Chapter 16

 

 

GODS / HEROES / WARRIORS

 

 

N - Nion (Ash) - Tree Alphabet / (─┬┬┬┬┬─) Line Ogham

 

 

 

 

NAME         Naas

ALTERNATIVE  Nas

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Kildare

TERRITORY    Leinster

SITES        Naas

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

RELATIVES    Ruadrach (father); Lugh (husband); Ainnle and

             Abartach (sons); Cermat (consort); Bua (sister)

SEE ALSO     Abartach / Lugh / Cermat

REMARKS      Naas and Bua were daughters of Ruadrach ri

  Bretan.  Naas was the wife of Lugh, and when he found out

  that she was having an affair with Cermat, Lugh killed him.

  When Naas died, her burial site in county Kildare became

  known as Naas.

       Much later in the modern history of Ireland, the site

  became the center for the Ui Dunlainge tribe, to be

  followed by the Ui Faelain.

 

 

NAME         Nabelcus

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         mountain god

CULTURE      Gallic - Vocontii tribe

COUNTRY      France

REGION       Vaucluse

TERRITORY    Gaul

LANDMARKS    Durance / Rhône

SITES        Mont Ventoux

AGE          Bronze / Iron

DATES        BC 12th-BC 1st c

REMARKS      The god Nabelcus was venerated on Mont Ventoux

  which lies between the Durance and Rhône rivers in the

  territory of the Vocontii tribe.  The Vocontii arrived in

  the area as Urnfield-Hallstatt people in BC 12th century

  and were still there when Caesar arrived in BC 1st century.

 

 

NAME         Nair

EPITHET      Modesty

ALTERNATIVE  Nar

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

TYPE         wife to the Ard Righ Eirinn

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    The Otherworld

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 1st-1st AD c

RELATIVES    Crimthann (husband); Feradach Fechtnach (son)

SEE ALSO     Crimthann Nia Nair / Feradach Fechtnach

REMARKS      Nair, a woman of the sidhe, married Crimthann, a

  high chieftain of Ireland.  She led him on a 6-week raid to

  Edar in The Otherworld from which he returned with an

  impressive treasure including a gilded chariot, a golden

  fidchell board and the mantle of Crimthann.

 

 

NAME         Nantosvelta

ALTERNATIVE  Nantosvelta (Meandering Brook) / Nantosuelta

             (Winding Stream)

GENDER       F

SYMBOL       raven / woman with a birdhouse mounted on a

             staff

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         triple goddess (birth/death/regeneration)

CULTURE      Belgae - Mediomatrices and Nemetes tribes

COUNTRY      Germany

REGION       Rhineland-Palatinate

TERRITORY    Gaul / Belgica

LANDMARKS    Rhine river

SITES        Spires

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 9th c / BC 70

ACCESSORIES  beehive / honeycomb / apples

RELATIVES    Sucellos (consort)

SEE ALSO     Badbh Catha / Sucellos

REMARKS      Nantosvelta was venerated at Spires in an area

  first controlled by the Mediomatrices who arrived in BC 9th

  century, then by the Nemetes tribe who settled the area

  around BC 70.

 

 

NAME         Naoise

ALTERNATIVE  Naisi {nay'see} / Naisii / Naoisi / Naos /

             Noisiu / Noise

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior / Red Branch champion

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal nAraide / Danann / Pictish

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh

TERRITORY    Ulster

SITES        The Red Branch hostel / church at Armagh

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

ACCESSORIES  sword (Luithech)

RELATIVES    Elbha (mother); Conchobar (father/uncle/foster-

             father); Deirdre (wife); Usna (step-father);

             Fedlimid (half-sister); Aindle, Ardan, Cu

             Chulainn, Fiachna, Findchad, Conall, Cormac,

             Cuscraid, Fiachu, Fiachna, Follomain, Glas,

             Mane, Conaing, Beann, Furbude Fer Bend and

             Fiachra (half-brothers); Dechtire and Findchaem

             (aunts); Cathbad (grandfather); Ir and Anghus

             (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Conchobar mac Nessa

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Anghus mac Og / Baruch / Beann

             / Buinne / Cathbad / Conall Cernacht / Conchobar

             mac Nessa / Cormac Condloinges / Cu Chulainn /

             Cuscraid Menn / Dechtire / Deirdre / Diarmait

             mac Conchobar / Elbha / Eogan mac Durthacht /

             Fedlimid Nocruthach / Ferghus mac Roig / Fiacha

             / Fiachna / Fiachra / Fiachu / Findchad /

             Findchaem / Fintan / Follomain / Furbude Fer

             Bend / Gelban / Illann / Ir / Medbh / Usna

REMARKS      Naoise, a young champion of the Red Branch, and

  his two half-brothers Aindle and Arddan were referred to by

  Fintan as 3 torches of valor.  It is assumed that he was

  sired by Conchobar, head chieftain of the tribe, which

  would make him a double grandson of Cathbad and a

  descendant of Ir of the Milesian (Goidel).

       The child-bride Deirdre persuaded Naoise to elope with

  her so she would not have to marry Conchobar.  To escape

  Conchobar's wrath, Naoise led his party of fugitives to

  Albainn (Scotland/northern England) where they hired out as

  mercenaries and served a chieftain of the Picts. Eventually

  the chieftain fell in love with Deirdre's great beauty and

  tried to murder Naoise and his brothers.

       Back in Ulster, warriors of the Red Branch wanted

  their friend Naoise back and became angry with Conchobar

  for keeping him away because of a maiden.  Conchobar

  finally agreed to pardon them and sent Ferghus mac Roig to

  guarantee their safety.  Naoise and his brothers, excited

  at the prospect of seeing their comrades-at-arms and Emain

  Macha once again, overrode Deirdre's fear of deceit and

  crossed to Ireland where they were to meet Ferghus.

