Chapter 10

 

 

GODS / HEROES / WARRIORS

 

 

F - Fearn (Alder) - Tree Alphabet / (─┬┬┬─) Line Ogham

 

 

 

 

NAME         Fachtna

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     druid

TYPE         physician to the Ard Righ Eirinn

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd c

SEE ALSO     Ailill Anubhaill / Eodhaidh Airemh / Etain

             Echraidhe

REMARKS      Fachtna was the physician to Eodhaidh Airemh,

  the high chieftain of Ireland.  He discovered that Ailill

  Anubhaill was in love with Eodhaidh Airemh's wife Etain and

  that this was the cause of Ailill's wasting sickness.

 

 

NAME         Fachtna Fathach

EPITHET      The Mighty / The Giant

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain / Red Branch

             champion

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal nAraide / Danann / Pictish

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

SITES        Corann

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd / BC 165-140 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

BATTLES      Ard Brestine / Leitir Ruaid

RELATIVES    Cass (father); Maga (mother); Ness (wife);

             Ferghus, Sualtaim, Genonn and Imrinn (half-

             brothers); Dechtire, Elbha and Findchaem (half-

             sisters); Conchobar (foster-son); Rudraige

             (grandfather); Ir and Anghus (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Eochaidh Feidhleach

SEE ALSO     Anghus mac Og / Cathbad / Conchobar / Dechtire /

             Elbha / Eochaidh Feidhleach / Ferghus /

             Findchaem / Genonn / Imrinn / Ir / Maga / Ness /

             Rudraige / Sualtaim

REMARKS      Fachtna Fathach, son of Cass, son of Rudraige a

  descendent of Ir, became the high chieftain of Ireland when

  he killed Dui Dallta Degaid, a descendant of Eber, during

  the battle of Ard Brestine.

       At the time, Cormac son of Laithech and Mochta son of

  Murchad ruled Ulster jointly.  Fachtna married Ness,

  daughter of Eochi Salbuide of the Danann of Ulster.

       Fachtna ruled Ireland as its high chieftain for 25

  years before he was slain by Eochaidh Feidhleach during the

  battle of Leitir Ruaid in Corann.

 

 

NAME         Fagus

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         god of beech trees

CULTURE      Aquitani

COUNTRY      France

TERRITORY    Gaul / Aquitanica

LANDMARKS    Pyrenees

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 6th c

REMARKS      Fagus, the god of beech trees, was venerated in

  the Pyrenees.  The Dragani, Volcae and the Tarusates tribes

  were three of the main tribes to settle in the area since

  BC 6th century.

 

 

NAME         Fan

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     deity

CULTURE      Cymry (tribes that fight side by side)

COUNTRY      Wales

TERRITORY    The Otherworld - Fan's Lake (Llyn y Fan)

AGE          Post-Roman

DATES        AD 6th c

REMARKS      The goddess Fan met a young man by the lake Llyn

  y Fan who fell in love with her and asked her to stay with

  him in his land.  Fan said she would agree to stay until he

  offended her with 3 unmerited blows.

       Their relationship flourished until one day he struck

  her for refusing to attend a Christian baptism because she

  said the ritual severed ties with supernatural abilities.

  The second time she was hit by him was when she cried

  during a wedding and the third was when she laughed during

  a funeral.

 

 

NAME         Fand

EPITHET      Pearl of Beauty

GENDER       F

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     deity

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    The Otherworld - Land of Promise (Tir

             Tairnigire)

SITES        Ibor Cind Trachta (The Strand of the Yew Tree)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Aed Abrat (father); Li Ban (sister); Aeonghus

             (brother)

ENEMIES      Eochaidh Iuil / Senach Siabarthe / Eogan Indber

SEE ALSO     Aed Abrat / Aeonghus mac Aedh Abrat / Cu

             Chulainn / Emer / Eochaidh Iuil / Eogan Indber /

             Labhraidh / Li Ban / Manannan

REMARKS      Fand was the goddess of Tir Tairnigiri (Land of

  Promise) and Manannan was her champion.  Fand had blond

  hair and enchanting eyes and was described as the most

  beautiful woman in The Otherworld.

       Manannan sided with the Fomorians in a war against

  Labhraidh Luathlam ar Cledeb.  Because her sister Li Ban

  was married to Labhraidh, Fand fled to her territory where

  they were attacked by the 3 Fomorian chieftains Eochaidh

  Iuil, Senach Siabarthe and Eogan Indber.

       Fand and Li Ban changed into birds and flew to the

  land of mortals to ask Cu Chulainn for his help in

  defeating the Fomorian raiders.  He came, fought, won and

  fell in love with the beautiful Fand.  When Cu Chulainn

  returned to the land of mortals he still longed for Fand

  and they planned a tryst at Ibor Cind Trachta.

       Cu Chulainn's wife Emer prevented the meeting and

  forced Fand to sacrifice her claim to him.  Manannan shook

  his supernatural cloak between Fand and Cu Chulainn so they

  would forget each other and he and Fand returned to The

  Otherworld.

 

 

NAME         Fandall macNechta

EPITHET      The Swallow / The Swan / The Weasel

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Boyne / Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Dun Necht (fortress of Necht)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Necht Scene (mother); Fer Ulli (father); Foill

             and Tuachall (brothers)

ENEMIES      Ulster / Cu Chulainn

SEE ALSO     Cu Chulainn / Fer Ulli / Foill macNechta / Necht

             Scene / Tuachall macNechta

REMARKS      Fandall lived at Dun Necht south of the Boyne on

  Magh mBreg.  His father was killed by Ulster warriors and

  from that time he and his two brothers killed more Ulster

  warriors than they left alive.  He was known as the

  swallow, the swan or the weasel because he was so at home

  in the water.

       Fandall was challenged by Cu Chulainn after his two

  brothers had lost in combat to him.  Fandall persuaded Cu

  Chulainn to fight in the water but he was defeated and lost

  his head to the young warrior of 7 years.

 

 

NAME         Faruach

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     druid

TYPE         ship architect

CULTURE      Fianna - Clanna Ui Tarsigh

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Inna

SITES        Allen Hill

CENTERS      Raith Almu (Fort of Almain)

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd c

ACCESSORIES  supernatural axe

SEE ALSO     Abarta / Conan Maol / Fionn mac Cumhaill

REMARKS      Faruach a son of the chieftain of Inna was a

  druid who could fashion a ship with 3 strokes of his

  magical axe.  He constructed the vessel that took Fionn and

  the Fianna in search of Conan Maol and the other warriors

  who were captured by Abarta.

 

 

NAME         Fas

EPITHET      The Flower

GENDER       F

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel (Milesian) - Artabri tribe

COUNTRY      Spain / Ireland

REGION       Galicia / Kerry

TERRITORY    West Munster

LANDMARKS    Corca Duibhne / Sliabh Mish

SITES        Glenn Fáise (The grave of Fás)

CENTERS      Brigantia (A Corunna)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 15th c

BATTLES      Sliabh Mish

RELATIVES    Un (husband)

ENEMIES      Danann

REMARKS      The Goidel warrior Fas was slain during the

  battle of Sliabh Mish which raged for 3 days and nights.

  She was buried at Glenn Fáise between Sliabh Mish and the

  sea.

 

 

NAME         Fea

EPITHET      The First

GENDER       M ?

CATEGORY     child

CULTURE      Partholean tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Leinster

LANDMARKS    Magh Fea

SITE         Oilre (birth/burial site)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 19th c

RELATIVES    Tortan (father); Partholon (cousin); Magog

             (ancestor)

SEE ALSO     Magog / Partholon

REMARKS      Fea son (?) of Tortan, son of Sru, son of Esru,

  was the first of the tribe to be born in Laigen and the

  first to die.   He was born and died on the hilltop of

  Oilre on Magh Fea which was named after him.  His death was

  7 years after the people landed and 3 years before the

  battle at Slemne on Magh Itha.

 

 

NAME         Fea

EPITHET      The Hateful

GENDER       F

FESTIVAL     summer solstice

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         war goddess

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Connacht

LANDMARKS    Plain of the Towers (Magh Tuireadh)

SITE         Raith Ailig (died)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

BATTLES      second battle of Magh Tuireadh (north Moytura)

RELATIVES    Elcmar (mother); Neto (father); Ernmas

             (grandmother/great-grandmother); Delbaeth and

             Indui (grandfathers); Nemhain (sister); Corpre

             Crom (half-brother); Babdh, Macha and Danu

             (aunts); Nuadha (consort); Magog, Iarbonel,

             Ordan and Net (ancestors)

SEE ALSO     Badbh / Danu / Delbaeth / Elcmar / Iarbonel /

             Indui / Macha / Maga / Magog / Nemhain / Nuadha

             / Net / Neto / Ordan

REMARKS      Fea was the daughter of Elcmar and Neto and a

  descendant of Ordan and Net.  Fea and her sister Nemhain

  were referred to as Net's Beauties (Ailech Neit).  Fea's

  talent lay in the realm of creating hate and before the

  second battle of Magh Tuireadh on summer solstice, Nuadha,

  the head chieftain of the Danann, mated with her to help

  ensure success against their enemy the Fomorii.

       Fea died at Raith Ailig of sorrow for her white-haired

  grandfather Indui, a month after he was was slain in the

  battle of north Moytura in at Rath Ailig.

       There were five war goddesses (moon phases) of

  Ireland: Babdh, Fea, Macha, Morrighan and Nemhain.  Each

  goddess had her own area of expertise and when mortals went

  to war, the goddesses had to be appeased.

 

 

NAME         Fedelm

EPITHET      The Prophet of Cruachan

ALTERNATIVE  Fedelm / Fedelma / Fedilimid / Fedilmid /

             Fedlaimid / Fedlim / Fedlimid {Falemid} / Felim

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     deity / warrior / filidh

TYPE         virgin chariot goddess / poet / prophet / seer

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Roscommon

TERRITORY    Connacht

LANDMARKS    Magh Ai

CENTERS      Sidhe Cruachu

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

ACCESSORIES  2 black horses / chariot / sceptre

SEE ALSO     Medbh

REMARKS      Fedelm was returning from Albainn where she had

  been studying her arts when Medbh saw her riding across

  Magh Ai standing on the hindpole of her chariot.  Medbh

  stopped her and asked her to divine the future of her force

  of warriors she was about to lead into Ulster on a raid.

       Fedelm was described by Medbh as wearing her blond

  hair in 3 braids with 2 of the tresses wound around her

  head and the third flowing down her back to her calves. She

  had a wide brow, narrow jaw, black eyebrows, long black

  eyelashes and her blue-gray eyes had 3 pupils each.  She

  had thin red lips and exceptionally white teeth, her skin

  was very white and her long slender hands had sharp red

  fingernails on each finger.  She was wearing a white dress

  and a green mantle held by a long gold pin.  She carried a

  silvered bronze rod with 7 gold bands, a symbol of her

  status.  Fedelm also carried weapons at her side.

       Fedelm's voice was musical when she spoke but her

  vision was not what Medbh wanted to hear.  Fedelm saw

  Medbh's warriors crimson-red and held at bay by a battle

  dragon in his youth.

 

 

NAME         Fedilimid Rechtmar

EPITHET      The Lawgiver

ALTERNATIVE  Fedelm / Fedelma / Fedilimid / Fedilmid /

             Fedlaimid / Fedlim / Fedlimid {Falemid} / Felim

             / Feidlimid / Rechtaid / Rechtaidh

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel / Danann / Pictish

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath / Dublin

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

SITES        Ath Cliath (Dublin area)

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 2nd c / AD 109-119 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

RELATIVES    Tuathal (father); Bane (mother); Medb Lethderg

             (consort); Cahir and Conn (sons); Fithir and

             Dairine (sisters); Eremon and Tea (ancestors)

SEE ALSO     Cahir Mor / Conn Cetcathach / Eremon / Mal /

  Medb

             Lethderg / Tuathal Teachtmhair / Tea

REMARKS      Fedilimid Rechtmar, son of Tuathal Teachtmhair,

  descendant of Eremon and Tea, became the 96th high

  chieftain of Ireland when he killed Mal in revenge for the

  death of his father.

       Fedilimid mated with Medb Lethderg before he could

  become the next high chieftain.  During Fedilimid's 10

  years as high chieftain, he continued the Boramha Tribute

  (cattle counting) against the province of Leinster.

 

 

NAME         Fedilmid Chilair Chetach

EPITHET      The Bright Flame

ALTERNATIVE  Fedelm / Fedelma / Fedilimid / Fedilmid Cilair

             Chetaig / Fedlaimid / Fedlim / Fedlimid

             {Falemid} / Felim

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior / Red Branch champion

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster / Callann

SITES        Mound of Slane in Mide

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid / Gairech & Irgairech

RELATIVES    Ilar Cetach (father)

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht

SEE ALSO     MacRoth

REMARKS      During the Cualnge Cattle Raid, Fedilmid son of

  Ilar Cetach of Cualnge led a large troop of warriors that

  MacRoth described as the most notable in number, attendance

  and apparel.  Fedilmid was described as handsome, noble and

  a wise man of the world.

 

 

NAME         Fedlim mac Daill

ALTERNATIVE  Fedelm / Fedelma / Fedilimid / Fedilmid /

             Fedlaimid / Fedlin / Fedlimid {Falemid} / Felim

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     poet

TYPE         storyteller to the Ri Ruirech

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh

TERRITORY    Ulster

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Dall (father); Deirdre (daughter)

SEE ALSO     Cathbad / Conchobar / Deirdre / Ferghus

REMARKS      Conchobar, Cathbad, Ferghus and champions of the

  Red Branch were feasting at the raith of Fedlim son of Dall

  when a cry came from the womb of his wife.  Cathbad

  prophesied that a female of great beauty would be born and

  her life would involve the death of many warriors of

  Ulster.  Cathbad's advice was to sacrifice her, but

  Conchobar wished to keep her for a future wife.

 

 

NAME         Fedlimid Nocruthach

EPITHET      Of the Nine Forms

ALTERNATIVE  Fedelm / Fedelma / Fedilimid / Fedilmid /

             Fedlaimid / Fedlin / Fedlimid {Falemid} / Felim

             / Noichride

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal nAraide / Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster

LANDMARKS    Dun Rudrige

SITES        Tech Midchuarta

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Mughain (mother); Conchobar (father/consort);

             Fiachna (son/half-brother); Loeghaire (husband);

             Carbre Niafer (husband); Carbre and Erc (sons);

             Cormac, Cuscraid, Fiachu, Fiachna (brothers); Cu

             Chulainn (consort/half-brother); Findchad,

             Naoise, Conall, Follomain, Glas, Mane, Conaing,

             Diarmait mac Conchobar, Beann, Furbude Fer Bend,

             Fiachra (half-brothers)

ENEMIES      Dubthach

SEE ALSO     Beann / Bricriu / Carbre Niafer / Conall

             Cernacht / Conchobar mac Nessa / Cormac

             Condloinges / Cu Chulainn / Cuscraid Menn /

             Diarmait mac Conchobar / Dubthach Doel / Emer /

             Erc / Fiachna / Fiachra / Fiachu / Findchad /

             Follomain / Furbude Fer Bend / Glas / Lendabair

             / Loeghaire Buadhach / Mughain / Naoise / Usna

REMARKS      Fedlimid, daughter of Conchobar, son of Cathbad

  and descendant of Ir, bore a child by her father.  The boy,

  Fiachna, was born while his mother was married to Loeghaire

  Buadhach.

       During the time of her marriage to Loeghaire Buadhach

  she was told by Bricriu during his feast at Tech Midchuarta

  on Dun Rudrige that she was the most beautiful and

  intelligent of the women and of the best lineage, and

  therefore should enter the feasting hall first.  The same

  suggestion was also given to Lendabair and Emer, providing

  a good deal of humor and anxiety.

       Next Fedlimid married Carbre Niafer and her son Carbre

  was killed by Dubthach during the battle at the Red Branch

  hostel when the sons of Usna were killed.

       The night before Cu Chulainn began his historic

  defence of Ulster, Fedlimid and he had a secret meeting at

  Tara.

 

 

NAME         Feildem

ALTERNATIVE  Feldelma

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

TYPE         wife of the Ri Ruirech

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Carlow

TERRITORY    Leinster

CENTERS      Dinn Rig

AGE          Ui Néill

DATES        AD 6th c

RELATIVES    Eochaidh (husband); Brandubh (son)

SEE ALSO     Brandubh / Eochaidh of Leinster

REMARKS      When Feildem gave birth she had twin boys.  The

  wife of Aidan, a head chieftain of Albainn, had twin girls

  so they each fostered one child in order to have a male and

  a female.  The system of fosterage helped form ties between

  families and tribes together.

 

 

NAME         Feinius Farsaid

ALTERNATIVE  Foenius Farrsaid

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         head cheiftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Russia / Ukraine / Iraq

TERRITORY    Scythia

LANDMARKS    Caspian Sea / Volga / Black Sea / Crimean

             Peninsula / Euphrates

SITES        Tower of Babel (Gates of God)

CENTERS      Babylon

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 20th c

RELATIVES    Baath (father); Nenual and Nel (sons); Rifath

             Scot (grandfather); Iafeth (great-grandfather)

SEE ALSO     Iafeth / Nel / Rifath Scot

REMARKS      Feinius Farsaid son of Baath was a druid who

  travelled from his home in Scythia to the Tower of Babel

  which had been built on the Euphrates river at the ancient

  city of Babylon in present-day Iraq.

      Feinius sired a son called Nel who was born at the

  tower.  Feinius left his son Nel to study the arts at the

  tower and he returned to Scythia (an area north of the

  Caucasus streaching east around the Caspian Sea to the

  Volga river and west around the Black Sea to the Crimean

  Peninsula).  Here he ruled his people until his death, when

  his oldest son Nenual became the head chieftain of the

  tribes.

 

 

NAME         Feiss

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     warrior / filidh

TYPE         wizard for Conaire (Ard Righ Eirinn)

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Dublin

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh Liffey

SITES        Da Derga's Hostel

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Ath Cliath

RELATIVES    son of Meissiu Melimbor

ENEMIES      Ingcel / sons of Donn Desa

SEE ALSO     Conaire / Da Derga / Donn Desa / Ingcel

REMARKS      Feiss, Feisse and Fessamon were triplet brothers

  who were wizards.  The three wore gowns and red mantles

  fastened with golden fibulas.  They had golden Luascas over

  their foreheads and carried horn spears and ivory-hilted

  swords.  Each one of them killed an enemy trying to save

  Conaire the high chieftain of Ireland during the

  destruction at Da Derga's Hostel.

 

 

NAME         Fer Caille

EPITHET      Man of the Wood

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       1 eye / 1 hand / 1 foot

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     druid filidh

TYPE         diviner / supernatural / giant / artificer /

             blacksmith

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Dublin

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh Liffey

SITES        Da Derga's Hostel

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Ath Cliath

ACCESSORIES  forked iron pole / boar

RELATIVES    Cichuil (wife)

SEE ALSO     Bodb Dearg / Conaire / Da Derga / Donn Desa /

             Fruich / Ingcel / Tulchinne

REMARKS      As Conaire and his entourage were on their way

  to the Hostel of Da Derga, they were overtaken by a man of

  one foot, one hand, one eye and with such unevenly-cut

  (spiked) black hair that he could spear an apple if it was

  dropped on his head.

       His name was Fer Caille, one of the reincarnations of

  Fruich, the swineherd of Bodb Dearg.  Fer Caille had a huge

  grotesque build and carried a squealing black singed boar

  on his back and a forked iron pole in his hand.  His wife

  Cichuil was also a gross hideous woman whose pudendum hung

  to her knees.

       The two forebearers of misfortune refused Conaire's

  attempt to turn them away and rushed to the hostel of Da

  Derga to cook the boar for Conaire.  This broke yet another

  geis of Conaire's.  Fer Caille's presence assured that

  there was blood and destruction on the way.  Later in the

  evening, Tulchinne asked Fer Caille to divine the identity

  of the warriors camped outside the hostel.  This he did and

  Conaire then knew he was about to be attacked by Ingcel and

  the sons of Donn Desa.

 

 

NAME         Fer Cerdne

ALTERNATIVE  Feirceirthe / Feirceirtne / Fer Cerdne / Fer

             Cherdne / Fer Chertnae / Fercherdne /

             Ferchertnae / Ferchertne

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / bard

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Kerry

TERRITORY    Munster

LANDMARKS    Sliabh Mish / Dingle Peninsula / Corco Duibne

CENTERS      Caherconree - Cathair Chonroi (stone fort of

             CuRoi)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

ENEMIES      Cu Chulainn

SEE ALSO     Blathnat / Cu Chulainn / CuRoi macDaire

REMARKS      When Cu Chulainn attacked CuRoi's stronghold,

  Cathair Chonroi the Raith of Sleemish, he managed to kill

  CuRoi and take Fer Cerdne captive.  During the trip to

  Ulster, Fer Cerdne found out that Blathnat had helped Cu

  Chulainn gain entrance to the stronghold by pouring milk

  into the stream so as to expose the secret entrance through

  the waterways into the fortress.

