Chapter 9

 

 

GODS / HEROES / WARRIORS

 

 

E - Eadha (Aspen) - Tree Alphabet / (─●●●●─) Line Ogham

 

 

 

 

NAME         Eber

ALTERNATIVE  Ebir / Emer / Ever / Hyber

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     warrior / war leader

CULTURE      Partholean tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Munster

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 19th c

BATTLES      Magh Ibha

RELATIVES    Partholon (father); Dealgnaid (mother); Senboth,

             Laighlinne, Slainge, Rudraidhe, Er, Orba, Ferann

             and Fergna (brothers); Aidne, Aife, Aine,

             Fochain, Muchos, Melepard, Glas, Grennach,

             Ablach and Gribendach (sisters); Magog

             (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Fomorii / Cichol Gricenchos

SEE ALSO     Dealgnaid / Cichol Gricenchos / Laighlinne /

             Magog / Partholon / Rudraidhe / Senboth /

             Slainge

REMARKS      Ten years after Partholon and his followers

  landed in the ancient province of Munster, they fought the

  battle of Magh Ibha.  Eber, a son of Partholon, was the war

  leader and was killed by Cichol Grichenchos, the Fomorian

  war leader, during the battle.

 

 

NAME         Eber

EPITHET      Fair Eber (Eber Finn)

ALTERNATIVE  Eber Find / Ebir / Emer / Ever / Hyber

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     warrior / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         chariot warrior / head chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel (Milesian) - Artabri tribe

COUNTRY      Egypt / Spain / Ireland

REGION       Galicia / Meath / Donegal

LANDMARKS    Tochar-etir-da-mag (died)

SITES        Teltown (Tailltenn) / Drumleene

CENTERS      Brigantia (A Corunna)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 15th c

BATTLES      Sliabh Mish / Taillcenn / Druim Lighean

RELATIVES    Golamh (father); Scota (mother); Er, Orba,

             Feron, Fergna, Caur, Capa, Corunn, Edor, Arb,

             Airrbe and Conmael (sons); Eremon, Amhairghin,

             Ir, Colptha, Arannan (brothers); Dil and Odba

             (half-sisters); Donn and Airioch Feabhruadh

             (half-brothers); Bile (grandfather/cousin);

             Bregon (great-grandfather); Brego, Bladh, Fuad,

             Murthemne, Cualgne, Cuala, Eibleo, Nar and Ith

             (cousins); Rifath Scot (ancestor); Fionn mac

             Cumhaill (descendant)

ENEMIES      Danann / Eremon / MacCuill

SEE ALSO     Amhairghin / Arannan / Bile / Bladh / Bregon /

             Conmael / Colptha / Donn / Eremon / Fionn mac

             Cumhaill / Fuad / Golamh / Ir / Ith / MacCuill /

             Odba / Rifath Scot / Scota

REMARKS      Eber of the twin birth was the eldest son of

  Golamh and Scota and was born in steamy Egypt.  During the

  invasion of Ireland, Eber killed MacCuill during the battle

  of Taillcenn (Teltown).

       When the battle was over, their head chieftain and his

  mother Scota were both dead and Amhairghin, the druid, had

  appointed Eremon to the position of head chieftain of the

  Goidel of Ireland.

       Eber who was the oldest, disagreed with his twin and

  thought that he should rule the Goidel of Ireland.  He went

  to war with his brother Eremon and took control of the

  island south of the Boyne from Tonn Clidna to the Buall.

       Eber brought to the south 30 ships and 5 chieftains:

  Lugaid son of Ith, Etan son of Oicce, Un son of Uicce,

  Caicher the Wizard and Fulman.  He also brought Mantan the

  harper to give it the sweetness of music.

       Eber built Raith Ainninn (Aindind), and Raith Arda

  Suird (Rathurd, limerick) was dug by Fulman.  Raith

  Rigbaird (a large fort east of Easky townland of Carrow

  Mably, Sligo) was built by the formidable Etan.  Dun

  Cairich was built by Un, and Dun Bindi was built by swarthy

  Caicher.

       Eber went to war with Eremon because the southern half

  of Ireland had only one mountain ridge and the northern

  half had two mountain ridges within its territory.  Eber

  was killed in combat with Eremon at Tochar-etir-da-mag and

  Eremon became the high chieftain of Ireland.  Eber's

  descendants became the Goidel of the south of Ireland and

  many people including Fionn claimed their ancestry.

 

 

NAME         Eber Scot

ALTERNATIVE  Ebir / Emer / Ever / Hyber

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         chariot warrior / head chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Egypt

TERRITORY    Scythia

LANDMARKS    Caucasus / Caspain Sea / Volga / Black Sea  /

             Crimean Peninsula

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 19th c

RELATIVES    Sru (father); Boamain (son); Rifath Scot and

             Iafeth (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Nenuail / Noemius

SEE ALSO     Feinius Farsaid / Gaedhal Glas / Iafeth /

             Lamfind / Rifath Scot / Sru

REMARKS      Eber Scot, son of Sru, son of Esru, son of

  Gaedhal Glas, son of Nel, son of Feinius Farsaid, was a

  descendant of Rifath Scot.

       Eber Scot and his father led four boatloads of Goidel

  from Egypt to a Goidel territory of Feinius Farsaid in

  Scythia (an area north of the Caucasus streaching east

  around the Caspian Sea to the Volga river and west around

  the Black Sea to the Crimean Peninsula).  When his father

  died on arrival, Eber became the new chieftain of his

  people.

        At this time Nenuail, son of Baath, son of Ibath, son

  of Nenual, son of Feinius Farsaid, was the head chieftain

  of the tribes.  Eber went to war with his cousin and

  conquered the territory and became the head chieftain of

  both sides of the family of Feinius Farsaid.

       Eber Scot was slain by Noemius son of Nenual but his

  son Boamain ruled until he was also killed by Noemius.

  Noemius then ruled the two branches of the family until he

  was slain by Boamain's son Ogamain.  Ogamain ruled until he

  died and the position was taken his son Tat who was then

  killed by Reafloir, son of Refill.  Reafloir was slain in

  combat by Agnomain but the followers of Refloir refused to

  be ruled by Agnomain and drove him and his son Lamfind out

  of the territory.

 

 

NAME         Ebliu

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Limerick

TERRITORY    Munster

SITES        Slieve Eelim (Slisbh nEblinne)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

RELATIVES    Lugh (half-brother)

SEE ALSO     Lugh / Fintan mac Bochra / Tuan mac Cairill

REMARKS      Ebliu married a one-eyed man who was a

  reincarnation of Fintan mac Bochra.  He saw the invasion of

  Ireland by the Goidels and when he died he was reborn as

  Tuan mac Cairill with his memory intact.  When Ebliu died,

  Slisbh nEblinne (Slieve Eelim), a glen in the east of

  Limerick, was named after her.

 

 

NAME         Ebraucos

EPITHET      The Yew Man

ALTERNATIVE  Eburos

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / Rix

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain of Britain

CULTURE      Goidel - Coritani tribe

COUNTRY      England / Wales / Scotland

TERRITORY    Lloegr / Cambria / Albainn

SITES        Caer Ebrauc (York) / Mount Agned (Maiden Castle)

CENTERS      Caer Troia (Town of Troy) present-day Ilford

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 10th c (ruled 39 years) / BC 972 ca. (died)

RELATIVES    Mempricius (father); Maddan (grandfather); Brute

             Greenshield (son); Leil (grandson)

SEE ALSO     Leil / Maddan / Mempricius

REMARKS      Ebraucos was the high chieftain of Britain for

  approximately 39 years.  He was described as a tall man of

  great strength who became a mighty warrior, sailed to Gaul

  and looted many places before returning a rich man.

       After he returned with his booty he built the fort

  Caer Ebrauc (York) and named it after himself.  Ebraucos

  also received credit for constructing Maiden Castle and a

  few other places.

       Ebraucos proved a fertile leader, siring 30 daughters

  and 20 sons by twenty different wives.  His son Brute

  Greenshield was appointed heir and he ruled for 12 years

  until his grandson Leil became high chieftain of the

  tribes.

 

 

NAME         Echbel mac Dedaid

EPITHET      Horse Mouth

ALTERNATIVE  Errge Echbel

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel - Clanna Dedad (The Degads)

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Kerry

TERRITORY    Munster / the cause of Ulster

SITES        Hostel (Bruidhean)

CENTERS      Temair Luachra (Tara of the Rushes)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Temuir Luachra / Mac Da Tho's / Cualnge Cattle

             Raid

RELATIVES    Dedad (father); Dare, Conganchness, Li,

             Gabalglinde and Foenglinde (brothers); Cu Roi

             (nephew); Eremon and Tea (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht / Loth

SEE ALSO     Conganchness mac Dedaid / CuRoi macDaire / Dare

             mac Dedaid / Dedad / Eremon / Foenglinde mac

             Dedaid  / Gabalglinde mac Dedaid / Li mac Dedaid

             / Loth mac Fergusa maic Leti / Lugaid mac Curoi

             / Mac Da Tho / Mane Milscothach / Tea

REMARKS      Echbel was a chariot warrior of the Clanna Dedad

  of Munster.  During the battle of Temair Luachra at the

  festival for Mane Milscothach, Echbel killed the Ulster

  warrior Loth mac Fergusa maic Leti.

       When the warriors of Connacht and Ulster were trying

  to outboast each other at the hostel of Mac Da Tho, the

  killing of Loth was brought up by Lugaid mac Curoi to

  irritate the warriors of Ulster.  During the Cualnge Cattle

  Raid, Echbel fought for the cause of Ulster.

 

 

NAME         Echdruinn

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     servant

TYPE         chief equerry for Conaire (Ard Righ Eirinn)

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath / Dublin

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg / Magh Liffey

SITES        Da Derga's Hostel

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Ath Cliath

ACCESSORIES  whip

RELATIVES    son of Argatron; Echruid and Echruathar

             (brothers)

ENEMIES      Ingcel / sons of Donn Desa

SEE ALSO     Conaire / Da Derga / Donn Desa / Ingcel

REMARKS      Echdruinn and his two brothers were described as

  having their hair in a cropped fashion.  The 3 wore frocks

  with mantles wrapped over them.  They carried whips in

  their hands and looked after Conaire's horses.  During the

  the battle of Ath Cliath on Magh Liffey, they each killed a

  warrior of the raiders.

 

 

NAME         Echur

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     guard

TYPE         door-guard for Conaire (Ard Righ Eirinn)

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath / Dublin

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg / Magh Liffey

SITES        Da Derga's Hostel

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Ath Cliath

RELATIVES    Ersa (father); Comla (mother); Tochur and

             Tecmang (brothers)

ENEMIES      Ingcel / sons of Donn Desa

SEE ALSO     Conaire / Da Derga / Donn Desa / Ingcel

REMARKS      Echur and his two brothers were the personal

  door guards of the high chieftain of Ireland.  All three

  wore aprons and gray speckled mantles.  They carried holed

  maces in their hands and were very swift on their feet.

  They each killed an enemy and escaped the destruction at Da

  Derga's Hostel, but were wounded.  Their mother's name was

  Ersa (doorpost) and their father's name was Comla (valve).

 

 

NAME         Edlco

ALTERNATIVE  Edleo mac Allai / Eidleo

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     summer solstice

CATEGORY     warrior

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Mayo

TERRITORY    Connacht

LANDMARKS    Plain of Towers (Magh Tuireadh)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

BATTLES      1st battle of Magh Tuireadh (south Moytura)

             (died)

RELATIVES    Aldui (father); Satharn (son); Ordan (brother);

             Magog and Iarbonel (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Firbolg / Nekchu

SEE ALSO     Iarbonel / Magog / Ordan

REMARKS      Edlco, son of Aldui, son of Tat, was the first

  Danann warrior to die during the battle of South Moytura

  when he was killed by Nekchu.

 

 

NAME         Eibhir

EPITHET      Niam of the Yellow Hair / Niamh of the Golden

             Hair / Maiden from the Sea

ALTERNATIVE  Niamh {nee-av} (Beauty/Brightness/Splendor)

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman) / filidh

TYPE         sorcerer

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    The Otherworld - Land of Youth (Tir na nOg)

SITES        Loch Lein

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd c

ACCESSORIES  white steed / crown

RELATIVES    Iunsa (father); Oisin (husband); Plur na mBan

             (daughter); Finn and Oscar (sons)

SEE ALSO     Oisin / Oscar

REMARKS      Eibhir had heard many tales of valor about

  Oisin, a hero of the Fianna, so she left her sunny country

  and rode her steed across the water to visit his world and

  to persuade him to come back with her and be her husband.

       Eibhir was an extraordinarily beautiful maiden and

  when she appeared out of the mist of Loch Lein she had her

  golden hair in ringlets which rested on her shoulders.  Her

  eyes were clear blue and her cheeks were rose-colored

  against her swan-white skin.  She wore a dark brown full-

  length mantle of silks decorated with stars of red gold.

  She sat upon a golden saddle and her white steed was fitted

  with golden shoes and a golden bridle.

       It was said that her voice was as sweet as honeyed red

  wine as she offered Oisin a long life of feasting,

  drinking, playing games and listening to the sound of

  harps.  He would be wealthy in gold, silver and jewels.  He

  would receive 100 high-quality swords, 100 suits of armor,

  100 satin mantles, 100 steeds, 100 hounds, 100 shirts of

  satin, 100 cows, 100 calves, 100 golden-fleeced sheep, 100

  rare gems, 100 beautiful handmaidens and 100 warriors.

  Oisin would also receive a special suit of armor, a sword

  worth 100 others, and the diadem of The God of Youth.

       Oisin said goodbye to his father and friends of the

  Fianna and went with Eibhir to the Land of Youth.  Eibhir

  bore him 3 children who were named Finn, Oscar and Plur na

  mBan (The Flower of Maidens).  Oscar, the youngest male,

  returned to Ireland and joined the Fianna.