       When Naoise and his entourage landed in Ireland, they

  were met by Baruch, a Red Branch warrior who invited

  Ferghus to his raith for a feast.  Ferghus could not refuse

  because it was a geis of his never to refuse an invitation

  to a feast.  He put his sons Illann, Fiacha and Buinne in

  charge to escort Naoise and his party safely to Emain Macha

  and when they arrived, they were housed at the Red Branch

  hostel.

       Conchobar sent Gelban to see if Deirdre was still

  beautiful and when he received an affirmative reply he

  broke his promise, and warriors loyal to him attacked the

  the hostel.  Naoise was killed by Eogan when he stabbed him

  through Fiacha who was trying to protect him.  Aindle and

  Arddan were also killed and the warriors of Ulster were

  split into two factions.  Ferghus led warriors loyal to him

  against Emain Macha and set it ablaze, then left for

  Connacht where they became mercenaries for Ailill and

  Medbh.  Ferghus led a 17-year guerrilla war against

  Conchobar.

       Naoise was buried and not long aftward Deirdre was

  buried in a grave beside him.  In time, yew trees grew from

  their graves and intertwined and are said to be the yews at

  the great church of Armagh.

 

 

NAME         Nathcrantail

ALTERNATIVE  Natchrantal

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior / champion

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Connacht

LANDMARKS    Magh Muirthemni

SITES        Druim En (Birds' Ridge)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid (died)

ACCESSORIES  9 holly darts

ENEMIES      Cu Chulainn

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Cu Chulainn / Ferghus mac Roig

             / Fiachu / Finnabair / Laeg / Mane Andoe / Medbh

REMARKS      Medbh and Ailill sent their son Mane Andoe to

  fetch Nathcrantail to come to Druim En (Birds' Ridge) on

  Magh Muirthemni to engage in single combat with Cu

  Chulainn.

       Nathcrantail demanded Finnabair as a reward for the

  combat, and this was agreed upon if he won.  He went early

  in the morning and found Cu Chulainn hunting fowl.  He

  threw a dart at him but Cu Chulainn only jumped, landed on

  the dart and then continued to catch birds.  This continued

  until Nathcrantail threw his last dart and when Cu Chulainn

  leaped on this one he was moving away from him in order to

  continue hunting.

       Nathcrantail went back to the camp of the Host of

  Connacht announcing that Cu Chulainn had run from him.

  Ferghus sent Fiachu to question Cu Chulainn, who replied

  that he did not kill charioteers, heralds or unarmed

  people, and this person had only spits of wood.  Cu

  Chulainn said that he could not slay Nathcrantail until he

  was armed.  Early next morning, therefore, Nathcrantail set

  out to meet Cu Chulainn again.  Cu Chulainn was in a bad

  mood and when he threw his cloak over himself it also went

  over a pillar stone that he was standing by.  Such was his

  rage that he did not notice that the stone had snapped off

  and that he was carrying it between himself and his cloak.

       Nathcrantail refused to fight Cu Chulainn because he

  was a beardless boy, so Cu Chulainn had Laeg give him a

  false beard.  Nathcrantail then threw a spear at Cu

  Chulainn who caught it and threw it back, piercing his

  head.

       Nathcrantail then called to Cu Chulainn and told him

  that he had 24 sons in the camp and that he would like to

  go back to tell them where his treasures were hidden.  Cu

  Chulainn agreed to this and soon Nathcrantail returned,

  drew his sword and broke it on the pillar stone hidden

  under the cloak.  Cu Chulainn's battle madness took over

  and he leaped on the edge of Nathcrantail's shield, struck

  off his head and with another quick motion split him into

  four parts.

 

 

NAME         Necht Scene

EPITHET      The Fierce

ALTERNATIVE  Nechtan Scene (mouth of the Scene)

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Boyne / Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Dun Necht (fortress of Necht)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Fer Ulli (husband); Fandall, Foill and Tuachall

             (sons)

ENEMIES      Ulster

SEE ALSO     Fandall / Fer Ulli / Foill / Tuachall

REMARKS      Necht Scene was a warrior woman and had three

  fierce sons that revenged their father's death by killing

  more Ulster warriors than they left alive.  They had their

  fortress south of the Boyne river on Magh mBreg.  She lost

  her three sons to Cu Chulainn when he was 7 years old and

  looking for his first combat.

 

 

NAME         Nechtan

ALTERNATIVE  Nectan

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     deity / filidh

TYPE         sorcerer / guardian of a sacred well

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Kildare

TERRITORY    Leinster

LANDMARKS    Boyne

SITES        Hill of Carbury / Segais Well

CENTERS      Sidhe Nectain

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

BATTLES      Segais Well

RELATIVES    Namadach (father); Boann (consort); Ciacher

             (brother); Bodb Dearg and Scal Balb (uncles);

             Magog, Iarbonel, Net, Ordan and Bress

             (ancestors)

SEE ALSO     Boann / Bodb Dearg / Bress / Cairbre / Eladu /

             Etain / Finnegas / Fionn mac Cumhaill / Iarbonel

             / Magog / Midhir / Net

ENEMIES      Boann / Sigmall

REMARKS      Nechtan was the son of Namadach and descendant

  of Net.  Nechtan resided at Sidhe Nectain on the hill of

  Carbury in county Kildare.  There he guarded the sacred

  spring called Segais Well which only he and his three cup-

  bearers were allowed to visit.

       During the combat of the Segais Well he used druidery

  to kill Cairbre son of Etain and he himself was poisoned by

  Sigmall, grandson of Midhir.