       Fer Cerdne waited his chance and when they were

  resting by a cliff he ran at Blathnat, grabbed hold of her

  and dove over the cliff, killing himself and her in revenge

  for her having caused the death of his master.

 

 

NAME         Fer Chertnae

EPITHET      The Learned Master of Ulster / Ollamh of Ireland

ALTERNATIVE  Feirceirthe / Feirceirtne / Fer Cerdne / Fer

             Cherdne / Fer Chertnae / Fercherdne /

             Ferchertnae / Ferchertne

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ollamh

TYPE         Red Branch champion / master poet / rear guard

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh

TERRITORY    Ulster / Mide

LANDMARKS    Sleive Mish

SITES        Temair Luachra / Mound of Slane in Mide

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Temuir Luarcha / Cualnge Cattle Raid / Gairech &

             Irgairech

RELATIVES    Iliu (grandfather); Coirpre (father)

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht

SEE ALSO     Ailill Miltenga / Athairne / Conchobar / Cromm

             Deroil / MacRoth / Neide

REMARKS      Fer Chertnae won a competition against another

  poet named Neide to acquire the master poet's mantle

  (Tugen) and the title of Ollamh.

       Fer Chertnae was with Cu Chulainn on his mad chase

  through Ireland that ended up at Temair Luachra in Munster.

  Cromm Deroil described him as a fair man performing weapons

  feats with two swords over the head of Conchobar.

       During the Cualnge Cattle Raid, MacRoth observed Fer

  Chertnae leading a company of poets.  MacRoth described him

  as a noble man with blond hair, wearing a tunic of raw silk

  next to his skin.  Over this he wore a dark-gray mantle

  with golden fringes and held with a golden fibula, and on

  his feet were lambskin boots.

       Fer Chertnae travelled with Athairne and Ailill

  Miltenga, two other poets.   He carried an ivory-hilted

  sword with gold coils in his right hand and performed

  weapons feats over the heads of the other two.  It is said

  that when he was scornful, the waters subsided, and when he

  was full of praise, the waters rose.

 

 

NAME         Fer Doirich

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     filidh

TYPE         sorcerer

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd c

SEE ALSO     Sadb

REMARKS      Fer Doirich was responsible for twice changing

  Sadb into a fawn because she refused his affection.

 

 

NAME         Fer Ferdaid

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     bard

TYPE         singer / harper

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

SITES        Inbhear Glas

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

ENEMIES      Manannan

SEE ALSO     Manannan

REMARKS      Manannan ordered Fer Ferdiad to find Tuage, who

  was a most beautiful woman, and bring her to him.  Fer

  Ferdiad found her, lulled her to sleep and took her to

  Inbhear Glas.  He then went looking for a boat and when he

  returned, he saw that the beautiful Tuage had drowned. When

  Manannan found out about Fer Ferdiad's carelessness, he

  killed him.

 

 

NAME         Fer Gar

ALTERNATIVE  Fer Gair / Fer Ger

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       porcupine

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     warrior / raider

TYPE         chariot warrior / champion

CULTURE      Baperi tribe (they of the porcupine)

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Dublin

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh Liffey

SITES        Da Derga's Hostel

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Ath Cliath

ACCESSORIES  gift of excellence

RELATIVES    Donn Desa (father); Fer Lee, Fer Rogain and

             Lomna (brothers); Conaire (foster-brother)

ENEMIES      Host of Eirinn

SEE ALSO     Conaire / Da Derga / Donn Desa / Fer Lee / Fer

             Rogain / Ingcel / Lomna Druth / Mac Cecht

REMARKS      The sons of Donn Desa were of the Baperi

  (Porcupine) tribe and their oath was Banoku "by the

  porcupine".  Conaire was fostered by Donn Desa, so he, Fer

  Gar and his two brothers all grew up together.  The four

  all wore similar clothing and armor, rode horses of the

  same color and ate from the same cauldron.  Each brother

  was given one of Conaire's gifts of exceptional sight,

  hearing, and judgment.

       When Conaire became high chieftain of Ireland he

  outlawed robbery, theft, plunder and slaughter.  These

  happened to be the gifts given to the sons of Donn Desa by

  their ancestors.  The brothers began to apply their talents

  of thievery to test their foster-brother.  Because he chose

  not to punish them, they gathered about them 3x50 youths

  and eventually were caught marauding in Connacht.

       The three bothers were expelled from the country of

  Ireland, and as they were sailing across the water to

  Albainn they met a raider named Ingcel and his warriors.

  The two groups of warriors decided to join together and

  drew lots to see where they would go first to raid.  The

  luck of the draw said Albainn (Scotland/northern England)

  was first, and Ingcel planned a raid which killed his

  mother, father and 7 brothers.  They then sailed to Ireland

  to raid it.

       The raiders landed in Ireland at the Strand of

  Fuirbthe just as Mac Cecht was striking a fire in the

  Hostel of Da Derga.  The sound of the chieftain fire hurled

  their 3x50 boats onto the shoulder of the sea.

 

 

NAME         Fer Lee

ALTERNATIVE  Fer Le / Gabur

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       porcupine

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     warrior / raider

TYPE         chariot warrior / champion

CULTURE      Baperi tribe (they of the porcupine)

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Dublin

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Liffey-plain

SITES        Da Derga's Hostel

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Ath Cliath

ACCESSORIES  gift of excellence

RELATIVES    Donn Desa (father); Fer Gar, Fer Rogain and

             Lomna (brothers); Conaire (foster-brother)

ENEMIES      Host of Eirinn

SEE ALSO     Conaire / Da Derga / Donn Desa / Fer Gar / Fer

             Rogain / Ingcel / Lomna Druth

REMARKS      Fer Lee and his two brothers were foster-

  brothers of Conaire.  The four boys shared their youth

  together.  They ate the same food, wore similar clothing

  and armor, and rode the same colored horses.  Conaire gave

  to each one of his gifts of exceptional sight, hearing, and

  the gift of judgment.

       When Conaire became high chieftain of Ireland he

  outlawed robbery, theft, plunder and slaughter, and the

  three foster-brothers found themselves unable to use the

  gifts of their ancestors.  The sons of Donn Desa reverted

  to their ancient ways and were eventually caught and

  expelled from the island of Ireland.

       The brothers joined forces with a raider from Britain,

  named Ingcel, and his warriors.  The united force first

  raided Albainn then sailed for Ireland where they landed on

  the Strand of Fuirbthe just as Mac Cecht was lighting the

  chieftain fire (boar-fire / Samhain fire).  The force of

  the sound of the fire hurled the 3x50 boats of the raiders

  onto the shoulder of the sea.

       When the raiders landed, they built a cairn, each

  warrior adding his or her stone to the pile.  When the

  destruction was over, the surviving warriors would remove

  their stones, and those left served as a marker for the

  dead.  If it had just been a rout, they would have raised a

  pillar stone.  The raiders then built a Samhain fire (boar-

  fire / chieftain-fire) to warn Conaire of their presence.

 

 

NAME         Fer Rogain

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       porcupine

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     warrior / raider

TYPE         chariot warrior / champion

CULTURE      Baperi tribe (they of the porcupine)

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Dublin

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh Liffey

SITES        Da Derga's Hostel

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Ath Cliath

ACCESSORIES  gift of excellent hearing

RELATIVES    Donn Desa (father); Fer Gar, Fer Lee and Lomna

             (brothers); Conaire (foster-brother)

ENEMIES      Host of Eirinn

SEE ALSO     Conaire / Da Derga / Donn Desa / Fer Gar / Fer

             Lee / Ingcel / Lomna Druth

REMARKS      Fer Rogain and his two brothers were foster

  brothers of Conaire and grew up together in the household

  of Donn Desa.  The four youths were inseparable and ate

  together, wore the same clothing and armor and rode similar

  horses.  Conaire taught each of his foster-brothers one of

  his exceptional gifts of sight, hearing, or judgment.

       When Conaire was appointed high chieftain of Ireland,

  he outlawed robbery, theft, plunder and slaughter.  These

  happened to be the gifts given to them by their ancestors.

  The three brothers rebelled against their foster-brother

  and high chieftain of Ireland and gathered about themselves

  3x50 youths and began to raid around Connacht.  Conaire did

  not have the courage to hang them so he expelled them from

  the Island.

       As the sons of Donn Desa and their raiders sailed to

  Britain they met Ingcel and his band of raiders.  The two

  groups joined together and drew lots to see where they

  would go first to raid.  The luck of the draw said Albainn,

  then Ireland.

       The raiders landed in Ireland at the Strand of

  Fuirbthe on the eve of Samhain, in BC 38, just as Mac Cecht

  was striking the chieftain fire in the Hostel of Da Derga.

  The force from the sound of the Samhain fire hurled the

  3x50 boats onto the shoulder of the sea.  Ingcel inquired

  of Fer Rogain, who had the gift of hearing, to explain the

  sound.  Fer Rogain replied that it was the boar fire of the

  high chieftain of Ireland.

 

 

NAME         Fer Ulli

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Boyne / Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Dun Necht (fortress of Necht)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Lughaid (father); Necht Scene (wife); Fandall,

             Foill and Tuachall (sons)

ENEMIES      Ulster

SEE ALSO     Fandall / Foill / Necht Scene / Tuachall

             macNechta

REMARKS      Fer Ulli son of Lughaid was killed by warriors

  of Ulster.  His 3 sons Fandall, Foill and Tuachall took

  revenge by killing more warriors of Ulster than they left

  alive.

 

 

NAME         Feradach Fechtnach

ALTERNATIVE  Feradach Finn-fechtnach

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel / Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 1st c / AD 15-35 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

RELATIVES    Crimthann (father); Nair (mother); Fiachu

             Finnoilches and Tuathal (sons); Tuathal

             Teachtmhair (grandson); Eremon and Tea

             (ancestors)

SEE ALSO     Crimthann Nia Nair / Eremon / Fiatach Finn /

             Fiachu Finnoilches / Nair / Tea / Tuathal

             Teachtmhair

REMARKS      Feradach Fechtnach was a descendant of Eremon

  and Tea.  He became the high chieftain of Ireland after

  Cairbre Caitcheann and ruled for 20 years until he died a

  natural death.

       The rule of Ireland was taken by Fiatach Finn for 3

  years until his son Fiachu Finnoilches slew him and took

  the position of high chieftain.

 

 

NAME         Feradach Finn Fetnach

EPITHET      The Fair and Righteous

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh / Meath

TERRITORY    Ulster

LANDMARKS    Sliabh gCuilinn (Gallion)

SITES        Mound of Slane in Mide

CENTERS      Nemed (the grove)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid / Gairech & Irgairech

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht

REMARKS      Feradach fought for Ulster against the cattle

  raiders from Connacht.  When he arrived at the Mound of

  Slane in Mide MacRoth described him as having fair hair,

  beard, eyebrows, eyes and clothing.  He carried a rimmed

  shield, a five-pointed spear and a hollow lance.  He also

  wore a golden-hilted sword on his left side.  Feradach was

  from Nemed in Sliabh gCuilinn (Gallion), county Armagh in

  Ulster.

 

 

NAME         Ferbaeth

EPITHET      The Witless

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh / Roscommon

TERRITORY    Ulster exile / cause of Connacht

LANDMARKS    Magh Muirthemni

SITES        Glenn Ferbaeth at Focherd Muirthemni (the good

             cast of Muirthemni)

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan) / Raith Cruachan

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid (died)

RELATIVES    Ferbend (father) / Cu Chulainn (foster-brother)

ENEMIES      Cu Chulainn / Cualnge / Pictland / Ulster

SEE ALSO     Ailill / Cu Chulainn / Fiachna macFerfebe /

             Finnabair / Medbh / Scathach

REMARKS      Ferbaeth was summoned to the tent of Medbh and

  Ailill and was promised Finnabair and his own territory for

  his descendants if he could beat Cu Chulainn.  They though

  because Ferbaeth and Cu Chulainn had both studied with

  Scathach that he was Cu Chulainn's equal at arms.

       Ferbaeth did not want to fight with Cu Chulainn

  because they were best friends and foster-brothers, but the

  prize was great and he was plied with drink.  Cu Chulainn

  had sent his charioteer to the camp to ask Lugaid who was

  to fight him tomorrow.  When Cu Chulainn heard the news he

  was very upset and sent for Ferbaeth to come to his camp

  for a parley.  Ferbaeth arrived with Fiachna son of

  Ferfebe.  Cu Chulainn tried to talk his foster-brother out

  of the folly but he would not break his promise to Medbh

  and Ailill.

       Cu Chulainn stomped off in anger and tromped on a

  holly spit which pierced his leg and came out by his knee.

  This caused him to become frantic and draw the spit back

  out.  He yelled for Ferbeath to wait until he saw what he

  had found.  Ferbaeth said to throw it to him which Cu

  Chulainn did, over his shoulder not caring where it landed.

  The holly spit hit Ferbaeth in the back of the neck and

  went out through his mouth and fell to the ground.  Fiachna

  thought it was a good throw and the hill was renamed Glenn

  Ferbaeth at Focherd Muirthemni (the good cast of

  Muirthemni).

 

 

NAME         Ferchertne

ALTERNATIVE  Feirceirthe / Feirceirtne / Fer Cerdne / Fer

             Chertnae / Fer Cherdne / Fercherdne /

             Ferchertnae / Ferchertne

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     poet

TYPE         chanter of eulogy

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Carlow

TERRITORY    Leinster / Aremorica

CENTERS      Dinn Rig

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 6th c

ENEMIES      Cobhthach

SEE ALSO     Cobhthach Coel / Craiphtine / Labraid Loingsech

             / Moriath / Scoriath

REMARKS      Cobhthach was holding a feast and the druids

  were praising him for his generosity.  He asked them if

  they knew anyone more generous and Ferchertne mentioned

  that when he went to visit Labraid during the winter,

  Labraid had sacrificed his only cow for the occasion.

  Cobhthach flew into a rage and drove Labraid out of

  Ireland.

       When Ferchertne accompanied Labraid to Aremorica, his

  life was endangered when he refused to reveal to the

  chieftain Scoriath which male had slept with the

  chieftain's daughter Moriath, because he knew it was his

  master.

       Ferchertne said people would not think highly of a

  chieftain who killed his own people but Scoriath threatened

  to take off his head if he did not tell who it was. Labraid

  had Craiphtine the harpist tell the story for him.

 

 

NAME         Ferchu Longsech

EPITHET      The Exile

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Connacht

SITES        Ath Aladh / Cenn-aitt Ferchon / Cinnit Ferchon

             Longsig

CENTERS      Loch Ce

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid (died)

ACCESSORIES  12 warriors

ENEMIES      Ailill / Cu Chulainn / Medbh

SEE ALSO     Ailill / Cu Chulainn / Medbh

REMARKS      Ferchu Longsech and his warriors were exiled

  from their home at Loch Ce in Connacht by Ailill and Medbh

  at the time that they began to rule the province.  Since

  that time Ferchu plundered and raided them continuously.

  When he heard that a single warrior was holding the host at

  bay, he had an idea that he might have his lands restored

  to him if he and his warriors were to kill Cu Chulainn for

  Medbh and Ailill.

       He and his warriors sped to Ath Aladh (speckled ford)

  and attacked Cu Chulainn in mass.  They also died in mass

  except Ferchu, who was saved to the last but was finally

  beheaded.

       Cu Chulainn erected 13 standing stones for Ferchu and

  his warriors.  Ferchu Longsech's stone was called Cinnit

  Ferchon and the site was called Cenn-aitt Ferchon (The

  Head-place of Ferchu).  Cu Chulainn sacrificed their

  weapons and trophies by their standing stones.

 

 

NAME         Ferdiad mac Damain

EPITHET      The Battle-rock of Destruction / The

             Irresistible Force

ALTERNATIVE  Fear Diadh {Fair-dee-ah} / Ferdia {Fer-dee-ah} /

             Ferdiad macDaman

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior / champion

CULTURE      Fir Domnann tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Mayo

TERRITORY    Connacht - Irrus Domnann

LANDMARKS    Dee River

SITES        Ardee (Ath Ferdiad)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid (died)

ACCESSORIES  horned skin armor / Falchion sword (falcata) /

             belly stone / charioteer Id

RELATIVES    Daman mac Dairi (father); Ferdet (brother); Mann

             (uncle); Dare (grandfather)

ENEMIES      Dolb / Indolb / Cu Chulainn

SEE ALSO     Aife / Ailill macMata / Cu Chulainn / Dolb /

             Emer / Id macRiangabra / Mann / Medbh / Scathach

             / Uathach

REMARKS      Ferdiad was the son of Daman, a chieftain of the

  Fir Domnann from the Irrus Domnann territory.  Ferdiad had

  curly blond hair and wore a silver torc around his neck. He

  was a foster-brother of Cu Chulainn and the two were

  understudies of the great female warriors Scathach, Uathach

  and Aife.

       Ferdiad rode with Connacht during the Cualnge Cattle

  Raid and commanded a company of Fir Domnann warriors who

  were described as noisy giants who enjoyed war and strong

  ale.  He and Cu Chulainn were warriors of equal powers and

  feats.  Cu Chulainn had the exceptional weapon the Gae

  Bulga (Barbed Spear) that he had received from Scathach and

  Ferdiad had his horned-skin armor that could stop any

  weapon.  Medbh and Ailill tried to persuade Ferdiad to

  fight his foster-brother and friend Cu Chulainn but he

  refused even to answer their messengers.

       Medbh finally sent her druids, poets and lampoonists

  to disgrace Ferdiad with blistering speeches.  They seduced

  him in the usual way by offering him drink, the hand of

  Finnabair and a promise of riches and land.  Medbh lied to

  Ferdiad, saying that Cu Chulainn had stated that he would

  not mind at all if Ferdiad fell by his choicest feat.

  Ferdiad did not believe her but made the mistake of

  speaking before he thought.  He blurted out that if what Cu

  Chulainn had said was true then he would gladly fight him.

  As he said this before many people,  Ferghus went to warn

  Cu Chulainn that Medbh was up to her old tricks and that he

  and Ferdiad might have to fight.

       Laeg suggested to Cu Chulainn that since Ferdiad would

  be in his best fighting clothing with his hair cleaned and

  his body washed, Cu Chulainn should go to his wife Emer who

  was waiting at Sliab Fuait in the Meadow of the Two Oxen

  (Cairthenn Cluana-Da-Dam) so that she might clean and dress

  him properly for the battle.  Cu Chulainn thought that was

  a good idea and went to his wife Emer and stayed the night.

       There was not much joy in the camp of Ferdiad when he

  told of the deal he had made with Medbh: he could fight Cu

  Chulainn or 6 Connacht warriors.  He slept well for the

  first part of the night but then awoke eager for combat and

  the riches that would come with winning.  He rode to the

  ford and waited for Cu Chulainn.

       Ferdiad's charioteer, Id, described Cu Chulainn's

  oncoming chariot as being 5-pointed, wider at the top than

  at the bottom.  It was made of white crystal with stout

  plates of copper, bronze shafts and wheel bands of bronze

  covered with silver.  The yoke and bridles were gold and

  the pole was enamelled with tin.  The two steeds were the

  Gray of Macha and the Black of Sithleann and caused the

  earth to tremble beneath their feet.

       Cu Chulainn wore his purple cloak and held his flaming

  red spear in his hand.  He wore his hair in 3 colors: brown

  at the roots, red in the centre and golden at the tips.  He

  had his hair in 3 coils: one down his back and one over

  each shoulder.  He had 7 toes on each foot, 7 fingers on

  each hand, and his eyes glowed with fire.

       His charioteer Laeg had his black hair shaved from his

  head.  He wore a gray cloak held by a silver fibula and a

  cowl over his head.  He carried a silver goad in one hand

  and a golden horse-whip in the other.  Laeg stopped the

  chariot on the north side of the ford.

       Ferdiad, who was on the south side, welcomed Cu

  Chulainn's arrival.  Cu Chulainn reminded him that it was

  he who should be welcoming Ferdiad because he and the Host

  of Connacht were trespassing on his land and it was his

  women, children, horses and cattle that were fleeing.

  Ferdiad asked Cu Chulainn what had brought him out to do

  battle with him, reminding him that when they were being

  taught by Scathach, Uathach and Aife, Cu Chulainn had been

  the inferior warrior.  Ferdiad also reminded Cu Chulainn

  that he had served him by burnishing his sword and making

  his bed.  Cu Chulainn told Ferdiad that this was a

  different day and that he would defend his land against

  anyone.  As they prepared for combat, Cu Chulainn said that

  it was a pity he had abandoned their friendship for a woman

  who had been promised to 50 other warriors who were now

  dead.

       Cu Chulainn gave Ferdiad the choice of weapons for the

  first day.  They fought a great battle that day and at

  night they shared the same fire and the healers of the

  Danann looked to both of their wounds.  Cu Chulainn had the

  choice of weapons on the second day and he chose chariots,

  broad shields and lances.  They fought throughout the day

  then shared the same fire that night.  Ferdiad had choice

  of weapons for the third day and he chose long shields and

  heavy swords.  When the day's fighting ended, they slept by

  separate fires.