       Oisin was happy in the Land of Youth but grew restless

  to see his friends of his own world.  Eibhir knew that he

  did not realize how much time had passed and was afraid she

  would lose him.  Oisin insisted that he go for a visit so

  she tried to make him understand that as long as he was on

  the white steed he would be safe.  If he touched the earth

  of his world he would become a 300-year-old man.  Oisin

  never returned to Tir na nOg (Land of Youth) and Niamh of

  the Golden Hair may still be waiting for him.

 

 

NAME         Eidoel

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         horse warrior

CULTURE      Cymry (tribes that fight side by side)

COUNTRY      Wales / England / Ireland

AGE          Post-Roman

DATES        AD 6th c

RELATIVES    son of Aer; Mabon (cousin)

SEE ALSO     Arthur / Culhwch / Mabon / Olwen

REMARKS      During Culhwch's quest for Olwen, Eidoel was

  needed to find his cousin Mabon, but he was being held

  prisoner by Glini.  Arthur and his warriors went to Glini

  and suggested that maybe he and his prisoner Eidoel could

  help to find Mabon.

 

 

NAME         Eire

ALTERNATIVE  Eiru / Eri / Erin / Eriu

GENDER       F

SYMBOL       red amber

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         earth goddess / fertility goddess of life

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Kerry / Westmeath

TERRITORY    Munster

SITES        Uisneach

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

RELATIVES    Ernmas (mother); Fiachu (father/half-brother);

             Eladu (consort); Bress (son); Fodhla and Banbha

             (sisters); Macha, Badbh, Danu and Elcmar (half-

             sisters); Olloman, Indui, Glonn, Gnim, Coscar

             and Neto (half-brothers); Eladu,  Brénos and

             MacGreine (consorts); Delbaeth (grandfather);

             Magog, Iarbonel, Ordan and Net (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Suirge

SEE ALSO     Amhairghin / Badbh / Banbha / Brénos / Bress /

             Delbaeth / Danu / Donn / Eladu  / Elcmar /

             Ernmas / Fiachu / Fodhla / Iarbonel / Macha /

             Magog / MacGreine / Net / Neto / Ordan

REMARKS      Eire, daughter of Ernmas and Fiachu, was a

  triple goddess of the Danann in Ireland.  Although she was

  thought of as one of three sisters, some scholars believe

  she was actually one person, Banbha and Fodhla being her

  poetic names.

       One day Eire was sitting on a hill at Maeth Sceni

  overlooking a calm ocean.  She saw a large silver vessel

  coming toward her.  In the vessel she saw a man with blond

  hair to his shoulders, wearing gold armor over a shirt that

  was embroidered in gold.  Over this he wore a cloak with

  bands of gold that was held with a brooch of gold and

  jewels.  He had 5 gold torcs about his neck, a gold-hilted

  sword with inlays of silver and gold studs, and was holding

  two spears with silver heads and bronze shafts.

       The warrior identified himself as Eladu son of

  Delbach, then invited Eire to lie with him.  He prophesied

  she would bear a son and he would be called Eochaid Bress.

  He then sailed away leaving only his thumb ring for his

  son.

       Eire's son Bress grew at supernatural rate and was

  trained as a warrior of the Danann.  He reached the

  position of high chieftain of the Danann but was expelled.

  Eire then gave Bress his father's ring, told him who he

  was, and showed him the direction to travel in search of

  his father.

       Eire was also a consort to Brénos and MacGreine

  (Cethor) of the Danann to ensure fertility of their people,

  animals and crops.

       When the Milesian (Goidel) landed in Ireland, Eire met

  them at Uisneach.  Eire promised Amhairghin that they would

  meet success in their invasion if they would name the

  Island after her.  Amhairghin agreed but Donn, the head

  chieftain of the Milesian, insulted her.  Eire cursed Donn

  and told him he would have no profit from the island nor

  would his seed live upon it.

       The Goidel won the battle of Taillcenn (Teltown)

  against the Danann.  Eire died in combat at the hands of

  Suirge.   She was venerated at Uisneach, the site of

  Ireland's Beltainn, and the island is still called Eire's

  land (Ireland).

 

 

NAME         Eis Enchenn

EPITHET      Bird Head

GENDER       F

SYMBOL       1 eye / bird

CATEGORY     ovate

TYPE         sorcerer

CULTURE      Pictish ?

COUNTRY      Scotland

TERRITORY    The Otherworld - Isle of Women (Inis na mBan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

ENEMIES      Cu Chulainn

SEE ALSO     Aife / Cu Chulainn

REMARKS      Eis Enchenn was killed by Cu Chulainn before he

  left Aife's control on the Isle of Women in the Land of

  Shadow.  Eis Enchenn was an ancient woman with a bird's

  head and was blind in the left eye.

 

 

NAME         Eisirt

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     poet

TYPE         court poet to Iubdan (Ri Ruirech)

CULTURE      Elfin (Fay Folk)

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    The Otherworld - Pond of the Fay (Faylinn)

SITES        Dun Rury in Ulster

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

SEE ALSO     Aed / Fergus mac Leti / Iubdan

REMARKS      Eisirt was the court poet for Iubdan, head

  chieftain of Faylinn in The Otherworld.  During a feast,

  Iubdan was bragging of the powers of his warriors when

  Eisirt mentioned a race of giants in a land called Ulster.

  Eisirt was thrown into prison and was released only after

  promising to go to the land of giants and bring back proof.

       When Eisirt arrived at Dun Rury, the fortress of an

  Ulster chieftain Fergus mac Leti,  he was treated with

  respect and received a reward for a demonstration of his

  wit and wisdom.  He immediately dispensed the reward among

  the poets of Ulster and invited Aed, a bard and the court

  dwarf, to return home with him to see his land.

       Once the people saw the size of Aed they believed his

  story and Eisirt then put Iubdan under geis to visit Ulster

  himself.

 

 

NAME         Eithne Imgel

ALTERNATIVE  Eithne / Eithni / Eithniu / Ethlinn / Ethliu /

             Ethne / Ethnea / Ethniu

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     warrior / wife of the Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         rigbean (noble woman)

CULTURE      Pictish

COUNTRY      Scotland / England / Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg (Plain of Breg)

SITES        Inber Domnann

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 1st-2nd c

BATTLES      Magh Bolg

RELATIVES    Fiachu (husband); Tuathal (son)

ENEMIES      Elim

SEE ALSO     Elim / Fiachu Finnoilches / Tuathal Teachtmhair

REMARKS      Eithne was the daughter of the head chieftain of

  the Picts of Albainn (Scotland/northern England).  She

  married Fiachu Finnoilches, the high chieftain of Ireland.

  During the battle of Magh Bolg against Elim and his

  Firbolg, she and 2 other women were the only ones of their

  side who escaped alive.

       Eithne fled to the territory of her father and there

  she bore Tuathal, son of Fiachu.  When the boy was a 20-

  year-old trained warrior she led an expedition to Ireland

  where they landed at Inber Domnann.  Here they were met by

  warriors of Ireland who gave Tuathal the position of high

  chieftain and he led them in 123 battles.

 

 

NAME         Eladu

EPITHET      Knowledge

ALTERNATIVE  Elda / Eladan / Elatha mac Delbaith / Elathan /

             Elathra / Eladu (fir) / Elotha / Elothae

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       fir tree

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain / mariner

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

SITES        Plain of Meadows (Magh nInis)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 13th c

RELATIVES    Delbach (father); Etain, Danu and Eire

             (consorts); Daghda, Oghma, Elloth, Bress and

             Delbaed (sons); Manannan (grandson); Net

             (grandfather); Magog and Iarbonel (ancestors)

SEE ALSO     Bress / Daghda / Danu / Eire / Ernmas / Etain /

             Fiachu / Iarbonel / Magog / Manannan / Net /

             Oghma / Ordan

REMARKS      Eladu, son of Delbach son of Net, was a

  descendant of Iarbonel and Magog.  He was of the Danann but

  a chieftain of the Fomorii.  One day he put his vessel to

  shore and spied a beautiful woman sitting on a hill

  overlooking the sea.  The maiden was Eire, daughter of

  Ernmas, daughter of Etarlam, son of Ordan, descendant of

  Iarbonel and Magog.

       Eladu laid with her and identified himself as Eladu,

  son of Delbach.  He prophesied that she would bear a son

  and that he should be called Eochaid Bress.  Eladu then

  sailed away, leaving only his thumb ring and giving Eire

  instructions not to give the ring to the boy until he was

  ready to seek his father.

 

 

NAME         Elbha

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal nAraide / Danann / Pictish

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh

TERRITORY    Ulster

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Cathbad (father); Maga (mother); Dechtire and

             Findchaem (sisters); Genonn and Imrinn

             (brothers); Conchobar (half-brother/consort);

             Fachtna Fathach, Sualtaim and Ferghus (half-

             brothers); Usna (husband); Naoise, Ainle and

             Ardan (sons); Ir and Anghus (ancestors)

SEE ALSO     Anghus mac Og / Cathbad / Conchobar / Dechtire /

             Fachtna Fathach / Ferghus mac Roig / Findchaem /

             Genonn Gruadsolus / Imrinn / Ir / Maga / Naoise

             / Sualtaim macRoig / Usna

REMARKS      When Elbha married Usna, she would have spent

  her first night with Conchobar because as the head

  chieftain it was his duty to father the first child of

  every union among his people.

       Elbha eventually bore 3 sons who became known as the

  Sons of Usna.  Her three sons were eventually murdered by

  her half-brother Conchobar because of the love affair

  between Naoise and Conchobar's bride-to-be.

 

 

NAME         Elcmar

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

RELATIVES    Ernmas (mother); Delbaeth (father/consort);

             Corpre Crom (son/half-brother); Siugmall

             (grandson); Neto (half-brother/husband); Fea and

             Nemhain (daughters); Macha, Danu and Badbh

             (sisters); Eire, Fodhla, Banbha (half-sisters);

             Fiachu, Olloman and Indui (brothers); Brénos,

             Iuchar, Iucharba, Glonn, Gnim and Coscar (half-

             brothers); Etarlam and Oghma (grandfathers);

             Magog, Iarbonel, Ordan and Net (ancestors)

SEE ALSO     Badbh Catha / Banbha / Brénos / Danu / Delbaeth

             / Eire / Ernmas / Fea / Fiachu / Fodhla /

             Iarbonel / Indui / Macha / Magog / Nemhain / Net

             / Neto / Oghma / Olloman / Ordan

REMARKS      Elcmar, daughter of Ernmas, bore two daughters

  by her half-brother Neto, son of Ernmas, who became

  important war goddesses.  She also bore to her father a son

  called Corpre Crom.

 

 

NAME         Elcmar

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

SITES        Cletech

CENTERS      Sidhe Brugh na Boyna

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

RELATIVES    Boann (wife)

ENEMIES      Midhir / Anghus

SEE ALSO     Anghus mac Og / Boann / Daghda / Midhir

REMARKS      Elcmar was a chieftan of the Danann and had his

  seat at Sidhe Brugh na Boyna on Magh mBreg.  When Elcmar

  was married to Boann, Daghda sent him on a mission, then

  cast a spell over him so that he would think only a day had

  passed when in fact it was 9 months.  This was enough time

  for Boann to give birth to Anghus without Elcmar becoming

  suspicious.

       Elcmar lost Sidhe Brugh na Boyna to Anghus one Samhain

  when he was overpowered by 9-year-old Anghus and forfeited

  the rule of the Sidhe for a night and a day.  The Daghda

  ruled that Elcmar put the value of his life above that of

  his sidhe and therefore should lose it.

       Elcmar was given the three lands around Cletech

  overlooking the Sidhe as compensation.  Elcmar killed

  Midhir in combat but he was killed by Anghus who sought

  revenge.

 

 

NAME         Eldol

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       club

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / chieftain

CULTURE      Cymry (tribes that fight side by side)

COUNTRY      England

REGION       Gloucester

SITES        Cloister of Ambruis at Caer Caradduc (Salisbury)

AGE          Post-Roman

DATES        AD 5th c

BATTLES      Cloister of Ambruis

ACCESSORIES  wooden club

ENEMIES      Germani / Hengist

SEE ALSO     Aurelius / Gorlois / Uther / Vortigern

REMARKS      Eldol, a Briton chieftain, was present at the

  unarmed meeting that Vortigern called between the

  chieftains of the Britons and those of the Germani.  The

  two sides met at the Cloister of Ambruis on Beltainn.

       Hengist, leader of the Germani, ordered his warriors

  to hide knives in their boots and wait for his signal to

  attack the Britons.  When the slaughter began, Eldol

  grabbed a piece of wood as a club and went into a frenzy,

  crushing skulls and limbs until he had killed 70 enemies.

  Eldol was the only Briton of the 480 to escape the

  massacre.

       Later, after the arrival of Aurelius and Uther, the

  Cymry warriors joined in battle against the invading

  Germani.  Eldol sought Hengist for a single combat and the

  thunder and fire from their swords shook the very heavens.

       As the battle raged on, Gorlois of Cornwall moved his

  warriors into the vicinity of the combat and when Eldol saw

  Gorlios and his Britons he acquired new strength.  Eldol

  took hold of Hengist by the nose-guard of his helmet and

  dragged him in among the Britons so he could capture him

  alive.  When the battle was over and the Germani were

  routed, Hengist was given the death sentence by the Cymry

  chieftains.  Eldol had the pleasure of chopping off his

  head, then out of respect for his courage as a warrior he

  gave him a proper pagan burial.

 

 

NAME         Elffin

ALTERNATIVE  Elphin

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

CULTURE      Briton

COUNTRY      Wales

REGION       Gwynedd {Gwin-eth} / Clwyd {clud}

TERRITORY    Gwynedd

AGE          Post-Roman

DATES        AD 6th c

RELATIVES    Gwyddno Garanhir (father); Taliesin (foster-

             son); Maelgwn (uncle); Rhun (cousin)

ENEMIES      Maelgwn / Rhun

SEE ALSO     Maelgwn / Rhun / Taliesin

REMARKS      Elffin was the son of Gwyddno Garanhir, a

  chieftain whose land was flooded over by the sea.  Elffin

  was of high birth but had little wealth, so he asked his

  father if he could have the catch from their fishing weir

  on the eve of Samhain.  He went to the weir that evening at

  low tide but to his disappointment there was not a fish to

  be found.