       Segais Well was destroyed by his consort Boann who

  disobeyed the law of the spring and walked around it 3

  times against the sun (counterclockwise).  The spring began

  to overflow the pool and chased her across Ireland, thus

  forming the Boyne river.  Fintan, one of the salmon who

  lived in the pool, was caught up in the overflow of water

  and released into the Boyne.  He was eventually caught by

  Finnegas and eaten by Fionn mac Cumhaill.

 

 

NAME         Nehalennia

EPITHET      The Initiatrice

ALTERNATIVE  Circe {kir-ke}

GENDER       F

SYMBOL       9 (3x3 perfection and reincarnation) / key of

             knowledge (white/red/blue)

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         sea goddess / protector of mariners

CULTURE      Belgae - Morini and Menapii tribe

COUNTRY      Netherlands

TERRITORY    Gaul / Island of Walcheren

LANDMARKS    North Sea / Rhine / Waal / Schelde

SITES        Domburg / Colijnsplaat

AGE          Bronze / Iron

DATES        BC 13th c / BC 1st c

ACCESSORIES  hound / shell / dolphins / pomegranates / boat

REMARKS      Nehalennia was a Celtic goddess who was

  venerated at a site at Domburg which was surrounded by

  trees.  The site has since settled beneath the sea. Another

  site of veneration which also sunk beneath the sea was at

  Colijnsplaat in the Westerschelde.  It is thought that the

  Morini were settled in the area in early times and the

  Menapii by BC 6th century.

       Roman statues show that Nehalennia often wore a short

  cape and boots, both still part of the traditional dress in

  the area.  She was associated with the sea god of the 3-

  pronged spear.  She is sometimes shown with a foot resting

  on the bow of a ship which may be the bier of the dead. She

  was associated with a dog and pomegranates, both symbols of

  fertility, healing and the underworld.

       Nehalennia was also associated with the number 9, a

  symbol of perfection.  This suggests that she may have been

  a teacher of knowledge.  Wilkens believes that Nehalennia

  was the late Iron Age name for the Bronze Age goddess Circe

  who held the key to knowledge (underworld or subconscious).

  She sometimes wore a sun disk showing that she was the

  daughter of a sun god.  Many statues also show her with a

  shell over her head, indicating that she was a goddess of

  the highest order.  Nehalennia was also venerated by

  seafarers for safe passage and by traders for sucessful

  transactions.

 

 

NAME         Neide

EPITHET      Ollamh (Master Poet of Ireland)

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     poet

TYPE         poet of the Red Branch

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland / Scotland / England

REGION       Armagh

TERRITORY    Ulster / Albainn

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Adna (father)

SEE ALSO     Adna / Fer Chertnae

REMARKS      As an initiate, Neide's journeys led him to

  Albainn (Scotland/northern England) where he went to listen

  to Eochaidh Echbel (Horse Mouth).  One day while composing

  a lament by the water's edge he wondered why he was in such

  sad mood and a wave informed him that his father was dead.

       Neide returned to Ireland where he had to compete

  against Fer Chertnae for the "Tugen" mantle of master poet

  of Ireland.  Neide was not quite up to Fer Chertnae's

  ability.

 

 

NAME         Nel

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     druid

TYPE         sage / historical poet

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Irag / Egypt

LANDMARKS    Euphrates / Red Sea

SITES        Tower of Babel (Gates of God)

CENTERS      Babylon

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 20th c

RELATIVES    Feinius Farsaid (father); Nenual (brother);

             Scota (wife); Gaedhal Glas (son); Rifath Scot

             (great-grandfather)

SEE ALSO     Feinius Farsaid / Gaedhal Glas / Rifath Scot

REMARKS      Nel, son of Feinius Farsaid and great-grandson

  of Rifath Scot was born in Babylon, city of the god Bel

  {Baal} in modern day Iraq.  He became a famous scholar

  noted for his skills, knowledge and learning and because of

  this he was invited to live in Egypt by the Pharaoh.

       This was during the time when Egypt was ruled by the

  Hyksos.  Nel and his followers settled along the Red Sea

  and Nel married a daughter of the Pharaol.  She was called

  Scota after her husbands people and she bore Nel a son who

  was named Gaedhal Glas.

 

 

NAME         Nemausos

ALTERNATIVE  Nemausus

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         healer god

CULTURE      Gallic - Cenomani

COUNTRY      France

REGION       Gard

TERRITORY    Gaul

LANDMARKS    Rhône delta

SITES        thermal spring of Nimes

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 5th c

REMARKS      Nemausos was a Celtic deity who was associated

  with the healing springs of Nîmes.  The Cenomani tribe was

  settled in the area by BC 5th century.

       Under the Roman male-dominated culture, Nemausos grew

  in importance and became the god of the city of Nîmes.

 

 

NAME         Nemetona

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         healer goddess / goddess of war

CULTURE      Belgae - Nemetes tribe

COUNTRY      Germany

REGION       Rhineland-Palatinate

TERRITORY    Gaul / Belgica

SITES        curative spring and sacred grove at Altripp

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 1st c

REMARKS      Nemetona was a goddess who was venerated at the

  curative spring in her sacred grove at Altripp near Spires.

  The Nemetes tribe settled the area in BC 1st century.

 

 

NAME         Nemglan

EPITHET      The Radiant One (Nemanach)

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       bird

CATEGORY     deity / warrior

TYPE         bird god / sun god

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    The Otherworld

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Mess Buachalla (consort); Conaire Mor

             (godchild); Anghus (ancestor)

SEE ALSO     Anghus mac Og / Conaire Mor / Mess Buachalla

REMARKS      Nemglan, a descendant of Anghus, visited Mess

  Buachalla on the night before she was taken away from her

  place of refuge to marry Eterscel, the high chieftain of

  Ireland.