       Ferdiad rose early on the morning of the fourth day

  and knew that this would be the decisive battle.  He wore

  his leather kilts over silk trousers with speckled gold

  trim.  He suspected that Cu Chulainn might use his Gae

  Bulga so he attached his impregnable belly stone he had

  brought back from Africa.  Then over everything he wore his

  high-quality iron kilt that was made of pure twice-melted

  iron.  He wore his leaf-shaped belt and a golden fibula. On

  his head he set his crested war helmet decorated with 40

  carbuncles, rubies, crystal, red enamel and shining stones

  from the eastern world.  Ferdiad carried a spear in his

  right hand and on his left side he wore a single-edged

  falcata, a much-feared weapon, that had a golden pommel and

  red-gold hilt.  He hung on his shoulder his massive gold-

  rimmed buffalo shield with its 50 gold knobs around the

  circumference and a huge red-gold knob in the middle.

  Ferdiad then performed brilliant feats he had developed

  himself or learned in his travels.

       Cu Chulainn saw Ferdiad practicing his grand feats and

  asked his charioteer to taunt him if he started losing, so

  that he would become more fierce.  On this fourth day of

  battle, the choice of weapons fell to Cu Chulainn and he

  chose the Feat of the Ford.  It was with this feat that Cu

  Chulainn had killed the most warriors in combat.  Ferdiad

  feared Cu Chulainn's intention was to use his dreaded Gae

  Bulga, which was a water weapon thrown with the foot.

       During the combat Cu Chulainn tried to stand on

  Ferdiad's shield 3 times and 3 times he was flung off. Each

  time, Laeg made fun of Cu Chulainn's failure and this sent

  him into a frenzy.  Ferdiad wounded Cu Chulainn and Dolb

  and Indolb of the Danann, under a cloak of invisibility,

  began to help Cu Chulainn.  Cu Chulainn's two invisible

  helpers caused a number of wounds to Ferdiad. Ferdiad

  realized they were there and the unfairness of their

  involvement sent Ferdiad into a fury and he killed Dolb who

  stood on Cu Chulainn's right.  Ferdiad was wounded twice

  more and this time he attacked to Cu Chulainn's left and

  killed Indolb.  By this time he was so wild he gave Cu

  Chulainn two blows to every one of his.  Cu Chulainn's

  charioteer Laeg began to jeer his master because he was

  failing.  Cu Chulainn became a dragon of combat and called

  for his Gae Bulga.  The Gae Bulga or belly spear made one

  hole on entry, then opened, making another 24 or 30.

       Laeg came to the stream to set the Gae Bulga into the

  water but his brother Id attacked him.  3 times Laeg tried

  to set the belly spear into the river and 3 times Id

  spoiled his attempts.  Ferdiad was winning the combat and

  Cu Chulainn was starting to panic, so Laeg threw his

  brother to the ground and bound him.  then he sent the Gae

  Bulga downstream to Cu Chulainn.  Ferdiad saw the spear

  coming and tried to protect himself by lowering his shield.

  Cu Chulainn grabbed the spear with his foot and thrust it

  with all his might under Ferdiad's shield, piercing the

  iron kilt, shattering the belly stone into 3 segments then

  entering Ferdiad's stomach and spreading throughout his

  body.

       As Ferdiad was dying, he accused Cu Chulainn of an

  unfair fight.  Cu Chulainn took him into his arms and

  carried him to the north side of the ford so that he would

  die advancing and not in retreat.  Cu Chulainn sung

  Ferdiad's lament, then Laeg cut the Gae Bulga from

  Ferdiad's body.  When Laeg had stripped Ferdiad of his body

  armor, Cu Chulainn went to be healed by his physicians.

       Ferdiad's body was then taken by his people who dug

  his grave and held his funeral games.  The ford where he

  met his death was called Ath Firdead (Ferdiad's Ford),

  present-day Ardee.

 

 

NAME         Fergal Flaithemda

ALTERNATIVE  Fergal mac Maile Duin

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

SITES        Raith Almu (Fort of Almain)

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Ui Néill

DATES        %AD 7th-8th c / AD 694-704 (Ard Righ - Kings

             List) %

BATTLES      Almu

RELATIVES    Maelduin (father); Niall Frossach and Aed Allan

             (sons)

ENEMIES      Leinster / Murchad

SEE ALSO     Maelduin

REMARKS      Fergal mac Maile Duin became the high chieftain

  of Ireland after the death of Congal Cind Magair.  He

  maintained the position for 10 years until he died trying

  to collect the Boramha Tribute (cattle counting) against

  the province of Leinster.  He was killed by Murchad son of

  Bron during an attack on the Raith Almu in Leinster.

       His enemies treated his head with great reverence,

  putting it on a head pole only after washing it and combing

  his hair.  During the feast that followed the victory, the

  head of the youth Donn Bo, also on a pole, began to sing

  praises of Fergal's deeds in battle.

       Fergal left behind a son, Aed Allan, who ruled as high

  chieftain for 9 years until he was killed by Bran Bec, son

  of Muiredach during the battle of Sered Mag.

       Another son, Niall Frossach (Niall the showery) was

  named for the 3 showers during his birth: a shower of

  silver, of wheat and of blood.  He reigned as high

  chieftain of Ireland for 7 years until he died during a

  pilgrimage.

 

 

NAME         Ferghus mac Roig

EPITHET      Superior Choice / The Great Horse

ALTERNATIVE  Feargus / Fearghus / Fergus (virility) / Fergus

             mac Rossa / Roech / Roi / Roich / Roth / Roy

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       club of oak / bull / bird

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / Ri Ruirech / warleader

TYPE         fertility / chariot warrior / supernatural giant

             / champion of the Gamhanrhide (Connacht Military

             Elite)

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal nAraide / Danann / Pictish

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh / Roscommon

TERRITORY    Ulster exile / cause of Connacht

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan) / Raith Cruachan

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid / Gairech & Irgairech

ACCESSORIES  supernatural sword named Caladcholg The Hard

             Striker / enormous chariot

RELATIVES    Ross (father); Maga (mother); Sualtaim

             (brother); Fachtna, Bacc, Genonn and Imrinn

             (half-brothers); Dechtire, Elbha and Findchaem

             (half-sisters); Ness (1st wife); Conchobar

             (step-son); Illann, Buinne and Fiacha (sons); Cu

             Chulainn (nephew/foster-son); Naoise, Ainle,

             Ardan and Conall Cernacht (nephews); Flidais

             (2nd wife); Medbh (consort); Fergus mac Leti

             (foster-brother); Rudraige (grandfather); Ir and

             Anghus (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Conchobar mac Nessa / Ailill macMata

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Anghus / Buinne / Cliodna /

             Conall Cernacht / Conchobar mac Nessa / Cormac

             Condloinges / Cu Chulainn / Dechtire / Deirdre /

             Elbha / Fachtna Fathach / Fergus mac Leti /

             Ferloga / Fiacha / Findchaem / Flidhais / Genonn

             Gruadsolus / Illann Illarchless / Imrinn / Ir /

             Macha / Maga / Magach of Connacht / Medbh /

             Naoise / Ness / Sualtaim / Ross the Red /

             Rudraige / Tuag / Usna

REMARKS      Ferghus was the chieftain of Tola, a territory

  in Ulster that streached from Traig Baile to Traig.  When

  Fachtna died, Ferghus asked his widow Ness if she would

  marry him.  She said she would agree only if Ferghus would

  allow her son Conchobar to rule for a year and a day when

  he came of age.  Ferghus agreed to this and he and Ness

  were married.

       When Conchobar came of age he became the chieftain of

  the territory and under the guidance of his mother won the

  approval of his people as a leader.  Conchobar then refused

  to allow Ferghus to retake the position as chieftain and

  Ferghus served Conchobar until he was manipulated by him to

  extract vengeance on Deirdre and Naoise.

       Ferghus had been sent to protect Deirdre, Naoise and

  his brothers who had agreed to return to Ulster from

  Scotland.  Unknown to Ferghus, Conchobar had arranged for

  him to be invited to a feast and it was a geis for Ferghus

  to refuse.  He left his sons Fiacha, Illann and Buinne in

  charge of the warriors protecting Deirdre and the sons of

  Usna.  When Ferghus finally arrived at Emain Macha he found

  that Conchobar had attacked the party while they had

  immunity in the Red Branch hostel.  Ferghus's son Fiacha

  had been killed and Buinne had disgraced him by accepting a

  bribe to run away.  Naoise and his brothers were killed and

  Deirdre had been taken prisoner.

       Ferghus felt Ulster had been disgraced by Conchobar's

  treachery, so he gathered an army of 3000 Ulster warriors

  who also felt dishonored by Conchobar's actions.  They laid

  waste to Emain Macha and slaughtered 300 of Conchobar's

  champions.  Ferghus was a highly experienced warrior,

  having fought the Carthaginians in Africa while in the

  service of Esorb, a chieftain from the Iberian Peninsula.

       Ailill and Medbh offered Ferghus the position of

  champion of the Gamhanrhide (Connacht Military Elite).

  Ferghus accepted the position and he and his warriors

  continued a guerrilla war against Ulster for 17 years,

  making sure that every night someone in Ulster felt their

  anger.

       Ferghus was described as having bushy golden-brown

  hair and a beard that was forked and curly.  It was said

  that he ate 7 times as much as an ordinary man and that he

  had the strength of 700 warriors.  His nose, mouth, and

  penis were 7 fingers in length and his scrotum was as big

  as a sack of flour.  He needed no less than seven women to

  satisfy him when separated from his wife Flidais.

       At the beginning of the march of the Tain Bo Cualnge,

  Ferghus was in charge of the Ulster exiles and the warriors

  of Munster and Leinster.  He wore a purple mantle fringed

  with gold over a bullhide cloak clasped with a gold fibula.

  Under the cloak he wore a shiny shirt of mail with red-gold

  designs and a helmet with a bird on the top.  He carried a

  gray-shafted lance with a red perforated head and a 3-

  pronged spear with a broad head and a metal band running

  the full length of the shaft.  On his shoulder he carried a

  curved plated shield with an engraved silver-bronze rim and

  an ornamented red-gold boss.  Ferghus directed the fight

  against Ulster and set up his tent on the right side of

  Ailill's.  Only once did Ferghus have to use his oak club

  to control his warriors and that was when they were

  fighting amongst themselves.

       Ferghus was one of the foster-fathers of Cu Chulainn,

  teaching him the art of combat.  He and Cu Chulainn pledged

  never to fight each other.  Ferghus considered Conchobar

  and his supporters to be the enemy, and he was in no hurry

  to have his army of warriors attack his foster Cu Chulainn,

  so he led them in a roundabout way to give Ulster time to

  defend itself.  The warriors of Ulster were suffering the

  pains inflicted on them by Macha but Cu Chulainn was not

  affected, so he was defending the borders.

       Ferghus deciphered the ogham that Cu Chulainn had left

  at the pillarstone of Ard Cuillenn.  When he went to parley

  with Cu Chulainn, he was offered salmon, goose and

  watercress to eat and water to drink.  These were the terms

  that were worked out: Connacht would send one warrior to

  fight Cu Chulainn and when he killed that warrior they

  could then send another or they could camp until sunrise.

  They could only move forward if Cu Chulainn failed to win.

  Cu Chulainn was not to be held responsible for the cost of

  doctoring any of the fallen warriors but Connacht would be

  responsible for feeding and clothing Cu Chulainn, and for

  supplying physicians to look to his wounds.  No cattle were

  to be stolen by day or night while he was holding them off.

  Any of the noble women who wished to be with him should be

  brought forward with their purchase and bride price

  supplied.

       When Cu Chulainn drove the 4-pronged tree-branch into

  the riverbed where he placed 4 heads of his victims,

  Ferghus smashed 17 chariots trying to pull the tree-fork

  out of the creek.  Finally he called for his own massive

  chariot which succeeded at the task.

       Throughout the cattle raid, Medbh was constantly

  bantering Ferghus to fight Cu Chulainn, and when the time

  came that no one else would volunteer to fight him, Ferghus

  went to parley with his foster-son.  Ferghus convinced Cu

  Chulainn to flee before him when he came to do combat.  In

  the near future, Ferghus prophesied, Cu Chulainn would be

  covered in wounds and gore and he, Ferghus, would run from

  him taking the Host of Connacht with him.  Cu Chulainn did

  not like the idea of running from anyone but he also knew

  better than to argue with his foster-father whom he loved

  and trusted.  When the time came and Ferghus left the camp

  to fight Cu Chulainn, the Host of Connacht saw Cu Chulainn

  fly before him and they were satisfied.

       When the battle of Gairech had commenced, Ulster

  rolled forward 3 wooden war towers called Badbh's Hurdles.

  The towers were 2 cubits high and rolled on 3 spiked

  wheels.  Each tower was hauled by 30 charger horses that

  were hitched four abreast.  The towers contained 30

  heavily-armed battalions of warriors carrying large shields

  and heavy spears.

       Each tower had a flock of birds (pennants) flying over

  it.  The first tower had red birds, the second had white

  and the third had black.  Luckily, Ferghus had seen war

  towers while fighting against the Carthaginians in Spain.

  He had his warriors dig pits and cover them over with

  camouflage.  When the towers rolled over the pits, the

  wheel fell in and the towers keeled over, spilling out

  their contents.

       During the battle, Medbh reminded Ferghus that he had

  Conchobar to thank for losing his inheritance and land.

  Ferghus swore an oath that if he had his supernatural sword

  Caladcholg (the Hard Striker) he would slash, maim and

  slaughter.  Ferloga, Ailill's charioteer, was sent to

  retrieve the sword which he had hidden away in the

  floorboards of Ailill's chariot.  He took his sword in both

  hands and joined the fray.  Ailill and his warriors joined,

  then Medbh and her warriors, the 7 Manes and their warriors

  and the sons of Magach and their warriors all went into the

  battle with such fervor that Conchobar had to change his

  position to see what had happened.

       Conchobar saw Ferghus and charged him.  Ferghus went

  into a mighty battle rage and gave 3 blows on Conchobar's

  supernatural shield Ochain (Fair-ear).  The shield cried

  out and the 3 chief waves of Erin gave answer.  These were

  the Wave of Cliodna, the Wave of Rudraidhe and the Wave of

  Tuag.  Ferghus's riastartha made him wilder and he was

  about to strike his 3 fatal blows when Conchobar's son,

  Cormac Condloinges the exile, intervened and asked him not

  to.  Ferghus had to strike something or he himself would

  die.  Conchobar hastily retreated to the other side of the

  battle and Ferghus killed 100 warriors with the first slash

  of his sword.  Then Cormac suggested that Ferghus slash

  sideways and smite the mountains.  This he did and with a

  mighty blow he created the 3 Maels (Balds) of Meath.

       Cu Chulainn reminded his foster-father of their pact

  and Ferghus withdrew, taking with him the exiles of Ulster.

  The warriors of Munster and the severely-efficent battle-

  line soldiers of Leinster also followed his command.

       After the Cualnge Cattle Raid was over, Ferghus

  recorded the battle on ogham sticks.  These were eventually

  stolen and taken to Italy.  Ailill, who was always jealous

  of Ferghus's relationship with Medbh, killed him with a

  spear while he was swimming in a lake with Medbh.

 

 

NAME         Fergna

ALTERNATIVE  Fergnae

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain / hosteller

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal nAraide / Danann / Pictish

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster

SITES        Temair Luachra / Mound of Slane in Mide

CENTERS      Coronn in Burach

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Temuir Luachra / Cualnge Cattle Raid / Gairech &

             Irgairech

RELATIVES    Findchaem (mother); Amorgen (father); Mess Ded

             (brother); Conall (half-brother); Iliach

             (uncle); Cu Chulainn (cousin)

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht

SEE ALSO     Amorgen / Conall Cernacht / Cu Chulainn /

             Ferghus / Findchaem / Iliach / MacRoth

REMARKS      Fergna was a chieftain hosteller from Coronn in

  Burach, Ulster and accompanied Cu Chulainn on the drunken

  ride to Temair Luachra.  He chided his cousin Cu Chulainn

  about leaving Munster without making contact.

       During the Cualnge Cattle Raid when he arrived at the

  Mound of Slane in Mide, he was described by MacRoth as a

  large sallow-faced man with a long jaw.  He was black-

  haired and wore a white linen shirt covered by a cloak of

  curly red wool held by a silver fibula.  He carried a gory

  red shield with a golden boss and a gray, broad interwoven

  spearhead with a shaft of ash wood.  He also had a spear

  with a golden shaft and a sharp-cornered head, and on his

  left side he carried a sword with a hilt of silver. Ferghus

  described him as the man of 3 shouts, 3 paths and 3

  triumphs.

 

 

NAME         Fergne

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     filidh

TYPE         seer

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

SEE ALSO     Anghus / Boann / Daghda

REMARKS      Fergne the seer divined the reason for the

  wasting sickness that was afflicting Anghus.  He sent for

  Boann to help Anghus find the girl and when she failed to

  locate her, he sent for Daghda.

 

 

NAME         Fergus Dubdetach

EPITHET      Black Tooth (Dubh Fiacal)

ALTERNATIVE  Feargus / Fearghus / Ferghus

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd c / AD 200-201 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

BATTLES      Crinna

RELATIVES    Fergus Longhair and Fergus Fiery (brothers)

SEE ALSO     Cormac macAirt / Lugaidh mac Conn

REMARKS      After Cormac macAirt dethroned Lugaidh mac Conn,

  Fergus Dubdetach seized the seat of the high chieftain of

  Ireland.  He ruled for a year until he was slain during the

  battle of Cinna by Lugaidh mac Conn for Cormac macAirt.

 

 

NAME         Fergus Finnbheoil

EPITHET      Of the Pointed Word

ALTERNATIVE  Feargus / Fearghus / Ferghus / Finnbheoil

             (Fairmouth / Truelips)

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     filidh

TYPE         poet / prophet / ambassador

CULTURE      Danann / Goidel / Pictish / Fomorii / Fianna

COUNTRY      Ireland / Scotland

REGION       Dublin

TERRITORY    Leinster

LANDMARKS    Hill of Howth

SITES        Allen Hill / Dun Kincorry

CENTERS      Raith Almu (Fort of Almain)

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd c

ACCESSORIES  sword of knowledge

RELATIVES    Fionn (father); Samhair and Cebha (half-

             sisters); Aedh, Ailbhinn, Cairell, Daire, Oisin

             and Raighne (half-brothers)

SEE ALSO     Ailbhinn / Cairell / Cebha / Daire / Fionn mac

             Cumhaill / Goll mac Morna / Manus / Oisin /

             Samhair

REMARKS      Fergus was a son of Fionn who became a filidh of

  the Fianna.  He was involved in many of their adventures

  and was once rescued by Goll mac Morna from a enchanted

  cave where he was being kept prisoner.

       He was the negotiator for the Fianna when Manus, a

  chieftain of the Red Shields, arrived at Dun Kincorry near

  the Hill of Howth.  When negotiations failed to get Manus

  what he wanted, he attacked the Fianna but was beaten and

  tied in the 3 smalls (the smalls of his hands and the small

  of his back).  He was released after making peace with

  Fionn and the Fianna.

       After Fergus watched the warriors of the Fianna fight

  throughout the night, he and his colleagues quietened the

  warriors by chanting.  By the end of the brawl there were

  1100 dead male and female warriors of the Clanna Ui Tarsigh

  and 11 dead male and 50 dead female warriors from the

  Clanna Morna.

 

 

NAME         Fergus Lethderg

EPITHET      Half Red / Red Side

ALTERNATIVE  Feargus / Fearghus / Ferghus

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires) / Samhain (Night of

             the Dead)

CATEGORY     warrior / 2nd Ri Ruirech

TYPE         champion / head chieftain

CULTURE      Nemedian tribe

COUNTRY      Turkey / Ireland / England

REGION       Asia Minor

TERRITORY    Phrygia / Munster / Connacht / Ulster / Leinster

             / Moin Conain

LANDMARKS    Plateau of Phrygia / Black Sea / Cork Harbour /

             Tory Island (island of towers)

SITE         Great Island / Conann's Tower (Tuir Chonaind)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 19th-18th c

BATTLES      Ros Fraechain / Murbolg / Cnamros / Magh Ceitne

RELATIVES    Nemhedh (father); Eva (wife); Britan (son);

             Starn, Iarbonel and Anind (brothers); Magog

             (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Fomorii / Conann

SEE ALSO     Anind / Beoan / Beothach / Britan Mael / Conann

             mac Faeboir / Erglan / Iarbonel / Magog / Morc

             mac Deiled / Nemhedh /  Semeon / Semul / Starn

REMARKS      Fergus was one of the 5 chieftains of the

  Nemedian who led their followers from Phrygia on the Black

  Sea of Turkey to Ireland where they landed at Great Island

  in Cork Harbour on the eve of a Beltainn.

       Fergus led his warriors to victory in the 3 battles of

  Ros Fraechain (Badbgna) in old Connacht, Murbolg in old

  Ulster and Cnamros (Camross) old Leinster.  After the death

  of his father, Fergus was elected head chieftain.