       Elffin was about to leave for home when he saw

  something caught in the net and went to investigate.  He

  discovered that the object was a small skin-covered

  coracle.  He cut the top open with his knife and there

  inside was a male child with a radiant forehead.  Elffin

  and his wife were delighted because they had no children of

  their own.  The couple named the child Taliesin, which

  meant both "fine value" and "radiant brow".  They raised

  him to manhood and he became a powerful and wise druid.

       Elffin's troubles began when he was at the court of

  his uncle, the head chieftain of Gwynedd.  Maelgyn was

  bragging about the fidelity of his wife, the quality of his

  bards, and the speed of his horses.  Elffin made the

  mistake of comparing his wife, horse and bard to those of

  his Brenin and was thrown into a dungeon where he was

  secured by a silver chain with 13 locks.

       Maelgwn sent his son Rhun to seduce Elffin's wife in

  order to prove her lack of fidelity.  Rhun had a reputation

  of being the lustiest man in the world and no woman could

  resist his charisma.  When Rhun arrived back to the raith

  of the head chieftain, Elffin was brought before his uncle

  and was confronted with the accusation that his wife had

  been caught in an affair with his cousin Rhun.  Rhun

  offered her finger and her ring as proof.

       Elffin examined the finger and ring and stated that

  the ring was his but the finger was not from his wife.  His

  ring would not even fit his wife's thumb.  The finger was

  rough and the nail was cracked with traces of dough under

  it.  His wife's nails, on the other hand, were neatly

  trimmed and and she had not kneaded bread since her

  marriage.  The chieftain, feeling the fool, put his nephew

  back into the dungeon.

       Later Elffin was brought before him again and this

  time Taliesin was there, being questioned by the head

  chieftain's druids.  Taliesin then recited 3 enchanting

  poems which struck the court druids dumb and caused the 13

  locks to open and the silver chain holding Elffin to fall

  from him.

       Elffin, on the advice of Taliesin, then challenged his

  uncle the head chieftain to a horse race.  Taliesin again

  used his talent to help Elffin's horse win the race.

  Taliesin then led Elffin to a specific place and instructed

  the servants to dig a hole.  They soon uncovered a large

  cauldron of gold which was Taliesin's gift to Elffin and

  his wife as thanks for raising him.  Elffin was then able

  to run his household with dignity and in the style

  befitting a chieftain of high birth.

 

 

NAME         Elico

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / druid

TYPE         artificer / blacksmith

CULTURE      Gallic - Helvetii tribe

COUNTRY      Switzerland / France

CENTERS      Rome

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 4th c

ENEMIES      Romans

REMARKS      Elico worked as a blacksmith in Rome and over a

  twenty-year period he guided the Celts in 3 separate

  attacks against the city.

 

 

NAME         Elim

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         high chieftain

CULTURE      Fir Bolg

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg (Plain of Breg)

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 1st c / AD 55-75 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

BATTLES      Magh Bolg / Aicill

RELATIVES    Conrai (father)

ENEMIES      Fiachu Finnoilches / Tuathal Teachtmhair

SEE ALSO     Fiachu Finnoilches / Tuathal Teachtmhair

REMARKS      Elim killed Fiachu Finnoilches during the battle

  of Magh Bolg and took control of Ireland.  He remained the

  high chieftain for 15 years untill he was killed by Tuathal

  Teachtmhair son of Fiachu during the battle of Aicill.

 

 

NAME         Elitovios

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Gallic - Cenomani tribe

COUNTRY      France / Italy

TERRITORY    Gaul / Cisalpine

LANDMARKS    Alps

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 4th c

SEE ALSO     Bellovesus

REMARKS      Elitovios led warriors of the Cenomani and Andes

  tribes over the Alps and under the guide of Bellovesus into

  the Cisalpine of northern Italy.

 

 

NAME         Elldud

EPITHET      The Holy Man of Cor Dewdws

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / druid

TYPE         teacher / agriculturalists

CULTURE      Pictish / Briton

COUNTRY      France / England

REGION       Brittany / Cornwall

TERRITORY    Gaul / Llydaw / Lloegr

LANDMARKS    Loire

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 6th c / BC 550 ca.

SEE ALSO     Prydain

REMARKS      Elldud was a druid who was involved in the

  migration of La Tène A Pictish tribes, under Prydain, from

  Llydaw (Brittany) to Cornwall in Lloegr (England).  In

  Lloegr, he showed the tribes the art of plowing a field,

  which was a more productive method than using a mattock or

  spade.

 

 

NAME         Emer Foltchain

EPITHET      Of the Beautiful Hair

ALTERNATIVE  Amir / Eithne Ingubai / Emer {avair, ay-ver,

             ev-air} / Emere

GENDER       F

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

CULTURE      Fomorii

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Mide / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Dun Rudrige / Magh mBreg

SITES        Strand of the Yew Tree / An Tete Brecc / Tech

             Midchuarta

CENTERS      Luglochta Loga (the garden of Lugh) / Dundalk

             (Dun Dealgan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

ACCESSORIES  6 gifts of womanhood

RELATIVES    Forgall Manach (father); Scibur, Ibur and Cat

             (brothers); Fial (sister); Cu Chulainn

             (husband); Tethra (ancestor)

SEE ALSO     Aife / Condlae / Cu Chulainn / Domhnall / Fand /

             Fedlimid Nocruthach / Forgall Manach / Lebarcham

             / Lendabair / Manannan / Scathach / Tethra

REMARKS      Emer was a wise and beautiful blonde-haired

  maiden who lived with her family at the raith Luglochta

  Loga on Magh mBreg.  She was blessed with the 6 gifts of

  maidenhood: wisdom, chastity, beauty, sweet speech, singing

  and needlework.  She and Cu Chulainn fell in love when they

  were still children but her father said they could not

  marry because Cu Chulainn was not yet a fully-trained

  warrior.  Forgall advised Cu Chulainn to make the perilous

  journey to Scotland to train as a warrior with Domhnall the

  Warlike.

       Cu Chulainn returned from Albainn as a champion

  warrior and circled Dun Forgall in his chariot drawn by two

  fierce and powerful horses.  He was described as the most

  handsome of males, clad in a crimson cloak held with a

  golden fibula carrying a crimson shield with a silver rim

  that was decorated with figures of beasts.  Emer's father,

  Forgall, would still not let him into the raith.

       Emer told Cu Chulainn she could not marry until her

  older sister Fial was married, and also that none would

  have her who had not killed his hundreds.  Cu Chulainn then

  decided to go to the Land of Shadows and study with the

  legendary female warrior Scathach.

       When Cu Chulainn returned to Dun Forgall after many

  combats, he leaped the Salmon Feat over the wall of the

  fortress and on one throw of his javelin he killed 8

  warriors, sparing the 9th who was one of Emer's brothers.

  Forgall fell from the rampart to his death.  Cu Chulainn

  abducted Emer and her sister and their weight in gold and

  silver.

       During Bricriu's feast at his new home Tech Midchuarta

  at Dun Rudrige, Bricriu convinced Emer that because of her

  beauty, intelligence and lineage it was important for her

  to be the first of the ladies to enter the feast.  Bricriu

  also told a similar story to Fedlimid and Lendabair.  When

  the time arrived for the women to enter, each of the 3

  arrived with their maidens and began to fight at the door

  for the privilege of first footing.  Cu Chulainn lifted up

  the side of the building to allow Emer to enter first.

       During a festival of Samhain, Lebarcham convinced Cu

  Chulainn to catch some birds to perch on their shoulders.

  He saw a small flock of birds and stunned them all, giving

  one to each of his admiring women, but he was one short and

  Emer did not receive any.  He promised that the next

  beautiful bird he saw he would catch for her.

       Not long after, Cu Chulainn saw a beautiful pair of

  birds flying over that were connected by a red-gold chain.

  Emer, who was sensitive to the supernatural, warned her

  husband not to catch the birds.  However, he ignored her

  advice and paid dearly for it.  As the birds flew around

  the lake they sang everyone to sleep except for Cu

  Chulainn, who persisted in trying to catch them.  As they

  passed over his head he slung 2 stones which missed their

  mark.  He then threw his javelin and it only parted the

  feathers of a wing.  This was the first time since he took

  up arms that he had missed his target.

       In an angry and depressed mood, Cu Chulainn went to

  sit by the water.  As he sat there on a rock, he was

  approached by two women.  One was wearing a green cloak of

  5 folds and the other wearing a red cloak of 5 folds.  They

  smiled at Cu Chulainn, then proceeded to beat him with

  horsewhips for a long time.  When he awoke he had lost his

  speech and was taken to his sick bed at An Tete Brecc for a

  year.

       When Cu Chulainn was finally cured by the Danann, he

  made a trip to The Otherworld where he fell in love with

  Fand, consort of Manannan.  Emer, who was normally not

  jealous of Cu Chulainn's many female admirers, armed

  herself and her 50 women with knives and planned to kill

  Fand when she met with Emer's husband at the Strand of the

  Yew Tree.  Luckily, the god Manannan appeared and defused

  the situation by having everyone drink a magical potion of

  forgetfulness.

       Emer again displayed her wisdom when Cu Chulainn's son

  Condlae arrived by boat on the shores of Ulster.  Emer and

  her husband were out for a walk along the cliffs when they

  saw him approach the shore.  Emer warned Cu Chulainn not to

  go down to the water's edge because the young warrior who

  had landed was his son by Aife.  Cu Chulainn again would

  not take her advice and suffered greatly when he killed his

  son in combat.

       Emer foresaw Cu Chulainn's end, and when she could not

  stop him from going to his final battle she prepared

  herself for death.  When her husband was laid out in his

  grave, Emer climbed into the grave with him, kissed his

  lips and died.

 

 

NAME         En

EPITHET      The Bird

ALTERNATIVE  Sen

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Gailioin

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Connacht

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid

RELATIVES    Magach (mother); Doiche (father); Anluan,

             Bascell, Cet, Doche, MacCorb and Scandal

             (brothers); Maga (sister); Ailill (nephew)

ENEMIES      Cualnge / Pictland / Ulster

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Anluan / Bascell / Cet mac

             Magach / Doche macMagach / MacCorb / Maga Muresc

             / Magach of Connacht / Medbh / Scandal

REMARKS      En raised an army of battle-line warriors to

  fight for Medbh and Ailill during their raid into Ulster

  for the Brown Bull of Cualnge.

 

 

NAME         Enna Airgdech

ALTERNATIVE  Airgnech / Airgthetch

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath / Kilkenny

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Nore river / Magh mBreg

SITES        Srgetos (silverwood) / Raith Beag

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 13th c / BC 1238-1211 (Ard Righ - Kings

             List)

BATTLES      Argatos / Raigne (died)

ACCESSORIES  silver shields

RELATIVES    Eochu Mumu (father); Rifath Scot and Eber

             (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Oengus Olmucach / Rothechtaid /

SEE ALSO     Conmael / Eber / Eochu Mumu / Oengus Olmucach /

             Rifath Scot / Setna Airt

REMARKS      Enna Airgdech, son of Eochu Mumu descendant of

  Eber of the Milesian (Goidel) became the 12th high

  chieftain of Ireland when he defeated Oengus Olmucach in

  combat at Argatros.

       Enna made silver shields at Argatos and gave them to

  the chieftains of Ireland.  They were made in the Nore

  valley at Raith Beag (the small fort).

       Enna Airgdech served as the high chieftain of Ireland

  for 27 years before he was slain by Rothechtaid, son of

  Maen, in the battle of Raigne.  Rothechtaid then took the

  position as the high chieftain for 22 years until he was

  killed by Setna Airt.

 

 

NAME         Eochaid Belbuide

EPITHET      Horse of the Yellow Lips

ALTERNATIVE  Belbuidhe (yellow lips) / Echo (horse) / Echu /

             Eochaid / Eochaide {Yo-hee} / Eochaidh /

             Eochaidhe / Eoched / Eocho {Yuhho} / Eochu Buide

             / Eochy

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       horse

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior / Red Branch champion

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

ENEMIES      Lena

SEE ALSO     Lena / Mac Da Tho

REMARKS      Eochaid Belbuide accused Lena, son of Mac Da

  Tho, of stealing 7 of his cows and taking them back to

  Leinster.

 

 

NAME         Eochaid mac Eirc

EPITHET      The Proud

ALTERNATIVE  Echo (horse) / Echu / Eochaid / Eochaide

             {Yo-hee} / Eochaidh / Eochaidhe / Eoched / Eocho

             {Yuhho} / Eochu / Eochy

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       horse

FESTIVAL     summer solstice

CATEGORY     warrior / 9th Ri Ruirech

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Firbolg

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath / Sligo

TERRITORY    Connacht / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg / Plain of Towers (Magh Tuireadh)

SITES        Ballysadare / Strand of Eochaill (died)

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 17th-16th c / BC 18th-17th c / BC 1703-1693

             (Kings List)

BATTLES      1st battle of Magh Tuireadh (south Moytura)

             (died)

RELATIVES    Erc (father); Dui (mother); Tailtiu (wife);

             Genann (grandfather); Dela (great-grandfather);

             Magog and Semeon (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Danann

SEE ALSO     Dela / Erc / Genann / Magog / Nuadha / Semeon /

             Tailtiu

REMARKS      Eochaid, son of Erc, son of Genann, son of Dela

  was the 9th head chieftain of the Firbolg and began his

  rule when he killed Fodbgen at Magh Muirthemni in Ulster.

  Eochaid ruled Ireland with great wisdom, executed the laws

  of justice and banned lies and deceit from his realm.