       Years later, when the high chieftain died and his son

  Conaire was on his way to Tara, a flock of brightly-colored

  birds apppeared.  As Conaire brought out his sling, the

  birds landed and turned into human warriors.  Nemglan told

  the boy that he was of the Danann and his natural father.

  He also explained to the boy that he had a geis never to

  kill birds.  Nemglan told Conaire that Eterscel was dead

  and he would be chosen as the new high chieftain of Ireland

  if he walked to Tara naked, carrying a sling and one stone.

 

 

NAME         Nemhain

ALTERNATIVE  Neman / Nemain (Frenzy) / Nemaind

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         battle goddess

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Connacht

SITES        battlefields

AGE          Bronze / Iron

DATES        BC 16th-15th c / BC 1st c

BATTLES      second battle of Magh Tuireadh (north Moytura)

RELATIVES    Elcmar (mother); Neto (father/consort); Fea

             (sister); Coirpre Crom (half-brother); Ernmas

             (grandmother); Indui and Delbaeth

             (grandfathers); Babdh, Macha and Danu (aunts);

             Nuadha (consort); Magog, Iarbonel, Ordan and Net

             (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Fomorii / Nemtuir the Red

SEE ALSO     Babdh Catha / Danu / Delbaeth / Elcmar / Ernmas

             / Fea / Iarbonel / Indui / Macha / Magog / Net /

             Neto / Nuadha / Ordan

REMARKS      Nemhain was the daughter of Elcmar, daughter of

  Ernmas, daughter of Etarlam, son of Ordan.  She was also

  the daughter of Neto, son of Indui, son of Delbaeth, son of

  Oghma, son of Eladu, son of Delbach, son of Net.

       Nemhain and her sister Fea were called Net's Beauties

  (Ailech Neit) and were warriors and goddesses of war.

  Nemhain's talent lay in the realm of creating frenzy and

  before the second battle of Magh Tuireadh on summer

  solstice, Nuadha, the head chieftain of the Danann, mated

  with her to help assure success against their enemy the

  Fomorii.  She was slain by the Fomorian Nemtuir the Red

  during the battle of north Moytura along with her father

  and Badbh.

       There were 5 war goddesses (moon phases) of Ireland:

  Babdh, Fea, Macha, Morrighan and Nemhain.  Each goddess had

  her own area of expertise and when mortals went to war the

  goddesses had to be appeased.  Nemhain's sexual character

  (life) was the link between her role as war goddess (death)

  and a mother goddess (birth).

       Chieftains such as Nuadha mated with war goddesses and

  warriors tried to win their influence so that they would be

  able to call upon her power to intensify their fighting

  frenzy as she raised panic among the enemy.  She also

  confused her victims with madness, so sacrifices were also

  made to win her favor.

       The night that Nemhain raised her battle cry over the

  armies fighting Cu Chulainn, 100 warriors fell dead of

  terror and fright.

 

 

NAME         Nemhedh

ALTERNATIVE  Nemed (sacred)

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     warrior / 1st Ri Ruirech

TYPE         giant / head chieftain

CULTURE      Nemedian tribe

COUNTRY      Turkey / Ireland

REGION       Asia Minor / Cork / Roscommon / Antrim / Wexford

TERRITORY    Phrygia / Munster / Connacht / Ulster / Leinster

LANDMARKS    Black Sea / Plateau of Phrygia / Bosporus /

             Kizilirmak / Mediterranean / Atlantic / Cork

             Harbour / Slieve Baune

SITES        Great Island / Slieve Baune / Whitepark Bay /

             Camross / Oilean Arda Nemid (Great Island of

             Nemhedh)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 19th-18th c

BATTLES      Ros Fraechain / Murbolg / Cnamros

RELATIVES    Agnomain (father); Starn, Iarbonel, Anind and

             Fergus (sons); Macha (2nd wife); Partholon

             (great-granduncle); Magog (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Fomorii

SEE ALSO     Anind / Fergus Lethderg / Iarbonel / Macha /

             Magog / Partholon / Starn

REMARKS      Nemhedh was the son of Agnomain and a descendant

  of Magog.  He and his 4 sons Starn, Iarbonel, Anind and

  Fergus led their followers from the ancient Aryan territory

  of Phrygia on the Black Sea.  Their homeland in Asia Minor

  was on the Plateau of Phrygia which was bordered by the

  Black Sea, the Bosporus and the Kizilirmak (Halys) river.

       After a year and a half of travel, they landed on

  Great Island in Cork Harbour on the eve of a Beltainn.  The

  Nemedian found Ireland empty because the followers of

  Partholon had all died off from the plague.

       Soon Nemhedh and his followers came into conflict with

  the Fomorii and fought the battle of Ros Fraechain

  (Badbgna) on or near Slieve Baune in the south of Co.

  Roscommon in old Connacht.  Nemhedh led his warriors to

  victory against the two Fomorii chieftains Gand and Sengand

  who were killed during the battle.

       Nemhedh then forced his captives, the 4 sons of Matan

  Munremar, to build Raith Cindeich in Ui Niallain in one

  day.  The sons Boc, Roboc, Ruibne and Rotan were then

  executed to conceal the secrets of the fortress and were

  buried in Daire Lige.  The fortress of Raith Cimbaith in

  Seimne was also built by Nemhedh.

       Nemhedh led his people to victory in 2 more battles

  against the Fomorii at Murbolg in Dal Riada, present-day

  Whitepark Bay in the north of Co. Antrim and Cnamros

  (Camross) near Taghmon in Co. Wexford between Wexford

  Harbour and Bannow Bay in old Leinster.  In the 9th year of

  their taking of Ireland, 2 new lakes burst forth and the

  settlers cleared the timber from the land, creating 12 new

  plains.

