieftain of Oriel, and

  Ferghus, son of Flaithri chieftain of Turlach Og.  When

  Ronn reached the high chieftain he dragged him from his

  horse and cut off his head which he then brought to his

  chieftain Brandubh.  This was the Battle of Dun Bolg over

  the Boramha Tribute.

 

 

NAME         Ronan

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         chariot warrior / head chieftain

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Leinster

CENTERS      Dinn Rig

RELATIVES    Mael (son); Ethne (1st wife)

ENEMIES      second wife

SEE ALSO     Aedan / Mael Fhothartaig

REMARKS      Ronan had a son by his first wife Ethne.  When

  she died, he married again.  His second wife was the

  daughter of Eochaidh, a chieftain of Dunseverick.  She

  tried to seduce her stepson, and when he rejected her she

  accused him of attempting to rape her.

       Ronan sent his warrior Aedan to kill Mael.  After his

  son was dead Ronan found out that his wife had lied and the

  ancient man died of a broken heart.  His second wife

  committed suicide by taking poison.

 

 

NAME         Root

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Festival of the Dead)

CATEGORY     servant / guard

TYPE         guardian of Conaire (Ard Righ Eirinn)

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Dublin

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh Liffey

SITES        Da Derga's Hostel

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Ath Cliath

RELATIVES    son of Maffer Toll

ENEMIES      Ingcel / sons of Donn Desa

SEE ALSO     Bole / Conaire / Da Derga / Donn Desa / Ingcel

REMARKS      Root and his brother Bole stood at the side of

  the high chieftain of Ireland as his personal protection.

  They carried long pointed swords and curved shields.  Each

  wore a red kilt and and a mantle held with a silver pin.

  During the battle of Ath Cliath on Magh Liffey, they

  failed.

 

 

NAME         Ross Ruad

ALTERNATIVE  Rosa Ruaid

EPITHET      The Red

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         chariot warrior / head chieftain

CULTURE      Gailioin

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Carlow

TERRITORY    Leinster

CENTERS      Dinn Rig

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Maga Muresc (wife); Finn, Carbre and Ailill

             (sons)

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Carbre Niafer / Finn macMata /

             Maga Muresc

REMARKS      Ross Ruad was the head chieftain of Leinster and

  sired three famous sons by Maga Muresc: Finn, Carbre and

  Ailill.

 

 

NAME         Ross the Red

ALTERNATIVE  Red Neil macRudhraidi / Ross Ruad

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       flag - golden lynx on a green background

CATEGORY     warrior / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         chariot warrior / head chieftain / The Red

             Branch (Craobh Ruadh)

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal nAraide

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh

TERRITORY    Ulster

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Rudraige (father); Maga (wife); Fachtna,

             Ferghus, Sultaim and Bacc (sons); Congal

             Clairingnech, Bresal Bo-dibad, Cass and Ailell

             (brothers); Sitric (grandfather); Ir (ancestor)

SEE ALSO     Ailell macMailchlo / Fachtna Fathach / Ferghus

             mac Roig / Ir / Sualtaim macRoig / Maga

REMARKS      Ross the Red was the founder of an elite corps

  of warriors called The Craobh Ruadh (Red Branch/Royal

  Branch).  Noble children from different clans and tribes in

  the province of Ulster as well those from other provinces

  came to Emain Macha to study.

       The children started their training at the age of 7 by

  learning the arts of combat, rules of etiquette, etc. Their

  symbol was a golden lynx on a green background and when

  they finished their training they were known as a Ridire

  (rider) and Curad (warrior/hero/champion).  At the end of

  their active life, they joined the corps of retired

  warriors.

 

 

NAME         Rothechtaid Roth

ALTERNATIVE  Righairled / Rothechtaid Rotha

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

SITES        Dun Sobairce (died)

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 10th c / BC 964-957 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

RELATIVES    Roan (father); Irard and Elim Olfinechta (sons)

REMARKS      Rothechtaid son of Roan became high chieftain

  when he slew Sirna Soeglach.  He introduced the 4-horse

  chariot into Ireland when he had a number of them built for

  his wife.  He was high chieftain for 7 years before he was

  hit by lightening at Dun Sobairce.   His son Elim then

  ruled Ireland for 1 year until he was slain by Giallchad,

  son of Ailill Olchain, who took the position of high

  chieftain.

 

 

NAME         Ruadan

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     summer solstice

CATEGORY     warrior / spy

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Sligo

TERRITORY    Connacht

LANDMARKS    Plain of Towers (Magh Tuireadh)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

BATTLES      second battle of Magh Tuireadh (north Moytura)

RELATIVES    Bress (father); Brighid (mother); Eladu and

             Daghda (grandfathers); Magog, Iarbonel, Net and

             Ordan (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Danann

SEE ALSO     Bress / Brighid / Daghda / Eladu / Iarbonel /

             Magog / Net / Ordan

REMARKS      Ruadan followed his father and sided with the

  Fomorians against his own people during the second battle

  of Magh Tuireadh.  He was sent on a mission to spy on the

  fighting and to kill the smith Goibhniu.