       Because of the devastating effects of the battle of

  Cnamros and a plague on the Nemedian they were forced into

  servitude by the Fomorii.  The Fomorian Conann demanded an

  annual tribute of 2/3 of their harvest, milk, calves and

  newborn children to be delivered to Magh Ceitne on Tory

  Island every Samhain.

       Fergus and his chieftains, Semul son of Iarbonel son

  of Nemhedh and Erglan son of Beoan son of Starn son of

  Nemhedh, decided to attack the Fomorians rather than to

  continue to pay the tax.  Fergus led the attack against

  Tuir Chonaind (Conann's Tower), the Fomorian stronghold on

  Tor Innis (Tory Island).

      The 3 Nemedian champions led 30,000 landtroops and

  30,000 warriors on the sea.  Fergus killed Conann, the

  Fomorii chieftain who was responsible for the death of his

  two brothers Starn and Iarbonel and his nephew Beoan.  His

  warriors were victorious and captured the island.

       The victory was short-lived when a Fomorii fleet of

  3x20 ships arrived under the leadership of Morc mac Deiled.

  A fierce battle took place with a mutual slaughter on both

  sides.  In the end only one ship with 30 Nemedian warriors

  returned to Ireland.

       After the battle of Magh Ceitne, Fergus divided

  Ireland into 3 provinces with Britan Mael, Semeon and

  Beothach as their 3 chieftains.  In time Fergus and his son

  Britan Mael left Ireland and led their people to England

  where they settled in Moin Conain.  Their descendants most

  likely became known as the Fir Domnann of Devon.

 

 

NAME         Fergus mac Leti

ALTERNATIVE  Fearghus mac Leide / Fearghus mac Leite /

             Ferghus mac Lete / mac Leda

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         chariot warrior / head chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Down

TERRITORY    Ulster

SITES        Loch Ruaraidh (Lake Rury)

CENTERS      Dun Rury (Dundrum castle)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid / Gairech & Irgairech

ACCESSORIES  sword (Leochain) / watershoes

RELATIVES    Leite (father); Loth mac Fergusa maic Leti

             (son); Ferghus mac Roig (foster-brother); Bebo

             (consort)

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht

SEE ALSO     Bebo / Eisirt / Eterscel / Ferghus mac Roig /

             Iubdan / Loth mac Fergusa maic Leti

REMARKS      Fergus mac Leti was the head chieftain of Ulster

  when Eterscel became the high chieftain of Ireland in BC

  113.  While Fergus was head chieftain he was visited by

  some people from the Faylinn and had an affair with an

  elfin named Bebo after she and her husband Iubdan were

  captured.  Iubdan was a foolish chieftain who had arrived

  at Fergus's raith on a dare from Eisirt, his court poet,

  who had also visited Dun Rury.

       Fergus was given supernatural shoes that allowed him

  to travel over or under water.  He used the shoes

  considerably until one day while diving in Lake Rury he had

  an encounter with Muirdris (river horse).  The terror of

  that meeting disfigured his face so badly that he had to

  step down as the head chieftain.

      During the Cualnge Cattle Raid, Fergus was described as

  a man with enormous limbs, a heavily-scarred round face and

  one proud eye.  He carried a supernatural hacking sword

  called Leochain and commanded a troop of youths with black

  hair and black eyes who travelled under a red flaming

  banner.

      Eventually Fergus went back to the lake to kill the

  monster.  He donned his water shoes, took his sword and

  dove into Lake Rury.  He fought the water horse for a day

  and a night, causing the lake to redden with their blood.

  The next morning brought a blood-red sunrise and Fergus

  surfaced from the lake holding the head of the Muirdris,

  the terrible disfigurement gone from his face.  He threw

  the head of the monster onto the shore as a trophy for his

  people, then he sank beneath the waves to be seen no more.

 

 

NAME         Fergus macEirc

EPITHET      The Great (Mor)

ALTERNATIVE  Feargus mar mac Earca / Earghus / Ferghus

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal Riada / Danann / Pictish / Scotti

COUNTRY      Ireland / Scotland / England

REGION       Argyll (Airer Ghaidheal)

TERRITORY    Albainn

LANDMARKS    Crinan Isthmus

CENTERS      Dunadd

AGE          Ui Néill

DATES        AD 5th c / AD 470

RELATIVES    Earc (mother); Muiredach (father); Domangart

             (son); Comgall and Gabran (grandsons); Loarn,

             Angus and Muirchertach (brothers); Eremon, Tea

             and Cairbre Riada (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Pictish - Caledonians

SEE ALSO     Angus macEirc / Cairbre Riada / Domangart /

             Eremon / Golamh / Loarn macEirc / Muirchertach

             / Muiredach / Tea

REMARKS      Fergus, son of Muiredach, son of Eogan, son of

  Niall Noighiallach was a descendant of Eremon and Tea of

  the Milesian (Goidel) invaders to Ireland.

       Fergus and his two brothers Loarn and Angus gathered

  their followers together and sailed to present-day Scotland

  looking for new territory to settle.  They landed in

  Argyll, drove out the Picts and founded a sea colony on the

  Crinan Isthmus with Dunadd as their center.

       Fergus wanted to be made head chieftain properly and

  asked his brother Muirchertach to send the Lia Fail (Stone

  of Destiny).  When the ceremony was over he refused to send

  it back to Ireland.  His son was appointed head chieftain

  after him and joined the Dal Riada colonies together.

 

 

NAME         Ferloga

ALTERNATIVE  Fer Loga / Fer Logs

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / charioteer

TYPE         driver for Ailill (Ri Ruirech)

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Rosscommon

TERRITORY    Connacht

LANDMARKS    Magh nAilbi

SITES        Hostel (Bruidhean) / Farbill

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Mac Da Tho's / Cualnge Cattle Raid / Gairech &

             Irgairech

ACCESSORIES  2 horses / golden bridles

ENEMIES      Cualnge / Pictland / Ulster

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Conchobar / Ferghus mac Roig /

             Mac Da Tho / Medbh

REMARKS      During the feast at Mac Da Tho's, the hound

  Ailbe sided with Ulster and chased after the warriors of

  Connacht.  Ferloga hit the dog with his chariot and speared

  it with the shaft, impaling its head.  The place was called

  Magh nAilbi and the head stayed on until Farbill where it

  fell off.

       The Ulster warriors were gaining on those of Connacht,

  so Ferloga jumped off Ailill's chariot and hid in the

  heather until Conchobar rode by.  He sprang into

  Conchobar's chariot, put a knife to his throat and made two

  demands: to be taken to Emain Macha and to have the women

  and maidens call him their darling.  A year later, Ferloga

  left Ulster for home with a pair of horses wearing golden

  bridles.

       Ferloga was the charioteer for Ailill macMata, the

  head chieftain of Connacht.  During the Cualnge Cattle

  Raid, Ferloga crept up on Ferghus and Medbh while they were

  having a tryst and relieved Ferghus of his sword

  Caladcholg.  Ailill gave Ferloga instructions to hide the

  sword beneath the floor boards, and it was not until the

  battle of Gairech that Ailill gave it back to Ferghus.

 

 

NAME         Fertedil

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     charioteer

TYPE         driver for Orlam

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Connacht

SITES        Orlam's gravestone / Ard Ciannacht

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid

ENEMIES      Cu Chulainn / Cualnge / Pictland / Ulster

SEE ALSO     Ailill mac Mata / Cu Chulainn / Medbh / Orlam

REMARKS      Fertedil was at work fixing Orlam's chariot when

  Chulainn came along and offered to help him fix it.  When

  Fertedil asked him his name, Cu Chulainn asked him where

  his master was, and that he should warn him Cu Chulainn was

  going to challenge him to single combat.

       Fertedil raced to Orlam to warn him but Cu Chulainn

  reached him first, challenged him and slew him.  Fertedil

  was then ordered by Cu Chulainn to carry Orlam's head on

  his back to the camp of the Host of Connacht.  The burial

  place was called Orlam's gravestone.

       The next day Fertedil was between Medbh and Ailill

  when Cu Chulainn shot a stone from his sling and cracked

  his skull causing his brains to fall out.

 

 

NAME         Fiacail mac Conchinn

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         battle-line / champion

CULTURE      Fianna - Clanna Baoisgne {Bascna}

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Munster

SITES        Sidhe Breg Ele

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd c

ACCESSORIES  supernatural spear

SEE ALSO     Cumhal / Fionn mac Cumhaill

REMARKS      Fiacail was a warrior who had served under

  Cumhal of the Fianna - Clanna Baoisgne.  One day Fiacail

  set out to run to a meeting with the Fianna and Fionn, then

  a young man, wanted to go with him.  Because of Fiacail's

  speed at running, he wore 12 lead balls around his neck to

  slow himself down.  As they ran along, he would

  occasionally throw off one of the lead balls and when they

  reached their destination they were all gone.  Much to

  Fiacail's surprise, Fionn arrived at the same time carrying

  all 12 of the cast-off lead balls.

       At the time, there was a beautiful maiden from Sidhe

  Breg Ele who was being wooed by many of the males of

  Ireland during Samhain when the sidhes were open to

  mortals.  Every Samhain the men wooing her were killed by a

  mighty warrior of the Danann.  Fionn asked the champion

  Fiacail how he could stop this.  Fiacail lent Fionn his

  supernatural spear and advised the boy to sit between the

  Paps of Anann on the eve of the next Samhain.  Fionn did as

  he was told and soon he saw the door to the two sidhes open

  and heard the conversations of the people.  Soon a man

  appeared from one of the sidhes carrying a kneading board

  and on it was a boar, a cooked calf and a bunch of garlic.

  Fionn knew that this was the warrior doing the killing, so

  he threw Fiacail's supernatural spear at him and killed

  him.

 

 

NAME         Fiacha

ALTERNATIVE  Fiac / Fiacc / Fiachach / Fiachna / Fiachnae /

             Fiachne / Fiachnu / Fiachra / Fiachu

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior / Red Branch champion

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal nAraide / Danann / Pictish

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh

TERRITORY    Ulster

SITES        Red Branch hostel

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Ferghus mac Roig (father); Ness (mother ?);

             Illann and Buinne (brothers); Conchobar (half-

             brother); Sualtaim (uncle)

ENEMIES      Eogan mac Durthacht

SEE ALSO     Buinne / Conchobar mac Nessa / Deirdre / Eogan

             mac Durthacht / Ferghus mac Roig / Illann

             Ilarchless / Naoise / Ness / Sualtaim macRoig /

             Usna

REMARKS      Fiacha and his brothers were left in charge of

  protecting Deirdre and the sons of Usna when Ferghus was

  tricked by Conchobar into attending a feast which he could

  not refuse because of a geis.

       The party arrived safely to the hostel of the Red

  Branch (Bruidhean) but while they were there, Conchobar

  hired Eogan mac Durthacht to kill Naoise.  While the two

  groups were parleying on the green of Emain Macha, Eogan

  jabbed his spear into Naoise, breaking his back.  Fiacha

  threw himself onto Naoise to protect him but Eogan thrust

  his spear through the two of them, killing both.

 

 

NAME         Fiacha Cendfindan

ALTERNATIVE  Fiac / Fiacc / Fiacha / Fiachach / Fiachna /

             Fiachnae / Fiachne / Fiachnu / Fiachra / Fiachu

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / 6th Ri Ruirech

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Firbolg

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 17th-16th c / BC 18th c / BC 1718-1713 (Kings

             List)

RELATIVES    Starn (father); Rudraige (grandfather); Dela

             (great-grandfather); Magog and Semeon

             (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Sengann / Rinnal

SEE ALSO     Dela / Magog / Rinnal / Rudraige / Semeon /

             Sengann

REMARKS      Fiacha Cendfindan, son of Starn, son of

  Rudraige, son of Dela, took the position of 6th head

  chieftain from Sengann by killing him.  He then ruled the

  Firbolg for a period of 5 years.  During his rule all the

  cattle of Ireland were white-headed.  His rule ended when

  he was killed by Rinnal.

 

 

NAME         Fiacha Muilleathan

EPITHET      of the Flat Head / Broad Crown

ALTERNATIVE  Fiac / Fiacc / Fiachach / Fiachna / Fiachnae /

             Fiachne / Fiachnu / Fiachra / Fiachu

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior / son of the Ri Ruirech

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Munster

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd c / AD 250 ca.

RELATIVES    Eogan (father)

REMARKS      Fiacha's father Eogan, the head chieftain of

  Munster, was on his way to the battle of Moy Muchruinne

  when a druid asked him to sleep with his daughter because

  he divined an auspicious result to the joining.  The next

  morning Eogan went off to battle and was killed.

       When the druid's daughter's time was near, he told her

  it would be better if the child was born on the following

  day.  Realizing the importance of the time of birth, she

  straddled a boulder in the middle of a stream to stop the

  birth.  When she was helped off the boulder next day she

  gave birth to a boy child with a flattened head, then she

  died.  The child grew to be a famous chieftain.

 

 

NAME         Fiacha Sreabhtuinne

ALTERNATIVE  Fiac / Fiacc / Fiachach / Fiachna / Fiachnae /

             Fiachne / Fiachnu / Fiachra / Fiachu Sroiptine /

             Sraibtine / Sraiphtene / Sreabhtuinne

             {Srav-tinna} / Sroibtine / Sroiptine

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Danann / Goidel / Pictish

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

SITES        Dun Sreabhtainne

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd-4th c / BC 269-300 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

BATTLES      Dubchomar {Dubh-Cumair}

ACCESSORIES  Boramha Tribute (cattle counting)

RELATIVES    Cairbre (father); Muiredach Tirech (son); Art

             and Eochu Domplen (brothers); Sgeimh Solais

             (sister); Colla Uais, Colla da Crich and Colla

             Menn (nephews); Eremon and Tea (ancestors)

ENEMIES      The 3 Collas

SEE ALSO     Cairbre Lifechair / Colla Uais / Dubchommar /

             Eremon / Muiredach Tirech / Sgeimh Solais / Tea

REMARKS      Fiacha Sreabhtuinne was the son of Cairbre

  Lifechair and a descendant of Eremon and Tea of the

  Milesian (Goidel).  He became the high chieftain of Ireland

  when he hired the Clanna Baoisgne of the Fianna to kill

  Fothaid Airgdech who had been high chieftain for a year

  with Fothaid Cairptech.  Fiacha continued the tax on

  Leinster called the Boramha Tribute (cattle counting).

       Fiacha had served as high chieftain for 31 years with

  many battles in Leinster to secure the yearly tax.  One day

  he was south of Raith Tailtiu with his Host of warriors.

  His nephews the 3 Collas were with him at the heads of

  their troops and under his command.  A messenger brought

  the news that Fiacha's son Muiredach was victorious on his

  campaign into Munster.

       The good news was well-received among the warriors and

  chieftains except by his nephews, who became apprehensive

  that Muiredach's popularity would earn him the position as

  high chieftain of Ireland after his father died.  They

  discussed this and decided to make war on their uncle and

  kill him, win over the rest of the troops, then destroy

  Muiredach.

       Fiacha's druid Dubchommar prophesied that if he won

  the battle against his nephews he would continue as high

  chieftain of Ireland but his descendants would never rule.

  On the other hand if he died in the battle his descendants

  would rule Ireland forever.  The druid could make sure they

  would have victory but the choice was Fiacha's.  Fiacha

  decided to live forever by dying in battle.

 

 

NAME         Fiachna

ALTERNATIVE  Fiac / Fiacc / Fiacha / Fiachach / Fiachnae /

             Fiachne / Fiachnu / Fiachra / Fiachu

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior / Red Branch champion

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal nAraide / Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh / Roscommon

TERRITORY    Ulster exile / cause of Connacht

SITES        Cul Silinne

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan) / Raith Cruachan

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid

RELATIVES    Fedlimid Nocruthach (mother/half-sister);

             Conchobar (father); Loeghaire Buadhach (step-

             father); Carbre, Erc, Cu Chulainn, Findchad,

             Naoise, Conall, Cormac, Cuscraid, Fiachu,

             Fiachna, Follomain, Glas, Mane, Conaing,

             Diarmait mac Conchobar, Beann, Furbude Fer Bend,

             Fiachra (half-brothers)

ENEMIES      Cualnge / Pictland / Ulster

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Beann / Conall Cernach / Cormac

             Condloinges / Conchobar mac Nessa / Cu Chulainn

             mac Conchobar / Cuscraid Menn / Diarmait / Erc

             mac Cairbre / Fedlimid Nocruthach / Fiachna /

             Fiachra / Fiachu / Findchad / Follomain /

             Furbude Fer Bend / Glas / Ith / Loeghaire

             Buadhach / Naoise

REMARKS      Fiachna was a son of Fedlimid Nocruthach and

  Loeghaire Buadhach.  He was an important exiled Ulster

  warrior who fought against Conchobar.  At the beginning of

  the Tain Bo Cualnge, when the Host of Connacht were camped

  at Cul Silinne, Fiachna placed his tent in the fourth

  position to the right of Ailill macMata, between Ith and

  Conall.

 

 

NAME         Fiachna

ALTERNATIVE  Fiac / Fiacc / Fiacha / Fiachach / Fiachnae /

             Fiachne / Fiachnu / Fiachra / Fiachu

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         battle-line / champion / dragon / thunderbolt /

             boar / son of the Ri Ruirech

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal nAraide  / Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh

TERRITORY    Ulster

SITES        Mound of Slane in Mide

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid / Gairech & Irgairech

ACCESSORIES  shield / spear / sword

RELATIVES    Conchobar (father); Mughain (mother); Fiachu

             (twin brother); Cormac and Cuscraid (brothers);

             Fedlimid (sister); Cu Chulainn, Findchad,

             Naoise, Conall, Follomain, Glas, Mane, Conaing,

             Diarmait, Beann, Furbude, Fiachna, Fiachra

             (half-brothers)

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht

SEE ALSO     Conall Cernacht / Conchobar / Cormac Condloinges

             / Cu Chulainn / Cuscraid Menn / Beann / Diarmait

             mac Conchobar / Fedlimid Nocruthach / Fiachna /

             Fiachra / Fiachu / Findchad / Follomain /

             Furbude Fer Bend / Glas / Mughain / MacRoth /

             Naoise

REMARKS      When the clans and tribes were gathering at the

  mound of Slane in Mide during preparation for the battle of

  Gairech, MacRoth described Fiachna and his twin brother

  Fiachu as two fair tender youths.  Fiachna had curly brown

  hair and wore a tunic of smooth yellow silk next to his

  skin.  Over the tunic he wore a green cloak held with a

  bright silver fibula.

       Fiachna carried a bright shield with figures of beasts

  on it.  He had a 5-pronged spear with veins of silver

  winding around the shaft and a sword with a bright hilt

  hanging from his belt.  When the twins were marching, their

  steps were always synchronized.

 

 

NAME         Fiachna Finn

EPITHET      The Fair

ALTERNATIVE  Fiac / Fiacc / Fiacha / Fiachach / Fiachnae /

             Fiachne / Fiachnu / Fiachra / Fiachu

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal nAraide tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland / Scotland

TERRITORY    Ulster / Lough Neagh / The Otherworld -

             Scandinavia (Lochlann)

AGE          Ui Néill

DATES        AD 6th c

BATTLES      Lochlann

RELATIVES    Mongan (step-son)

SEE ALSO     Manannan / Mongan

REMARKS      Fiachna Finn was the head chieftain of the Dal

  nAraide tribe from the area of Lough Neagh in ancient

  Ulster.  He was visited by Manannan during a battle in

  Lochlann.  Manannan told him that if Fiachna gave him

  permission to sleep with his wife, he would help Fiachna

  win the battle and his wife would give birth to a son who

  would be known as Mongan son of Fiachna Finn.  Fiachna was

  losing the battle and having a son in the family that was

  sired by a god was good, so he agreed.

       Manannan appeared to Fiacha's wife in the form of her

  husband and spent the night with her.  Later, when her

  child was 3 nights old, Manannan came and took him to Tir

  Tairnigiri (the Land of Promise) until he was 12, when he

  was returned to his mother.

 

 

NAME         Fiachna mac Retach

ALTERNATIVE  Fiac / Fiacc / Fiacha / Fiachach / Fiachnae /

             Fiachne / Fiachnu / Fiachra / Fiachu

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Tyrone

TERRITORY    The Otherworld - Plain of Two Mists (Magh Da

             Cheo)

SITES        Bird Lake (Enloch)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Imchad (son); Der Greine (daughter); Laeghaire

             mac Crimthann (son-in-law)

ENEMIES      Goll mac Dolb

SEE ALSO     Dolb / Laeghaire mac Crimthann

REMARKS      Fiachna was a chieftain of The Otherworld whose

  wife and daughter, Sun Tear, had been abducted and were

  held by Goll mac Dolb, a chieftain of Magh Mell (Field of

  Happiness).  Fiachna went to the land of the mortals and at

  Bird Lake he came across an assembly of warriors. Fiachna's

  only chance of retrieving his loved ones was to offer gold

  and silver for those who would fight for him.