       During the 10th year of the taking of Ireland, Nemhedh

  and 2000 (3000) of his people died from a plague and were

  buried at Oilean Arda Nemid in Cork Harbour, Munster.

      Nemhedh's son Fergus became the new head chieftain and

  because of the number of deaths from war and plague his

  people were forced to become a client tribe of the Fomorii.

  They had to pay an annual tribute of 2/3 of their harvest,

  milk, calves and newborn children to be delivered to Magh

  Ceitne on Tory Island every Samhain.

 

 

NAME         Nera

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     hero / servant

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Connacht

SITES        Sidhe Cruachu

CENTERS      Raith Cruachain (Rathcroghan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

ACCESSORIES  withe (willow bands)

RELATIVES    Nuathar (father); Err and Innell (sons)

ENEMIES      Danann of sidhe Cruachu

SEE ALSO     Aillil / Err / Innell

REMARKS      During a Samhain feast at the court of Connacht,

  Nera son of Nuathar son of Tacan heard Ailill offer a sword

  with a hilt of gold to anyone who would go outside of Raith

  Cruachain that eve of Samhain and slip a band of willow

  over the foot of one of the sacrifices hanging there.

       None of the champions would accept the challenge but

  Nera saw a chance to elevate himself, so he accepted.  As

  he was about to place the willow band on the foot of one of

  the dead it asked him for a drink of water.  This begins

  the tale of "Eachtra Nerai".

       While Nera was getting the water for the corpse, he

  was captured by the hosts of the sidhe and given the job of

  supplying wood for their fires.  When he heard that they

  were about to raid Raith Cruachain, he managed to slip away

  while gathering wood, taking primrose, bracken and wild

  garlic as proof that he had been captive in the sidhe and

  warning the court of the upcoming raid.

       Nera returned with the Connacht warriors when they

  raided the sidhe on Samhain eve.  After the raid, Nera

  stayed behind in the sidhe with his wife.  The warriors of

  Connacht returned with the Crown of Brion as part of their

  plunder.

 

 

NAME         Nertho

ALTERNATIVE  Nerthos

GENDER       F

FESTIVAL     Spring Equinox (marriage/feasting/intercourse)

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         chariot goddess / earth goddess / fertility

COUNTRY      Germany

SITES        a sacred island in the ocean

AGE          Bronze / Iron

ACCESSORIES  twisted gold torc

REMARKS      Nerthos had a sacred cattle-drawn cart which was

  kept in a sacred grove.  During her festival the cart was

  covered with a sacred cloth which could not be touched by

  anyone but her attendants.  She and her cart were drawn

  from place to place and all iron had to be hidden away, no

  fighting was allowed and there was only peace.  The

  festival was a continuous ritual of feasting and

  intercourse.  Males were chosen from different places to

  please the goddess and then were sacrificed to insure the

  renewal of the earth and abundance.

       Sometimes the sacrifices were real but at other times

  they were symbolic or animals were substituted.  At the

  close of the festival the goddess returned to her sacred

  grove on the island.  She, her cart and the cloth were

  washed in a sacred lake by slaves who were then drowned.

 

 

NAME         Ness

ALTERNATIVE  Nessa

GENDER       F

FESTIVAL     Feast of Othar

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

TYPE         wife of the Ard Righ Eirinn

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh

TERRITORY    Ulster

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Eocho Salbuide (father); Cathbad (consort);

             Conchobar (son); Fachtna Fathach (1st husband);

             Ferghus (2nd husband); Buinne, Illann and Fiacha

             (sons ?); Finna (sister)

SEE ALSO     Buinne / Cathbad / Conchobar mac Nessa /

             Eochaidh Feidhleach / Eocho Salbuide / Fachtna

             Fathach / Ferghus mac Roig / Fiacha / Finna /

             Illann

REMARKS      One day when Ness was sitting with her maidens

  outside Emain Macha, she asked the druid Cathbad what the

  present hour was lucky for.  Cathbad prophesied that a

  child conceived at this hour would be known in Ireland

  forever.  Because there were no other males around, she

  took Cathbad as her partner.  The baby was in her womb for

  3 years and 3 months before it was born at the Feast of

  Othar.  The boy was named Conchobar and was raised by his

  father Cathbad.

       Ness was a strong and ambitious woman and she married

  Fachtna Fathach, the high chieftain of Ireland.  When her

  husband was killed by Eochaidh Feidhleach, she married

  Ferghus mac Roig the chieftain of Tola, a territory in

  Ulster from Traig Baile to Traig.  Ness had agreed to the

  marriage only if he would let her son Conchobar be

  chieftain for a year.  During that year, Ness showed her

  son how to be the most popular head chieftain of Ulster.

 

 

NAME         Nestor

EPITHET      Horseman of Gerenia

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         chariot warrior / head chieftain

CULTURE      Achaean

COUNTRY      Spain

REGION       Andalucía

TERRITORY    Pylos

CENTERS      Pilas (Pylos)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 13th c / BC 1240 (defeat of Troy)

BATTLES      Trojan War

ACCESSORIES  ship with oars

RELATIVES    Poseidon (father); Tyro (mother); Neleus

             (brother)

ENEMIES      Trojans

SEE ALSO     Poseidon

REMARKS      During the Trojan War, Nestor was the chieftain

  of Pylos (Pilas), a territory near Ithaca (west of Seville

  and north of Cadiz).  During that time period the ocean

  reached as far as Seville.  His territory was known for its

  fine horses and he was known as the Horseman of Gerenia

  (Gerena).