       Ruadan managed to wound Goibhniu with a spear but was

  killed before he could escape.  His mother Brighid keened

  the first lament over her son's grave.

 

 

NAME         Ruadh

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / mariner

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster / Rigdonn

SITES        The Otherworld - Isle of Women (Inis na mBan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

REMARKS      Ruadh was a young chieftain from Rigdonn in the

  north of Ulster.  He was in command of 3 ships off the

  coast of northern Ireland when they were becalmed.  While

  swimming to get assistance he found himself in the

  fortunate position of being a guest of The Otherworld on an

  island beneath the sea.

       Ruadh was invited to spend 9 nights with 9 women on 9

  bronze beds.  When he left, they gave him a male child

  which was his son.

 

 

NAME         Rucht Chnint

EPITHET      Boar's Grunt

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     herder / filidh

TYPE         supernatural swineherd / shape changer

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Roscommon

TERRITORY    Connacht

LANDMARKS    Ai Plain

SITES        Garad spring

CENTERS      Sidhe of Cruacha

AGE          Bronze / Iron

DATES        BC 16th-15th c / BC 1st c /

ENEMIES      Fruich (rival)

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Bodb Dearg / Fruich / Medbh /

             Ochall Ochne

REMARKS      Rucht was the swineherd for Ochall Ochne,

  chieftain of the Sidhe Cruacha.  He and Fruich, swineherd

  of Bodb Dearg, were great friends.  When there was a large

  crop of beech and oak nuts in the south Rucht would take

  his boars and visit Fruich in Munster.  When there was a

  crop of nuts in Connacht, Fruich would bring his swine

  there to feed.

       The two swineherds were both versed in the arts of

  sorcery and could change themselves into any shape.  Many

  people were jealous of the good relationship between the

  two herders and began to brag that their swineherd was the

  more powerful of the two.

       The two friends decided that they would test their

  powers and Fruich suggested that he should cast a spell

  over the swine of Ochall Ochne's so that even though they

  ate well they would not gain any weight.  When Rucht

  returned home with his pathetic-looking animals, he was the

  butt of everyone's humor.

       When Fruich drove his swine to Connacht to feast,

  Rucht put the same spell on the animals of Munster and they

  returned home thin and barely alive.  The two swineherds

  were driven out by the head chieftains and they continued

  the contest in the form of ravens called Ingen (Talon) and

  Eitte (Wing).  The two sorcerers spent a year in each of

  the two provinces, causing unrest and war.

       The two then changed forms and became Bled (Whale) and

  Blod (Seabeast), one entering the Sinann river and the

  other the Siuir.  After two years they reincarnated and

  fought as stags, warriors known as Rinn (Point) and Faebur

  (Edge), phantoms called Scath (shadow) and Sciath (shield),

  and dragons and water worms called Cruinniuc and Tuinniuc

       In the form of a water worm, Rucht fell from the sky

  and landed in the spring Garad in Connacht.  Before he was

  swallowed by a cow, he told Medbh to marry Ailill macMata.

  Rucht was reborn as the bull Finnbennach (White Horned) of

  Ai Plain, and Fruich was born as the Dun of Cualnge.

 

 

NAME         Rud Hud Hudibras

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Rix

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain of Britain

CULTURE      Goidel - Coritani tribe

COUNTRY      England / Wales / Scotland

TERRITORY    Lloegr / Cambria / Albainn

SITES        Caerguenit (Winchester) / Paladur (Shaftesbury)

             / Kaerreint (Canterbury)

CENTERS      Caer Troia (Town of Troy) present-day Ilford

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 10th-9th c (ruled 39 years) / BC 896 ca.

             (died)

RELATIVES    Leil (father); Bladud (son)

SEE ALSO     Bladud / Leil

REMARKS      Rud Hud Hudibras ended the civil wars among the

  tribes of England and took the position as high chieftain

  of Britain.  He built numerous forts such as Caerguenit

  (Winchester), Paladur (Shaftesbury) and Kaerreint

  (Canterbury).

 

 

NAME         Rudiobos

ALTERNATIVE  Rudianos (The Red) / Rudiobus

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       red horse (symbol of death)

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         god of war and death / protector of horses

CULTURE      Gallic - Carnuti tribe

COUNTRY      France

REGION       Loiret

TERRITORY    Gaul

LANDMARKS    Loire

SITES        Saint-Michel-de-Valbonne / Saint-Andeol-en-Quint

             / Neuvy-en-Sullias

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 6th c / BC 1st c

REMARKS      A sculpture on a menhir found at the Saint-

  Michel-de Valbonne site has the image of a man-horse

  thought to represent Rudiobos, and 5 decapitated human

  heads.