       Eochaid was the son of Dui and married the earth

  goddess Tailtiu.  During his time there was a harvest every

  year, the crops were moistened with dew and life was

  prosperous.  He was the first head chieftain to sit at the

  seat of Tara.

       Eochaid led the Firbolg in the first battle of Magh

  Tuireadh against the Danann, who were led by Nuadha.  The

  battle was held during the summer solstice around

  Ballysadare (Baile-easa-dara) which means "the town at the

  waterfall among the oaks" in county Sligo.

       Eochaid ruled the Firbolg for 10 years until he was

  killed by Luan, Cesarb and Luachra the 3 sons of Nemed, son

  of Badra of the Danann at Tracht nEothaille (Strand of

  Eochaill) the wright.  They killed him with spears and he

  was the first warrior to die from spearpoint in Ireland.

  When he died darkness, fire and showers of blood engulfed

  Tara for 3 days.  Eochaid was then buried under a stone

  heap at the Traig Eothaile (Strand of Eochaill).

 

 

NAME         Eochaid mac Luchta

ALTERNATIVE  Echo (horse) / Echu / Eochaid / Eochaide

             {Yo-hee} / Eochaidh mac Muchtra / Eochaidhe /

             Eoched / Eocho {Yuhho} / Eochu / Eochy

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       1-eye / horse

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     warrior / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         chariot warrior / head chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Munster / cause of Connacht

SITES        Temair Luachra

CENTERS      Raith Cashel (Caisel)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Temuir Luachra / Cualnge Cattle Raid

RELATIVES    son of Luchtae / Ith (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Ulster

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Bregon / CuRoi macDaire / Ith /

             Mane Milscothach / Medbh

REMARKS      Eochaid mac Luchta was a one-eyed chieftain of

  Munster who aligned himself with Medbh and Ailill of

  Connacht.  Eochaid traced his ancestry to Ith, son of

  Bregon of the Goidel.  He attended the festival at Temair

  Luachra for Mane Milscothach, the son of Ailill and Medbh

  and foster-son of CuRoi.

 

 

NAME         Eochaidh Airemh

EPITHET      The Plowman

ALTERNATIVE  Airem / Airemh / Echo (horse) / Echu / Eochaid /

             Eochaide {Yo-hee} / Eochaidh / Eochaidhe /

             Eoched / Eocho {Yuhho} / Eochu / Eochy

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       horse

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg (Plain of Breg) / Fremain

SITES        Sidhe Indber Cichmane

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd c / BC 128-118 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

RELATIVES    Finn (father); Etain Echraidhe (wife); Etain Oig

             (daughter ?/consort); Mess Buachalla

             (daughter); Eochaidh Feidhleach and Ailill

             Anubhaill (brothers); Medbh (niece) / Eremon and

             Tea (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Sigmall Sithienta

SEE ALSO     Ailill Anubhaill / Ailill macMata / Be Find /

             Conchobar / Cormac Condloinges / CuRoi /

             Eochaidh Feidhleach / Eocho Salbuide / Eremon /

             Etain Echraidhe / Etain Oig / Etar / Eterdcelae

             / Medbh / Mesgegra mac Datho / Mess Buachalla /

             Midhir / Oengus Tuirmech / Tea

REMARKS      Eochaidh Airemh, son of Finn, was a descendant

  of Eremon and Tea and was made high chieftain of Ireland

  after his brother Eochaidh Feidhleachm died.

       One day when Eochaidh was riding near Sidhe Indber

  Cichmane, he saw a beautiful maiden of 20 years washing her

  hair at a spring.  She was Etain, daughter of Etar,

  chieftain of the Sidhe, and her bride price was 7 cumals

  (21 cows).  Etain and Eochaidh fell in love and married.

       Unknown to Eochaidh, his wife was the reincarnation of

  another female who had been married to Midhir, a Danann

  chieftain, about 1000 years earlier.  Her name at the time

  had been Be Find and she had been murdered by Midhir's

  jealous first wife.

       One day during the season when Magh nBreg (Plain of

  Breg) was in bloom, Eochaidh noticed a young warrior that

  he did not recognize within the walls of Tara.  When

  Eochaidh asked him what he wanted, the stranger replied

  that he had come to play fidchell, and supplied a silver

  board with golden players.  The first game was played for

  50 horses and Eochaidh won the game.  The next day the

  stranger was back with fifty dark gray horses with with

  dappled blood-red heads and emerald bridles.

       The second game was won by Eochaidh as well and the

  following day the stranger arrived to pay his debt.  He

  brought 50 fiery dapple-gray boars with horse hooves and a

  cauldron that could hold them, 50 white red-eared cows and

  50 white red-eared calves, 50 gray red-headed wethers, 50

  gold-hilted swords, 50 ivory-hilted swords, and 50 bright-

  speckled cloaks.

       When they were about to play the third game, Eochaidh

  asked what the stakes would be and the stranger

  nonchalantly replied that the winner would claim his desire

  and this was accepted.  This game was won by the stranger.

  Eochaidh asked the stranger what he desired for a prize and

  the stranger said he would be satisfied if he were allowed

  to put his arms around Etain and kiss her.  Eochaid thought

  this an odd prize but told the stranger to come back in a

  month and he would have it.

       When the time came for the stranger to collect his

  debt, Eochaidh surrounded Tara with warriors.  Eochaidh and

  Etain were inside entertaining when the stranger appeared

  out of nowhere to collect his kiss.  The stranger put his

  arms around Etain and as he kissed her they leaped up

  through the skylight, changed into swans and flew away.

       Eochaidh and his warriors followed the two swans who

  dissapeared into Sidhe Bri Leith.  Eochaidh now knew that

  the stranger was Midhir, a god of the Danann.  He had his

  warriors start digging into the Sidhe but after a year and

  3 months they were no further than when they started

  because the Danann filled in at night what they dug by day.

  Eochaidh was told that if he were to leave blind dogs and

  cats on guard every night, they would stop the Danann from

  destroying thier work.  Eochaidh did this and was rewarded

  by the appearance of Midhir who told him to return in three

  days.

       When Eochaidh returned there were 50 identical women

  that looked like Etain.  Eochaidh was told to choose his

  wife and he reasoned that he would ask them all to serve

  him because no woman in Ireland could serve better than

  Etain.  He chose the woman he was sure was Etain but when

  they returned home he realized it was not his wife, but her

  daughter Etain Oig.  Eochaidh impregnated Etain Oig then

  married her to Cormac Condloinges of Ulster.

       Eochaidh Airemh was high chieftain for 15 years before

  he was burned in Fremain by Sigmall Sithienta.  During his

  time Mesgegra mac Datho was head chieftain of Leinster,

  Eochu mac Daire was the head chieftain of Ulster and Eocho

  Salbuide was the chieftain of the Danann of Ulster.

 

 

NAME         Eochaidh Feidhleach

EPITHET      The Enduring / The Steadfast

ALTERNATIVE  Echo (horse) / Echu / Eochaid / Eochaide

             {Yo-hee} / Eochaidh / Eochaidhe / Eoched / Eocho

             {Yuhho} / Eochu / Eochy / Fedlech / Feidlech /

             Feidlioch {Failyuch}

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       horse

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg / Corann

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd c / BC 140-128 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

BATTLES      Leitir Ruaid / Leitir Ruaid

RELATIVES    Finn (father); Ethne (wife); Mughain (step-

             daughter); Medbh, Ele, Ethne, Clothra and

             Derbrui (daughters); Bress, Nar, Lothar, Congal

             (sons); Eochaidh Airemh and Ailill Anubhaill

             (brothers); Eremon and Tea (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Fachtna Fathach

SEE ALSO     Ailill Anubhaill / Clothra / Eochaidh Airemh /

             Eremon / Ethne / Fachtna Fathach / Medbh /

             Mughain / Tea

REMARKS      Eochaidh Feidhleach, son of Finn, descendant of

  Eremon and Tea became the 81 high chieftain of Ireland when

  he killed Fachtna Fathach during the battle of Leitir Ruaid

  at Corann.

       Eochaidh Feidhleach married Ethne who brought one

  daughter, Mughain, from a previous marriage and bore him

  five more daughters.  He also sired triplet sons who became

  known as The Three Finds.  He appointed his daughter Medbh

  to the position of Sovereign of Ireland.

       Eochaidh ruled Ireland as high chieftain for 12 years

  untile he died of natural causes at Tara.  He was followed

  by his brother Eochaidh Airemh.

 

 

NAME         Eochaidh mac Echach Doimlein

EPITHET      Eochaidh of Leinster

ALTERNATIVE  Echo (horse) / Echu / Eochaid / Eochaide

             {Yo-hee} / Eochaidh / Eochaidhe / Eoched / Eocho

             {Yuhho} / Eochu / Eochy

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       horse

CATEGORY     warrior / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Fir Domnann tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Carlow

TERRITORY    Leinster

CENTERS      Dinn Rig

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 2nd c

RELATIVES    Fithir (1st wife); Dairine (2nd wife)

ENEMIES      Tuathal Teachtmhair

SEE ALSO     Tuathal Teachtmhair

REMARKS      Eochaidh, head chieftain of Leinster, asked the

  new high chieftain Tuathal for one of his daughter in

  marriage.  Tuathal consented to this and Eochaidh married

  Fithir, but the people of Leinster said the other daughter

  Dairine was more beautiful so Eochaidh again went to the

  high chieftain and told him his daughter had died but he

  would marry Dairine.  Tuathal agreed to this but when the

  second daughter arrived at the raith in Leinster she found

  her sister Fithir was still very much alive.  They were

  both so distraught over the injustice that they committed

  suicide.

       When Tuathal found out what Eochaidh had done, he

  attacked with a combined force from Connacht and Ulster.

  Eochaidh was killed and the people of Leinster were

  subjected to a tax in the form of the Boramha Tribute

  (cattle counting).  The tribute was rarely paid without a

  fight.

 

 

NAME         Eochaidh of Leinster

EPITHET      The Stud of Leinster

ALTERNATIVE  Echo (horse) / Echu / Eochaid / Eochaide

             {Yo-hee} / Eochaidh / Eochaidhe / Eoched / Eocho

             {Yuhho} / Eochu / Eochy

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       horse

CATEGORY     warrior / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Leinster

REGION       Carlow

CENTERS      Dinn Rig

AGE          Ui Néill

DATES        AD 6th c

RELATIVES    Feildem (wife); Brandubh (son)

SEE ALSO     Brandubh / Feildem

REMARKS      Eochaidh of Leinster and his wife exchanged

  babies with Aidan, a head chieftain of Albainn, and his

  wife.  The fostering of children was common among the

  Celtic people, with foster relations often being closer

  than blood relations.

 

 

NAME         Eochaidhe Allmuir

ALTERNATIVE  Echo (horse) / Echu / Eochaid / Eochaide

             {Yo-hee} / Eochaidh / Eochaidhe / Eoched / Eocho

             {Yuhho} / Eochu / Eochy

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       horse

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

CULTURE      Desi tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland / Wales

REGION       Dyfed

TERRITORY    Mide / Dyfed

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd c / AD 277

RELATIVES    Teudor mas Regin (descendant)

ENEMIES      Cairbre

SEE ALSO     Cairbre

REMARKS      Eochaidhe Allmuir led his people against

  Cairbre, the high chieftain of Ireland, after he tried to

  expel them from the province of Mide.  He then led his

  people to Dyfed in Wales where they were still under the

  rule of Teudor mas Regin, a descendant of his, in AD 730.

 

 

NAME         Eocho Bec

EPITHET      The Small

ALTERNATIVE  Echo (horse) / Echu / Eochaid / Eochaide

             {Yo-hee} / Eochaidh / Eochaidhe / Eoched / Eocho

             {Yuhho} / Eochu / Eochy

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       horse

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd c

SEE ALSO     Medbh

REMARKS      Eocho Bec was denied sovereignty when Medbh

  refused to mate with him.

 

 

NAME         Eocho Salbuide

EPITHET      Yellow Heel

ALTERNATIVE  Echo (horse) / Echu / Eochaid / Eochaide /

             {Yo-hee} / Eochaidh Salbuidhe / Eochaidhe /

             Eoched / Eocho {Yuhho} / Eochu / Eochy

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       horse

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd c

RELATIVES    Ness and Finna (daughters)

SEE ALSO     Finna / Nessa

REMARKS      Eocho Salbuide, son of Loch Mor, was a chieftain

  of the Danann in Ulster at the time that Eochaidh Airemh

  was the high chieftain of Ireland.  Eochu mac Daire was the

  head chieftain of Ulster.  Eocho Salbuide sired two famous

  daughters: Finna and Ness.

 

 

NAME         Eochu Apthach

ALTERNATIVE  Echo (horse) / Echu / Eochaid / Eochaide

             {Yo-hee} Eochaidh / Eochaidhe / Eoched / Eocho

             {Yuhho} / Eochu / Eochy

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel - Corcu Laegde

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 9th c / BC 866-865 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

RELATIVES    Lugaid Laeg (father); Lugaid macDare

             (grandfather); Ith (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Find Formail

SEE ALSO     Lugaid macDare / Ith

REMARKS      Eochu became the high chieftain of Ireland after

  the death of Bres Ri.  He was unpopular because their was a

  plague for every month that he was seated.  He was called

  Apthach because of the number of people who died during the

  12 plagues.  He was killed by Find Formail who became the

  next high chieftain.

 

 

NAME         Eochu Edgathach

ALTERNATIVE  Echo (horse) / Echu / Eochaid / Eochaide

             {Yo-hee} Eochaidh / Eochaidhe / Eoched / Eocho

             {Yuhho} / Eochu / Eochy

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 14th c / BC 1365-1361 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

RELATIVES    Daire Doimthech (father); Tea (aunt); Ith

             (great-grandfather)

SEE ALSO     Ith / Tea

REMARKS      Eochu Edgathach, son of Daire Doimthech, son of

  Lugaid mac Itha was the 6th high chieftain of Ireland and

  lasted 4 year before he was killed by Cermna, son of Ebric.