       Nestor was a man of adventure in his early years,

  being involved in the hunt for the Caledonian boar and the

  voyage of the Argonauts.  His experience contributed to his

  wisdom, and his advice was considered of great value during

  the Trojan War, from which he returned unscathed.

       He was later visited by Telemachus who was worrried

  about the fate of his father Odysseus who had still not

  returned from the war.  Nestor did not know the fate of

  Odysseus but he gave Telemachus a chariot and sent his

  young son to guide him on his journey.

 

 

NAME         Net

ALTERNATIVE  Ned / Neto / Netos / Neit

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     deity / warrior / chieftain

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Scotland

REGION       Hebrides

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 17th c

RELATIVES    Indui (father); Nemon (consort); Esaire

             (daughter); Dot and Delbach (sons); Conn Crodha,

             Balor, Diancecht, Goibhniu, Luchtine, Creidhne,

             Samhain and Eladu (grandsons); Ordan (cousin);

             Neto (descendant); Magog and Iarbonel

             (ancestors)

SEE ALSO     Balor / Creidhne / Diancecht / Eladu / Esaire /

             Fea / Goibhniu / Luchtine / Neto / Ordan / Ibath

             / Iarbonel / Magog / Samhain 

REMARKS      Net son of Indui was a descendant of Iarbonel

  (The Soothsayer) of the Nemedian.  Net was the head

  chieftain of the Danann of the Hebrides and progenitor of

  one of the most important branches of the family tree.  His

  cousin Ordan was the progenitor of the other.

 

 

NAME         Neto

ALTERNATIVE  Ned / Net / Netos / Neit

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     summer solstice

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         champion

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Sligo / Donegal

TERRITORY    Connacht / Ailech

LANDMARKS    Plain of Towers (Magh Tuireadh) / Lough Foyle

CENTERS      Raith Ailig

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

BATTLES      second battle of Magh Tuireadh (north Moytura)

RELATIVES    Indui (father); Ernmas (mother/grandmother);

             Elcmar and Badbh Catha (consorts/half-sisters);

             Fea (daughter); Nemhain (daughter/consort);

             Midhir, Glonn, Gnim and Coscar (half-brothers);

             Eire, Fodhla, Banbha, Macha and Danu (half-

             sisters); Delbaeth (grandfather); Magog,

             Iarbonel, Net and Ordan (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Fomorii

SEE ALSO     Badbh Catha / Banbha / Danu / Delbaeth / Eire /

             Elcmar / Ernmas / Fea / Fodhla / Iarbonel /

             Indui / Macha / Magog / Midhir / Nemhain / Net /

             Ordan

REMARKS      Neto the son of Indui and Ernmas was a

  descendant of Net and Ordan.  He was consort to his aunt

  Elcmar and sired 2 daughters, Fea and Nemhain, who were

  called Ailech Neit (Net's Beauties).

       Neto, the chieftain of Ailech in county Donegal, was

  killed along with his 2 consorts during the battle of

  Moytura by the Fomorii Nemtuir the Red.  He was later

  venerated by the Milesian (Goidel) as a war god at a site

  on Lough Foyle.

 

 

NAME         Netos

ALTERNATIVE  Ned / Neto / Netos / Neit

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         god of war

CULTURE      Tartessian / Hallstatt - Turduli Veteres tribe

COUNTRY      Spain / Portugal

REGION       Granada / Extremadura / Coimbra

SITES        Guadix (Acci) / Conimbriga

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 6th c

REMARKS      Neto was venerated in the Spanish province of

  Granada in the town of Gaadix (Acci) and inscriptions to

  him have been found in the province of Extremadura.  In

  Portugal inscriptions have been found at various sites

  including Conimbriga at Condeixa-a-Velha near Coimbra.

 

 

NAME         Nia

EPITHET      The Champion

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         champion

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Connacht

AGE          Iron (late)

DATES        AD 3rd c

RELATIVES    Achtan (mother); Lugaidh (father); Cormac

             macAirt (half-brother)

SEE ALSO     Achtan / Cormac macAirt / Lugaidh mac Conn

REMARKS      Nia was a champion warrior and a chieftain of

  Connacht.

 

 

NAME         Nia Segamon

EPITHET      Segomo's Champion

ALTERNATIVE  Neta Segamonas / Netos / Neti / Nia Segamain /

             Segamonas Net

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / champion of the god Segomo /

             high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel - Eoganachta tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

SITES        Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 4th c / BC 329-322 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

RELATIVES    Adamair Flidas Foltchain (father); Finnat Mar

             (son)

ENEMIES      Conall Collamrach / Enna Aignech

SEE ALSO     Eber / Enna Aignech / Eremon / Segomo / Tea

REMARKS      Nia Segamon was a son of Adamair Foltchain and a

  descendant of Eber of the Milesian (Goidel).  He became the

  high chieftain of Ireland when he killed Conall Collamrach.

       He was of the Munster Goidel and was noted for his

  skills as a chariot warrior.  He reigned for 7 years before

  he was slain by Enna Aignech of the life line of Eremon and

  Tea.

       Three ogham inscriptions have been found in Waterford

  county in Munster, Ireland relating to Nia Segamon,

  champion of the Celto-Ligurian deity Segomo.  The

  inscriptions show a relationship to the ruling family of

  the Eoganachta of Cashel.

 

 

NAME         Niall Niamglonnach

EPITHET      Of the Brilliant Exploits

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster

CENTERS      Dun da Benn (Fort of the Two Gables)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Fintan (son)

SEE ALSO     Fintan

REMARKS      Niall was the father of Fintan and had his raith

  in the north of Ulster at Dun da Benn.