       Fiachna hired Laeghaire mac Crimthann and 50 warriors

  to return with him to Magh Da Cheo (Plain of Two Mists) in

  The Otherworld.  During the battle that followed, Laeghaire

  killed Goll and defeated his warriors.  Fiachna was so

  happy at having his wife and daughter back that he further

  rewarded Laeghaire by offering him his daughter in

  marriage.

 

 

NAME         Fiachna macFerfebe

EPITHET      The Generous Daring (Fialdana)

ALTERNATIVE  Fiac / Fiacc / Fiacha mac Firaba / Fiachach /

             Fiachnae / Fiachne / Fiachnu / Fiachra / Fiachu

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior / Red Branch champion

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh / Roscommon

TERRITORY    Ulster exile / cause of Connacht

SITES        Glenn Forchaine / Imroll Belaig Eoin (Misthrow

             at Bird Pass) / Fuil Iairn (Blood of Iron)

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan) / Raith Cruachan

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid

RELATIVES    Fer Febe (father); Fiachu (brother)

ENEMIES      Cualnge / Doche / Pictland / Ulster

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Calatin Dana / Cu Chulainn /

             Doche macMagach / Dubthach Doel / Fiachu

             macFerfebe / Mane Andoe / Medbh

REMARKS      Fiachna's mother was a sister of Medbh and

  during the Cualnge Cattle Raid he fought on the side of

  Connacht.  He was sent by Medbh to parley with Cu Chulainn

  and ask him if he could be bought to serve Ailill and

  Medbh.  Cu Chulainn's reply was that he would not be a

  traitor to his mother's brother.

       Fiachna was also used to set up a meeting between Cu

  Chulainn and Medbh and Ailill at Glenn Forchaine.  Medbh

  tried to buy Cu Chulainn with cows and women but he accused

  them of stealing the cows and women of Ulster.  The two

  parties parted in anger and Cu Chulainn went back to using

  his sling at night, killing warriors by the hundreds.

       One day during the cattle raid, Fiachna was with

  Dubthach when they met up with his cousin Mane Andoe and

  Doche macMagach.  Doche macMagach, who disliked Fiachna,

  threw a spear at him but hit Dubthach.  Fiachna threw a

  spear at Doche mac Magach but hit his cousin Mane Andoe.

  The place was named Imroll Belaig Eroin (The Mis-throw at

  Bird Pass).

       Medbh sent the Clanna Calatin as 1 person against Cu

  Chulainn because they were all of the same blood.  Fiachna

  told Ferghus that he would go to watch the combat for him.

  What he saw put him into a warrior's rage, and he jumped

  from his chariot to rescue his foster-brother by cutting

  off the hands of the 29 warriors of the Calatin Clan.

  Fiachna said that if even one member of the Clan reached

  the camp, they would turn on the exiles for his having

  aided Cu Chulainn.  Cu Chulainn killed all but the grandson

  Glass who ran into the camp and yelled "Fiach" just before

  Cu Chulainn cut off his head.

       Glass had tried to say "Fiachna" but he only managed

  to say "fiach" which means "debt" before he lost his head.

  At that place, the warriors of Connacht raised 29 pillar

  stones and called the site Fuil Iairn (Blood of Iron).

 

 

NAME         Fiachra

ALTERNATIVE  Fiac / Fiacc / Fiacha / Fiachach / Fiachna /

             Fiachnae / Fiachne / Fiachnu / Fiachu

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior / Red Branch champion

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal nAraide / Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh

TERRITORY    Ulster

SITES        Red Branch hostel

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

ACCESSORIES  Ochain (moaner)

RELATIVES    Conchobar (father); Fedlimid Nocruthach (half-

             sister); Cu Chulainn, Fiachna, Findchad, Naoise,

             Conall, Cormac, Cuscraid Menn, Fiachu, Fiachna,

             Follomain, Glas, Mane, Conaing, Diarmait, Beann,

             Furbude (half-brothers)

ENEMIES      sons of Usna / Conall / Fiacha

SEE ALSO     Beann / Conchobar / Conall Cernacht / Cormac

             Condloinges / Cu Chulainn / Cuscraid Menn /

             Diarmait mac Conchobar / Fedlimid Nocruthach /

             Ferghus mac Roig / Fiacha / Fiachna / Fiachu /

             Findchad / Follomain / Furbude Fer Bend / Glas /

             Naoise / Usna

REMARKS      Fiachra led the attack on the Red Branch hostel

  against the sons of Usna.  He was engaged in combat with

  Fiacha, a son of Ferghus mac Roig, and was being beaten so

  badly that his father's shield which he was using began to

  moan loudly.

       Conall Cernach was nearby and heard Conchobar's shield

  Ochain.  Conall attacked Fiacha until he was informed of

  the treachery against Naoise, and then Conall turned on

  Fiachra and slew him.

 

 

NAME         Fiachu

ALTERNATIVE  Fiac / Fiacc / Fiacha / Fiachach / Fiachna /

             Fiachnae / Fiachne / Fiachnu / Fiachra

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / 7th Ri Ruirech

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

AGE          Bronze Age

DATES        BC 15th c / BC 16th c / BC 1556-1546 (Kings List)

RELATIVES    Delbaeth (father); Ernmas (mother/consort);

             Eire, Fodhla and Banbha (daughters/half-

             sisters); Olloman and Indui (brothers); Macha,

             Danu, Badbh and Elcmar (sisters); Brénos,

             Iuchar, Iucharba, Glonn, Gnim, Coscar and Neto

             (half-brothers); Corpre Crom (half-brother/

             nephew); Fea and Nemhain (nieces); Ai (nephew);

             Oghma and Etarlam (grandfathers); Magog,

             Iarbonel, Ordan and Net (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Eogan

SEE ALSO     Ai mac Ollamain / Badbh / Banbha / Brénos / Danu

             / Delbaeth / Elcmar / Eire / Ernmas / Esaire /

             Fea / Fodhla / Iarbonel / Indui / Macha / Magog

             / Nemhain / Net / Neto / Oghma / Olloman / Ordan

REMARKS      Fiachu was the son of Delbaeth, son of Etain,

  daughter of Diancecht, son of Esaire, daughter of Net, and

  was also the son of Ernmas, daughter of Etarlam, son of

  Ordan.

       Fiachu revenged the death of his father and brother by

  slaying Caicher son of Namadach.  After the death of his

  father, Fiachu ruled the Danann for 10 years before he and

  his nephew Ai were killed by Eogan of Imbir Mor.

 

 

NAME         Fiachu

ALTERNATIVE  Fiac / Fiacc / Fiacha / Fiachach / Fiachna /

             Fiachnae / Fiachne / Fiachnu / Fiachra

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         battle-line / champion / dragon / thunderbolt /

             boar / son of the Ri Ruirech

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal nAraide / Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh

TERRITORY    Ulster

SITES        Mound of Slane in Mide

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid / Gairech & Irgairech

ACCESSORIES  shield / spear / sword

RELATIVES    Conchobar (father); Mughain (mother); Fiachna

             (twin brother); Cormac and Cuscraid (brothers);

             Fedlimid (half-sister); Cu Chulainn, Findchad,

             Naoise, Conall Cernacht, Follomain, Glas, Mane,

             Conaing, Cormac, Cuscraid, Diarmait, Beann,

             Furbude Fer Bend, Fiachna and Fiachra (half-

             brothers)

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht

SEE ALSO     Beann / Conall Cernacht / Conchobar / Cormac

             Condloinges / Cu Chulainn / Cuscraid Menn /

             Diarmait mac Conchobar / Fedlimid Nocruthach /

             Fiachra / Fiachna / Findchad / Follomain /

             Furbude Fer Bend / Glas / Mughain / MacRoth /

             Naoise

REMARKS      During the arrival of the warriors loyal to

  Ulster, MacRoth described Fiachu as a youth with curly

  blond hair.  He wore a tunic of smooth yellow silk next to

  his skin and a green cloak held together with a bright

  silver fibula.

       Fiachu carried a bright shield decorated with figures

  of beasts.  He was armed with a 5-pronged spear which had

  veins of silver winding around the shaft, and carried a

  bright hilted sword on his belt.  When he and his twin

  brother marched, their steps were always synchronized.

 

 

NAME         Fiachu Findoilches

ALTERNATIVE  Fiac / Fiacc Findollcheis / Fiacha Cendindan /

             Fiachach / Fiachna / Fiachnae / Fiachne /

             Fiachnu / Fiachra / Fiachu Cendfinnan / Fiachu

             Cennfinnan

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn and Albainn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland / Scotland  / England

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 11th c / 1051-1021 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

RELATIVES    Finachta (father); Fiacc (son); Geide Ollgothach

             (grandfather); Ir (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Geide Ollgothach / Berngal

SEE ALSO     Fodhla / Ir

REMARKS      Fiachu Findoilches, son of Finachta and

  descendant of Ir of the Milesian (Goidel), became the high

  chieftain of Ireland when he slew his grandfather Geide

  Ollgothach.

       During Fiachu's 30 year reign all the flowers (cattle)

  of Ireland had white heads which he taxed (Cenannas).  He

  built the fortresses of Cul Sibrille.  Fiachu was killed by

  his uncle Berngal who then reigned as high chieftain of

  Ireland and Albainn (Scotland/northern England) for 21

  years until war became so abundant that the harvest of

  grain failed and milk became scarce.  He was killed by his

  cousin Ailill, son of Slanoll.

 

 

NAME         Fiachu Finnoilches

ALTERNATIVE  Fiac / Fiacc Findollcheis / Fiacha / Fiachach /

             Fiachna / Fiachnae / Fiachne / Fiachnu / Fiachra

             / Fiachu Finnolach (Finnalach/Finnfolaid)

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel / Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron (late)

DATES        AD 1st c / AD 38-55 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

BATTLES      Magh Bolg

RELATIVES    Feradach Fechtnach (father); Eithne Imgel

             (wife); Tuathal (son); Tuathal (brother);

             Crimthann Nia Nair (grandfather); Eremon and Tea

             (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Elim

SEE ALSO     Crimthann Nia Nair / Eithne Imgel / Elim /

             Eremon / Feradach Fechtnach / Fiatach Finn /

             Golamh / Tuathal Teachtmhair / Tea

REMARKS      Fiachu Finnoilches was a son of Feradach

  Fechtnach and a descendant of Eremon and Tea.  He became

  the high chieftain of Ireland when he killed Fiatach Finn.

  Fiachu ruled Ireland for 15 years till he was killed by

  Elim, son of Conrai, of the Firbolg at the battle of Magh

  Bolg.

       Fiachu's wife Eithne escaped the battle and bore her

  son, Tuathal, in the safety of Albainn (Scotland/northern

  England).

 

 

NAME         Fiachu Labrainne

ALTERNATIVE  Fiac / Fiacc / Fiacha / Fiachach / Fiachna /

             Fiachnae / Fiachne / Fiachnu / Fiachra

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 14th-13th c / BC 1301-1277 (Ard Righ – Kings

             List)

BATTLES      Carman / The Swamp / Sliabh Femen / Murdrucht /

             Sliabh Belgatain (died)

RELATIVES    Smirgoll (father); Oengus Olmucaid (son); Eremon

             and Tea (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Eochu Faebuir / Eochu Mumu

SEE ALSO     Conmael / Eber / Eochu Mumu / Eremon / Iriel

             Faid / Oengus Olmucaid / Tea

REMARKS      Fiachu Labrainne was the son of Smirgoll and

  descendant of Eremon and Tea of the Milesian (Goidel).  He

  became the 9th high chieftain when during the battle of

  Carman he killed Eochu Faebuir, son of Conmael, of the

  progeny of Eber of the Milesian.

       Fiachu fought a sea battle against the sons of Eber,

  the battle of The Swamp in which Mofemis the son of Eochu

  Faebarglas died, and the battle of Sliabh Femen.  He also

  fought battles against the the Mairthine, the Ui

  Cremthainn, the Carn and the battle of Murdrucht against

  the Erna of the Firbolg.

       During the battle of Sliabh Belgatain, Fiachu was

  killed at the hands of Eochu Mumu, a descendant of Eber.

 

 

NAME         Fiachu macFerfebe

EPITHET      The Bloody (Fuilteach)

ALTERNATIVE  Fiac / Fiacc / Fiacha / Fiachach / Fiachna /

             Fiachnae / Fiachne / Fiachnu / Fiachra

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior (young)

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh

TERRITORY    Ulster

LANDMARKS    Armagh (Plain of slaughter)

SITES        Lia Toll

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid

RELATIVES    Ferfebe (father); Fiachna (brother)

ENEMIES      Host of Connaght

SEE ALSO     Cu Chulainn / Fiachna macFerfebe / Medbh

REMARKS      Fiachu's mother was a sister to Medbh and during

  the Cualnge Cattle Raid he fought for Ulster, the land of

  his father.   He led a troop of boy-warriors to back up Cu

  Chulainn, but they were cut off by a troop of Connacht

  warriors and every one of them was slaughtered.  This

  inflamed Cu Chulainn to even greater acts of valor.

 

 

NAME         Fiatach Finn

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal Fiataich tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 1st c / AD 35-38 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

RELATIVES    Daire (father); Eremon and Tea (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Fiachu Finnoilches

SEE ALSO     Eremon / Feradach Fechtnach / Fiachu Finnoilches

             / Tea

REMARKS      Fiatach Finn son of Daire was the progenitor of

  the Dal Fiatach tribe.  He was the head chieftain of Ulster

  during the reign of Feradach Fechtnach and became the high

  chieftain of Ireland when Feradach died.

       Fiatach ruled Ireland for 3 years until he was slain

  by Fiachu Finnoilches.

 

 

NAME         Fib

ALTERNATIVE  Fibaid / Fibh / Fibhach / Fiboh / Fiobh

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Brenin

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Pictish / Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland / Scotland

REGION       Fife and Kinross

TERRITORY    Albainn / Fife Cum Forthreve

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 15th c

RELATIVES    Cruithnechan (father); Fidach, Fotla, Fortrenn,

             Cat, Circinn and Ce (brothers); Luchtine

             and Hercules (ancestors)

SEE ALSO     Belenos / Cat / Ce / Circinn / Cruithnechan /

             Fidach / Fortrenn / Fotla / Luchtine

REMARKS      Fib, son of Cruithnechan was the chieftain of

  the territory of Fife Cum Forthreve (Fife and Kinross) for

  24 years.  He and his brothers settled the 7 territories of

  Albainn (Scotland/northern England).

       Fib was the great-great-grandson of Luchtine of the

  Danann and a descendant of Hercules (Belenos) of the Picts.

 

 

NAME         Fidach

ALTERNATIVE  Fedach / Fidac / Fidaich / Fidhach

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Brenin

TYPRE        head chieftain

CULTURE      Pictish / Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland / Scotland

REGION       Moray and Ross

TERRITORY    Albainn / Muref et Ros

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 15th c

RELATIVES    Cruithnechan (father); Fib, Fotla, Fortrenn,

             Cat, Ce and Circinn (brothers); Luchtine (great-

             great-grandfather); Hercules (ancestor)

SEE ALSO     Belenos / Cat / Ce / Circinn / Cruithnechan /

             Fib / Fortrenn / Fotla / Luchtine

REMARKS      Fidach, son of Cruithnechan, was the head

  chieftain of the territory of Muref et Ros (Moray and Ross)

  and ruled for 40 years.

       He and his brothers settled the 7 territories of

  Albainn (Scotland/northern England).  Fidach could chant

  his lifeline to Luchtine of the Danann and Hercules

  (Belenos) of the Picts.

 

 

NAME         Figol

EPITHET      Son of Subservience

ALTERNATIVE  Figol mac Mamois

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     summer solstice

CATEGORY     filidh

TYPE         sorcerer

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Sligo

TERRITORY    Connacht

LANDMARKS    Plain of Towers (Magh Tuireadh)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

BATTLES      second battle of Magh Tuireadh (north Moytura)

RELATIVES    son of Mamos; Gamal (son)

ENEMIES      Fomorii

SEE ALSO     Lugh

REMARKS      When Lugh asked Figol mac Mamois what he could

  do to help defeat the Fomorians, Figol replied that he

  would cause fire to rain down on the faces of the Fomorians

  and he would rob them of two thirds of their valor, bravery

  and strength.  On top of this he would bind the urine in

  the bodies of the enemy warriors and their horses.  He also

  claimed that he would cause the Danann warriors to increase

  their valor, bravery and strength with every breath they

  took.  His son Gamal mac Figail was a doorkeeper at Tara.

 

 

NAME         Findchad

EPITHET      The Man of the Bronze Staghorns (Fer Bend Uma) /

             The Antlered Man (Fer Benn)

ALTERNATIVE  Finnchad

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     warrior / messenger

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal nAraide  / Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh

TERRITORY    Ulster

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Conchobar (father); Froeglethan (mother);

             Fedlimid (half-sister); Cu Chulainn, Fiachna,

             Naoise, Conall, Cormac, Cuscraid, Fiachu,

             Fiachna, Follomain, Glas, Mane, Conaing,

             Diarmait, Beann, Furbude and Fiachra (half-

             brothers)

SEE ALSO     Beann / Conall Cernacht / Conchobar mac Nessa /

             Cormac Condloinges / Cu Chulainn / Cuscraid Menn

             / Diarmait mac Conchobar / Fedlimid Nocruthach /

             Fiachna / Fiachra / Fiachu / Findtan / Follomain

             / Furbude Fer Bend / Glas / Naoise

REMARKS      Findchad was a son of Conchobar and a descendant

  of Ir of the Milesian (Goidel).  He recieved his name

  because he wore silvered antlers on his head.  Conchobar

  sent Findchad to fetch Findtan for the Samhain festival at

  Emain Macha.  Conchobar also sent Finchad to round up his

  chieftains to prepare for the battle of Gairech and

  Irgairech.

 

 

NAME         Findchaem

ALTERNATIVE  Findchoem

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

CULTURE      Danann - Dal nAraide / Goidel / Pictish

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Cathbad (father); Maga (mother); Conchobar

             (consort/half-brother); Conall (son); Amorgen

             (husband); Fergna and Mess Ded (sons); Dechtire

             and Elbha (sisters); Genonn and Imrinn

             (brothers); Ferghus, Sualtaim and Fachtna (half-

             brothers); Cu Chulainn (nephew/foster-son); Cet

             (foster-brother)

SEE ALSO     Amorgen / Cathbad / Cet mac Magach / Conall

             Cernacht / Conchobar / Cu Chulainn / Dechtire /

             Elbha / Fachtna Fathach / Ferghus mac Roig /

             Fergna / Genonn / Imrinn  / Maga / Sualtaim

             macRoig

REMARKS      When Findchaem was pregnant with Conall, she was

  told that she would bear a noble son.  She went to the

  local holy well and washed in it and drank some of the

  water.  There was a worm in the water which reached her

  womb where it pierced the boy's hand.

       When Conall was born, Findchaem's foster-brother Cet

  who had guarded her throughout her pregnancy put the boy's

  neck beneath his foot and bruised it.  "Wolfish (conda) is

  the treachery (feall) of your work, brother" was

  Findchaem's reply, and Conall (Confeall) became the child's

  name.

 

 

NAME         Findlam

ALTERNATIVE  Fedlimthi Rechtaidi

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     herder / chieftain

TYPE         cowherd

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Sliabh gCuilinn (Gallion) / Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Mess Buachalla (foster-daughter); Conaire

             (foster-son)

SEE ALSO     Conaire Mor / Cormac Condloinges / Eterscel /

             Etain Oig / Mess Buachalla

REMARKS      When the servants of Cormac, chieftain of

  Ulster, came to Findlam's door on Sliabh gCuilinn (Gallion)

  with the baby daughter of Etain Oig there was no one home.

  They left the baby in the dog kennel and when Findlam and

  his wife came home they found a fair-haired girl.  The

  couple accepted the responsibility of raising the child.

  Findlam built her a special home of mud and wattle without

  doors or windows but with a skylight so she would never be

  discovered.  Mess grew to be a beautiful maiden of many

  talents, excelling in needlepoint.

       When Eterscel the high chieftain of Ireland found out

  about Findlam's foster daughter, he wanted to marry her.

  Eterscel made Findlam a chieftain and gave him the new name

  Fedlimthi Rechtaidi.  He also gave him land and paid a

  bride price of 7 cumals of cattle (3x7 cows).  When Mess

  gave birth to a boy, Findlam was chosen as one of his

  foster-fathers.

 

 

NAME         Findmor

EPITHET      The Fair-Large

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster

SITES        Mas na Righna (Queen's Buttock)

CENTERS      Dun Sobairche

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid (died)

RELATIVES    Celtchair (husband); Niam (daughter)

ENEMIES      Medbh

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Celtchair mac Uthechar / Medbh

             / Niam

REMARKS      During the Connacht cattle raid Findmor was at

  home when Medbh attacked her raith "Dun Sobairche".  Medbh

  challenged Findmor to single combat.  When Findmor lost,

  Medbh destroyed her fortress and captured fifty women.