       One thing he was remembered for was introducing the

  use checkered garments by the nobles.  He was then succeded

  by the joint rulers Cermna and Sobairce, sons of Ebric, son

  of Eber, son of Ir.

 

 

NAME         Eochu Muigmedon

ALTERNATIVE  Echo (horse) / Echu / Eochaid / Eochaide

             {Yo-hee} Eochaidh Muigl Mheadhoin / Eochaidhe /

             Eoched / Eocho {Yuhho} / Eochu Mugmedon / Eochy

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       horse

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         high chieftain

CULTURE      Danann / Goidel / Pictish

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron (late)

DATES        AD 4th c / AD 335-342 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

ACCESSORIES  Boramha Tribute (cattle counting)

RELATIVES    Muiredach Tirech (father); Mongfhinn (1st wife);

             Brénos, Fiachra, Ailill and Fergus (sons);

             Cairenn Chasdubh (2nd wife); Niall (son); Eremon

             and Tea (ancestors)

SEE ALSO     Cairenn Chasdubh / Eremon / Mongfhinn / Niall

             Noighiallach / Sithchenn / Tea

REMARKS      Eochu Muigmedon, son of Muiredach Tirech, son of

  Fiacha Sreabhtuinne was a high chieftain of Ireland who

  traced his ancestry back to Eremon and Tea.

       Eochu managed to extracted the cattle tax (Boramha

  Tribute) from Leinster without a fight but his domestic

  life was not so calm.  His first wife hated his concubine

  and when Eochu's son, Niall, was born by her Mongfhinn

  tried numerous times to kill him.

       Eochu fostered his sons to Mongfhinn's brother

  Crimthann and he sent the five boys to Sithchenn the

  prophet/smith to divine their futures.  Eochu Muigmedon

  served as the high chieftain for 7 years before he died at

  Tara.  Crimthann mac Fidaig, brother of Mongfhinn, followed

  him as head chieftain and he fostered Eochu's 5 sons.  He

  died when he interscepted poision his sister had intended

  to killl Niall with.

 

 

NAME         Eochu Mumu

EPITHET      Ol-muccaid (Aengus Olmuccaid)

ALTERNATIVE  Echo (horse) / Echu / Eochaid / Eochaide

             {Yo-hee} Eochaidh Muigl Mheadhoin / Eochaidhe /

             Eoched / Eocho {Yuhho} / Eochu / Eochy

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 13th c / BC 1277-1256 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

BATTLES      Sliab Belgatain / Cluain (died)

RELATIVES    Mofemis (father); Enna Airgdech (son); Mogaeth

             (half-brother); Rifath Scot and Eber (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Fiachu Labrainne / Oengus Olmucach

SEE ALSO     Conmael / Eber / Enna Airgdech / Eremon / Fiachu

             Labrainne / Oengus Olmucach / Rifath Scot

REMARKS      Eochu Mumu, son of Mofemis was a descendant of

  Eber the Milesian (Goidel) and became the 10th high

  chieftain of Ireland when he killed Fiachu Labrainne during

  the battle of Sliab Belgatain.

       Eochu was the next winner in the seasaw battle for the

  control of Ireland between the children of the Milesians.

  Eochu's mother was his half-brother's daughter and he was

  called Ol-muccaid because his mother served the Great Drink

  of Mogaeth Mor-olach (the Great Drinker).

       The province of Munster (Mumu) was named after Eochu

  and he served 21 years as the high chieftain of Ireland. He

  fought many battles against the sons of Eremon before he

  was killed by Oengus Olmucach the son of Fiachu Labrainne

  in a fair combat during the battle of Cluain (Cluana).

 

 

NAME         Eogabail

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     druid

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 2nd c

RELATIVES    Donn of Uisneach (father); Aine (daughter);

             Manannan (foster-father)

SEE ALSO     Aine na gClair / Manannan

REMARKS      Eogabail was the father of the love goddess Aine

  na gClair and a foster-son of the bloodline of Manannan.

 

 

NAME         Eogan mac Durthacht

ALTERNATIVE  Eogan / Eoghan {owen}

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior / Red Branch champion

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster / Fermag

SITES        Hostel (Bruidhean)

CENTERS      Raith Airthir in Fermag

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Mac Da Tho's / Cualnge Cattle Raid

RELATIVES    Durthacht (father); Findige (wife); Lendabair

             (daughter)

ENEMIES      sons of Usna / Cet / Host of Connacht

SEE ALSO     Cet / Conchobar / Cu Chulainn / Cuscraidh /

             Deirdre / Durthacht / Ferghus mac Roig /

             Fiacha / Lendabair / Mac Da Tho / Macha / Naoise

             / Usna

REMARKS      Eogan mac Durthacht came upon Cet rescuing cows

  that he thought were his, so Eogan threw a spear at him.

  Cet threw the spear back and took out Eogan's eye.  He was

  reminded of this episode later, during the feast at Mac Da

  Tho's hostel.

       During a battle between Eogan and Conchobar, Conchobar

  and his son Cuscraidh were left on the battlefield for dead

  but were rescued by a young Cu Chulainn.  Later, Eogan was

  hired by Conchobar to kill Naoise and his brothers and

  Fiacha, a son of Ferghus mac Roig.  After a year had passed

  and Conchobar failed to get any concessions from Deirdre,

  he gave her to Eogan because he knew she hated him as much

  as she hated Conchobar.  On the way to his fort she killed

  herself by throwing herself out of the chariot and smashing

  her head on a rock.

       At the beginning of the Cualnge Cattle Raid, Eogan was

  experiencing his pains of Macha at Raith Airthir.  He was

  described as having dark brown hair that was thinning on

  his forehead.  He wore a bright-sleeved tunic next to his

  skin and a dull gray cloak held with a silver pin over his

  chest.  He carried a 5-pronged spear and a curved shield

  with a plaited rim.  Eogan led a troop of warriors against

  Connacht on the side of Ulster.

 

 

NAME         Eoghan

ALTERNATIVE  Eogan / Eoghan {owen}

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Connacht

SITES        Loughill (Elmwood)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

ENEMIES      Ulster

REMARKS      Eoghan was a chieftain from Connacht who was

  killed in a battle with some warriors from Ulster.  He was

  buried on the border of the two provinces, near Loughill so

  that his spirit would protect Connacht from invasions.  The

  warriors of Ulster found out where he was buried, opened

  his grave and reburied him face down.

 

 

NAME         Eoghan Mor

EPITHET      Mug Nuadat (servants to a new flag)

ALTERNATIVE  Eogan / Eoghan {owen} / Mog Lama / Mug (servant)

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       salmon

CATEGORY     warrior / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         chariot warrior / head chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Munster / Leth Moga (The Half of Mug)

SITES        Eiscir Riada

CENTERS      Raith Cashel (Caisel)

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 2nd c

BATTLES      Moylena (Moy Leana)

RELATIVES    Beara (wife); Conaire, Ailill and Tadhg (sons);

             Rifath Scot / Eber (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Conn

SEE ALSO     Ailill Olomn / Beara / Bile / Conaire Coem /

             Conn Cetcathach / Eber / Eremon / Rifath Scot /

             Tadhg mac Nuadat  / Tea

REMARKS      Eoghan Mor was a descendant of Eber of the

  Milesian (Goidel).  From Eoghan's bloodline came the

  Eoganachta who were the rulers of Munster.  Eoghan went to

  war with Conn, the high chieftain of Ireland, a descedant

  of Eremon and Tea.  He managed to take the southern half of

  Ireland away from him.  This new land became known as Leth

  Moga (The Half of Mug)

       The name Mug means servant, and the southern half was

  known as the female half of the island.  Eoghan was

  referred to as Mug Nuadat which implies servants to a new

  flag or banner.  The boundary line was the Eiscir Riada, a

  line of low hills running from Galway to Dublin and cutting

  the island roughly in half.

       After 7 years Eoghan was not satisfied with having

  only half of the island and went to war with Conn again.

  During the battle of Moy Leana (Moyleana), he was killed by

  Conn who regained control of the whole island.

 

 

NAME         Epaticcos

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Belgae - Catuvellauni tribe

COUNTRY      England

REGION       Kent (eastern)

TERRITORY    Lloegr

CENTERS      Caer Lludd (Kaerlud) present-day Ilford

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 1st c / AD 10-20 (chieftain)

RELATIVES    Lludd (father); Tasciovanos (brother); Cunobel

             (nephew); Cassubellaunos, Nynniaw and Llevelys

             (uncles)

ENEMIES      Eppillos / Verica

SEE ALSO     Cassubellaunos / Cunobel / Eppillos / Llevelys /

             Lludd / Nynniaw / Tasciovanos / Verica

REMARKS      Epaticcos became chieftain of the Atrebates

  tribe when he killed their chieftain Eppillos.  This was

  around the time that his brother died and his nephew

  Cunobel became Brenin of the Belgae.  Epaticcos was the

  chieftain of the Atrebates until about AD 20 when he was

  killed by Verica.

 

 

NAME         Epona

EPITHET      The Divine Mare

GENDER       F

SYMBOL       mare with foal / woman sidesaddle on a mare

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         horse goddess (nourishment/fertility/protection)

CULTURE      Urnfield-Hallstatt / Gallic / Belgae

COUNTRY      France / Germany / Austria / Switzerland / Italy

             Yugoslavia / England

AGE          Bronze / Iron

DATES        BC 9th c / AD 2nd c

ACCESSORIES  horses / bag / birds / torc

REMARKS      Epona was the important horse goddess of the

  Continental Celts and was venerated at many sites

  throughout Europe.  She was revered by chariot warriors and

  horse warriors alike, and when the Romans came into contact

  with the Celts she also became the guardian of mules.

       Epona was known to protect, feed and shelter horses,

  and her image often adorned stables.  She was the most

  widely worshipped of the Celtic gods.  She is usually shown

  either riding side-saddle on a mare, with a foal, feeding

  horses or with a group of horses and is also associated

  with water.  A bronze plaque commemorating her was found at

  Alesia, France with what appears to be a horse with a human

  head riding in a chariot.

       The White Horse of Uffington may have been sacred to

  Epona as it was in the territory of the Belgae who were

  known horse people.  Her name derives from the P-Celtic

  "epos" (horse) and the Indo-European "ekus" (horse).  Epona

  may also have carried the souls of the dead to The

  Otherworld.  She was venerated by tribes such as the Aedui,

  Lingones, Mediomatrici and Treveri who had Urnfield-

  Hallstatt roots dating back to BC 9th century and farther,

  and her veneration continued on into Roman times.

 

 

NAME         Eporedorix

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         horse warrior / freedom fighter / war leader

CULTURE      Gallic - AEdui tribe

COUNTRY      France

TERRITORY    Gaul

LANDMARKS    Loire / Saône

SITES        Alesia (Alise Ste Reine)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 1st c / BC 52 ca.

BATTLES      Alesia

ENEMIES      Rome

SEE ALSO     Comm / Vercingetorix

REMARKS      Sometime during BC 1st century, Eporedorix led a

  campaign of the AEdui against the Sequani tribe over the

  disputed borderline of the Saône river.

       In BC 52, he led his warriors in an attack against the

  rear of the Roman forces as they were sieging Vercingetorix

  and his warriors in the Mandubian oppidum of Alesia.  The

  only hope the besieged warriors had was that these forces

  under the war leader Comm would succeed in opening a path

  so they could get out.  They failed.

 

 

NAME         Eppillos

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Brenin

TYPE         chariot warrior / head chieftain

CULTURE      Belgae - Atrebates tribe

COUNTRY      England

REGION       Sussex

TERRITORY    Lloegr

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 1st c / AD 7-10 (chieftain)

RELATIVES    Comm (father); Tincommios and Verica (brothers)

SEE ALSO     Comm / Epaticcos / Tincommios / Verica

REMARKS      Eppillos killed his brother Tincommios because

  of his pro-Roman stance and took the position as head

  chieftain of the Atrebates.  Eppillos was later killed by

  Epaticcos, of the Catuvellauni tribe, who made the

  Atrebates a sept of the Catuvellauni and took the position

  of head chieftain for himself.

 

 

NAME         Erbin

EPITHET      For the South (Gereint Rac Deheu)

ALTERNATIVE  Geraint

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / Brenin

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Briton - Dumnonii tribe

COUNTRY      England

REGION       Cornwall

AGE          Post-Roman

DATES        AD 6th c

RELATIVES    Custennin (father)

SEE ALSO     Custennin Corneu

REMARKS      Erbin led any army against the Angles in

  Northumbria.

 

 

NAME         Erc

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     summer solstice

CATEGORY     warrior / war leader

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Firbolg

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Mayo

TERRITORY    Connacht

LANDMARKS    Plain of Towers (Magh Tuireadh)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 17th c

BATTLES      first battle of Magh Tuireadh (south Moytura)

RELATIVES    Genann (father); Cnucha (mother); Dui (wife);

             Eochaid (son); Rinnal (brother); Dela

             (grandfather); Magog and Semeon (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Danann

SEE ALSO     Dela / Eochaid mac Eirc / Genann / Magog /

             Nuadha / Rinnal / Semeon

REMARKS      Erc, son of Genann, son of Dela, became the war

  leader of the Firbolg after his son was killed during the

  first battle of Magh Tuireadh.  The Firbolg fought the

  battle on summer solstice but lost to the Danann who were

  led by Nuadha.  The Danann gave them the province of

  Connacht to live in.

 

 

NAME         Erc mac Cairbre

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       salmon

CATEGORY     warrior / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         chariot warrior / head chieftain

CULTURE      Gailioin / Goidel / Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Carlow

TERRITORY    Leinster

SITES        Mound of Slane in Mide

CENTERS      Dinn Rig

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid / Gairech & Irgairech

RELATIVES    Fedlimid Nocruthach (mother); Carbre Niafer

             (father); Carbre (brother); Eochu Imfhota and

             Fiachna (half-brothers); Rifath Scot, Eremon

             and Tea (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht / Conall Cernacht / Cu Chulainn

SEE ALSO     Calatin Dana / Carbre Niafer / Fedlimid

             Nocruthach / Fiachna / Lugaid mac Curoi /

             MacRoth / Medbh

REMARKS      Erc mac Cairbre was a descendant of Eremon and

  Tea of the Milesian (Goidel) but later claimed his linage

  from his father of the Gailioin.  During the Cualnge Cattle

  Raid Erc and his brother Carbre fought for Ulster the land

  of their mother.