       At the Neuvy-en-Sullias site was found a bronze

  sculpture of a horse with the inscription "sacred to the

  god Rudiobus" across from the sanctuary of Fleury.  Also

  found were sculptures of male and female dancers, a stag

  with velvet antlers and three life-size boars.

       This was the territory of the Carnuti tribe who

  settled in the area in BC 6th century and were still there

  when the Romans invaded in BC 1st century.

 

 

NAME         Rudraidhe

EPITHET      The Wave of Rudraige (Tonn Rudraige)

ALTERNATIVE  Rudraige

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

SYMBOL       triskele

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

CULTURE      Partholean tribe - Clanna Rudraidhe

COUNTRY      Turkey / Ireland

SITES        Loch Rudraige (burial site)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 19th c

BATTLES      Magh Ibha

RELATIVES    Partholon (father); Dealgnaid (mother); Nerbgene

             (wife); Senboth, Laighlinne, Slainge, Eber, Er,

             Orba, Ferann and Fergna (brothers); Aidne, Aife,

             Aine, Fochain, Muchos, Melepard, Glas, Grennach,

             Ablach and Gribendach (sisters); Magog

             (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Fomorii

SEE ALSO     Cliodna / Dealgnaid / Eber / Laighlinne / Magog

             / Partholon / Senboth / Slainge / Starn / Tuag

REMARKS      Rudraidhe, son of Partholon, was one of the four

  chieftains who helped lead their people from Turkey to

  Ireland.  In the 10th year of their arrival, he led his

  warriors against the Fomorians during the battle of Magh

  Ibha.

       Twenty-five years after the Partholean arrived in

  Ireland, Rudraidhe drowned when a lake burst over the land.

  He is remembered by Tonn Rudraidhe (The Wave of Rudraige)

  at Dundrum Bay in county Down.  This was known as one of

  the Three Great Waves of Ireland.  The other two were Tonn

  Cliodhna and Tonn Tuag.

 

 

NAME         Rudraige

EPITHET      Of The Road / Mastery of Wiles

ALTERNATIVE  Rudraidhe

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Bron Tro Gain

CATEGORY     warrior / 2nd Ri Ruirech

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Firbolg

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Ulster

LANDMARKS    Imber Domnann (Malahide Bay) / Uisneach / Inber

             Colptha / Esa Aedha Ruaidh

SITE         Brug Bratruad (New Grange) (buried)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 17th / BC 18th c / BC 1729-1727 (Kings List)

RELATIVES    Dela (father); Liber (wife); Starn (son); Fiacha

             (grandson); Fuad (2nd wife); Gann, Genann,

             Sengann and Slainge (brothers); Loth

             (grandfather); Magog and Semeon (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Fomorii

SEE ALSO     Dela / Fiacha Cendfindan / Gann / Genann /

             Magog / Semeon / Sengann / Slainge

REMARKS      Rudraige, son of Dela, son of Loth, was one of

  the 5 Firbolg chieftains who took Ireland.  They divided

  their people into 3 groups.  Rudraige and Genann landed at

  Imber Domnann (Malahide Bay) with 2000 followers six days

  after Slainge made landfall.

       When the Firbolg had captured the Island they divided

  it into 5 provinces (coiceda) with Uisneach as the hub of

  the island.  Rudraige's 1/5 was marked on the rim of the

  island by Inber Colptha (Boyne Estuary) and Ess Ruaid (Esa

  Aedha Ruaidh).  This province became known as Ulaid

  (Ulster).

       When Slainge died, Rudraige became the head chieftain

  of the Firbolg and married his sister-in-law.  He ruled for

  2 years before he died.  He was buried at Brug Bratruad

  (Hostel of the Red Cloaks) or (Hostel of the Red Broth), an

  ealier name for Brugh na Boyna (Hostel of the Boyne).

 

 

NAME         Rudraige

ALTERNATIVE  Rudraidhe

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

SITES        Airgedglind

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 3rd c / BC 290-220 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

RELATIVES    Sitric (father); Maelchod (consort); Congal

             Clairingnech, Bresal Bo-dibad, Cass, Ailell and

             Ross (sons); Cathbad, Fachtna, Ferghus, Sencha,

             Sualtaim and Bacc (grandsons); Ir (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Crimthann Coscrach

SEE ALSO     Ailell macMailchlo / Fachtna Fathach / Ferghus

             mac Roig / Ir / Maelchod / Ross the Red /

             Sencha macAilella / Sualtaim macRoig

REMARKS      Rudraige, son of Sitric, was a descendant of Ir

  of the Milesian (Goidel) and was the progenitor of the Dal

  nAraide of Ulster.  He killed Crimthann Coscrach then ruled

  Ireland as its high chieftain for 70 years before he died

  of the plague in Airgedglind.

       Rudraige was followed by Finnat Mar who ruled for 3

  years until he was slain by Bresal Bo-dibad who ruled

  Ireland for 11 years.