       Findmor's maidens were taken to the territory of the

  Dal Riada where she hanged and crucified them as

  sacrifices.  The hill became known as Mas na Righna

  (Queen's Buttock).  Medbh then arranged a rendezvous with

  Ailill and the captured bull.

 

 

NAME         Fingin

ALTERNATIVE  Finegas / Finegeen / Fingen

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / druid

TYPE         prophet / seer-leech / head physician to

             Conchobar (Ri Ruirech)

CULTURE      Danann ?

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster

LANDMARKS    Sliabh gCuilinn (Gallion)

SITES        Imorach Smiromrach (Edge of the Marrow Bath) /

             Mound of Slane in Mide

CENTERS      grave-mound of Leccan (The Brow)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid / Gairech & Irgairech

ACCESSORIES  medicinal herbs

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Broen / Bun / Cethern mac

             Fintan / Conchobar mac Nessa / Cormac Colomon

             Rig / Ferghus mac Roig / Illann Ilarchless /

             MacRoth / Mane Athramail / Mane Gaib Uile / Mane

             Mathramail / Mecconn / Medbh / Oll

REMARKS      Fingin was the chief leech (physician) for

  Conchobar, head chieftain of Ulster.  When Cethern mac

  Fintan made his famous attack on the Host of Connacht with

  an iron spit, Cu Chulainn sent Fingin to the grave-mound at

  Leccan (The Brow) of Slievegallion to look at his wound and

  do what no other leech could do.

       When Fingin was brought to the camp of Cu Chulainn,

  Cethern pointed out the first wound and Fingin said it was

  a slight wound such as given by a friend.  Cethern

  described the man and Cu Chulainn said it was Illann

  Ilarchless, son of Ferghus mac Roig, who did not want to

  harm Cethern but did not want to betray the Host of

  Connacht.

       After studying the second wound, Fingin decided it was

  given by a female warrior, and from Cethern's description

  Cu Chulainn knew it was Medbh.  Fingin then looked at the

  next wound and realized that it was actually two wounds by

  two different warriors who inflicted them as one.  Cethern

  described them and Cu Chulainn named them as Oll and

  Othine, two of the bodyguards of Ailill and Medbh.

       Fingin decided by the next wounds that they were also

  given by two different warriors and after Cethern described

  them, Cu Chulainn knew that they were a pair of young

  warriors of the Fianna named Bun and Mecconn, who were also

  bodyguards of Ailill and Medbh.

       The next wounds inspected were inflicted by Broen and

  Brudni, then by Cormac Colomon and Cormac son of Mael Foga,

  two more of the bodyguards of Ailill and Medbh.  The next

  wounds Fingin inspected were inflicted by two brothers and

  from the description Cethern gave, Cu Chulainn knew they

  were Mane Mathramail and Mane Athramail.

       Cethern had been wounded by 2 warriors of the Fianna

  who were tall and wearing foreign garments.  Their spears

  struck at his heart and severed the veins and arteries so

  that his heart bounced about like an apple in motion.

  Fingin then found a wound that was given by a father and a

  son and from the description Cu Chulainn knew it was Ailill

  and his son Mane Gaib Uile.

       After inspecting these wounds, Fingin told Cethern he

  would not profit from the new calves this springs and was

  rewarded with a kick from the ancient warrior.  Fingin then

  told him that if he took his special 3-day cure he would

  have the strength to take revenge on those who killed him.

  Cethern thought he should get his own revenge, so for 3

  days and nights he soaked in a vat of marrow mash made from

  the skin, flesh and bones of herds and flocks.  Afterwards,

  Fingin made Cethern sleep for a day and a night.  He then

  used the front of Cethern's chariot for a belly pad to keep

  his entrails in.  Cethern was then ready to attack Connacht

  one last time.

       Later, when Fingin arrived at the Mound of Slane in

  Mide, he was described by MacRoth as a white-haired man

  with a bull-like face leading a company of leeches to the

  Battle of Garech.  He had a dragon-like eye in his head. He

  wore a ribbed tunic with gold threads and a black cloak

  with purple trim held with a leaf-shaped brooch containing

  many gems.  He carried a sword of hard metal with a sharp

  edge and gold handle, and wore a little bag on his wrist

  that carried his medicines.

       Fingin inspected the brainball that Cet had shot at

  Conchobar and which had lodged in his forehead.  He

  diagnosed that if Conchobar remained calm, he would

  continue to live.  Fingin was the most notable physician of

  his time.

 

 

NAME         Fingin mac Lughta

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     warrior / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Tipperary

TERRITORY    Munster

SITES        Sidhe Cruachu / Sidhe Uisneach / Sidhe Findacha

CENTERS      Raith Cashel (Caisel)

AGE          Iron

RELATIVES    Luchta (father)

REMARKS      Fingin was visited by a filidh on Samhain and

  she told him where the 3 chieftain artifacts of Ireland lay

  hidden.  The Crown of Brion was concealed in a well at the

  Sidhe Cruachu in the province of Connacht.  The fidchell

  game of Crimthann's was hidden in the Sidhe of Uisneach in

  Mide.  The Crown of Loeghaire lay hidden in Sidhe Findacha

  (Fionnachaidh) in the province of Ulster.

 

 

NAME         Finn macMata

ALTERNATIVE  Finn File

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         chariot warrior / head chieftain

CULTURE      Gailioin

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Carlow

TERRITORY    Leinster

CENTERS      Dinn Rig

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Ross Ruad (father); Maga Muresc (mother);

             Conchobor Abrat-ruad (son); Ailill and Carbre

             (brothers)

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Carbre Niafer / Crimthann Nia

             Nair / Maga Muresc / Medbh / Ross Ruad

REMARKS      Finn macMata was refused marriage by Medbh but

  he did become the head chieftain of Leinster.  Warriors of

  the Leinster Fianna fought for Connacht during the Cualnge

  Cattle Raid.  His son Conchobor was high chieftain of

  Ireland until he was killed by Crimthann Nia Nair.

 

 

NAME         Finna

ALTERNATIVE  Findbec

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster

CENTERS      Dun Da Benn (Fort of the Two Gables)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid

RELATIVES    Eocho Salbuide (father); Cethern (husband);

             Ness (sister); Conchobar (nephew)

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht

SEE ALSO     Cethern / Conchobar / Cu Chulainn / Eocho

             Salbuide / Ness

REMARKS      During the Cualnge Cattle Raid, Finna arrived at

  Cu Chulainn's camp with the armor and weapons of Cethern,

  her husband.  When Cethern died, she dug his grave, raised

  his stone and chanted:

               I care for naught, care for naught;

               Ne'er more man's hand 'neath my head,

               Since was dug the earthly bed,

               Cethern's bold, of the Dun Da Benn!

               Kingly Cethern, Fintan's son;

               Few were with him on the ford.

               Connacht's men with all their host,

               For nine hours he left them not!

               Arms he bore not - this an art -

               But a red, two-headed pike;

               With it slaughtered he the host,

               While his anger still was fresh!

               Felled by double-headed pike,

               Cethern's hand held, with their crimes,

               Seven times fifty of the hosts,

               Fintan's son brought to their graves!

               Willa-loo, oh, willa-loo!

               Woman's wandering through the mist.

               Worse it is for him that's dead.

               She that lives may find a man!

               Never I shall take a man

               Of the host of this good world;

               Never shall I sleep with man;

               Never shall my man with wife!

               Dear the homestead, "Horse-head's Dun",

               Where our hosts were wont to go.

               Dear the water, soft and sweet;

               Dear the isle, "isle of the Red!

               Sad the care, oh, sad the care,

               Cualnge's Cow-raid brought on me:

               Cethern, Fintan's son, to keen.

               Oh that he had shunned his woe!

               Great the doings, these, oh, great,

               And the deed that here was done:

               I bewailing him till death,

               Him that has been smitten down!

               Finna, Eocho's daughter, I

               Found a fight of circling spears.

               Had my champion had his arms;

               By his side a slaughtered heap!

 

          "The Ancient Irish Epic Tale Tain Bo Cualnge"

            translated by Joseph Dunn - pages 281-282

 

 

NAME         Finnabair

EPITHET      Fairbrow

ALTERNATIVE  Findabair / Findbhair / Finnabair {finn-av-eer,

             fin-nu-ur}

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

CULTURE      Goidel / Gailioin

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Roscommon (Rathcrochan)

TERRITORY    Connacht

SITES        Cronech / Finnabair Slebe (Finnabair's Mountain)

CENTERS      Raith Cruachain (Rathcroghan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid

ACCESSORIES  beauty

RELATIVES    Medbh (mother); Ailill (father); Rochad

             (husband); Sabd Sulbair (sister); Andoe,

             Athramail, Gaib Uile, Mathramail, Milscothach,

             Mingor, Morgor and Orlam (brothers); Furbaide

             (half-brother)

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Cu Chulainn / Flidhais / Froech

             / Furbaide / Mane / Medbh / Orlam / Rochad mac

             Faithemain

REMARKS      Finnabair was a beautiful and desirable young

  maiden, daughter of Medbh and Ailill, the head chieftains

  of Connacht.  Finnabair's home was Raith Cruachain, the

  chieftain raith of Connacht.  The main building was

  circular and constructed of oak and pine.  It had a roof of

  shingles with copper shutters for the 16 window-holes and

  copper grating for skylight.  The house had a vaulted roof

  with 7 rows and 7 apartments in the circle between the

  outer wall and the central fire.

       All the apartments had bronze facades and were divided

  laterally by highly-ornamented red yew with 3 strips of

  bronze at the base of each apartnment.  7 copper tubes ran

  from the ceiling to the house vat.  The royal apartment for

  Ailill and Medbh was in the center of the house with copper

  pillars and bronze ornamentation in abundance.  It had two

  borders of gilded silver around it and a silver molding

  from the headboard to the crossbeams.  Ailill had a wand of

  silver in his facade which ran to the rafters.

       Finnabair was wooed by Froech, a chieftain of the

  Sidhe.  He arrived in splendor and with much wealth, and

  althought the wooing went not too well, Finnabair and

  Froech fell madly in love.  Unfortunately, before they

  could be married, the Cualnge Cattle Raid began and Froech

  was killed in combat with Cu Chulainn.

       During the Cualnge Cattle Raid when the Host of

  Connacht pitched their tents at Cu Silinne, Finnabair had

  her tent to the left of her mother, and next to her was

  Flidhais.  Finnabair was promised to most warriors who had

  been courageous enough to go against Cu Chulainn in single

  combat.  Because none had returned from facing Cu Chulainn,

  Medbh offered Finnabair to Cu Chulainn when they parleyed

  at Cronech.

       One day Finnabair was sent with the fool who was

  dressed as her father Ailill in the hope of tricking Cu

  Chulainn.  Cu Chulainn realized that it was the fool

  dressed as Ailill and hit him with a sling-stone.  The

  contents of the fool's head emptied out through the hole at

  the back of his skull.  Cu Chulainn then approached

  Finnabair and cut off the 2 tresses of her hair, then

  suspended her from a standing stone by her cloak and tunic.

  He then took another standing stone and drove it through

  the middle of the fool.  Cu Chulainn would make no deals

  with them after this trickery.

       When Rochad and his warriors rode toward the Connacht

  camp, Finnabair told her mother and father that she had

  always loved Rochad and he was her own personal choice to

  woo.  Medbh decided to send Finnabair to spend the night

  with Rochad in order to secure an agreement with him to

  hold off his attack until the big battle between the two

  groups.  Finnabair and Rochad married without dowry,

  marriage gifts or bride-price.

       When Finnabair returned to her camp the next day, she

  found out that 800 warriors had died fighting over her

  because of her mother's politicking.  Finnabair was so

  distraught that she committed suicide.  She was buried at

  Finnabair Slebe (Finnabair's Mountain).

 

 

NAME         Finnegas

ALTERNATIVE  Finegas / Finneces

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     filidh

TYPE         poet / teacher

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Leinster

SITES        Fec's Pool / Boyne

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd c

ACCESSORIES  Fintan "The Salmon of Knowledge"

SEE ALSO     Fionn mac Cumhaill

REMARKS      Finnegas was a poet who lived by Fec's Pool at

  the headwaters of the Boyne river in Leinster.  Finnegas

  had Fionn as a student.  After a 7-year search Finnegas

  finally caught Fintan "The Salmon of Knowledge, Inspiration

  and Wisdom".  The salmon had fed on the hazelnuts from the

  9 trees of knowledge and whoever ate it would gain its

  knowledge.

       Finnegas had Fionn cook the salmon for him on a spit

  over an open fire.  While Fionn was turning the salmon he

  touched it to see if it was cooked and burned his thumb

  which he immediately put into his mouth to soothe the pain.

       When Finnegas had Fionn serve him the salmon, he

  realized the boy had changed and asked him if he had eaten

  any of the fish.  When Fionn explained what had happened,

  Finnegas told him to eat the whole fish because the

  prophecy had been fulfilled and Fionn had gained the sight

  and not himself.

 

 

NAME         Fintan

ALTERNATIVE  Findtan

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster

SITES        Imorach Smiromrach

CENTERS      Dun Da Benn (Fort of the Two Gables)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid / The Tooth Fight / Gairech

             & Irgairech

ACCESSORIES  spears with heads on each end

RELATIVES    Niall Niamglonnach (father); Cethern and

             Crimthann (sons)

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Cethern macFintain / Conchobar

             mac Nessa / Crimthann macFintan / Cu Chulainn /

             Medbh / Niall Niamglonnach

REMARKS      The territory of Ulster was divided into 3 parts

  and Fintan was chieftain of one third and had his center at

  Dun Da Benn.  His territory covered the area from Traig

  Tola to Latharnai and Rind Semni.  Cu Chulainn was

  chieftain of another third and Conchobar was the chieftain

  of the final third.

       Conchobar asked Fintan and Cu Chulainn if they would

  allow him to rule over the whole of Ulster for one year,

  and they agreed.  At the end of the year, Conchobar had

  proven to be such a powerful chieftain that he was elected

  head chieftain of Ulster.

       On the eve of Samhain, both Fintan and Cu Chulainn

  prepared a feast for Conchobar, and when both chieftains

  arrived at Emain Macha they began to quarrel as to whose

  party they should attend.  The decision was made to attend

  the feast of Fintan for the first part of the night, then

  that of Cu Chulainn for the second half.

       Dun Da Benn was prepared with fresh rushes on the

  floor of the sleeping quarters, halls and balconies.  Much

  food and drink was prepared, music and poetry was

  performed, and precious presents were distributed.

       At a certain point, Conchobar raised his buffalo horn

  and everyone fell silent.  It was time for the party to

  shift to the raith of Cu Chulainn.  It was decided that all

  the champions, warriors, fighters, singers, poets and

  musicians would leave with Cu Chulainn, while the young,

  the ancient and the women looking after them would stay at

  Fintan's.

       During the Cualnge Cattle Raid, Fintan received word

  of the glorious battle and death of his son Cethern.  He

  left the north with a force of 150 warriors and gave the

  Host of Connacht 3 battles in which they slaughtered 3

  times the number of their losses.  The battle was savage

  and after their weapons were spent, they resorted to fist-

  fighting and biting.  The battle became known as the Tooth-

  Fight at Imorach Smiromrach.

       The end of the fight came when Fintan's son Crimthann

  was captured.  Ailill and Medbh then forced a truce with

  Fintan.  He was to return home and await the great battle

  that was to come at Gairech and Irgairech.  The Host of

  Connacht would retire a day's journey to the north and make

  camp.  This was agreed upon and Crimthann was returned to

  his father.

 

 

NAME         Fintan mac Bochra

EPITHET      Son of The Ocean

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       1 eye / salmon / falcon / eagle / hawk

CATEGORY     filidh

TYPE         shapechanger

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Munster

LANDMARKS    Tul Tuinde

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 21st c

RELATIVES    Bochra (mother); Labraid (father); Cessair and

             25 women (consorts); Ebliu (wife)

SEE ALSO     Banba / Cessair / Diarmuid mac Cearbhail / Ebliu

             / Tuan mac Cairill / Tuan mac Starn / Ladra

REMARKS      Fintan, son of Labraid, son of Bethach, son of

  Lamech, was born 7 years before the flood and sailed with

  Cessair and her followers to Ireland.  The women divided

  into three groups with 1 man to each group.  Fintan was

  shared by 17 women but after Ladra died they divided into

  two groups with 25 women each.

       Fintan survived the Deluge by hiding in a cave on the

  mountain Tul Tuinde.  This was the same mountain to which

  Banba had fled to escape the tidal wave.

       When Fintan died he was reincarnated as a salmon,

  falcon, eagle and a hawk, remembering all he saw.  Fintan

  was born again 300 years later as Tuan mac Starn of the

  Partholeans.

       He was also reborn as the one-eyed husband of Ebliu,

  then again as Tuan mac Cairill, son of Muiredach Muinderg,

  in the 7th year of the reign of Diarmuid mac Cearbhail.

 

 

NAME         Fionn mac Cumhaill

EPITHET      The Solver of Questions / Fair Son of One-eye

             (Fionn mac Cumhaill) / Son of Hazel (mac Coll) /

             Fair Foreigner (Scotland) / Mac Looäch (Son of

             the Loch)

ALTERNATIVE  Deime / Demna / Demne / Fin / Fingal / Finn /

             Fionn {Fewn} / mac Cuill / mac Cumhaill

             {cumm-al, co•-al} / mac Umall (old)

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       dog / salmon / boar / flag

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / filidh / hunter / Rigfeinnid

TYPE         battle-line / supernatural / seer / poet /

             head chieftain of the Fianna

CULTURE      Danann / Goidel - Eoganachta / Pictish / Fomorii

             / Fianna - Clanna Ui Tarsigh

COUNTRY      Ireland / Scotland

REGION       Offaly / Laois / Antrim / Connacht

TERRITORY    Leinster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Sliabh Bladhma (Bladh's mountain) / Boyne / Isle

             of Staffa / Arran Island

SITES        Allen Hill / Ath-Brea / Raith Sithe / Sheemore

             Hill Cairn / Fingal's Cave / Finn's Seat /

             Fingal's Cauldron Seat

CENTERS      Raith Almu (Fort of Almain)

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd c / AD 283 (died)

BATTLES      Ventry (Cath Fionntragha) / Brea (died)

ACCESSORIES  dogs - Bran and Sgeolan / craneskin bag / boar-

             skin belt / spear / shield / helmet / sword -

             Mac an Luin (son of the spear) / wisdom tooth

             (Deud Fios) / clay cup (Cup of Victory)

RELATIVES    Cumhal (father); Murna (mother); Tuireann

             (sister); Los Lurgann (aunt/foster-mother);

             Sadb, Saar, Ailbe, Smirgat, Tasha, Grainne

             (wives); Ailbhinn, Oisin, Fergus, Aedh, Daire,

             Raighne, Cairell (sons); Samhair and Cebha

             (daughters); Oscar (grandson); Diarmuid

             (nephew); Cethren (foster-father); Eber, Ethniu,

             Nuadha, Eremon, Tea and Cahir Mor (ancestors)

ENEMIES      sons of Uigreann / son of Duibhdrean

SEE ALSO     Ailbe / Ailbhinn / Aillen mac Midhna / Cahir Mor

             / Cairell / Cebha / Cormac macAirt / Cumhal /

             Daire / Diarmaid ua Duibhne / Ethniu / Fergus

             Finnbheoil / Fiacail mac Conchinn / Finnegas /

             Goll mac Morna / Grainne / Lia / Los Lurgann /

             Murna / Oisin / Oscar / Sadb / Samhair / Smirgat

             / Tadhg mac Nuadat / Tasha / Tuireann / Uigreann

REMARKS      Fionn's original name was Demna.  He was the son

  of Cumhal, son of Trein Mor, son of Finn, son of Art, son

  of Cahir Mor, the high chieftain of Ireland.  His mother

  was Murna of the White Neck and he was conceived just

  before his father died in battle.  Because of a prophecy

  his mother's father, Tadhg mac Nuadat, had him thrown into

  a lake when he was born.  He floated to the surface holding

  a salmon in his hand and this is why he was called "Son of

  the Loch".

       Demna was rescued from the lake by his father's

  sister, Los Lurgann, and she became his foster-mother.  Los

  Lurgann raised him in the safety of the forest of

  Slievebloom (Sliabh Bladhma) on Slaibh-na-mban-fionn

  (mountain of the fair-haired woman) in the counties of

  Offaly and Laois in Leinster.  Los Lurgann taught her

  foster-son the art of weapons.  He became one of the 5

  masters of every art and an excellent fidchell player.

  After his first kills when he received his name Fionn

  (fair), his step-mother Los Lurgann died.

       Fionn's next teacher was the poet Finnegas and one of

  Fionn's duties was to serve Finnegas.  Finnegas had caught

  a beautiful salmon from Fec's pool and instructed Fionn how

  he wanted it cooked and warned him not to eat any of the

  fish.  While turning the salmon on the spit a blister rose

  on the skin of the salmon and Fionn pushed it with his

  finger and burnt his finger.  When he put his finger into

  his mouth to soothe the pain, he touched his wisdom tooth.