       Erc came to the mound of Slane in Mide with a mixed

  host of warriors surrounding him in a shield of protection.

  He was described by MacRoth as a little freckled-faced

  young lad wearing a bright hooded tunic of royal silk with

  a border of red gold covered by a fringed purple mantle

  fastened with a golden salmon-shaped brooch.  In one hand,

  he carried a bright shield with golden images of beasts, a

  gold boss and a golden rim, and in the other hand he

  carried a light lance.  He wore a sword with a golden hilt

  at his side.  To the bulls of Ulster he was the calf of

  their cow and was protected to the utmost.

       Years later when Erc had become the head chieftain of

  Leinster he sided with his father's people to seek revenge

  on Cu Chulainn for killing his father.  Erc helped Medbh

  set up a situation where the Clanna Calatin, Lugaid mac

  Curoi and himself could kill Cu Chulainn.

       During Cu Chulainn's last battle it was Erc mac

  Cairbre who hit the Gray of Macha with one of the

  supernatural spears of Calatin Dana.  Erc was later killed

  by Conall Cernacht in revenge for his part in the killing

  of Cu Chulainn.

 

 

NAME         Ercenn

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     henchman

TYPE         chief attendant to Conchobar Ri Ruirech

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh

TERRITORY    Ulster

SITES        Mound of Slane in Mide

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid / Gairech & Irgairech

ACCESSORIES  chains

RELATIVES    son of the 3 stewards

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht

SEE ALSO     Conchobar / MacRoth

REMARKS      Ercenn was described by MacRoth as a dark

  swarthy man with 7 chains around his neck and 7 warriors at

  the end of each chain.  He dragged the chain holders so

  that their faces scraped the earth.

 

 

NAME         Ercol

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Connacht

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Garmuin (wife); Medbh (foster daughter)

SEE ALSO     Conall Cernacht / Cu Chulainn / Loeghaire

             Buadhach / Medbh

REMARKS      When Cu Chulainn, Conall and Loeghaire were

  competing for the position of the greatest warrior of

  Ulster, Medbh sent them to Ercol so he could judge their

  bravery.  Ercol fought Loeghaire first but when Ercol's

  gelding killed his horse, Loeghaire fled back to Ulster.

  Ercol then challenged Conall and sent him running as well.

  Conall's son Rathand drowned during his flight.

       Ercol then fought Cu Chulainn, and in the combat his

  horse was killed by the Gray of Macha.  Ercol was also

  defeated and Cu Chulainn tied him behind his chariot and

  made him walk to Ulster as his hostage.  Erol prounced Cu

  Chulainn the greatest of the Ulster champions.

 

 

NAME         Eremon

EPITHET      The Perfect / The Youthful

ALTERNATIVE  Erimon / Heremon / Herimon

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel (Milesian) / Egyptian - Artabri tribe

COUNTRY      Spain / Ireland

REGION       Galicia / Meath / Donegal

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg / Tochar-etir-da-mag

SITES        Tor Breogain (Tower of Breogan) / Teltown

             (Tailltenn) / Drumleene

CENTERS      Brigantia (A Corunna) / Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 15th c / BC 1515-1498 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

BATTLES      Sliabh Mish / Taillcenn / Druim Lighean / Bile

             Tened / Breogan / Comraire

RELATIVES    Golamh (father); Scota (mother/wife); Odba

             (wife/half-sister); Muimne, Luigne and Laigne

             (sons); Tea (wife); Eidenn, Alan, Aine,

             Caithiar, Caicher Cernda, Palap and Irial Faid

             (sons); Eber, Amhairghin, Ir, Colptha and

             Arannan (brothers); Dil (half-sister); Airioch

             Feabhruadh and Donn (half-brothers); Bile

             (grandfather); Bregon (great-grandfather);

             Brego, Bladh, Fuad, Murthemne, Cualgne, Cuala,

             Eibleo, Nar and Ith (granduncles); Rifath Scot

             (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Danann / Eber / Amhairghin / Fulman / Mantan /

             Un / Etan

SEE ALSO     Amhairghin / Arannan / Bile / Bladh / Bregon /

             Colptha / Donn / Eber / Fuad / Golamh / Ir /

             Irial Faid / Ith / MacCecht / Odba / Rifath Scot

             / Scota / Seang / Tea

REMARKS      Eremon, son of Golamh and Scotia was born at the

  Tower of Breogan at A Corunna, Spain.  When his father died

  he married his mother Scota to keep control within the

  family.  Eremon also married his half-sister Odba who bore

  him 3 sons, then he married Tea who boar him another 7

  sons.

       Eremon and his half-brother Donn ruled their people

  jointly but during the invasion of Ireland Donn was the war

  leader.  When Donn was killed Amhairghin appointed Eremon

  as the head chieftain of the Goidel invaders.  Eremon led

  30 ships righ-hand-wise around Ireland then landed in the

  Boyne Estuary at a place called Inber Colptha after his

  brother.

       The names of the 30 chieftains in the landing were:

  Brego, Muirthemne, Faud, Cuailnge, Eremon, Eber son of Ir,

  Amhairghin, Colptha, Muimne, Luigne, Laigne, Gosten, Setga,

  Suirge and Sobairche.  Their servants were Ai, Aidne,

  Assal, Mide, Cuib, Cera, Ser, Slan, Ligen, Dul, Adal, Traig

  and LIne.

       During the battle of Taillcenn (Teltown) against the

  Danann, Eremon killed MacCecht in revenge for his having

  murdered his cousin Ith.  Eber was the oldest living member

  of the family of Scota after the invasion of Ireland but

  Amhairghin the druid decided that Eremon should be the head

  chieftain of Ireland for the Goidel.

       The two brother went to war and finally Ireland was

  divided in half.  Eremon received the part of Ireland north

  of the Boyne and Eber the southern half.  Chieftains loyal

  to Eremon were Amhairghin, Eber son of Ir, Sobairche

  (Surge), Setga, Goscen, Suirge the strong raven and Cir

  (The Poet) son of Is.  They gave the north of Ireland

  dignity and knowledge.

       Eremon built Raith Bethaig ac Eoir (Rathbeagh on the

  Nore) and Raith Oind in Cualu, Sobairche built Dun

  Sobairche the white sided and strong which is Dunseverick,

  Antrim.  Setga built Delginis (Dalkey, near Dublin), Suirge

  built Dun Etair at Howth, Dublin, Goscen eventually built

  Nar west of Sliabh Mish, Amhairghin built Tochar Inbhir

  Mhoir (the Great Causeway).

       Eremon was attacked by Eber who was still unhappy with

  the decision that he was not given total rule of Ireland.

  This time Eremon killed Eber in combat at Tochar-etir-da-

  mag and joined the two halves of Ireland together.

  Amhairghin divided the island into 5 provinces (coiceda),

  made Eremon the 1st high chieftain of Ireland and made Tara

  the seat of government.

       Eremon made the 4 sons of Eber (Er/Orba/Fergna/Feron)

  the head of the province of Munster (Mumu).  The province

  of Connacht was put in the charge of Un, son of Uicce, and

  Etan.  The leadership of Ulster (Ulaid) was given to Eber,

  son of Ir and Crimthann Sciathbel of the Fir Domnann was

  appointed head chieftain of Leinster.

       Eremon killed his brother Amhairghin during the battle

  of Bile Tened and 3 years later he killed Fulman and Mantan

  during the battle of Breogan in Femen.  A year later Eremon

  killed Un and Etan during the battle of Comraire in Mide.

       Eremon served the Milesian (Goidel) as the high

  chieftain of Ireland for 17 years before he died at his

  raith and was buried in the land of silvery Airgatros.  The

  head chieftains of Ulster claim descendant from Eremon.

       After Eremon's death his sons Muine, Luigne and Laigne

  divided the island into 3 spheres of influence which they

  ruled until Muimne died of plague.  Then Luigne and Laigne

  were slain by their cousins Er, Orba, Feron and Fergna.

  These sons of Eber ruled the island until Eremon's son

  Irial Faid killed them and he ruled as the 2nd high

  chieftain of Ireland.

       Eremon's bloodline continued to rule Ireland through

  out much of the next 2500 years.  Mael-Sechlainn mac

  Domnaill, the last high chieftain (Ard Righ Eirinn), was a

  descendant of his.

 

 

NAME         Erglan

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         champion

CULTURE      Nemedian tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland / Scotland / England

REGION       Donegal

TERRITORY    Dobar / Iardobar

LANDMARKS    Tory Island (island of towers)

SITES        Conann's Tower (Tuir Chonaind)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 19th-18th c

BATTLES      Magh Ceitne

RELATIVES    Beoan (father); Mathach and Iardacht (brothers);

             Starn (grandfather); Macha (grandmother);

             Nemhedh (great-grandfather); Magog (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Fomorii

SEE ALSO     Beoan / Conann mac Faeboir / Fergus Lethderg /

             Iarbonel / Macha / Magog / Morc mac Deiled /

             Nemhedh / Semon / Starn

REMARKS      Because of the devastating effects the battle of

  Cnamros and the plague had on the The Nemedian population

  they were forced into servitude by the Fomorii.  The

  Fomorii chieftain Conann demanded that the Nemedian pay an

  annual tribute of 2/3 of their harvest, milk, calves and

  newborn children.  This was to be brought to Magh Ceitne on

  Tory Island every Samhain.

       Erglan son of Beoan, son of Starn, son of Nemhedh;

  Semul son of Iarbonel, son of Nemhedh and their head

  chieftain Fergus, son of Nemhedh decieded to attack the

  Fomorians in their own territory.  They led a force of

  30,000 troops by land and 30,000 by sea and attacked Tuir

  Chonaind (Conann's Tower), the Fomorian stronghold, on Tor

  Innis (Tory Island).

       The Nemedian were victorious and captured the island

  but their rejoycing was short-lived when a Fomorii fleet of

  3x20 ships arrived under the chieftain Morca mac Dela.  A

  fierce battle took place with a mutual slaughter on both

  sides.  In the end only one ship with 30 Nemedian warriors

  returned to Ireland.

       Erglan, Mathach (Matach) and Iardacht (Artach) were 3

  of the survivors and eventually led a following of people

  away from Ireland and voyaged to Albainn (Scotland/northern

  England) where they settled in Dobar and Iardobar and

  presumeably became the Fir Domnnan of Scotland.

 

 

NAME         Eris

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         goddess of discord

TERRITORY    Gaul

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 13th c

SEE ALSO     Achilles / Aphrodite / Athena / Hera / Paris /

             Zeus

REMARKS      When the deities Peleus and Thetis, the future

  parents of Achilles, were getting married, a great banquet

  was planned and all were invited except Eris.  In revenge,

  she hurled a golden apple into the crowd at the wedding

  feast that bore the inscription "For the Fairest", thus

  causing great commotion.

       It was generally agreed that three of the goddesses

  Hera, Athena and Aphrodite were the most likely contenders

  for the prize.  Zeus refused to pronounce which of the

  three was the winner so an impartial judgement was enlisted

  from the mortal Paris, a young man known for his

  appreciation of beauty.  The result of the contest

  eventually led to the 10 year war between the Trojans and

  the Achaeans.

 

 

NAME         Ernmas

EPITHET      Aed Ernmas (Fiery Ernmas) / The Eternal / The

             Lasting One / Mother of Heroes

ALTERNATIVE  Buan / Buanann / Clothru / Ernmoiss / Ernmusa /

             Ernmais

GENDER       F

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires) / summer solstice

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / farmer

TYPE         champion

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Mayo

TERRITORY    Connacht

SITES        Cong / Plain of Towers (Magh Tuireadh)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

BATTLES      first battle of Magh Tuireadh (south Moytura)

RELATIVES    Etarlam (father); Delbaeth (husband); Macha,

             Danu, Badbh, Elcmar (daughters); Olloman, Glonn,

             Gnim and Coscar (sons); Fiachu and Indui

             (sons/consorts); Eire, Fodhla and Banbha

             (daughters/granddaughters); Neto (son/grandson);

             Echtach (brother); Ordan (grandfather); Daghda

             (grandson); Fea and Nemhain (great-

             grandaughters); Indui and Nuadha (nephews);

             Magog and Iarbonel (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Firbolg

SEE ALSO     Badbh / Banbha / Daghda / Danu / Delbaeth /

             Elcmar / Eire / Fea / Fiachu / Fodhla / Iarbonel

             / Indui / Macha / Magog / Nemhain / Neto /

             Olloman

REMARKS      Ernmas, daughter of Etarlam son of Ordan, was a

  Danann champion warrior.  Known as Buanann she ran a

  training school for the sons and daughters of the Danann in

  the art of combat.  Ernmas was killed during the battle of

  south Moytura and her training was taken over by her

  daughter Danu.

 

 

NAME         Err

ALTERNATIVE  Eirr

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / scout

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel / Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Connacht

SITES        Ard Cuillen (the Height of Cuillen) / Ath Gabla

             (Ford of the Fork)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid (died)

ACCESSORIES  Fraech was his charioteer

RELATIVES    Nera (father); Innell (brother)

ENEMIES      Cualnge / Pictland / Ulster

SEE ALSO     Laeg / Nera / Innell

REMARKS      Err and his brother were scouts for the Host of

  Connacht.  They would travel ahead of the main force with

  their charioteers looking for the best trails, river

  crossings and camp sites.  He and his brother found the

  ogham wreath on the pillar stone that Cu Chulainn had made

  as a challenge to the warriors of Connacht.  Later they

  came upon Cu Chulainn and Laeg while Cu Chulainn was

  constructing the ogham fork in the Creek of the Wood.