 

 

NAME         Niall Noighiallach

EPITHET      Niall of the Nine Hostages

ALTERNATIVE  Noi-giallach

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel / Danann / Pictish

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

SITES        Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron (late)

DATES        AD 4th c / AD 355-381 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

ACCESSORIES  Boramha Tribute (cattle counting)

RELATIVES    Eochu Muigmedon (father); Cairenn Chasdubh

             (mother); Loiguiri Mac Neil, Conall Earbreg,

             Conall Cremthann, Conall Gulban, Cairbre Mor and

             Eogan (sons); Brénos, Ailill, Fergus and Fiachra

             (half-brothers); Mongfhinn (step-mother);

             Crimthann mac Fidaig and Torna Eices (foster-

             fathers); Eremon and Tea (ancestors)

SEE ALSO     Brecan / Cairenn Chasdubh / Eochu Muigmedon /

             Eremon / Mongfhinn / Muiredach Tirech / Torna

             Eices / Tea

REMARKS      Niall Noighiallach was the son of Eochu

  Muigmedon, grandson of Muiredach Tirech and a descendant of

  Eremon and Tea.

       Niall's mother died at childbirth and his step-mother,

  who hated them, tried to kill him a number of times.  When

  he was newborn she left him naked on the hill of Tara but

  was found by the Munster poet Torna.

       When Niall was young, he and his half-brothers were

  hunting and became lost.  They set up camp and began to

  cook their game.  His brother Fergus was sent for water and

  came across a spring guarded by a crone who wanted a kiss.

  He refused her and went back to the camp without the water.

  Another brother set off in search of water and he met up

  with the ancient hag and also refused her a kiss.  All the

  brothers refused the hag until Fiachra came upon her spring

  and he gave her a light touch of a kiss.  She granted that

  two of his descendants would become high chieftains of

  Ireland.

       When Niall came upon the spring and the hag, he

  embraced her and she turned into a beautiful maiden who

  offered herself to him.  She claimed her name was Flaithius

  (sovereignty) and foretold that he would be a great high

  chieftain and that his bloodline would rule Ireland

  forever.

       Flaithius told Niall not to give his brothers any

  water until they granted him the position of seniority and

  the permission to hang his weapons the width of a hand over

  the others.  Niall did as he was told and followed his

  foster-father Crimthann mac Fidaig to the position of high

  chieftain of Ireland.

       After 26 years as high chieftain, Niall was slain

  while on a campaign to invade Letha.  He was killed on the

  Sea of Wight by a Leinster chieftain Eochu son of Enna

  Cennselaig.  Niall was the progenitor of the Ui Neill

  lineage and his descendants ruled Ireland until AD 1022.

 

 

NAME         Niam

ALTERNATIVE  Niamh {Nee-av} (Beauty/Brightness/Splendor)

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Celtchair (father); Findmor (mother);

             Conganchness (1st husband); Cormac Condlonges

             (2nd husband)

ENEMIES      Conganchness

SEE ALSO     Celtchair macUthechar / Conganchness mac Dedaid

             / Cormac Condlonges / Cu Chulainn / Findmor /

             Scannlach

REMARKS      Niam was considered one of the 8 goddesses of

  Ulster.   She was one of the 150 maidens whom Scannlach

  paraded in front of the 7-year-old warrior Cu Chulainn to

  break his warrior's heat.

       Niam served her father by marrying Conganchness so

  that she could find out his weaknesses.  She then relayed

  the information on to her father who killed her husband.

  Niam then married Cormac Condlonges.

 

 

NAME         Nissyen

EPITHET      Peacemaker

ALTERNATIVE  Nisien

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         horse warrior

CULTURE      Belgae / Danann

COUNTRY      Wales

REGION       Gwynedd {Gwin-eth} / Clwyd {clud}

TERRITORY    Gwynedd

CENTERS      Harlech

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Penarddon (mother); Euroswydd (father);

             Evnissyen (brother); Manawyddan (half-brother);

             Beli (uncle)

SEE ALSO     Beli Mawr / Euroswydd / Evnissyen / Manawyddan

             mab Llyr / Penarddun

REMARKS      Nissyen, unlike his brother, was always

  negotiating peaceful endings to conflicts.

 

 

NAME         Nodons

EPITHET      The Cloudmaker / The Wealthy One

ALTERNATIVE  Nodens

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         sun god / healer god (eyes)

CULTURE      Cymry (tribes that fight side by side)

COUNTRY      England

REGION       Lancashire / Gloucestershire

LANDMARKS    Severn

SITES        Cockersands Moss / Lydney

AGE          Post-Roman

DATES        AD 6th c

ACCESSORIES  hounds

REMARKS      Nodons was a deity who was associated with

  curative waters in the treatment of eye problems.  He was

  venerated at Cockersands Moss in Lancashire.

       The Romans built a temple to him at Lydney in

  Gloucestershire overlooking the river Severn.  Patrons

  often sacrificed dogs at his sites.

 

 

NAME         Noidhiu Nae mBreathach

EPITHET      Of the Nine Judgments (Naoi mBreathach)

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     filidh

TYPE         judge

COUNTRY      Ireland

RELATIVES    Fingel (mother)

REMARKS      Noidhiu's mother Fingel was guarded so that she

  would never become pregnant but she was visited by a god

  from across the sea.  She was pregnant for 9 years and 9

  months before she gave birth to a male child.  Noidhiu was

  condemned to be sacrificed but began to speak and gave 9

  judgments, thus saving his own life.