  As soon as he touched his tooth, he realized who had killed

  his father and that his mother was the ugliest woman in

  Ireland.

       After Fionn left the service of Finnegas he revenged

  his father's death, then found his mother and sister at the

  smithy of her father.  When the smithy asked him who he

  was, Fionn replied that he was a good servant in search of

  a master.  Fionn hired himself to the Ulster smith for a

  year and a day and his claim would be a sword that would

  fit his hand.  When payday came, Fionn broke all the

  smith's swords trying to find one that would fit him.  The

  smith then made Fionn's famous sword, Mac-an-Luin, which

  had been quenched in the blood of a dog.

       Mac-an-Luin's first duty was to kill its maker and

  after Fionn struck off the smith's head with one blow he

  went in search of his father's warriors.  The survivors of

  the Clanna Baoisgne had been reduced to surviving off

  shellfish and living in a cave, so Fionn brought them meat,

  and shaved them with his sword.  Fionn's father claimed

  descent from the Milesian bloodline Eremon and Tea but

  Fionn claimed descent from the line of Eber through his

  mother.

       His father's warriors joined him and they formed the

  Clanna Ui Tarsigh of Leinster.  Their flag was a sunbeam

  with gems of gold, 9 chains of gold and 9 warriors about

  every chain.  Fionn then killed Lia, the treasurer for the

  Fianna, and confiscated the craneskin bag which held their

  treasures.

       Every eve of Samhain for 23 years, Aillen mac Midhna

  had burned Tara.  Fionn decided he would put an end to

  this.  He borrowed the supernatural spear from Fiacail and

  waited outside the cave from which Aillen would come.  He

  kept himself awake by pushing the point of the spear

  against his temples.  When Aillen came through from The

  Otherworld, Fionn killed him with the spear.

       The high chieftain of Ireland, Cormac macAirt, made

  Fionn head chieftain of all the Fianna.  Fionn made peace

  with Goll mac Morna of the Clanna Morna of Connacht.  Raith

  Almu (Fort of Almain) in Leinster had been built by his

  ancestor Cahir Mor and Fionn claimed this as his

  headquarters.  The Fianna had numerous forts and hunting

  camps around Ireland and Scotland, such as their Ulster

  stronghold Raith Sithe in Antrim.

       The Fianna were battle-line or foot soldiers, experts

  in the use of the spear and sword.  They were clanless and

  landless and, when needed, were the personal army and

  hunters for the high chieftain of Ireland.  They spent the

  better part of their time hunting and roaming the woods.

  The Fianna were also known for their vocal drone called

  Dord Fain.

       Fionn and the Fianna were involved in many adventures.

  Fionn's grandson Oscar became the chieftain of his father's

  Fianna in Munster, Goll was the chieftain of the Connachta

  Fianna, Ceutach was the leader of the Colla men of Ulster

  and Fionn was chieftain of the Leinster Fianna and head

  chieftain (Rigfeinnid) of all the Fianna.  The battle of

  Ventry was fought with Daire Donn (King of the World). They

  had numerous fights among themselves, such as the one at

  Raith Almu (Allen Hill) which started when Goll mentioned

  that he had beaten Fionn's father in single combat.

       Fionn had two special hounds named Bran and Sgeolan

  who were in fact his nephews that were unlucky enough to

  have been born while Fionn's sister Tuireann was in the

  form of a bitch.  Bran had yellows paws, red ears, black

  fur on his sides and white on his belly.  He also had a

  spur on one of his heels that contained a deadly venom

  which he used to kill a giant's dog and a number of

  warriors.

       In later life, Fionn fell in love with Grainne, who

  rejected him and eloped with one of his younger warriors

  Diarmaid.  He spent most of his later years hunting them

  until he was finally forced to pardon them.  He eventually

  cause Diarmaid's death and married Grainne.

       Smirgat, one of his wives, prophesied that he would

  die shortly after drinking from a horn.  Fionn was speared

  by the 5 sons of Uigreann and a son of Duibhdrean at Ath-

  Brea (Ford of Brea) on the Boyne.  As he lay bleeding and

  covered in gore he was given a drink of water from a horn.

  Fionn knew he had fought his last battle.  He was buried at

  Sheemore Hill Cairn at Leitrim in Connacht.

       Many sites still bear the name of Fionn, such as

  Fingal's Cave on the Isle of Staffa, Finn's Seat at

  Slievenamon and Fingal's Cauldron Seat on Arran Island.

 

 

NAME         Fionnbharr

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         substitute

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Galway

TERRITORY    Connacht

CENTERS      Sidhe Meadha (Knochma)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

BATTLES      Danann Civil War

RELATIVES    Onagh (wife); 17 sons

SEE ALSO     Bodb Derg / Ilbhreach / Lir / Manannan / Midhir

             / Ochall Ochne

REMARKS      Fionnbharr was given the Sidhe of Meadha, now

  called Knochma, west of Tuam in county Galway.  He fought

  in the Danann civil war as the chieftain of Manannan's

  people, replacing Manannan after he was killed at the

  battle of Cuillenn.  The other main chieftains involved in

  the war were Bodb Dearg, Ilbhreach, Lir, Midhir and Ochall

  Ochne.

 

 

NAME         Fionnula

EPITHET      The Maid of the Fair Shoulder

ALTERNATIVE  Fionuala / Fionula

GENDER       F

SYMBOL       Swan

FESTIVAL     Feast of Aise (Feast of Age)

CATEGORY     hero / rigbean (noble woman)

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Almagh / Tipperary / Mayo

TERRITORY    Ulster / East Munster

LANDMARKS    Loch Derg (Dergdherc) - Lake of the Red Eye /

             Straits of Moyle / Erris and Innis Gloire

SITES        Innis Gloire

CENTERS      Sidhe Fionnachaidh

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

RELATIVES    Lir (father); Aebh (mother); Fiachra (sister);

             Aedh, Conn (brothers); Aoife (step-mother/aunt)

ENEMIES      Aoife

SEE ALSO     Aebh / Aoife / Bodb Dearg / Lir

REMARKS      Fionnula and Fiachra were the first twins to be

  born to Aebh and Lir, and Aedh and Conn were the last. Aebh

  died giving birth to the two boys, and so the four were

  raised by their stepmother Aoife who was also their aunt.

       The four children were loved dearly by their father

  and when he remarried, his new bride Aoife loved the

  children as if they were her own.  In time, however, Aiofe

  became jealous of her sister's children because of the

  attention they received from her husband.

       Aoife was taking the children to the sidhe of Bodb

  Dearg for a Feast of Age.  It may have been for Fionnula

  and her twin Fiachra, because Bodb Dearg was the foster-

  father of their mother and the head chieftain of the

  Danann.  As they were travelling, the party stopped to wash

  the dust from themselves at Loch Dergherc (Lake Derg) in

  county Tipperary so as to be respectable when they arrived

  at Sidhe ar Femuin.  While the children were in the water

  their stepmother, who was a sorcerer, turned them into

  swans and cursed them to spend their time in 3 different

  places for a total of 900 years.

       Their first home for 300 years was on the waters of

  Lake Derg and was a happy one.  They retained their human

  speech and were visited by the people of the Danann who

  came to talk with them and to hear their beautiful voices.

       When their time was up they had to leave for the

  waters of the Straits of Moyle between Scotland and

  Ireland.  Here they stayed for 300 lonely years with only

  themselves for company.  In the winter the wind would howl

  around and throw them against the hard rock cliffs.  They

  were miserable and only survived because Fionnula spread

  her heavily feathered wings about the boys and protected

  them from the wind and frost.

       When their time was over they flew to a treacherous

  part of the Atlantic between Erris and Innis Gloire in

  county Mayo.  Their time there was also miserable, and

  after 300 years had passed they were free to fly to their

  home, only to find the buildings were all gone.  There was

  nothing but green fields and bushes where their home had

  once stood.  Their father who had loved them so dearly and

  their friends had all turned to dust.

       It so happened that a chieftain of the north from

  Connacht was to wed the daughter of the head chieftain of

  Munster.  She asked him to give her the four singing swans

  as a wedding gift but when he did, they transformed into

  four withered white-haired humans.  As they died, Fionnula

  asked that they be buried at Innis Gloire in a single grave

  with Fiachra on her left, Conn on her right and Aedh at her

  breast.  This was how they had slept for 900 years.  This

  was the tale of the Children of Lir (Oidheadh Cloinne Lir).

 

 

NAME         Fis

EPITHET      Seeker of Knowledge

ALTERNATIVE  Fios

GENDER       ?

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     druid

TYPE         scholar

CULTURE      Partholean tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Munster

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 19th c

BATTLES      Magh Ibha

ENEMIES      Fomorii

SEE ALSO     Fochmart / Partholon / Tath

REMARKS      Fis was one of three druids who came to Ireland

  with Partholon.  The other two were Fochmart and Tath and

  they fought the Fomorians in the battle of Magh Ibha.

 

 

NAME         Flidhais Foltchain

EPITHET      Of the Lovely Hair

ALTERNATIVE  Flidais

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         chariot goddess / goddess of animal fertility

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    cause of Connacht

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid

ACCESSORIES  sword (Ochnech) / deer / chariot

RELATIVES    Ailill (1st husband); Ferghus (2nd husband)

ENEMIES      Cualnge / Pictland / Ulster

SEE ALSO     Ailill Finn / Ailill macMata / Ferghus mac Roig

             / Finnabair / Medbh

REMARKS      Flidhais was the goddess who ruled over the

  beasts of the forest.  She rode in a chariot drawn by deer,

  and the animals of the forest were called the herds of

  Flidias.  She accompanied the warriors of Connacht and

  every 7th night she brought enough milk to feed the

  warriors on the march.

       When her husband Ailill Finn was killed, Flidhais

  married Ferghus mac Roig and her position was to the left

  of Finnabair, second from Medbh, equal to the position of

  Ferghus in relation to Ailill macMata.

 

 

NAME         Fochmare

EPITHET      The Questioner

ALTERNATIVE  Fochmart

GENDER       ?

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     druid

TYPE         philosopher

CULTURE      Partholean tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Munster

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 19th c

BATTLES      Magh Ibha

ENEMIES      Fomorii

SEE ALSO     Fis / Partholon / Tath

REMARKS      Fochmare, Tath and Fis were three druids who

  came to Ireland with Partholon and were involved in the

  battle of Magh Ibha.

 

 

NAME         Fodbgen

ALTERNATIVE  Fodbgenid / Foidbgen / Odbgen

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / 8th Ri Ruirech

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Firbolg

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    West Munster

LANDMARKS    Ben Bulben

SITES        Eba Choirpre / Magh Muirthemni (died)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 17th c / BC 18th c / BC 1707-1703 (Kings

             List)

BATTLES      Craeb

RELATIVES    Sengann (father); Anust (mother); Sreng

             (brother); Dela (grandfather); Magog and Semeon

             (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Rinnal / Eochaid

SEE ALSO     Dela / Eochaid mac Erc / Magog / Rinnal / Semeon

             / Sengann / Sreng

REMARKS      Fodbgen, son of Sengann, son of Dela, became the

  8th head chieftain of the Firbolg when he killed his cousin

  Rinnal on a plain north of Ben Bulben called Eba Choirpre

  in the Battle of Craeb.

       Fodbgen ruled the Firbolg for 4 years and it was said

  that in his time knots grew on trees.  He died at Magh

  Muirthemni in Ulster by the hand of Eochaid mac Erc.

 

 

NAME         Fodhla

ALTERNATIVE  Fodla / Fotla

GENDER       F

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         earth goddess / fertility goddess of birth

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

LANDMARKS    Slieve Eelim (Sliabh nEblinne)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

RELATIVES    Ernmas (mother); Fiachu (father/half-brother);

             Banbha and Eire (sisters); Macha, Danu, Badbh

             and Elcmar (half-sisters); Neto, Olloman, Indui,

             Glonn, Gnim and Coscar (half-brothers); Iuchar

             and MacCecht (consorts); Magog, Iarbonel, Ordan

             and Net (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Etan

SEE ALSO     Badbh / Banbha / Danu / Eire / Elcmar / Ernmas /

             Fiachu / Iarbonel / Indui / Macha / MacCecht /

             Magog / Net / Neto / Olloman / Ordan

REMARKS      Fodhla was the goddess of birth and fertility

  and mated with Iuchar and MacCecht of the Danann to insure

  the fertility of their people, animals and crops.

       Fodhla was one of the three fertility goddesses of

  Ireland and she met the invading Milesian (Goidel) on

  Sliabh Eiblinne (Slieve Eelim).  Like her sister Banbha she

  told them that their invasion was not right, but when

  Amhairghin told her that it was necessary she then asked

  them a favor.  Fodhla asked that the island would be called

  after her.  Her name became a poetic name for Ireland.

  Fodhla died in combat by the hand of Etan.

 

 

NAME         Fodhla

EPITHET      Eochaid Ollom / Ollamh Fodhla / Ollom Fotla

ALTERNATIVE  Colman / Fola / Fotla / Ollam

GENDER       M ?

FESTIVAL     Feis Temrach (festival of Tara)

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn / Ollamh

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain / master bard

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

SITES        Loughcrew Cairns

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 12th c / BC 1149-1109 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

RELATIVES    Fiachu Finnscothach (father); Finnachta, Slanoll

             and Geide Ollgothach (sons); Ir (ancestor)

SEE ALSO     Bile / Eremon / Ir / Slanoll

REMARKS      Fodhla, son of Fiachu Finnscothach and

  descendant of Ir of the Milesian (Goidel), became the 18th

  high chieftain to rule Ireland after Eremon when he slew

  Faildergdoit.  Fodhla attained the highest level for a bard

  and received the epithet Ollamh Fodhla.

       During his reign, Ollamh Fodhla instigated the great

  festival (Assembly of Temair) that was held every 3 years

  at Tara in county Meath.  Here the the chieftains, druids

  and people met to settle disputes, develop laws, develop

  the genealogical records of the clans and have a good time

  feasting with plenty of drink, games and songs.  No

  fighting was allowed, by punishment of death.

       Fodhla was also reputed to have organized the Brehon

  Law system (brithem) which had its roots in Indo-European

  law.  He constructed the Scholars' Rampart and gave Ulster

  (Ulaid) its name which means "great side" or "a great side

  with them".

       After forty years of rule he died of natural caused

  within his rampart of Tara and was buried in the Loughcrew

  Cairns in Meath.  His line of descent were of the Dal

  nAraide in the Lough Neagh area of Ulster.  His son

  Finnachta became the new high chieftain of Ireland and

  ruled for 20 years.

 

 

NAME         Foenglinde mac Dedaid

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     filidh

TYPE         advisor

CULTURE      Goidel - Clanna Dedad (The Degads)

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Kerry

TERRITORY    Munster

CENTERS      Temair Luachra (Tara of the Rushes)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Temuir Luachra

RELATIVES    Dedad (father); Dare, Conganchness, Gabalglinde,

             Li and Echbel (brothers); CuRoi (nephew); Eremon

             and Tea (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Ulster

SEE ALSO     Conganchness mac Dedaid / Cromm Deroil / CuRoi

             macDaire / Dare mac Dedaid / Dedad / Echbel mac

             Dedaid / Eremon / Gabalglinde mac Dedaid / Li

             mac Dedaid / Tea

REMARKS      Foenglinde of the Clanna Dedad was present on

  the Samhain eve when the drunken warriors of Ulster arrived

  at Temair Luachra looking for a place to stay the night.

       Foenglinde and Cromm Deroil were sent to the depths of

  the raith to speak to his brother Gabalglinde about a plan

  to protect the raith from an invasion from the champions of

  Ulster.  Foenglinde was then sent as a representative of

  CuRoi macDaire and the champions of the Clanna Dedad to

  ascertain whether the Ulster warriors had come for war or

  on a peaceful mission.

 

 

NAME         Foill macNechta

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Boyne / Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Dun Nechta (fortress of Nechta)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Necht Scene (mother); Fer Ulli (father); Fandall

             and Tuachall (brothers)

ENEMIES      Ulster / Cu Chulainn

SEE ALSO     Cu Chulainn / Fandall / Fer Ulli / Necht Scene /

             Tuachall macNechta

REMARKS      Foill could not be harmed by the point nor the

  edge of any weapon.  He claimed that in revenge for the

  death of their father, he and his brothers had killed more

  Ulster warriors than they left alive.

       One day a boy of 7 came to Dun Nechta on Magh mBreg

  and read the ogham on the iron band of his pillar stone.

  The ogham challenged any warrior who came onto the green to

  single combat.  The boy, whose name was Cu Chulainn, lifted

  the pillar stone and threw it into the moat.  When Foill

  came to challenge Cu Chulainn, the boy threw his apple of

  twice-melted steel (lath-trick) at Foill's shield so that

  it glanced off and hit his forehead, putting a hole through

  it.  Cu Chulainn then cut off his head and carried it away

  with him.

 

 

NAME         Follomain

ALTERNATIVE  Follaman

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior / leader of the boy warriors

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal nAraide / Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh

TERRITORY    Ulster

SITES        the fair-green of Emain

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid (died)

RELATIVES    Conchobar (father); Fedlimid (half-sister); Cu

             Chulainn, Fiachna, Findchad, Naoise, Conall,

             Cormac, Cuscraid, Fiachu, Fiachna, Glas, Mane,

             Conaing, Diarmait, Beann, Furbude and Fiachra

             (half-brothers)

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht / Ailill

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Beann / Conall Cernacht /

             Conchobar mac Nessa / Cormac Condloinges / Cu

             Chulainn / Cuscraid Menn / Diarmait mac

             Conchobar / Fedlimid Nocruthach / Fiachna /

             Fiachra / Fiachu / Findchad / Furbude Fer Bend /

             Glas / Laeg / Lugh / Naoise

REMARKS      Follomain was the leader of the thrice 50 male

  foster-children at the time that Cu Chulainn barged in and

  established himself as the top warrior of the youths.  The

  fair-green of Emain was their playing field.  There they

  played hurley, ran races, threw javelins and learned the

  arts of combat.  Cu Chulainn joined into the game without

  asking for their protection, breaking a geis among the

  fosters.  They attacked him and were defeated by his making

  them ask for his protection.

       During the Cualnge Cattle Raid, when Lugh was healing

  Cu Chulainn, Follomain led 150 youths against the Host of

  Connacht in 3 battles before the youths were all killed.

  Follomain escaped the destruction and went after Ailill's

  head but was caught and killed by the 2 sons of Bethe.  The

  death of Follomain and the 150 youths of Ulster while Cu

  Chulainn was in his healing sleep sent him into a blood

  rage when he awoke, and he had Laeg prepare the war chariot

  with its scythes.

 

 

NAME         Foltor

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         battle-line / head tracker

CULTURE      Fianna - Clanna Ui Tarsigh

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Leinster

SITES        Allen Hill / The Otherworld

CENTERS      Raith Almu (Fort of Almain)

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd c

SEE ALSO     Abarta / Conan Maol / Fionn mac Cumhaill

REMARKS      Foltor was the son of the chieftain of Inna and

  head tracker of the Fianna.  He was reputed to be able to

  follow a track either on land or on the water.  He led

  Fionn and the Fianna to The Otherworld in search of Conan

  Maol and the other warriors who were captured by Abarta.

 

 

NAME         Fordui

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     bard

TYPE         poet for Conaire (Ard Righ Eirinn)

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath / Dublin

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh mBerg / Magh Liffey

SITES        Da Derga's Hostel

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Ath Cliath

RELATIVES    sons of Maphar

ENEMIES      Ingcel / sons of Donn Desa

SEE ALSO     Conaire Mor / Da Derga / Donn Desa / Ingcel

REMARKS      Fordui, Rodui and Sui, the triplet sons of

  Maphar (The Mighty Song), were poets for Conaire Mor, the

  high chieftain of Ireland.  The 3 wore linen shirts with

  red design and speckled mantles held by golden fibulas.

  They wore plates of gold on their heads and carried wooden

  darts.  During the destruction at da Derga's hostel they

  killed six raiders.

 

 

NAME         Forgall Manach

EPITHET      The Wily

ALTERNATIVE  Forgal Monach / Forghall

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain / hosteller

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Fomorii

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Dublin

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Luglochta Loga (The Garden of Lugh)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Emer and Fial (daughters); Scibur, Ibur and Cat

             (sons); Scenmed (sister); Tethra (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Cu Chulainn

SEE ALSO     Aife / Blai / Cu Chulainn / Domhnall / Emer /

             Scathach / Scenmed / Tethra

REMARKS      Forgall was a Fomorian chieftain who ran a

  Bruidhne (hostel) called Luglochta Loga on Magh mBreg near

  present-day Lusk (Lusca) just north of Dublin.  He was one

  of the five Hostellers of Ireland.

       Cu Chulainn came to court his daughter Emer, but

  Forgall did not want her to marry him.  He suggested that

  since Cu Chulainn was not a full warrior, he should go to

  study with Domhnall the Warlike in Albainn

  (Scotland/northern England).