       Err was the first of the four to lose his head.  It

  was soon followed by the heads of his brother and that of

  their charioteers.  The 4 heads were used to adorn the

  four-pronged fork erected by Cu Chulainn as a warning to

  the warriors of Connacht not to cross the river.  The ford

  became known as Ath Gabla (ford of the fork).

 

 

NAME         Errge Echbel

EPITHET      Horse Mouth

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster

SITES        Temair Luachra / Mound of Slane in Mide

CENTERS      Bri Errgi (Errge's Mound)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Temuir Luachra / Cualnge Cattle Raid / Gairech &

             Irgairech

ACCESSORIES  sword (Lettach)

RELATIVES    Uanchend Arritech (foster-son)

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht

SEE ALSO     Celtchair / Cromm Deroil / CuRoi macDaire /

             MacRoth / Uanchend Arritech / Uma

REMARKS      During the drunken brawl at Temair Luachra

  between warriors of Munster, Connacht and Ulster, Errge was

  identified by CuRoi as one of the 3 battle-stays of Ulster,

  the other two being Uma and Celtchair.  Cromm Deroil

  described him as a savage hound who snorted when he smelled

  an enemy.  He had dark bristly hair and wore a linen tunic

  next to his skin which was covered by a dun-gray woolly

  mantle fastened with an iron stake.  Errge carried a gold-

  hilted sword, flat broad-headed spears and a dun shield

  with a bronze boss.

       During the Cualnge Cattle Raid, Errge was described by

  MacRoth as a wild red-handed fighting bear from Bri Errgi

  in the north.  He was ugly, fearful, big-bellied, big-

  mouthed, half-brained, long-handed and with only one clear

  eye.  He had brown curly hair and wore a tunic next to his

  skin and over that a black flowing mantle with a tin brooch

  in the shape of a wheel.  He carried a gray shield

  (buckler) and a well-tempered lance.  At his waist he wore

  a huge long sword.

 

 

NAME         Esaire

ALTERNATIVE  Esairg / Esarg

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland ?

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

RELATIVES    Net (father); Tuirbe and Luachaid (consorts);

             Diancecht, Goibhniu, Luchtine, Creidhne and

             Samhain (sons); Airmid and Etain

             (granddaughters); Miach, Cethen, Cu and Cian

             (grandsons); Bicfelmas, Lugh, Cairbre and

             Delbaeth (great-grandsons) Macha, Badbh, Danu

             and Elcmar (great-great-granddaughters); Abcan,

             Abartach, Fiachu, Olloman and Indui (great-

             great-grandsons); Sabrann, Airgden, Barrand, Be

             Chuille, Be Thete, Dianann, Boann, Fea, Nemhain,

             Eire, Fodhla, Banbha (great-great-great-

             granddaughters); Mechi, Daghda, Corpre Crom, Ai

             mac Ollamain, Neto (great-great-great-grandson);

             Indui (grandfather); Delbath (brother); Magog

             and Iarbonel (ancestors)

SEE ALSO     Abartach / Abcan / Ai mac Ollamain / Airmid /

             Badbh / Banbha / Be Chuille / Boann / Cian /

             Cairbre / Creidhne / Daghda / Danu / Delbaeth /

             Dianann / Diancecht / Eire / Elcmar / Etain /

             Fea / Fiachu / Fodhla / Goibhniu / Iarbonel /

             Indui / Luchtine / Lugh / Macha / Magog / Miach

             / Nemhain / Net / Neto / Olloman / Samhain

REMARKS      Esaire was the daughter of Net and a descendant

  of Magog through Iarbonel (The Soothsayer) of the

  Nemedians.  Esaire was the great progenitrix of many of the

  most important Danann.

 

 

NAME         Eseult

EPITHET      She Who Must Be Gazed Upon

ALTERNATIVE  Esselt / Esyllt / Iseult / Isolde

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman) / druid

TYPE         daughter of the Ard Righ Eirinn / physician

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland / England / France

REGION       Meath / Brittany / Cornwall

TERRITORY    Mide /

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

SITES        Forest of Kelyddon

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Ui Néill

DATES        AD 6th c

RELATIVES    March (husband); Tristan (consort); Morold

             (uncle)

SEE ALSO     Arthur / Gwalchmai / March / Morold / Tristan

REMARKS      Eseult was an incredibly beautiful woman and a

  physician at the court of the high chieftain of Ireland.

  She tended the body of her uncle Morold and found a sliver

  of the sword that had killed him.  She kept the sliver

  hoping someday to find the warrior who was responsible for

  his death.  Around the same time Eseult cured a handsome

  minstrel from Cornwall who was dying from poisonous wounds.

       It happened that Ireland was being plagued by a dragon

  who was devastating the country and her father the high

  chieftain offered Eseult's hand in marriage to anyone that

  could kill it.  The dragon killed many champions until a

  young warrior named Tristan got the better of it.  During

  the battle, Tristan had been wounded by the dragon and had

  lost his memory as a result.

       As Eseult was treating her patient, she received word

  that the dragon had been killed by a steward whom she must

  now marry.  Gradually her patient's memory began to come

  back and she found out that he was the Dragonslayer.  When

  his sword was checked, she noticed a fragment missing from

  the tip which corresponded to the shard that she found in

  her uncle's skull.

       Eseult now faced a dilemma because the man she was to

  marry had also killed her uncle whom she had sworn to

  revenge.  To her surprise, Tristan claimed her hand for his

  uncle March, the head chieftain of Cornwall, and not for

  himself.  When Eseult was about to leave for Cornwall with

  Tristan, her mother who was a filidh gave her a love potion

  for her to drink with March on their wedding night.  The

  potion was mistakenly drunk by Tristan and Eseult on the

  way and they fell madly in love.  When she arrived in

  Cornwall she was married to March, but she and Tristan

  carried on a secret relationship until they were discovered

  by the court dwarf.

       The couple then escaped to the forest of Kelyddon in

  Cornwall and survived in the wilds.  For some time Eseult,

  Tristan and their company avoided the search parties sent

  by March but it was only a matter of time before they were

  tracked down.  Gwalchmai, negotiator for Arthur (high

  chieftain of Britain) arrived to settle the difficulty just

  as the two groups were preparing to do battle.  It was

  decided that Eseult should return to the court and be

  faithful to her husband March and Tristan was to be exiled

  to Brittany.

       While Tristan was in Brittany he married a woman named

  Isolt.  During a combat Tristan was wounded and a boat was

  sent from Brittany to Cornwall to bring Eseult so that she

  could cure him.  Tristan was already dead by the time she

  arrived and in grief for her true love, she committed

  suicide.  From Eseult's grave grew a rosebush and from the

  grave of Tristan a vine, and in time the two intertwined.

 

 

NAME         Esus

EPITHET      He Who Directs Wars

ALTERNATIVE  Esus (Master) / Hesus

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       bull

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         god of war / death and fertility

CULTURE      Urnfield-Hallstatt / Belgae - Treveri / Goidel

             Gallic - Parisii

COUNTRY      France / Germany

REGION       Rhineland

TERRITORY    Gaul / Belgica

SITES        Paris / Trier

AGE          Bronze / Iron

DATES        BC 13th c / BC 9th c

ACCESSORIES  bull / 3 cranes or egrets / willow tree

SEE ALSO     Taranis / Teutates / Zeus

REMARKS      Esus was a god of fertility through death and,

  along with Taranis and Teutates, was one of the three chief

  gods of the Gaul.  Each one of the deities was associated

  with a different sacrificial rite.  A sacrifice to Esus was

  suspended head down from the limb of a tree (of life) and

  cut to induce blood or beheaded.  The triple death of

  stabbing, burning and drowning (or strangulation) held

  great significance.  Esus, Taranis and Teutates may be

  associated with the ancient Celtic god Zeus.

       A carved stone found in Paris (Paris Altar) shows Esus

  in the act of cutting a tree.  He is accompanied by a bull

  with three cranes or egrets, 2 on his back and 1 on his

  head.  The bull is a sun symbol, the cranes are symbols of

  the moon and the tree a symbol of earth.  A similar scene

  is presented on the altar from Trier.  In BC 1st century

  the Aremorican tribes the Esubii and the Atesuii claimed

  descent from Esus.

       Esus was also honored by woodcutters and builders, as

  he was said to prune the tree of life with cruel cuts so

  that it would flower, bear fruit and find strength.

 

 

NAME         Etain

ALTERNATIVE  Edain / Etain {Ett-an} / Etan / Etnae / Etnai /

             Etoine

GENDER       F

FESTIVAL     summer solstice

CATEGORY     deity / druid

TYPE         healer god / poet / physician (medicine)

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Sligo

TERRITORY    Connacht

LANDMARKS    Plain of Towers (Magh Tuireadh)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

BATTLES      second battle of Magh Tuireadh (north Moytura)

RELATIVES    Diancecht (father); Eladu and Tuar (consorts);

             Oghma (son/consort); Delbaeth, Cairbre and

             Senbecc (son); Cian, Miach, Ochttriuil, Cethen

             and Cu (brothers); Airmid (sister); Esaire

             (grandmother); Net (great-grandfather); Magog

             and Iarbonel (ancestors); Abcan (rapist)

SEE ALSO     Abcan / Airmid / Cairbre / Cian / Delbaeth /

             Diancecht / Eladu / Esaire / Iarbonel / Magog /

             Miach / Net / Oghma

REMARKS      Etain, daughter of Diancecht, son of Esaire,

  daughter of Net, was a druid involved in medicines and was

  involved in the second battle of Magh Tuireadh.  She bore a

  famous son Delbaeth sired by her son Oghma, a son Cairbre

  sired by Tuar, and a son Senbecc sired by Abcan when he

  raped her.

       Etain died from sorrow at the deaths of her sons,

  Oghma in the battle of north Moytura and Cairbre during the

  combats of Segais Well.

 

 

NAME         Etain Echraidhe

EPITHET      Horse-Riding Edain (Eirelandhraidhe)

ALTERNATIVE  Edain Echraidhe / Etain {Ett-an} / Etain Echrade

GENDER       F

SYMBOL       mare

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     deity / rigbean (noble woman)

TYPE         moon goddess of reincarnation

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Ulster / Echrade

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

SITES        Sidhe Bri Leith

CENTERS      Sidhe Indber Cichmane / Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Etar of Echrade (father); Eochaidh Airemh

             (husband); Midhir (consort ?); Etain Oig

             (daughter); Ailill Anubhaill (brother-in-

             law/consort ?); Eochaidh Feidhleach (brother-in-

             law)

SEE ALSO     Ailill Anubhaill / Be Find / Eochaidh Airemh /

             Eochaidh Feidhleach / Etain Oig / Etar of

             Echrade / Fuamnach / Midhir

REMARKS      In a past life, Etain was a beautiful maiden

  named Be Find but she had been changed into a large scarlet

  fly by Fuamnach, wife of Midhir the chieftain of the Sidhe

  Bri Leith in Ulster.  1012 years later her soul in the body

  of a mayfly landed in the wine cup of Etar's wife and was

  swallowed during the festival of Beltainn.  Etar's wife

  became pregnant and Etain was born to her.  Etar was

  chieftain of the Sidhe Indber Cichmane at Echrade in the

  province of Ulster.  Etain was raised with 50 chieftains'

  daughters as her attendants.

       She had skin as white as new snow with cheeks the

  color of foxglove.  Her eyes were as blue as hyacinths with

  eyebrows as black as a stag beetle.  Her teeth were like

  pearls and her lips were the red of rowan berries.  The

  maiden was blessed with long hands, sleek white thighs and

  a face that reflected the radiance of the moon.

       Her clothing consisted of a hooded gown of green silk

  that was embroidered with red gold and held with clasps of

  silver and gold at her shoulders, breasts and sides.  Over

  the gown she wore a mantle of purple fleece with a silver

  fringe that was held together with a golden fibula.  Her

  hair was red-gold in color and she wore it in 2 braids.

  Each braid was plaited with 4 locks of hair and fastened

  with a bead.  She was Etain, 20 years old with a bride

  price of 7 cumals (21 cows).

       One day Etain was at the spring and had just finished

  washing her hair in a silver basin rimmed with gems, purple

  carbuncle and 4 golden birds.  She was running a silver and

  gold comb through her hair when Eochaidh Airemh rode by.

  When he saw her he fell madly in love with her.  Etain had

  been in love with Eochaidh Airemh ever since she had heard

  the bards recounting his many great deeds.

       Another day as she was by the river with her 50

  maidens, a blond-haired warrior of great beauty rode toward

  them.  He was dressed in a green cloak of the Sidhe.  He

  then recited a poem to Etain.  The poem ended by saying

  that once she had been called Be Find and now she was

  Etain.  The 50 maidens of the sidhe all fell madly in love

  with him but he disappeared as suddenly as he had arrived

  and no one could find out who he was.

       Etain eventually married Eochaidh Airemh, high

  chieftain of Ireland, and resided at Tara.  The high

  chieftain's brother Ailill Anubhaill fell in love with

  Etain and was inflicted with a wasting sickness that

  brought him near to death.  As the Eochaidh Airemh had to

  go on a tour of the five provinces of Ireland, the duty of

  overseeing arrangements for his brother's death fell to

  Etain: the preparing of the grave, the keening and the

  sacrificing of cattle.

       Etain went to his bedside daily, washed his face and

  cut his meat.  Eventually his health returned and he

  confessed his love for her.  They made a tryst to meet on

  the hill of Tara.  This happened 3 times before she

  discovered that he was still in bed and that the person she

  had met was the handsome blond stranger Midhir who had used

  sorcery to disguise himself as Ailill Anubhaill.

       Midhir told her of their past life together and asked

  if she would come away with him to The Otherworld.  She

  said she loved Eochaidh and would only leave him if he

  agreed.