 

 

NAME         Nominoe

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Brenin

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Gallic

COUNTRY      France

REGION       Brittany

AGE          Post-Roman

DATES        AD 9th c / AD 845

ENEMIES      French

REMARKS      Nominoe was the high chieftain of Brittany when

  the Celts fought the French at the Battle of Ballon.  After

  this battle Brittany was left alone with its Celtic

  heritage until the 15th century AD.

 

 

NAME         Nuadha

EPITHET      The Cloudmaker / Of the Silver Hand (Airgetlam)

ALTERNATIVE  Nuada / Nuadad / Nuadha {Noo'-u-thu, Noo-da} /

             Nuadha Airgedlamh / Nuada Argat lamh / Nuadu

             Argetlam / Nuadha / Nuadae / Nuadai / Nuadaitt /

             Nuodia / Nuadoo / Nuadot

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires) / summer solstice

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / 1st and 3rd Ri Ruirech

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Mayo / Sligo / Donegal

TERRITORY    Connacht / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Inishowen Peninsula

SITES        Cong / Plain of Towers (Magh Tuireadh) / Grianan

             Aileach (burial tumulus)

CENTERS      Sidhe of Nuadha

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th c / BC 18th-17th c / 1720-1713 / BC 1706-1686 (Kings

             List)

BATTLES      first battle of Magh Tuireadh (south Moytura) /

             second battle of Magh Tuireadh (north Moytura)

ACCESSORIES  Cliamh Soluis (the sword of light)

RELATIVES    Echtach Baethlaim (father); Ethniu (wife);

             Echtgne (daughter); Tadg Mor, Cucharm, Etarlam

             (The Poet) and Caither (sons); Macha and Fea

             (consorts); Gaible (grandson); Indui and Bresal

             (brothers); Midhir (nephew); Magog, Iarbonel and

             Ordan (ancestors); Murna and Fionn (descendants)

ENEMIES      Firbolg / Fomorii

SEE ALSO     Bres / Bresal Etarlam / Bress / Creidhne /

             Diancecht / Eochaid mac Erc / Ethniu / Fea /

             Fionn mac Cumhaill / Iarbonel / Indui / Lugh /

             Macha / Magog / Miach / Midhir / Murna / Sreng

REMARKS      Nuadha, son of Echtach, son of Etarlam, son of

  Ordan, was the head chieftain of the Danann when they

  landed in Ireland on the eve of a Beltainn.  The name

  Nuadha has been found inscribed in ogham in the Algarve

  region of Portugal.  The Danann sent Bres to negotiate a

  treaty with the Firbolg but the negotiations failed and

  Bres was killed.  Nuadha led the Danann against the Firbolg

  who were led by a chieftain named Eochaid mac Erc.  They

  fought the first battle of Magh Tuireadh near Cong in

  county Mayo during the summer solstice.

       During the battle, Nuadha, the flaxen-maned, lost his

  hand to Sreng when his heavy slashing sword cut Nuadha's

  shield in two and severed his arm from his body.  Nuadha's

  disfigurement forced him to step down after 7 years as head

  chieftain but he did lead the Danann to victory and

  conquered Ireland.

       Diancecht, with the help of Creidhne, fitted Nuadha

  with a silver arm with movenment in all the joints

  including the fingers.  Miach, son of Diancecht, replaced

  the silver arm with one of flesh and blood and Nuadha

  rewarded him with his arm of silver.

       When Nuadha's hand of flesh had healed, he was again

  allowed to regain the position of head chieftain of the

  Danann, replacing Bress who had proved to be an unpopular

  ruler.  Nuadha's sword Cliamh Soluis, a present from Lugh,

  was considered one of the 4 treasures of the Danann and

  none could escape from it once drawn.

       Nuadha led his people against the Fomorii 27 year

  after he had lost his arm.  The second battle of Magh

  Tuireadh was also fought on summer solstice.  During this

  battle Nuadha lost his head.  MacGreine and his brothers

  took Nuadha's body to be buried on the Inishowen Peninsula

  in a tumulus at Grianian Aileach (Sidhe of Nuadha) in

  Ulster.

 

 

NAME         Nudd

EPITHET      Head of the Lower Region / Of the Silver Hand

             (Llaw Ereint)

ALTERNATIVE  Nevydd

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     deity / warrior

TYPE         horse warrior

CULTURE      Cymry (tribes that fight side by side)

COUNTRY      Wales

AGE          Post-Roman

DATES        AD 6th c

RELATIVES    Creddylad (daughter); Gwynn (son)

SEE ALSO     Creddylad / Gwynn

REMARKS      Nudd was considered to be the head of the lower

  regions and his daughter was fought over every Beltainn by

  two dragons.

 

 

NAME         Nynniaw

ALTERNATIVE  Ninnyaw / Nynnyaw / Nennius (Latin)

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Belgae - Catuvellauni tribe

COUNTRY      England

REGION       Greater London

TERRITORY    Lloegr

SITES        Caer Lludd (Kaerlud), present-day London

             (buried)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 54 (died)

ACCESSORIES  sword (Yellow Death)

RELATIVES    Beli (father); Lludd, Cassubellaunos, Llevelys

             (brothers); Penarddun (aunt); Tasciovanos and

             Epaticcos (nephews)

SEE ALSO     Beli / Cassubellaunos / Epaticcos / Llevelys /

             Lludd / Penarddun / Tasciovanos

REMARKS      When Caesar invaded England, Nynniaw fought him

  in single combat during a battle.  Caesar's sword became so

  wedged in Nynniaw's shield that Caesar had to relinquish

  it.

       Nynniaw used Caesar's sword and fought like a frenzied

  madman, killing many Romans and giving courage to his

  warriors until he succumbed to wounds inflicted during the

  battle.  Nynniaw was buried at Caer Lludd (London) with

  Caesar's sword.