       When Cu Chulainn returned, Forgall charged him with

  not having his hundred kills and sent him away again.  When

  Cu Chulainn returned next, it was from studying with

  Scathach and her sister Aife.

       This time Cu Chulainn had his 100 heads and when he

  arrived at Luglochta Loga the scythes were attached to the

  wheel-hubs of his chariot and he performed the "Feat of

  Thunder of Three Hundred and Nine Warriors".  With 3

  thrusts of his spear, Cu Chulainn killed 3x8 champions

  while sparing Emer's 3 brothers.  He then leaped over the 3

  ramparts and abducted Emer and her sister Fial plus their

  weight in gold and silver.  Forgall died when he fell off

  the rampart running from Cu Chulainn.

 

 

NAME         Forgemen

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     cowherd

TYPE         herder of the Brown Bull and his cows

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster / Cualnge

SITES        Forgemen Hill

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht / Bruide

SEE ALSO     Bruide / Cu Chulainn

REMARKS      Forgemen was the cowherd of the Brown Bull of

  Cualnge.  He would not let Bruide and his warriors from

  Connacht drive off the Brown Bull.  The warriors then beat

  their swords on their shields, making enough noise to

  stampede the cattle.  Forgemen was crushed beneath their

  feet and was driven thirty feet into the ground.  When Cu

  Chulainn caught up with Bruide, he challenged him to an

  exchange of spears and Forgemen was revenged.

 

 

NAME         Fortrenn

ALTERNATIVE  Fortreann / Fortrend / Fortriu

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Brenin

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Pictish / Danann - Fortrinn tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland / Scotland

TERRITORY    Albainn / Sradeern cum Meneted

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 15th c

RELATIVES    Cruithnechan (father); Fib, Fidach, Fotla, Cait,

             Ce and Circinn (brothers); Lughtine (great-

             great-grandfather); Hercules (ancestor)

SEE ALSO     Belenos / Cat / Ce / Circinn / Cruithnechan /

             Fib / Fidach / Fotla / Luchtine

REMARKS      Fortrenn and his brothers settled the 7

  territories of Albainn (Scotland/northern England).

  Fortrenn, son of Cruithnechan, became the chieftain of the

  territory of Sradeern cum Meneted (Strathearn and Menteith)

  and ruled for 70 years.

       Fortrenn was a descendant of Luchtine of the Danann

  and Hercules (Belenos) of the Pict.

 

 

NAME         Fotla

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Brenin

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Pictish / Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland / Scotland

TERRITORY    Adtheodle and Goverin

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 15th c

RELATIVES    Cruithnechan (father); Cat, Ce, Circinn, Fib,

             Fidach and Fortrenn (brothers); Luchtine (great-

             great-grandfather); Hercules (ancestor)

SEE ALSO     Belenos / Cat / Ce / Circinn / Cruithnechan /

             Fib / Fidach / Fortrenn / Luchtine

REMARKS      Fotla and his brothers settled the 7 territories

  of Albainn (Scotland/northern England) and he was the head

  chieftain of the territory of Adtheodle et Goverin (Atholl

  and Gowrie).

       Fotla was a descendant of Luchtine of the Danann and

  Hercules (Belenos) of the Pict.

 

 

NAME         Fovor

EPITHET      Of the Mighty Blows

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       club

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         giant

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    The Otherworld - Land of Youth (Tir na nOg)

CENTERS      Druim-loghach

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd c

ACCESSORIES  iron club / clothing of deer skins

ENEMIES      Oisin

SEE ALSO     Oisin

REMARKS      Fovor was a giant in The Otherworld who held the

  daughter of the head chieftain of the Land of the Living

  captive in his raith Druim-loghach.  One day he returned to

  find that his captive had found a new champion, so battle

  was declared between the two champions.

       Fovor and Oisin fought for 3 nights and days, iron

  club against sword.  Then Oisin cut off Fovor's head and

  they buried him in a deep wide grave and raised his ogham

  stone.

 

 

NAME         Froech

EPITHET      Wrath / Fury

ALTERNATIVE  Fraech mac Fidaig / Fraich / Fraoch / Friach

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       heather

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland / Scotland

TERRITORY    Ulster / cause of Connacht

SITES        Dublind Froich (the Brei river in Connacht) /

             Raith Cruachain / Ath Froich (Froech's Ford) /

             Sid Fraeich (Froech's Mound)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid (died)

RELATIVES    Idath (father); Be Find (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Ailill / Medbh / Cu Chulainn

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Be Find / Boann / Conall

             Cernacht / Cu Chulainn / Finnabair / Medbh

REMARKS      Froech was a handsome young chieftain of the

  Danann.  He was without a wife and he heard that Finnabair,

  the daughter of Ailill and Medbh, was in love with him.  He

  was persuaded by his people to woo her because the Danann

  were always trying to get their blood line into the leading

  Goidel families.  Because he was from the family of Be

  Find, he went to the family of her sister Boann and was

  given gifts from The Otherworld to take to Raith Cruachain.

       Froech arrived at Raith Cruachain with these items: 50

  blue mantles with gold fibulas; 50 white tunics with

  animals embroidered in gold; 50 golden-rimmed shields; 50

  golden candle holders; 50 spears with butts of carbuncle

  and blades of precious stones; 50 dapple gray horses with

  golden bits, silver breast plates and golden bells; 50

  warriors with gold-hilted swords; 50 hounds with silver

  chains; 7 horn-blowers with horns of gold and silver; 3

  fools with silver diadems and shields with spiral

  decorations; 3 harpers of the highest rank.

       On the way to Raith Cruachain, Froech and his party

  hunted and caught 7 deer, 7 foxes, 7 hares, 7 boars and 7

  otters.  They arrived at Raith Cruachain in such splender

  that Ailill and Medbh set aside a quarter of the house for

  their guests.

       After Froech and his company had settled in, he began

  to play fidchell with Medbh.  They played for 3 days on

  Froech's board that was made from white gold with gold

  edges.  The pieces were of gold and silver, and a candle of

  precious stone provided light.  While they were playing, no

  one dared interrupt and so the assemblage of people went

  without food.

       After two weeks of hunting and feasting, Froech had

  still not met Finnabair, the reason for his visit.  One

  morning he arose early and went to the river for a swim. At

  the riverside he found Finnabair with her maidens.

  Finnabair agreed that it would be good for them to be

  married.  As a token, she gave Froech her thumb ring which

  had been given to her by her father.  If or when Ailill

  noticed that it was missing, she would claim that she had

  lost it.

       Froech went to Ailill and Medbh and asked the bride

  price.  Without hesitation Medbh quoted the price as 60

  gray horses with golden bridle bits, 12 milch cows with

  white red-eared calves, and the promise of his musicians

  and troops for their cattle raid into Cualnge.  Froech

  refused the bride price, saying he would not give that for

  Medbh herself.

       Medbh and Ailill decided to get rid of Froech and

  invited him to swim in the river.  While Froech was

  swimming, Ailill looked into Froech's pouch and found his

  own thumb ring that he himself had given to his daughter.

  He threw it into the river and it was swallowed by a

  salmon.

       Froech saw all of this and caught the salmon and,

  unknown to Ailill, hid it in the bushes.  Ailill told

  Froech to get him a branch from the rowan tree on the other

  side of the river.  The berries were delicious and Ailill

  asked Froech to get him another.  Unknown to Froech, there

  was a monster in the River Brei who guarded the magical

  rowan tree.  The monster seized Froech, and he yelled for a

  sword so he could protect himseld.

       When Finnabair saw that none were going to help

  Froech, she threw off her clothes and swam to him with a

  sword.  In a rage, Ailill threw his five-pointed spear at

  her but it only passed through the tresses of her hair.

  Froech grabbed the spear and threw it back at Ailill and it

  passed through his mantle and shirt.  Froech then took the

  sword from Finnabair and cut off the monster's head but he

  himself was near death.  Ailill promised Medbh that their

  daughter would die for the treachery and not because of the

  sword.

       A healing bath of chopped bacon and heifer flesh was

  prepared for Froech.  As Froech was soaking, 3x50 women

  dressed in scarlet and green and wearing silver animal

  bracelets on their wrists came to the gates of Raith

  Cruachain.  Froech was taken outside on a stretcher and the

  women took him to the Sidhe Cruachu where he was healed

  without blemish and returned to the Raith Cruachain the

  same time the following evening.

       Ailill and Medbh, remembering who their guest was and

  not wanting to make enemies with the people of the sidhe,

  apologized for their actions and held a feast.  Froech had

  one of his servants retrieve the salmon from its hiding

  place and give it to Finnabair.  At the feast, Ailill

  demanded that Finnabair give him his thumbring if she

  valued her life.  Finnabair swore that if the ring was

  found she would not remain under his protection for long.

  Ailill retorted that if the ring was found he would not

  refuse her request.  A serving maid brought the salmon into

  the feast and on top of it was the ring.  Finnabair was

  promised to Froech and he and his people went home to

  prepare for a wedding.

       When Froech arrived home, he found that his cattle,

  his woman and 3 sons had been captured in a raid by Picts

  of Albainn.  Froech set out to retrieve them with 27

  warriors, a falcon and a hound on a leash.  He met Conall

  Cernacht, who went with him to help retrieve his cattle.

  When they were close to the raith, they met a slave-woman

  who was from Ulster.  She warned them of the serpent that

  guarded it, then helped them into the fort.  She also told

  them that there was a prophecy that Conall Cernacht would

  come to the raith and destroy it.  They plundered the

  raith, freed the woman and her 3 sons and retrieved the

  cattle.

       Froech and Conall then went back to Ireland and became

  involved in the cattle raid of Cualnge.  During the cattle

  raid, Froech was asked by Medbh and Ailill to dispose of Cu

  Chulainn.

       Froech found Cu Chulainn swimming in the river at Ath

  Fuait.  Froech stripped down and met Cu Chulainn in the

  middle of the river and they wrestled.  Cu Chulainn got the

  better of him and held his head under water.  Cu Chulainn

  asked Froech once to give up and he declined.  Cu Chulainn

  then drowned him and dragged his body ashore where the Host

  of Connacht retrieved it.  While the warriors of Connacht

  were keening over the body there suddenly appeared 3x50

  women dressed in green.  They picked up Froech's body and

  carried it into a sidhe.  Thereafter, the mound was called

  Froech's Mound and the the ford was called Froech's Ford.

 

 

NAME         Fruich

EPITHET      Boar's Bristle / The Squinter With The Left Eye

ALTERNATIVE  Nar (Shame) / Nar Thuathcaech

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       1 eye

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     herder / filidh / shapechanger

TYPE         supernatural swineherd

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Dublin

TERRITORY    Munster / Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh Liffey

SITES        Da Derga's Hostel

CENTERS      Sidhe ar Femuin

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c / BC 1st c

BATTLES      Ath Cliath / Cualnge Cattle Raid

ACCESSORIES  a squealing boar's head

ENEMIES      Rucht Chnint (rival)

SEE ALSO     Bodb Dearg / Da Derga / Dare macFiachu / Fer

             Caille / Ochall Ochne / Rucht Chnint

REMARKS      Fruich was the swineherd for Bodb Dearg,

  chieftain of the Sidhe ar Femuin.  He and Rucht Chnint,

  swineherd for Ochall Ochne, were great friends.  When there

  was a large crop of beechnuts and acorns in the south,

  Rucht would take his boars and visit Fruich in Munster, and

  when there was a crop of nuts in Connacht, Fruich would

  bring his swine there to feed.

       The two swineherds were both versed in the arts of

  sorcery and could change themselves into any shape.  Many

  people of both provinces were jealous of the good

  relationship between the two and began to brag that their

  swineherd was the more powerful.

       The two friends decided that they would test their

  powers and Fruich suggested that he should cast a spell

  over the swine of Ochall Ochne's so that even though they

  ate well they would not gain any weight.  When Rucht

  returned home with his pathetic-looking animals he was the

  object of ridicule.

       When Fruich drove his swine to Connacht to feast,

  Rucht put the same spell on the animals of Munster and they

  returned home thin and barely alive.  The two swineherds

  were driven out by the head chieftains and they continued

  the contest in the form of ravens called Ingen (Talon) and

  Eitte (Wing).  The two sorcerers spent a year in each of

  the two provinces causing unrest and war.

       The two sorcerers then changed forms and became Bled

  (Whale) and Blod (Seabeast), one entering the Sinann river

  and the other the Siuir.  After two years they reincarnated

  and fought as stags, as warriors known as Rinn (Point) and

  Faebur (Edge), as phantoms called Scath (shadow) and Sciath

  (shield) as well as dragons and water worms called

  Cruinniuc and Tuinniuc.

       Fruich, in the reincarnation of Fer Caille, was

  present during the Destruction of Da Derga's Hostel on Magh

  Liffey.  He cooked a black squealing boar continuously over

  a fire for Conaire the high chieftain of Ireland.  When he

  was present at a feast, there was always combat and spilt

  blood.

       In the form of a water worm, Fruich fell from the sky

  and landed in the spring of the Cronn river in Cuailnge,

  Ulster.  He was swallowed by a cow belonging to Dare

  macFiachu and was reborn as the Donn (Brown) of Cualnge.

  When the two bulls fought during the Cualnge Cattle Raid,

  Fruich was the last to die.

 

 

NAME         Fuad

ALTERNATIVE  Faut

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     hero / warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel (Milesian) - Artabri tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Galicia / Meath / Donegal / Armagh

TERRITORY    Ulster

LANDMARKS    Sliabh Fuait (Fuad's mountain)

SITES        Teltown (Tailltenn) / Drumleene

CENTERS      Brigantia (A Corunna)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 15th c

BATTLES      Sliabh Mish / Taillcenn / Druim Lighean

RELATIVES    Bregon (father); Liben (wife); Brego, Bladh,

             Murthemne, Cualgne, Cuala, Eibleo, Nar, Ith and

             Bile (brothers); Brath (grandfather); Rifath

             Scot (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Danann

SEE ALSO     Bile / Bladh / Brath / Bregon / Ith / Rifath

             Scot

REMARKS      Fuad son of Bregon was a Milesian warrior who

  was killed during the Goidel invasion either in the battle

  of Taillcenn or Druim Lighean.  He had the mountain Slieve

  Fuad (Sliabh Fuait) in county of Armagh named after him.

  The mountain was later changed to Sliabh gCuilinn (Slieve

  Gullion) and is also referred to as Slievegallion or

  Gallion.

 

 

NAME         Fuamnach

EPITHET      The Resonant

ALTERNATIVE  Fuaimnech / Fuaimneach

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     filidh

TYPE         sorcerer

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster / Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

SITES        Sidhe Bri Leith / Sidhe Brugh na Boyna

CENTERS      Raith Oenach Bobgnai

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

ACCESSORIES  rowan wand

RELATIVES    Bresal (foster-father); Midhir (husband); Bri

             (daughter); Donn (son); Anghus (foster-son);

             Magog and Iarbonel (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Be Find / Anghus

SEE ALSO     Anghus mac Og / Be Find / Bresal Etarlam /

             Daghda / Etar of Echrade / Iarbonel / Lugh /

             Magog / Midhir / Oghma

REMARKS      Fuamnach was a direct descendant of the Nemedian

  chieftain, Beothach, who was known as the "Father of The

  Danann".  Fuamnach had married Midhir, chieftain of the

  Ulster Danann and of the Sidhe Bri Leith.  She was a foster

  of the filidh Bresal and was also under the protection of

  her own foster-son Anghus against any misdoings by the

  Danann.

       When Midhir brought his second wife home, Fuamnach was

  not overjoyed and accused Be Find of occupying the seat of

  a good woman.  She used her spell-binding wand to turn Be

  Find into a puddle of blood and then sought refuge with her

  foster-father.  From the blood of Be Find, maggots formed

  and one became a scarlet fly as big as the head of a man.

       The sound of the fly's voice was sweeter than that of

  the pipes, harp or horn.  Its eyes were of precious stones

  and glowed in the dark, its aroma could satisfy hunger and

  the drops from its wings could cure the sick.  Midhir knew

  this fly was Be Find because it accompanied him wherever he

  went.

       One day Fuamnach visited Midhir under the protection

  of Lugh, Daghda, and Oghma.  She said that she was not

  sorry for what she had done and that she preferred to look

  out for herself than for anyone else.  Then she used her

  sorcery to create a wind that blew for 7 years and kept Be

  Find in the air until she was finally found by Anghus.

  Anghus placed Be Find in his arbor at Sidhe Brugh na Boyna

  where she was surrounded by the scents of herbs which

  helped cure her.

       When Fuamnach heard of the relationship that grew

  between Be Find and Anghus, she had Midhir summon Anghus to

  Bri Leith and then she caused another wind which blew Be

  Find into the future where she landed in the golden wine

  cup of the wife of Etar.

       When Anghus realized what Fuamnach had done, he went

  to the raith of the filidh Bresal Etarlam and killed both

  Bresal and Fuamnach.  Anghus brought Fuamnach's head back

  to Sidhe Brugh na Boyna on Magh mBreg in Mide.

 

 

NAME         Furbaide

ALTERNATIVE  Firbaide / Forbai / Forbay / Furbude

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel / Gailioin

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Mide

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara on Magh mBerg

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Ethne (mother); Ailill (father); Finnabair and

             Sabd Sulbair (half-sisters); Andoe, Athramail,

             Gaib Uile, Mathramail, Milscothach, Mingor,

             Morgor and Orlam (half-brothers)

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Clothra / Ethne / Finnabair /

             Mane / Orlam

REMARKS      Furbaide's mother Ethne was drowned by her

  sister, Clothra, while he was still in the womb so he had

  to be born by caesarean section.

 

 

NAME         Furbude Fer Bend

ALTERNATIVE  Firbaide / Forbai / Forbay / Furbaide Ferbenn /

             Furbaide Fur Bend / Furbude

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain / hero

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal nAraide / Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Galway / Westmeath

TERRITORY    Ulster / Munster / Connacht

LANDMARKS    Inchclearaun in Lough Ree

SITES        Temair Luachra / Mound of Slane in Mide / Loch

             Riabhach (The Gray Lake)

CENTERS      Raith Sil in Magh nInis

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid / Gairech & Irgairech

ACCESSORIES  sword (Orderg) / sling

RELATIVES    Conchobar (father); Cu Chulainn (foster-

             father/half-brother); Fedlimid (half-sister);

             Fiachna, Findchad, Naoise, Conall, Cormac,

             Cuscraid, Fiachu, Fiachna, Follomain, Glas,

             Mane, Conaing, Diarmait, Beann and Fiachra

             (half-brothers)

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht / Medbh

SEE ALSO     Beann / Conall Cernacht / Conchobar mac Nessa /

             Cormac Condloinges / Cuscraid Menn / Cu Chulainn

             / Diarmait mac Conchobar / Fedlimid Nocruthach /

             Ferghus mac Roig / Fiachna / Fiachra / Fiachu /

             Findchad / Fintan / Follomain / Glas / MacRoth /

             Mane Milscothach / Medbh / Naoise / Sencha

             macAilella

REMARKS      During Samhain festivities, the Ulster champions

  began to fight about whether the feast should be at the

  raith of Cu Chulainn or at the raith of Fintan.  Furbude,

  who was a young lad and foster-son to Cu Chulainn, began to

  lament that they would destroy the province for a night of

  fun when it had thus far been successful.

       Sencha the Wise Counsellor suggested that the warriors

  should feast for the first half of the night at the raith

  of Fintan and the second half at the raith of Cu Chulainn.

  They all agreed to this and after feasting the first half

  of the night they took to their chariots and drove off,

  following Cu Chulainn.  Although Cu Chulainn's birth name

  Setantae means "One Who Knows The Way", he appeared to

  become lost, eventually leading his intoxicated comrades to

  the other side of the country and ending up at Temair

  Luachra in the province of Munster where a party was in

  progress for the first birthday of Mane Milscothach.

       Eventually a fight began and Furbude, who was a young

  lad of great beauty, was angry because he could not find

  anyone who would fight with him.  Then a warrior of

  Connacht complained that he had been hit by a spear thrown

  by Furbude.  This made the warriors of Ulster so angry that

  they looted and destroyed Temair Luachra.

       Years later during the Cualnge Cattle Raid, MacRoth

  described a handsome white-breasted warrior who led his

  troop of 3000 warriors to the Mound of Slane in Mide.  He

  wore a tunic with red ornamentation covered by a fine cloak

  held with a gold fibula.  He carried a blue striking shield

  with a golden boss and a 5-pronged spear with gold

  decoration.  On his left side, hung from the shoulder, he

  wore a sword with a gold hilt, and on his head was a golden

  diadem.  Ferghus identified the chieftain as Furbude, the

  foster-son of Cu Chulainn from Sil in Magh nInis.

       Furbude was responsible for killing Medbh after she

  had been ruler for 88 years.  He killed her with a shot to

  the forehead from his sling while she bathed in a pool

  called Loch Riabhach (The Gray Lake) on Inis Clothrann

  (Inchclearaun) in Lough Ree, counties Galway and Westmeath.

  Furbude thus revenged the death of his foster-father by

  killing the one person who was really responsible for his

  death.