 

 

NAME         Etain Oig

EPITHET      Young Etain

ALTERNATIVE  Edain / Etain {Ett-an}

GENDER       F

SYMBOL       bird

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

TYPE         daughter of the Ard Righ Eirinn

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh / Meath

TERRITORY    Ulster / Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

SITES        Emain Macha (Navan)

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Etain Echraidhe (mother); Eochaidh Airemh

             (father ?/consort); Midhir (god-father?); Ailill

             (uncle/father?); Eochaidh Feidhleach (uncle);

             Mess Buachalla (daughter); Cormac Condloinges

             (husband)

SEE ALSO     Ailill Anubhaill / Cormac Condloinges / Eochaidh

             Airemh / Eochaidh Feidhleach / Etain Echraidhe /

             Eterscel / Findlam / Mess Buachalla / Midhir

REMARKS      Etain Oig was the fruit of a relationship

  between Etain Echraidhe and her husband Eochaidh Airemh or

  the Danann god Midhir or Ailill Anubhaill.  In any case,

  Etain Oig was accepted by the high chieftain Eochaidh

  Airemh as his daughter and she was raised at Tara.

       Etain Oig became pregnant by Eochaidh Airemh and was

  wed to Cormac Condloinges, a chieftain of Ulster.  She gave

  birth to a daughter, which displeased Cormac so he gave the

  nursing baby to his servants to dispose of.  The servants

  were given other instructions to take the baby girl to

  Findlam, the cowherd of Eterscel.  Etain Oig was then given

  a potion by her mother which made her barren.

 

 

NAME         Etar of Echrade

ALTERNATIVE  Edar

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster / Echrade

CENTERS      Sidhe Indber Cichmane

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd c

RELATIVES    Etain Echraidhe (daughter)

SEE ALSO     Etain Echraidhe

REMARKS      Etar was chieftain of the Sidhe Indber Cichmane

  at Echrade in the province of Ulster.  Etar and his wife

  were childless until one Beltainn festival when a mayfly

  landed in her glass of wine.  She became pregnant and gave

  birth to a girl whom they named Etain Echraidhe.

 

 

NAME         Etarcumul

ALTERNATIVE  Edarcomhol {ed'-ar-kov-ol} / Etarcomol /

             Etarmacol

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Connacht

SITES        Delga

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid

RELATIVES    son of Idth and Lethrenn; Ailill (foster-

             father); Medbh (foster-mother)

ENEMIES      Cu Chulainn

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Cu Chulainn / Ferghus mac Roig

             / Medbh

REMARKS      Etarcumul was a foolish young warrior who

  followed Ferghus when he went to parley with Cu Chulainn.

  Ferghus did not want Etarcumul to come with him because he

  was a haughty and witless person.  Ferghus had come to Cu

  Chulainn to agree to the terms of single combat, then left

  quickly so the Host of Connacht would not think he was

  betraying them.

       Etarcumul lingered behind to look at Cu Chulainn and

  saw only a young lad who need not be feared so he insulted

  him.  Cu Chulainn offered to fight him first thing in the

  morning.  Etarcumul agreed and he and his charioteer headed

  back to their camp.  Etarcumul then decided he wanted to

  fight Cu Chulainn right away and returned to the ford.  Cu

  Chulainn did not want to fight him then because he had

  arrived under Ferghus's protection.  Etarcumul, being the

  fool he was, insisted that Cu Chulainn fight then and

  there.

       Cu Chulainn slashed at the earth under Etarcumul's

  feet and he fell onto his back.  He told Etarcumul that he

  should accept this as a warning and be gone.  Etarcumul

  continued to antagonize Cu Chulainn so he slashed him with

  an edge stroke that cleaned the hair off his head without

  drawing blood and told him to consider this another

  warning.  Etarcumul came at him again and this time Cu

  Chulainn lost his temper and leaped to the edge of

  Etarcumul's shield and gave him a double-handed blow that

  cleaved Etarcumul from head to navel.  Then Cu Chulainn

  gave him a side slash that divided Etarcumul into 3

  sections.

       Ferghus, when he heard what had happened, was angry at

  Cu Chulainn for killing Etarcumul while he was under his

  protection but calmed down when he found out what had

  happened.  They tied Etarcumul to the chariot by his feet

  and dragged him back to the camp of the Host of Connacht.

  When the chariot was going over rough ground, Etarcumul's

  body opened in 3 sections and when they were going over

  smooth ground, the 3 parts of his body fit together again.

  This is the way he was dragged back to camp and dumped in

  front of the tents of Medbh and Ailill.

       Because Etarcumul had broken his word not to engage in

  combat, Ferghus could not be held responsible for his

  death.  The agreement was made between Cu Chulainn and the

  Host of Connacht and he refrained from using his sling that

  night and the host supplied him with women, maidens, cattle

  and provisions.  Etarcumul was buried and an ogham stone

  was erected at the site.

 

 

NAME         Eterscel

EPITHET      Eterscel Mor

ALTERNATIVE  Eterscelae / Eidirseal

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariort warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel - Clanna Erainn

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd / BC 113-108  (Ard Righ - Kings List)

RELATIVES    Eogan (father); Mess (wife); Conaire (son);

             Ailill (brother); Eremon and Tea (ancestors)

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Carbre Niafer / Conaire Mor /

             CuRoi macDaire / Eochaidh Airemh / Eremon /

             Fergus mac Leti / Findlam / Mess Buachalla /

             Oengus Tuirmech / Ugaine Mor / Tea

REMARKS      Eterscel Mor became the high chieftain of

  Ireland after the death of Eochaidh Airemh and his proud

  linage was through Fiacha Fer Mara son of Oengus Tuirmech,

  through Ugaine Mor to Eremon and Tea of the Milesian

  Goidel.

      When Eterscel became the new high chieftain of Ireland,

  his filidh told him he would wed a maiden of unknown

  origins.  When his servants discovered a beautiful maiden

  who was the foster-daughter of his cowherd, he realized

  this was the girl of the prophecy and offered Findlam the

  herder 7 cumals of cattle (21 cows) as her bride price.

       In order that his bride would have a legitimate

  background, Conaire made Findlam a chieftain and gave him

  his own land and the new name Fedlimthi Rechtaidi.  When

  Eterscel's wife gave birth, she demanded that the child be

  called Conaire mac Mess, and arranged his fostering.

       Eterscel Mor served as high chieftain 5 years until he

  was slain by Nuada Necht.  During Eterscel's rule CuRoi

  macDaire was the head chieftain of Munster, Fergus mac Leti

  was seated in Ulster, Ailill macMata was the head chieftain

  of Connachta and Carbre Niafer was the head chieftain of

  Leinster.

 

 

NAME         Ethne

ALTERNATIVE  Eithne / Eithni / Eithniu / Ethlinn / Ethliu /

             Ethnea / Ethniu

GENDER       F

SYMBOL       cow

CATEGORY     handmaiden

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster

CENTERS      Sidhe Brugh na Boyna

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

RELATIVES    Roc (father)

SEE ALSO     Anghus mac Og / Manannan / Roc

REMARKS      Ethne was the daughter of Roc, steward to Anghus

  mac Og.  Ethne and the daughter of Manannan were born at

  the same time.  When Manannan's daughter came to Sidhe

  Brugh na Boyna on Magh mBreg to be a foster of Anghus mac

  Og, Ethne was appointed as her handmaiden.

       A chieftain that was staying at Sidhe Brugh na Boyna

  tried to rape Ethne.  The horrible experience caused her to

  lose her appetite and she refused all food.  Anghus and

  Manannan went on a quest and returned with a supernatural

  cow that never went dry, and from that time on Ethne lived

  on its milk alone.

       One day Manannan's daughter decided to go to the river

  to bathe and Ethne became separated from her charge.  She

  had lost her veil of invisibility which allowed her

  entrance to the world of the immortals and she could not

  find the Spiral Castle (Sidhe Brugh na Boyna), so she was

  doomed to the land of the mortals forever.

 

 

NAME         Ethne

ALTERNATIVE  Eithne / Eithni / Eithniu / Ethlinn / Ethliu /

             Ethnea / Ethniu

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

TYPE         daughter of the Ard Righ Eirinn

CULTURE      Goidel / ?

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Mide

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Eochaidh (father); Ethne (mother); Ailill

             (consort); Furbaide (son); Medbh, Ele, Clothra

             and Derbrui (sisters); Mughain (half-sister);

             Bress Nar, Lothar and Congal (brothers)

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Clothra / Eochaidh Feidhleach /

             Furbaide / Medbh / Mughain

REMARKS      When Ethne became pregnant she was drowned by

  her sister Clothra, and her son Furbaide was born by

  caesarean section.

 

 

NAME         Ethne

ALTERNATIVE  Eithne / Eithni / Eithniu / Ethlinn / Ethliu /

             Ethnea / Ethniu

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

TYPE         daughter of Ard Righ Eirinn

CULTURE      Danann / Goidel / Pictish

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 2nd-3rd c

RELATIVES    Cahir Mor (father); Buchet (foster-father);

             Cormac macAirt (husband); Ailbe and Grainne

             (daughter); Cairbre and Celleach (sons); Art

             (brother); Eremon and Tea (ancestors)

SEE ALSO     Ailbe / Cahir Mor / Cairbre Lifechair / Celleach

             / Cormac macAirt / Eremon / Grainne / Tea

REMARKS      Ethne's father Cahir Mor was the high chieftain

  of Ireland.  When she became of age she was fostered to

  Buchet, her father's cowherd, along with her 12 brothers.

  Buchet was rich in cattle but the sons of Cahir brought

  home so many friends for feasting that he was left with

  only 7 cows and a bull.

       The depletion of Buchet's herd reduced the ancient man

  and his wife to living in a hut with Ethne in the forest.

  When Cormac macAirt discovered Ethne, he fell in love with

  her and offered Buchet more cattle than he could take back

  to Leinster as a bride price.

 

 

NAME         Ethniu

ALTERNATIVE  Eithne / Eithni / Eithniu / Ethlinn / Ethliu /

             Ethne / Ethnea

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

CULTURE      Fomorii / Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Donegal

LANDMARKS    Tory Island (Tor Innis - island of towers)

SITES        Crystal Tower

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

RELATIVES    Balor (father); Ceithlenn (mother); Cian

             (consort); Lugh (son); Nuadha (husband); Echtgne

             (daughter?); Tadg Mor, Cucharm, Etarlam and

             Caither (sons); Bhain and Beluid (brothers);

             Murna and Fionn (descendants)

SEE ALSO     Balor / Birog / Cian / Fionn mac Cumhaill / Lugh

             / Murna / Nuadha

REMARKS      Ethniu was the daughter of Balor, son of Dot,

  son of Net of the Danann.  Eithui's father was the head

  chiewftain of the Fomorii and when she was born she was

  banished to a Crystal Tower on Tory Island.  There she was

  guarded by her 12 matrons who were ordered never to allow

  any visitors.  Because towers are associated with study the

  heavens and she was under the care of "12" matrons we may

  suspect that see was training as a druid or filidh.

       The filidh Birog smuggled a Danann warrior named Cian

  into the tower and he and Ethniu had intercourse.  She

  became pregnant and eventually delivered 3 sons.  Her

  father Balor ordered that the babies be taken from her and

  sacrificed to the sea.  One of the babies was rescued by

  Birog and she took him to a secure place where he grew up

  to be Lugh, the great champion of the Danann.

       Ethniu later married Nuadha of the Danann and from

  that line of descent came Murna of the White Neck and Fionn

  mac Cumhaill.

 

 

NAME         Euroswydd

GENDER       M

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland / Wales

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Penarddun (wife); Nissyen and Evnissyen (sons)

SEE ALSO     Evnissyen / Nissyen / Penarddun

REMARKS      Euroswydd was the husband of Penarddun and the

  father of Evnissyen and Nissyen.  The etymology of his name

  suggests "place of gold distribution" which is most likely

  Ireland or Anglesey.  Dr. Anne Ross suggests that a trade

  route for gold went from Ireland through Anglesey in Wales

  to the Wash in England and over to the continent.

 

 

NAME         Evnissyen

ALTERNATIVE  Efnissen / Efnyssin / Evnissyen {ev'-nis-yen}

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         horse warrior

CULTURE      Belgae / Danann

COUNTRY      Wales

REGION       Gwynedd {Gwin-eth} / Clwyd {clud}

SITES        Harlech

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Penarddun (mother); Euroswydd (father); Nissyen

             (brother); Manawyddan (half-brother); Beli

             (grandfather); Bran and Branwen (cousins)

ENEMIES      Bran / Branwen / Gwern

SEE ALSO     Bran / Branwen / Beli Mawr / Euroswydd /

             Manawyddan / Matholwch / Nissyen / Penarddun

REMARKS      Evnissyen was the son of Penarddun and grandson

  of Beli Mawr of the Catuvellauni tribe.  Evnissyen was

  loyal to his mother's people and was generally regarded as

  a trouble-maker among the Danann of Wales.

       When Evnissyen found out that his cousin Branwen, one

  of the three goddesses of Britain, was to be married

  without anyone asking his opinion, he became angry and

  disfigured the horses that had been given to Matholwch, the

  high chieftain of Ireland and husband-to-be.

       His cousin Bran the Brenin patched up the situation

  but it was not forgotten and two years later Matholwych

  began to punish Branwen for Evnissyen's behaviour.  When

  Bran raised an army to invade Ireland, Evnissyen was a

  party to the negotiations.  He became angry when Gwern, the

  boy child of Branwen and Matholwych, was making his rounds

  to visit everyone but avoided him.  He grabbed the child

  and threw him into the fire.  This act destroyed the unity

  of the two peoples and started a battle in which many

  warriors of both sides were slaughtered.

       The Irish had the supernatural cauldron and were

  bringing back to life their warriors who had died in

  battle.  Evnissyen tried to make up for his foolishness by

  destroying the cauldron of rebirth that Bran had given to

  Matholwch.  He crept into the pile of dead warriors and

  waited.  When he was placed into the cauldron alive it

  broke into pieces, killing him.  The battle then continued

  on more fair terms, but even so, only 7 warriors of Britain

  survived the destruction in Ireland.